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Solutions for Chemistry Textbook for Class 12

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NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry

Chemistry Textbook for Class 12

Chapters covered in NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry

Chapter 1: The Solid State

Shaalaa has a total of 56 questions are solved for this Chapter in Class 12 Chemistry. Chapters covered in The Solid State are Amorphous and Crystalline Solids, Applications of N-type and P-type Semiconductors, Band Theory of Metals, Calculations Involving Unit Cell Dimensions, Classification of Crystalline Solids, Close Packed Structures - Formula of a Compound and Number of Voids Filled, Concept of Close Packed Structures, Conduction of Electricity in Metals, Conduction of Electricity in Semiconductors, Crystal Lattices and Unit Cells - Introduction, Crystal Lattices and Unit Cells - Primitive and Centred Unit Cells, Efficiency of Packing in Body-centred Cubic Structures, Electrical Properties - Introduction, General Characteristics of Solid State, Imperfections in Solids - Introduction, Magnetic Properties, Number of Atoms in a Unit Cell, Packing Efficiency in hcp and ccp Structures, Packing Efficiency in Simple Cubic Lattice, Solid State Numericals, Types of Point Defects - Impurity Defects, Types of Point Defects - Non-stoichiometric Defects, Types of Point Defects - Stoichiometric Defects

Chapter 2: Solutions

Shaalaa has a total of 55 questions are solved for this Chapter in Class 12 Chemistry. Chapters covered in Solutions are Abnormal Molar Masses, Colligative Properties and Determination of Molar Mass - Introduction, Composition of Vapour Phase, Depression of Freezing Point, Elevation of Boiling Point, Expressing Concentration of Solutions, Ideal and Non-ideal Solutions, Kohlrausch's law, Osmosis and Osmotic Pressure, Quantitative Concentration Numericals, Raoult’S Law as a Special Case of Henry’S Law, Relative Lowering of Vapour Pressure, Reverse Osmosis and Water Purification, Solubility - Introduction, Solubility of a Gas in a Liquid, Solubility of a Solid in a Liquid, Solution Numericals, Types of Solutions, Vapour Pressure of Liquid- Liquid Solutions, Vapour Pressure of Liquid Solutions - Introduction, Vapour Pressure of Solutions of Solids in Liquids

Chapter 3: Electrochemistry

Shaalaa has a total of 40 questions are solved for this Chapter in Class 12 Chemistry. Chapters covered in Electrochemistry are Conductance of Electrolytic Solutions - Introduction, Corrosion, Electrochemical Cell and Gibbs Energy of the Reaction, Electrochemical Cells, Electrolytic Cells and Electrolysis - Introduction, Equilibrium Constant from Nernst Equation, Faraday’s Law of Induction, Fuel Cells, Galvanic Cells - Introduction, Galvanic Cells - Measurement of Electrode Potential, Introduction to Electrochemistry, Lead Accumulator, Measurement of the Conductivity of Ionic Solutions, Nernst Equation - Introduction, Primary Batteries, Products of Electrolysis, Relation Between Gibbs Energy Change and Emf of a Cell, Secondary Batteries, Variation of Conductivity and Molar Conductivity with Concentration

Chapter 4: Chemical Kinetics

Shaalaa has a total of 41 questions are solved for this Chapter in Class 12 Chemistry. Chapters covered in Chemical Kinetics are Collision Theory of Chemical Reactions, Effect of Catalyst on the Rate of Reaction, Factors Influencing Rate of a Reaction, First Order Reactions, Half-life of a Reaction, Integrated Rate Equations - Introduction, Kinetic Energy of Molecule, Pseudo First Order Reaction, Rate Law and Specific Rate Constant, Rate of a Chemical Reaction, Role of Catalyst, Temperature Dependence of the Rate of a Reaction, Zero Order Reactions

Chapter 5: Surface Chemistry

Shaalaa has a total of 44 questions are solved for this Chapter in Class 12 Chemistry. Chapters covered in Surface Chemistry are Adsorption from Solution Phase, Adsorption - Introduction, Adsorption Isotherms, Adsorption Theory of Heterogeneous Catalysis, Applications of Adsorption, Catalysts in Industry, Classification Based on Nature of Interaction Between Dispersed Phase and Dispersion Medium, Classification Based on Physical State of Dispersed Phase and Dispersion Medium, Classification Based on Type of Particles of the Dispersed Phase, Multimolecular, Macromolecular and Associated Colloids, Colloids Around Us, Colloids - Introduction, Distinction Between Adsorption and Absorption, Emulsions, Enzyme Catalysis, Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysis, Mechanism of Adsorption, Preparation of Colloids, Properties of Colloidal Solutions, Purification of Colloidal Solutions, Shape-selective Catalysis by Zeolites, Types of Adsorption

Chapter 6: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

Shaalaa has a total of 33 questions are solved for this Chapter in Class 12 Chemistry. Chapters covered in General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements are Application of Thermodynamic Principles of Metallurgy, Concentration of Ores - Introduction, Electrochemical Principles of Metallurgy, Extraction of Crude Metal from Concentrated Ore, Froth Floatation Method, General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements Numerical, Hydraulic Washing, Leaching, Magnetic Separation, Occurrence of Metals, Oxidation Reduction, Principles and Methods of Extraction - Concentration, Refining, Thermodynamic Principles of Metallurgy, Uses of Aluminium, Copper, Zinc and Iron

Chapter 7: The p-block Elements

Shaalaa has a total of 83 questions are solved for this Chapter in Class 12 Chemistry. Chapters covered in The p-block Elements are Ammonia, Chlorine, Classification of Oxides, Compounds of Halogens, Compounds of Phosphorus, Compounds of Sulphur, Concept of Group 15 Elements, Concept of Group 16 Elements, Concept of Group 17 Elements, Concept of Group 18 Elements, Dinitrogen, Dioxygen, Hydrogen Chloride, Interhalogen Compounds, Nitric Acid, Oxides of Nitrogen, Oxoacids of Halogens, Oxoacids of Phosphorus, Oxoacids of Sulphur, Ozone, P Block Elements, Phosphine, Phosphorus - Allotropic Forms, Phosphorus Halides, Simple Oxides, Sulphur - Allotropic Forms, Sulphur Dioxide, Sulphuric Acid

Chapter 8: The d-block and f-block Elements

Shaalaa has a total of 69 questions are solved for this Chapter in Class 12 Chemistry. Chapters covered in The d-block and f-block Elements are "D" and "F" Block Elements Numericals, Electronic Configurations of the D-block Elements, General Introduction of "D" and "F" Block Element, General Properties of the Transition Elements (D-block), Position in the Periodic Table, Some Applications of d and f Block Elements, Some Important Compounds of Transition Elements - Oxides and Oxoanions of Metals, The Actinoids, The Lanthanoids

Chapter 9: Coordinate Compounds

Shaalaa has a total of 88 questions are solved for this Chapter in Class 12 Chemistry. Chapters covered in Coordinate Compounds are Bonding in Coordination Compounds - Introduction, Bonding in Metal Carbonyls, Colour in Coordination Compounds, Coordination Compounds Numerical, Crystal Field Theory (CFT), Definitions of Some Important Terms Pertaining to Coordination Compounds, Importance and Applications of Coordination Compounds, Introduction of Coordination Compounds, Isomerism in Coordination Compounds - Introduction, Magnetic Properties of Coordination Compounds, Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds - Formulas of Mononuclear Coordination Entities, Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds - Naming of Mononuclear Coordination Compounds, Stability of Coordination Compounds, Stereoisomerism, Structural Isomerism, Valence Bond Theory (VBT), Werner’S Theory of Coordination Compounds

Chapter 10: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

Shaalaa has a total of 109 questions are solved for this Chapter in Class 12 Chemistry. Chapters covered in Haloalkanes and Haloarenes are Classification of Haloalkanes and Haloarenes, Haloalkanes and Haloarenes Numericals, Introduction of Haloalkanes and Haloarenes, Methods of Preparation of Haloalkanes and Haloarenes, Nature of C-x Bond, Nomenclature, Physical Properties of Haloalkanes and Haloarenes, Polyhalogen Compounds, Reactions of Haloalkanes - Elimination Reactions, Reactions of Haloalkanes - Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions, Reactions of Haloalkanes - Reaction with Metals, Reactions of Haloarenes - Electrophilic Substitution Reactions, Reactions of Haloarenes - Nucleophilic Substitution, Reactions of Haloarenes - Reaction with Metals, R-s and D-l Configuration

Chapter 11: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

Shaalaa has a total of 111 questions are solved for this Chapter in Class 12 Chemistry. Chapters covered in Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers are Chemical Reaction of Ethers - Cleavege of C-O Bonds, Chemical Reaction of Ethers - Electrophilic Substitution, Chemical Reactions of Phenols (Only), Classification of Alcohols and Phenols, Classification of Ethers, Nomenclature, Physical and Chemical Properties of Alcohols and Phenols, Physical Properties of Ethers, Preparation of Alcohols from Alkenes, Carbonyl Compounds and Grignard Reagents, Preparation of Ethers from Dehydration of Alcohols and Williamson Systhesis, Preparation of Phenols from Haloarenes, Benzenesulphonic Acid, Diazonium Salts and Cumene, Reactions Involving Cleavage of Carbon–Oxygen (C–O) Bond in Alcohols, Reactions Involving Cleavage of O–H Bond, Some Commercially Important Alcohols, Structures of Functional Groups of Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

Chapter 12: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

Shaalaa has a total of 121 questions are solved for this Chapter in Class 12 Chemistry. Chapters covered in Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids are Chemical Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones - Nucleophilic Addition Reactions, Chemical Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones - Other Reactions, Chemical Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones - Oxidation, Chemical Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones - Reactions Due to A-hydrogen, Chemical Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones - Reduction, Chemical Reactions of Carboxylic Acids - Reactions Involving Cleavege of C-OH Bond, Chemical Reactions of Carboxylic Acids - Reactions Involving Cleavege of O-H Bond, Chemical Reactions of Carboxylic Acids - Reactions Involving –COOH Group, Chemical Reactions of Carboxylic Acids - Substitution Reactions in the Hydrocarbon Part, Introduction of Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids, Introduction of Carboxylic Acids, Methods of Preparation of Carboxylic Acids, Nature of Carbonyl Group, Nomenclature, Physical Properties of Aldehydes and Ketones, Physical Properties of Carboxylic Acids, Preparation of Aldehydes, Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones, Preparation of Ketones, Structure of the Carbonyl Group, Structure of the Carboxyl group, Uses of Aldehydes and Ketones, Uses of Carboxylic Acids

Chapter 13: Amines

Shaalaa has a total of 86 questions are solved for this Chapter in Class 12 Chemistry. Chapters covered in Amines are Chemical Reaction of Diazonium Salts - Reactions Involving Displacement of Nitrogen, Chemical Reaction of Diazonium Salts - Reactions Involving Retention of Diazo Group Coupling Reactions, Chemical Reactions of Amines - Alkylation and Acylation, Chemical Reactions of Amines - Basic Character of Amines, Chemical Reactions of Amines - Carbylamine Reaction, Chemical Reactions of Amines - Electrophilic Substitution, Chemical Reactions of Amines - Reaction with Arylsulphonyl Chloride, Chemical Reactions of Amines - Reaction with Nitrous Acid, Classification of Amines, Cyanides and Isocyanides, Identification of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Amines, Importance of Diazonium Salts in Synthesis of Aromatic Compounds, Introduction of Amines, Introduction of Diazonium Salts, Method of Preparation of Diazonium Salts, Nomenclature, Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen Numericals, Physical Properties of Amines, Physical Properties of Diazonium Salts, Preparation of Amines, Structure of Amines, Uses

Chapter 14: Biomolecules

Shaalaa has a total of 37 questions are solved for this Chapter in Class 12 Chemistry. Chapters covered in Biomolecules are Amino Acids, Biological Functions of Nucleic Acids, Biomolecules Numericals, Chemical Composition of Nucleic Acids, Classification of Amino Acids, Classification of Carbohydrates, Classification of Vitamins, Denaturation of Proteins, Disaccharides - Sucrose, Maltose and Lactose, Importance of Carbohydrates, Introduction of Carbohydrates, Introduction of Enzymes, Introduction of Nucleic Acids, Introduction of Proteins, Introduction of Vitamins, Lipids and Hormones, Mechanism of Enzyme Action, Monosaccahrides, Oligosaccharides, Peptide, Polysaccharides, Polysaccharides - Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen, Preparation of Glucose from Sucrose (Cane Sugar) and Starch, Structure of Fructose, Structure of Nucleic Acids, Structure of Proteins, Structures of Glucose

Chapter 15: Polymers

Shaalaa has a total of 36 questions are solved for this Chapter in Class 12 Chemistry. Chapters covered in Polymers are Biodegradable Polymers, Classification of Polymers Based on Growth Polymerisation, Classification of Polymers Based on Mode of Polymerisation, Classification of Polymers Based on Molecular Forces, Classification of Polymers Based on Source, Classification of Polymers Based on Structure, Introduction of Polymers, Molecular Mass of Polymers, Polymers Numericals, Polymers of Commercial Importance, Some Important Polymers, Types of Polymerisation Reactions - Addition Polymerisation Or Chain Growth Polymerisation, Types of Polymerisation Reactions - Condensation Polymerisation Or Step Growth Polymerisation, Types of Polymerisation Reactions - Copolymerisation, Types of Polymerisation Reactions - Rubber

Chapter 16: Chemistry in Everyday Life

Shaalaa has a total of 37 questions are solved for this Chapter in Class 12 Chemistry. Chapters covered in Chemistry in Everyday Life are Chemicals in Food - Artificial Sweetening Agents and Food Preservatives, Chemistry in Everyday Life Numericals, Cleansing Agents - Soaps, Cleansing Agents - Synthetic Detergents, Drugs and Their Classification, Drug-target Interaction - Enzymes as Drug Targets, Drug-target Interaction - Receptors as Drug Targets, Therapeutic Action of Different Classes of Drugs - Antacids, Therapeutic Action of Different Classes of Drugs - Antifertility Drugs, Therapeutic Action of Different Classes of Drugs - Antihistamines, Therapeutic Action of Different Classes of Drugs - Antimicrobials, Therapeutic Action of Different Classes of Drugs - Neurologically Active Drugs

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry

Class 12 NCERT solutions answers all the questions given in the NCERT textbooks in a step-by-step process. Our Maths tutors have helped us put together this for our Class 12 Students. The solutions on Shaalaa will help you solve all the NCERT Class 12 Chemistry questions without any problems. Every chapter has been broken down systematically for the students, which gives fast learning and easy retention.

Shaalaa provides free NCERT solutions for Class 12 Chemistry. Shaalaa has carefully crafted NCERT solutions for Class 12 Chemistry that can help you understand the concepts and learn how to answer properly in your board exams. You can also share our link for free Class 12 Chemistry NCERT solutions with your classmates.

If you have any doubts while going through our Class 12 Chemistry NCERT solutions, then you can go through our Video Tutorials for Chemistry. The tutorials should help you better understand the concepts.

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