Common Diseases in Human Beings




Common diseases in humans:

  • The disease can be defined as a disorder or malfunction of the mind or body.
  • It involves morphological, physiological, and psychological disturbances which may be due to environmental factors, or pathogens, or genetic anomalies or life style changes.
  • A wide range of organisms belonging to bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoans, helminths, etc., could cause diseases in human beings. Such disease-causing organisms are called pathogens
  • Pathogens are transmitted through air, water, food, physical contact, and vectors.
  • A parasite is an organism that lives on or in a host organism and derives its food from its host. A pathogen is a bacterium, virus, or other microorganisms that can cause disease.
  • Most parasites are therefore pathogens as they cause harm to the host by living inside or outside the host's body.
  • Pathogens have to adapt to life within the environment of the host. For example, the pathogens that enter the gut must know a way of surviving in the stomach at low pH and resisting the various digestive enzymes.
  • The pathogens can enter our body by various means, multiply and interfere with normal vital activities, resulting in morphological and functional damage.
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