Chapters covered in NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics Textbook
Chapter 1: Electric Charge and Fields
Shaalaa has a total of 38 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 12 Physics. Concepts covered in Electric Charge and Fields are Applications of Gauss’s Law, Basic Properties of Electric Charge, Charging by Induction, Continuous Charge Distribution, Coulomb’s Law, Dipole in a Uniform External Field, Electric Charges, Electric Dipole, Electric Field Due to a Point Charge, Electric Field Due to a System of Charges, Electric Field Lines, Electric Flux, Force Between Two Point Charges, Forces Between Multiple Charges, Gauss’s Law, Introduction of Electric Field, Physical Significance of Electric Field, Superposition Principle of Forces, Uniformly Charged Infinite Plane Sheet and Uniformly Charged Thin Spherical Shell (Field Inside and Outside)
Chapter 2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
Shaalaa has a total of 42 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 12 Physics. Concepts covered in Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance are Capacitance of a Parallel Plate Capacitor with and Without Dielectric Medium Between the Plates, Capacitors and Capacitance, Combination of Capacitors, Conductors and Insulators Related to Electric Field, Dielectrics and Polarisation, Effect of Dielectric on Capacity, Electrical Potential Energy of a System of Two Point Charges and of Electric Dipole in an Electrostatic Field, Electric Potential, Electric Potential Difference, Electrostatics of Conductors, Energy Stored in a Capacitor, Equipotential Surfaces, Free Charges and Bound Charges Inside a Conductor, Potential Due to an Electric Dipole, Potential Due to a Point Charge, Potential Due to a System of Charges, Potential Energy of a Dipole in an External Field, Potential Energy of a Single Charge, Potential Energy of a System of Charges, Potential Energy of a System of Two Charges in an External Field, Relation Between Electric Field and Electrostatic Potential, The Parallel Plate Capacitor, Van De Graaff Generator
Chapter 3: Current Electricity
Shaalaa has a total of 28 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 12 Physics. Concepts covered in Current Electricity are Cells, Emf, Internal Resistance, Cells in Series and in Parallel, Combination of Resistors – Series and Parallel, Conductivity and Conductance;, Current Density, Delta Star Transformation, Drift of Electrons and the Origin of Resistivity, Electrical Energy and Power, Electrical Resistivity and Conductivity, Electric Current, Electric Currents in Conductors, Flow of Electric Charges in a Metallic Conductor, Kirchhoff’s Rules, Limitations of Ohm’s Law, Measurement of Internal Resistance of a Cell, Metre Bridge, Ohm’s Law, Potential Difference and Emf of a Cell, Potentiometer, Resistivity of Various Materials, Temperature Dependence of Resistance, V-I Characteristics (Linear and Non-linear), Wheatstone Bridge
Chapter 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism
Shaalaa has a total of 16 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 12 Physics. Concepts covered in Moving Charges and Magnetism are Ampere’s Circuital Law, Circular Current Loop as a Magnetic Dipole, Cyclotron, Force Between Two Parallel Currents, the Ampere, Force on a Current - Carrying Conductor in a Uniform Magnetic Field, Force on a Moving Charge in Uniform Magnetic and Electric Fields, Magnetic Diapole, Magnetic Field Due to a Current Element, Biot-Savart Law, Magnetic Field on the Axis of a Circular Current Loop, Magnetic Force, Motion in a Magnetic Field, Moving Coil Galvanometer, Oersted’s Experiment, Solenoid and the Toroid - the Solenoid, Solenoid and the Toroid - the Toroid, Straight and Toroidal Solenoids (Only Qualitative Treatment), The Magnetic Dipole Moment of a Revolving Electron, Torque on a Current Loop in Magnetic Field, Torque on a Rectangular Current Loop in a Uniform Magnetic Field, Velocity Selector
Chapter 5: Magnetism and Matter
Shaalaa has a total of 0 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 12 Physics. Concepts covered in Magnetism and Matter are Curie Law of Magnetism, Current Loop as a Magnetic Dipole and Its Magnetic Dipole Moment, Dipole in a Uniform External Field, Hysteresis Loop, Introduction of Magnetism, Magnetic Dipole Moment of a Revolving Electron, Magnetic Field Intensity Due to a Magnetic Dipole (Bar Magnet) Along Its Axis, Magnetic Field Intensity Due to a Magnetic Dipole (Bar Magnet) Perpendicular to Its Axis, Magnetic Properties of Materials, Magnetic Substances, Magnetisation and Magnetic Intensity, Magnetism and Gauss’s Law, Permanent Magnets and Electromagnets, The Bar Magnet, The Earth’S Magnetism, Torque on a Magnetic Dipole (Bar Magnet) in a Uniform Magnetic Field
Chapter 6: Electromagnetic Induction
Shaalaa has a total of 17 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 12 Physics. Concepts covered in Electromagnetic Induction are Ac Generator, Eddy Currents, Electromagnetic Induction, Electromagnetic Induction Questions, Energy Consideration: a Quantitative Study, Faraday’s Law of Induction, Induced Emf and Current, Lenz’S Law and Conservation of Energy, Magnetic Flux, Motional Electromotive Force, Mutual Inductance, Self-Inductance, The Experiments of Faraday and Henry
Chapter 7: Alternating Current
Shaalaa has a total of 0 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 12 Physics. Concepts covered in Alternating Current are Ac Voltage Applied to a Capacitor, Ac Voltage Applied to an Inductor, Ac Voltage Applied to a Resistor, Ac Voltage Applied to a Series Lcr Circuit, Alternating Currents, Alternating Currents and Direct Currents, Forced Oscillations and Resonance, LC Oscillations, Peak and Rms Value of Alternating Current Or Voltage, Power in Ac Circuit: the Power Factor, Reactance and Impedance, Representation of Ac Current and Voltage by Rotating Vectors - Phasors, Transformers
Chapter 8: Electromagnetic Waves
Shaalaa has a total of 20 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 12 Physics. Concepts covered in Electromagnetic Waves are Displacement Current, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Electromagnetic Waves, Elementary Facts About Electromagnetic Wave Uses, Transverse Nature of Electromagnetic Waves
Chapter 9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Shaalaa has a total of 50 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 12 Physics. Concepts covered in Ray Optics and Optical Instruments are Combination of Thin Lenses in Contact, Concave Mirror, Dispersion by a Prism, Lenses, Lensmaker's Formula, Light Process and Photometry, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Rarer and Denser Medium, Ray Optics - Mirror Formula, Reflection of Light by Spherical Mirrors, Refraction, Refraction at Spherical Surfaces, Refraction by a Lens, Refraction Through a Prism, Snell’s Law, Some Natural Phenomena Due to Sunlight, Telescope, The Eye, The Microscope, Thin Lens Formula, Total Internal Reflection
Chapter 10: Wave Optics
Shaalaa has a total of 31 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 12 Physics. Concepts covered in Wave Optics are Brewster's Law, Coherent and Incoherent Addition of Waves, Coherent and Incoherent Sources and Sustained Interference of Light, Corpuscular Theory, Fraunhofer Diffraction Due to a Single Slit, Huygens Principle, Interference, Interference of Light Waves and Young’S Experiment, Introduction of Wave Optics, Law of Malus, Plane Polarised Light, Polarisation, Principle of Superposition of Waves, Proof of Laws of Reflection and Refraction Using Huygen'S Principle, Reflection and Refraction of Plane Wave at a Plane Surface Using Wave Fronts, Reflection of a Plane Wave by a Plane Surface, Refraction at a Rarer Medium, Refraction of a Plane Wave, Refraction of Monochromatic Light, Resolving Power of Microscope and Astronomical Telescope, Seeing the Single Slit Diffraction Pattern, Speed of Light, The Doppler Effect, The Single Slit, The Validity of Ray Optics, Width of Central Maximum
Chapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Shaalaa has a total of 50 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 12 Physics. Concepts covered in Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter are Davisson-Germer Experiment, de-Broglie Relation, Dual Nature of Radiation, Einstein’s Equation - Particle Nature of Light, Einstein’S Photoelectric Equation: Energy Quantum of Radiation, Electron Emission, Experimental Study of Photoelectric Effect, Particle Nature of Light: the Photon, Photoelectric Effect and Wave Theory of Light, Photoelectric Effect - Hallwachs’ and Lenard’S Observations, Photoelectric Effect - Hertz’S Observations, Wave Nature of Matter
Chapter 12: Atoms
Shaalaa has a total of 26 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 12 Physics. Concepts covered in Atoms are Alpha-particle Scattering and Rutherford’S Nuclear Model of Atom, Atomic Spectra, Bohr'S Model for Hydrogen Atom, Dalton'S Atomic Theory, De Broglie’S Explanation of Bohr’S Second Postulate of Quantisation, Energy Levels, Heisenberg and De Broglie Hypothesis, Hydrogen Spectrum, Introduction of Atoms, The Line Spectra of the Hydrogen Atom, Thompson Model
Chapter 13: Nuclei
Shaalaa has a total of 40 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 12 Physics. Concepts covered in Nuclei are Alpha Decay, Atomic Masses and Composition of Nucleus, Beta Decay, Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion, Fission, Gamma Decay, Introduction of Nuclear Energy, Introduction of Radioactivity, Law of Radioactive Decay, Mass - Energy, Mass-Energy Relation and Mass Defect, Nuclear Binding Energy, Nuclear Force, Nuclear Fusion – Energy Generation in Stars, Nuclear Reactor, Size of the Nucleus
Chapter 14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
Shaalaa has a total of 19 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 12 Physics. Concepts covered in Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits are Application of Junction Diode as a Rectifier, Basic Transistor Circuit Configurations and Transistor Characteristics, Classification of Metals, Conductors and Semiconductors, Concept of Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits, Digital Electronics and Logic Gates, Diode as a Rectifier, Energy Bands in Conductors, Semiconductors and Insulators, Extrinsic Semiconductor, Feedback Amplifier and Transistor Oscillator, Integrated Circuits, Intrinsic Semiconductor, p-n Junction, Semiconductor Diode, Special Purpose P-n Junction Diodes, Transistor Action, Transistor and Characteristics of a Transistor, Transistor as a Device, Transistor as an Amplifier (Ce-configuration), Transistor: Structure and Action, Triode, Zener Diode as a Voltage Regulator
Chapter 15: Communication Systems
Shaalaa has a total of 8 questions with solutions for this chapter in Class 12 Physics. Concepts covered in Communication Systems are Amplitude Modulation, Bandwidth of Signals, Bandwidth of Transmission Medium, Basic Terminology Used in Electronic Communication Systems, Detection of Amplitude Modulated Wave, Elements of a Communication System, Modulation and Its Necessity, Need for Modulation and Demodulation, Production of Amplitude Modulated Wave, Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves, Satellite Communication, Sinusoidal Waves
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