Science (English Medium) Class 12 - CBSE Important Questions for English Core

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Read the passage given below :

1. To ensure its perpetuity, the ground is well held by the panther both in space and in time. It enjoys a much wider distribution over the globe than its bigger cousins and procreates sufficiently profusely to ensure its continuity for all time to come.

2. There seems to be no particular breeding season of the panther, although its sawing and caterwauling is more frequently heard during winter and summer. The gestation period is about ninety to a hundred days (Whipsnade, ninety-two days). The litter normally consists of four cubs, rarely five. Of these, generally, two survive and not more than one reaches maturity. I have never come across more than two cubs at the heels of the mother. Likewise, graziers in the forest have generally found only two cubs hidden away among rocks, hollows of trees, and other impossible places.
 
3. Panther cubs are generally in evidence in March They are born blind. This is a provision of Nature, against, their drifting away from the place of safety in which they are lodged by their mother, and exposing themselves to the danger of their being devoured by hyenas, jackals, and other predators. They generally open their eyes in about three to four weeks.
 
4. The mother alone rears its cubs in seclusion. It keeps them out of the reach of the impulsive and impatient male. As a matter of fact, the mother separates from the male soon after mating and forgets all about their tumultuous union. The story that the male often looks in to find out how the mother is progressing with her cubs has no foundation except in what we wish it should do at least.
 
5. The mother carries its cubs about by holding them by the scruff of their neck in its mouth. It trains them to stalk and teaches them how to deliver the bite of death to the prey. The cubs learn to treat all and sundry with suspicion at their mother’s heels. Instinctively the cubs seek seclusion, keep to cover and protect their flanks by walking along the edge of the forest.
 
6. I have never had an opportunity to watch mother panther train its cubs. But in Pilibhit forests, I once saw a tigress giving some lessons to its little ones. I was sitting over its kill at Mala. As the sunset, the tigress materialized in the twilight behind my machan. For about an hour, it scanned and surveyed the entire area looking and listening with the gravest concern. It even went to the road where my elephant was awaiting my signal. The mahout spotted it from a distance and drove the elephant away.
 
7. When darkness descended upon the scene and all was well and safe, the tigress called its cubs by emitting a low haa-oon. The cubs, two in number and bigger than a full-grown cat, soon responded. They came trotting up to their mother and hurried straight to the kill in indecent haste. The mother spitted at them so furiously that they doubled back to its heels immediately. Thereafter, the mother and its cubs sat undercover about 50 feet (15 m) away from the kill to watch, wait, look, and listen. After about half an hour’s patient and fidget less vigil the mother seemed to say ‘paid for’. At this signal, the cubs cautiously advanced, covering their flanks, towards the kill. No longer did they make a beeline for it, as they had done before.
 
8. The mother sat watching its cubs eat. and mounted guard on them. She did not partake of the meal.
 
On the basis of your understanding of the above passage complete the statements given below with the help of options that follow :
 
(a) To protect its cubs the mother panther hides them
(i) among rocks
(ii) in the branches of the trees
(iii) behind the tree trunks
(iv) at its heels
 
(b) The male panther :
(i) is protective of its cubs
(ii) trains its cubs
(iii) watches the progress of the mother
(iv) is impulsive and impatient

Answer the following questions briefly :
 
(c) How many cubs does the mother panther rarely deliver?
 
(d) What may happen if the panther cubs are not born blind?
 
(e) Why did the mahout drive his elephant away?
 
(f) Why did the tigress spit at its cubs?
 
(g) From the narrator's observation, what do we learn about the nature of the tigress?
 
(h) Why does the panther not face the risk of extinction?
 
(i) Find words from the passage which mean the same as each of the following :
(i) moving aimlessly (para 3)
(ii) came down / fell (para 7)
Appears in 9 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Reading Skills
Concept: Unseen Passage Comprehension

Read the passage given below:

People tend to amass possessions, sometimes without being aware of doing so. They can have a delightful surprise when they find something useful which they did not know they owned. Those who never have to change house become indiscriminate collectors of what can only be described as clutter. They leave unwanted objects in drawers, cupboards, and attics for years in the belief that they may one day need them. Old people also accumulate belongings for two other reasons, lack of physical and mental energy, and sentiment. Things owned for a long time are full of associations with the past, perhaps with the relatives who are dead, and so they gradually acquire a sentimental value.

Some things are collected deliberately in an attempt to avoid wastage. Among these are string and brown paper, kept by thrifty people when a parcel has been opened. Collecting small items can be mania. A lady cuts out from newspaper sketches of model clothes that she would like to buy if she had money. As she is not rich, the chances are that she will never be able to afford such purchases. It is a harmless habit, but it litters up her desk.

Collecting as a serious hobby is quite different and has many advantages. It provides relaxation for leisure hours, as just looking at one’s treasure is always a joy. One doesn’t have to go out for amusement as the collection is housed at home. Whatever it consists of - stamps, records, first editions of books, china – there is always something to do in connection with it, from finding the right place for the latest addition to verifying facts in reference books. This hobby educates one not only in the chosen subject but also in general matters which have some bearing on it.

There are other benefits also. One gets to meet like-minded collectors to get advice, compare notes, exchange articles, to show off one’s latest find. So one’s circle of friends grows. Soon the hobby leads to traveling, perhaps a meeting in another town, possibly a trip abroad in search of a rare specimen, for collectors are not confined to one country. Over the years one may well become an authority on one’s hobby and will probably be asked to give informal talks to little gatherings and then, if successful, to larger audiences.

(a) On the basis of your understanding of the above passage make notes on it using headings and sub-headings. Use recognizable abbreviations (wherever necessary-minimum four) and a format you consider suitable. Also, supply an appropriate title to it.

(b) Write a summary of the passage in about 80 words.

Appears in 9 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Reading Skills
Concept: Unseen Passage Comprehension

You are Navtej/Navita, Secretary, Environment Club, Akash Public School, Agra. You, along with a group of students, went on a 3-day tour through Corbett National Park. You found how the tourists abuse the available facilities and thus endanger the environment. Write a letter in 120-150 words to the editor of a national daily highlighting the situation. Suggest ways through which the environment of the Park can be saved.

Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.05] Writing Skills
Concept: Letter Writing

Answer the following question in about 40-50 words.

When do the residents of Alsace realise how precious their language is to them?

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] The Last Lesson
Concept: The Last Lesson

Answer the following question in about 40-50 words.

What were Franz's feelings as he set out for school and why?

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.011000000000000001] The Last Lesson
Concept: The Last Lesson

Read the given extract and answer the questions.

And in dark hutments, next to lines of flames of flickering oil lamps, sit boys and girls with their fathers and mothers, welding pieces of coloured glass into circles of bangles. Their eyes are more adjusted to the dark than to the light outside. That is why they often end up losing their eyesight before they become adults.
  1. Complete the sentence with reference to the extract: (1)
    Their eyes are more adjusted to the dark than to the light outside because ______.
  2. Which of the following would NOT be true? (1)
    1. The hutments were shining and inviting.
    2. The children's lives were as bleak as their surroundings.
    3. There were no electricity connections.
    4. The boys and girls had got used to the dark.
  3. The bangle workers lose their eyesight before they become adults because ______. (1)
    1. they already have poor eyesight
    2. they work in dim light
    3. they are married in childhood
    4. they are malnourished
  4. Which of the following most nearly means 'adjusted' in the context of the extract? (1)
    1. conditioned
    2. favoured
    3. accepted
    4. reconciled
  5. 'Flickering oil lamps' suggests ______. (1)
  6. What is the antonym from the extract of the word 'rarely'? (1)
Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.012] Lost Spring
Concept: Lost Spring

Answer the following in about 120-150 words.

'Lost Spring' and 'Indigo' bring out how the common man is a victim of exploitation. Explain.

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.012] Lost Spring
Concept: Lost Spring

Answer the following question in about 40-50 words.

What vicious circle are the bangle-makers trapped in?

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.012] Lost Spring
Concept: Lost Spring

Answer the following question in about 40-50 words.

What were Douglas's initial thoughts when he was pushed into the pool?

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.013000000000000001] Deep Water
Concept: Deep Water

The iron master accuses the peddler of not being quite honest. What does the peddler say to justify the situation?

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.013999999999999999] The Rattrap
Concept: The Rattrap

In Edla's dealing with the peddler, she was compassionate and generous. Discuss with reference to the story "The Rattrap".

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.013999999999999999] The Rattrap
Concept: The Rattrap

Read the given extract and answer the questions.

“I am thinking of this stranger here,” said Edla. “He walks and walks the whole year long, and there is probably not a single place in the whole country where he is welcome and can feel at home. Wherever he turns he is chased away. Always he is afraid of being arrested and cross-examined. I should like to have him enjoy a day of peace with us here – just one in the whole year.”
  1. Complete the following sentence with the most appropriate option: (1)
    Edla wished the Pedlar to have a peaceful day because ______.
    1. the Pedlar had worked for Edla
    2. the Pedlar had not been released from jail
    3. the Pedlar had been staying at the forge
    4. the Pedlar had always been looked with suspicion
  2. Select a suitable word from the extract to complete the analogy. (1)
    single : multiple :: abroad : ______.
  3. In the above extract, Edla comes across as ______. (1)
    1. conscientious
    2. pretentions
    3. compassionate
    4. selfless
  4. Based on the above extract, choose the statement which is true. (1)
    1. Relationships are rattraps.
    2. Money is important in the world.
    3. Criminal is not born but made.
    4. Christmas is a time of charity.
  5. In the context of the given extract, which day is referred to in the expression 'just one in the whole year'? (1)
  6. What does the expression 'he is cross examined' suggest? (1)
Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.013999999999999999] The Rattrap
Concept: The Rattrap

Answer the following question in about 40-50 words.

Explain the metaphor of the rattrap.

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.013999999999999999] The Rattrap
Concept: The Rattrap

Answer the following question in about 40-50 words.

Who was Edla Willmansson? Why did she visit the forge at night?

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.013999999999999999] The Rattrap
Concept: The Rattrap

Gandhi not only alleviated the economic conditions of the Champaran people but also their social and cultural background. Justify.

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.015] Indigo
Concept: Indigo

Answer the following question in about 40-50 words.

Describe the role of Raj Kumar Shukla in Indigo.

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.015] Indigo
Concept: Indigo

Answer the following question in about 120-150 words.

"Civil disobedience had triumphed for the first time in modern India." When and how did it happen?

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.015] Indigo
Concept: Indigo

The author has used gentle humour to point out human foibles. Pick out instances of this to show how this serves to make the piece interesting. 

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.016] Poets and Pancakes
Concept: Poets and Pancakes

Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow:

The make-up department was first headed by a Bengali who became too big for a studio and left. He was succeeded by a Maharashtrian who was assisted by a Dharwar Kannadiga, an Andhra, a Madras Indian Christian, an Anglo-Burmese and the usual local Tamils. All this shows that there was a great deal of national integration long before A.I.R. and Doordarshan began broadcasting programmes on national integration. This gang of nationally integrated make-up men could turn any decent-looking person into a hideous crimson-hued monster with the help of truck-loads of pancake and a number of other locally-made potions and lotions.
  1. How was there national integration long before A.I.R. and Doordarshan in the make-up department? (1)
    1. The staff consisted of a Bengali, a Maharashtrian, a Dharwar Kannadiga, an Andhra, a Madras Indian Christian, an Anglo-Burmese and Tamils.
    2. They recited slogans of national integration.
    3. The staff studied make-up techniques of various states.
    4. Their clients were from various states.
  2. Select a suitable word from the extract to complete the analogy: (1)
    front : rear :: ravishing : ______
  3. Select the correct option to fill in the blanks: (1)
    The make-up artists could tum ______ looking people into ______ looking men and women.
    1. ordinary; pleasant
    2. ugly; good
    3. pleasant; ugly
    4. monstrous; beautiful
  4. The word 'pancake' in the extract most nearly means ______. (1)
    1. brand name
    2. lemon cake
    3. savoury
    4. preservative
  5. Based on the above extract, choose the statement that is true for the make-up department. (1)
    1. The make-up artists were welcomed by the actors.
    2. The make-up artists were poorly paid.
    3. The work done by the make-up artists was not appreciated.
    4. The department exhibited national integration.
  6. Bring out the irony in the above given extract. (1)
Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.016] Poets and Pancakes
Concept: Poets and Pancakes

Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow:

Similarly, we have a lot of empty spaces in our lives. I call them interstices. Say you are coming over to my place. You are in an elevator and while you are coming up, I am waiting for you. This is an interstice, an empty space. I work in empty spaces. While waiting for your elevator to come up from the first to the third floor, I have already written an article!
  1. Umberto Eco was ______. (1)
    1. a professor of semiotics, an author
    2. an interviewer, a novelist
    3. a journalist, a professor
    4. a publisher, an author
  2. Rationalise, to support the given statement: (1)
    Similarly, we have a lot of empty spaces in our lives.
  3. Rewrite the sentence by replacing the underlined phrase with its inference: (1)
    I call them interstices.
  4. On the basis of the extract, study the two statements, I and II given below: (1)
    I. Umberto Eco works even in the spare time between activities.
    II. Umberto Eco does not like to be interviewed.
    Choose the most appropriate option:
    1. I can be inferred from the extract, but II cannot.
    2. I cannot be inferred from the extract, but II can.
    3. I and II are true.
    4. II is the reason for I.
  5. Replace the underlined word with its antonym from the extract. (1)
    Umberto Eco does not like to waste time. He writes an article while he is proceeding to the elevator.
  6. Umberto Eco's views on his manner of work, are based on ______. (1)
    1. facts
    2. an interview
    3. his blog
    4. hypothesis
Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.017] The Interview
Concept: The Interview
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