# Viraf J. Dalal solutions for Class 9 Simplified ICSE Chemistry chapter 6 - Study Of The First Element — Hydrogen [Latest edition]

## Chapter 6: Study Of The First Element — Hydrogen

Equation Worksheet

### Viraf J. Dalal solutions for Class 9 Simplified ICSE Chemistry Chapter 6 Study Of The First Element — HydrogenEquation Worksheet

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.01

Complete and balance the equation:

[General method]

Reactions of active metals - cold water

Potassium- K + H2O → ______+ _______ [g]

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.02

Complete and balance the equation:

[General method]

Reactions of active metals - cold water

Sodium - 2Na + 2H2O → ______+ _______ [g]

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.03

Complete and balance the equation:

[General method]

Reactions of active metals - cold water

Calcium - Ca + H2O → ______+ _______ [g]

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.04

Complete and balance the equation:

[General method]

Reactions of metals with steam

Magnesium - Mg + H2O → ______+ _______ [g]

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.05

Complete and balance the equation:

[General method]

Reactions of metals with steam

Aluminium - 2Al + 3H2O → ______+ _______ [g]

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.06

Complete and balance the equation:

[General method]

Reactions of metals with steam

Zinc - Zn + H2O → ______+ _______ [g]

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.07

Complete and balance the equation:

[General method]

Reactions of metals with steam

Iron - 3Fe + 4H2O ⇌ ______+ _______ [g]

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.08

Complete and balance the equation:

[General method]

Reactions of metals with dilute acids

Magnesium - Mg + 2HCl → ______+ _______ [g]

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.09

Complete and balance the equation:

[General method]

Reactions of metals with dilute acids

Aluminium - 2Al + 3H2SO4 → ______+ _______ [g]

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.1

Complete and balance the equation:

[General method]

Reactions of metals with dilute acids

Zinc - Zn + 2HCl → ______ + _______ [g]

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.11

Complete and balance the equation:

[General method]

Reactions of metals with dilute acids

Iron - Fe + 2HCl → ______ + _______ [g]

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.12

Complete and balance the equation:

[General method]

Reactions of metals - alkali [conc. soln.]

Zinc - Zn + 2NaOH → ______ + _______ [g]

Zn + 2KOH → ____ + _____ [g]

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.13

Complete and balance the equation:

[General method]

Reactions of metals - alkali [conc. soln.]

Lead - Pb + 2NaOH → ______ + _______ [g]

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.14

Complete and balance the equation:

[General method]

Reactions of metals - alkali [conc. soln.]

Aluminium - 2Al + 2NaOH + 2H2O → ______ + _______ [g]

2Al + 2KOH + 2H2O → _____ + _____ [g]

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.15

Complete and balance the equation:

[Laboratory method]

By action of dilute acid on zinc

Zinc - Zn + 2HCl → _____ + _____ [g]

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.16

Complete and balance the equation:

[Industrial Method - Bosch process]

• Step I - Production of water gas -
$\ce{C + H2O->[1000°C]}$ [____ + ____] - Δ
• Step II - Reduction of steam to hydrogen by carbon monoxide
$\ce{CO + H2 + H2O->[450°C][Fe2O3]}$ _____ + ____ [g]
• Step III - Removal of unreacted carbon dioxide and carbon monoxidefrom the above mixture
KOH + CO2 → _________ + ______
CuCl + CO + 2H2O → _______
Equation Worksheet | Q 1.17

Complete and balance the equation:

[Industrial Method - Bosch process]

• Step I - Production of water gas -
$\ce{C + H2O->[1000°C]}$ [____ + ____] - Δ
• Step II - Reduction of steam to hydrogen by carbon monoxide
$\ce{CO + H2 + H2O->[450°C][Fe2O3]}$ _____ + ____ [g]
• Step III - Removal of unreacted carbon dioxide and carbon monoxidefrom the above mixture
KOH + CO2 → _________ + ______
CuCl + CO + 2H2O → _______
Equation Worksheet | Q 1.18

Complete and balance the equation:

[Industrial Method - Bosch process]

• Step I - Production of water gas -
$\ce{C + H2O->[1000°C]}$ [____ + ____] - Δ
• Step II - Reduction of steam to hydrogen by carbon monoxide
$\ce{CO + H2 + H2O->[450°C][Fe2O3]}$ _____ + ____ [g]
• Step III - Removal of unreacted carbon dioxide and carbon monoxidefrom the above mixture
KOH + CO2 → _________ + ______
CuCl + CO + 2H2O → _______
Equation Worksheet | Q 1.19

Complete and balance the equation:

Conversion of hydrogen to -

Water - 2H2 + O2 → ________

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.2

Complete and balance the equation:

Conversion of hydrogen to -

Hydrogen chloride - H2 + Cl2 → ________

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.21

Complete and balance the equation:

Conversion of hydrogen to -

Ammonia - N2 + 3H2  ⇌ ________

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.22

Complete and balance the equation:

Conversion of hydrogen to -

Hydrogen sulphide - H2 + S → ________

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.23

Complete and balance the equation:

Hydrogen in metallurgy - reduction of

Zinc oxide - ZnO + H2 → ________ + ______

Equation Worksheet | Q 1.24

Complete and balance the equation:

Hydrogen in metallurgy - reduction of

Iron [III] oxide - Fe2O3 + 3H2 → ________ + ______

Exercise

### Viraf J. Dalal solutions for Class 9 Simplified ICSE Chemistry Chapter 6 Study Of The First Element — HydrogenExercise

Exercise | Q 1.1

Name an element whsich reacts violently with water at room temperature.

Exercise | Q 1.2

What do the following symbols [or formula] denote : 2H ; H2 ; H+. [two atoms, molecule, ion]

Exercise | Q 1.3

Write a correctly balanced equation for the following “word equation”:
calcium + water → calcium hydroxide + hydrogen

Exercise | Q 1.4

When steam is passed over red-hot iron, magnetic oxide of iron and hydrogen are obtained. “The reaction between steam and red-hot iron is a Reversible Reaction.” What is meant by this statement.

Exercise | Q 1.5

How can you obtain hydrogen from sodium hydroxide [not by electrolysis].

Exercise | Q 2

Write balanced equation for the following reaction:
magnesium + dil. hydrochloric acid → ___

Exercise | Q 3.1

Name a gas which burns in air or oxygen forming water.

Exercise | Q 3.2

Write correctly balanced equation for the following:
When steam is passed over red hot iron.

Exercise | Q 3.3

Explain the following:

Two jars of H2 are collected – “one burns quietly and the other does not”.

Exercise | Q 4.1

Write correctly the balanced equation for the following:

‘When zinc filings are added to a concentrated solution of sodium hydroxide’.

Exercise | Q 4.2

Describe one chemical test applied to the following gases, which would enable you to distinguish between them :‘carbon monoxide and hydrogen’.

Exercise | Q 5.1

Write down the “word equation” for the following reaction:

sodium hydroxide solution + zinc → ?

Exercise | Q 5.2

Explain briefly how hydrogen is manufactured on a large scale, from steam.

Exercise | Q 6

State the products of the reaction “when steam is passed over red-hot iron”.

Exercise | Q 7.1

How can you obtain hydrogen from a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide?

Exercise | Q 7.2

What do you observe when a piece of sodium is dropped into cold water?

Exercise | Q 7.3

Give reason for the following:

Though hydrogen is lighter than air it cannot be collected by downward displacement of air.

Exercise | Q 7.4

Complete the following word equation:

Sodium hydroxide + zinc → hydrogen + _________

Exercise | Q 7.4

Complete the following word equation:

Calcium + water → calcium hydroxide + _________

Exercise | Q 8

How would you obtain ‘hydrogen from sodium hydroxide’ solution other than by electrolysis?

Exercise | Q 9.1

Complete and balance the following equations:

Al + NaOH + ____ → ____ + ____

Exercise | Q 9.2

What do the following symbols represent : 2H and H2.

Exercise | Q 10.1

Write balanced equation of the reaction in the preparation of : hydrogen from a solution of potassium hydroxide [other than by electrolysis].

Exercise | Q 10.2

Describe briefly, with equations, the Bosch Process for the large scale production of hydrogen.

Exercise | Q 10.3

Account for the following fact:

Though lead is above hydrogen in the activity series, it does not react with dilute hydrochloric acid or dilutes sulphuric acid.

Exercise | Q 10.3

Account for the following fact:

Potassium and sodium are not used to react with dilute ‘hydrochloric acid or dilute sulphuric acid in the laboratory preparation of hydrogen.

Exercise | Q 11.1

Place the metals calcium, iron, magnesium and sodium in order of their activity with water, placing the most active first. Write the equation for each of the above metals which react with Water.

Exercise | Q 11.2

Why is copper not used to prepare hydrogen by the action of dilute hydrochloric acid or dilute sulphuric acid on the metal, [copper [Cu] below hydrogen – no reaction]

### Viraf J. Dalal solutions for Class 9 Simplified ICSE Chemistry Chapter 6 Study Of The First Element — HydrogenAdditional Questions

State the electronic configuration of hydrogen [at. no. 1].e
Give a reason why hydrogen can be placed in group 1 [1A] and group 17 [VIIA] of the periodic table.

Give the general group characteristic applied to hydrogen with respect to similarity in properties of hydrogen with alkali metals of group 1 [IA]. With special reference to valency electrons & ion formation.

Give the general group characteristic applied to hydrogen with respect to similarity in properties of hydrogen with halogens of group 17 [VIIA].
With special reference to valency electrons & ion formation.

How did the name ‘hydrogen’ originate. How does hydrogen occur in the combined state.

Give balanced equation for obtaining hydrogen from cold water using a monovalent active metal.

Give balanced equation for obtaining hydrogen from cold water using a divalent active metal.

Give a balanced equation for obtaining hydrogen from?

Boiling water using a divalent metal

Give a balanced equation for obtaining hydrogen from?

Steam using a trivalent metal

Give a balanced equation for obtaining hydrogen from?

Steam using a metal – and the reaction is reversible.

State why hydrogen is not prepared in the laboratory by the action of sodium with cold water.

State why hydrogen is not prepared in the laboratory by the action of calcium with dilute sulphuric acid.

State why hydrogen is not prepared in the laboratory by the action of lead with dilute hydrochloric acid.

Give balanced equation for the following conversion:

Zinc to sodium zincate – using an alkali.

Give a balanced equation for the following conversions sodium plumbite from lead.

Give a balanced equation for the following conversions sodium aluminate from aluminium.

In the laboratory preparation of hydrogen from zinc and dil. acid. Give a reason for the following:

The complete apparatus is air-tight.

In the laboratory preparation of hydrogen from zinc and dil. acid. Give a reason for the following:

Dilute nitric acid is not preferred as the reactant acid.

In the laboratory preparation of hydrogen from zinc and dil. acid. Give a reason for the following:

The lower end of the thistle funnel should dip below the level of the acid in the flask.

In the laboratory preparation of hydrogen from zinc and dil. acid. Give a reason for the following:

Hydrogen is not collected over air.

‘Magnesium reacts with very dilute nitric acid at low temperatures liberating hydrogen.’ Give reasons.

State the condition and give balanced equation for the conversion of coke to water gas.

State the condition and give balanced equation for the conversion of water gas to hydrogen – in the Bosch process.

How are the unreacted gases separated out in ‘Bosch process’ in the manufacture of hydrogen.

Give a test to differentiate between two gas jars – one containing pure hydrogen and the other hydrogen-air mixture.

State the reactant added to hydrogen to obtain the respective product in following case.

Ammonia

State the reactant added to hydrogen to obtain the respective product in following case.

Hydrogen chloride

State the reactant added to hydrogen to obtain the respective product in following case.

Water

State the reactant added to hydrogen to obtain the respective product in following case.

Hydrogen sulphide

Discuss the use of hydrogen as a fuel ?

State the use of hydrogen –

In hydrogenation of oil and coal

State the use of hydrogen –

In the extraction of metals

Explain the term oxidation in term of addition and removal of oxygen/hydrogen with a suitable example.

Explain the term reduction in term of addition and removal of oxygen/hydrogen with a suitable example.

Explain the term redox reaction with an example involving the reaction of hydrogen sulphide with chlorine.

State what is oxidising agent. Give an example of oxidising agent in the gaseous, liquid, and solid form.

State what is reducing agent. Give an example of oxidising agent in the gaseous, liquid, and solid form.

Give two test for an oxidising agent.

Give two tests for a reducing agent.

Hydrogen

### Viraf J. Dalal solutions for Class 9 Simplified ICSE Chemistry Chapter 6 Study Of The First Element — HydrogenHydrogen

Hydrogen | Q 1.1

Select the correct answer to the reactant added, to give the product in the preparation of hydrogen gas.

$\ce{Ca(OH)2 + H2}$

• dilute acid

• dilute alkali

• cold water

• conc. alkali

• boiling water

• conc. acid

• steam

Hydrogen | Q 1.2

Select the correct answer to the reactant added, to give the product in the preparation of hydrogen gas.

$\ce{MgO + H2}$

• dilute acid

• dilute alkali

• cold water

• conc. alkali

• boiling water

• conc. acid

• steam

Hydrogen | Q 1.3

Select the correct answer to the reactant added, to give the product in the preparation of hydrogen gas.

$\ce{Fe3O4 + H2}$

• dilute acid

• dilute alkali

• cold water

• conc. alkali

• boiling water

• conc. acid

• steam

Hydrogen | Q 1.4

Select the correct answer to the reactant added, to give the product in the preparation of hydrogen gas.

$\ce{Al2(SO4)3 + H2}$

• dilute acid

• dilute alkali

• cold water

• conc. alkali

• boiling water

• conc. acid

• steam

Hydrogen | Q 1.5

Select the correct answer to the reactant added, to give the product in the preparation of hydrogen gas.

$\ce{NaAlO2 + H2}$

• dilute acid

• dilute alkali

• cold water

• conc. alkali

• boiling water

• conc. acid

• steam

Hydrogen | Q 2.1

Give a balanced equation for the following conversion.

$\ce{MgCl2<-HCl->FeCl2}$

Hydrogen | Q 2.2

Give a balanced equation for the following conversion.

$\ce{KAlO2<-KOH->K2ZnO2}$

Hydrogen | Q 2.3

Give a balanced equation for the following conversion.

$\ce{ZnO<-H2O->Fe3O4}$

Hydrogen | Q 2.4

Give a balanced equation for the following conversion.

$\ce{CO + H2<-H2O->CO2 + H}$

Hydrogen | Q 2.5

Give a balanced equation for the following conversion.

$\ce{NH3<-H2->H2S}$

Hydrogen | Q 3.1

Give a reason for the following.

Nitric acid in the dilute form is not used in the laboratory preparation of hydrogen from metals.

Hydrogen | Q 3.2

Give a reason for the following.

Granulated zinc is preferred to metallic zinc in the preparation of hydrogen using dilute acid.

Hydrogen | Q 3.3

Give a reason for the following.

Hydrogen and alkali metals of group 1 [IA] react with copper [II] oxide to give copper.

Hydrogen | Q 3.4

Give a reason for the following.

Hydrogen is collected by the downward displacement of water and not of air, even though it is lighter than air.

Hydrogen | Q 3.5

Give a reason for the following.

A mixture of hydrogen and chlorine can be separated by passage through a porous pot.

Hydrogen | Q 4.1

Name the following.

A metal below iron but above copper in the activity series of metals which has no reaction with water.

Hydrogen | Q 4.2

Name the following.

A metal which cannot be used for the preparation of hydrogen using dilute acids.

Hydrogen | Q 4.3

Name the following.

The salt formed when aluminium reacts with potassium hydroxide, during the preparation of hydrogen from alkalis.

Hydrogen | Q 4.4

Name the following.

A gaseous reducing agent which is basic in nature.

Hydrogen | Q 4.5

Name the following.

A compound formed between hydrogen and an element from group 17 [VIIA] – period 3.

Hydrogen | Q 5.1

Select the correct answer from the symbol in the bracket.

The element placed below hydrogen in group 1 [IA].

• Na

• Li

• K

• F

Hydrogen | Q 5.2

Select the correct answer from the symbol in the bracket.

The element other than hydrogen, which forms a molecule containing a single covalent bond.

• Cl

• N

• O

Hydrogen | Q 5.3

Select the correct answer from the symbol in the bracket.

The element, which like hydrogen has one valence electron.

• He

• Na

• F

• O

Hydrogen | Q 5.4

Select the correct answer from the symbol in the bracket.

The element, which like hydrogen is a strong reducing agent.

• Pb

• Na

• S

• Cl

Hydrogen | Q 5.5

Select the correct answer from the symbol in the bracket.

The element which forms a diatomic molecule.

• C

• Br

• S

• P

Hydrogen | Q 6.1

The diagram represent the preparation and collection of hydrogen by a standard

laboratory method.

State what is added through the thistle funnel ‘Y’

Hydrogen | Q 6.2

The diagram represent the preparation and collection of hydrogen by a standard laboratory method.

State what difference will be seen if pure zinc is added in the distillation flask ‘X’ instead of granulated zinc.

Hydrogen | Q 6.3

The diagram represent the preparation and collection of hydrogen by a standard laboratory method.

Name a solution which absorbs the impurity – "H"_2"S"

Hydrogen | Q 6.4

The diagram represent the preparation and collection of hydrogen by a standard laboratory method.

State, why hydrogen is collected after all the air in the apparatus, is allowed to escape.

Hydrogen | Q 6.5

The diagram represent the preparation and collection of hydrogen by a standard laboratory method.

Name a gas other than hydrogen collected by the same method.

## Viraf J. Dalal solutions for Class 9 Simplified ICSE Chemistry chapter 6 - Study Of The First Element — Hydrogen

Viraf J. Dalal solutions for Class 9 Simplified ICSE Chemistry chapter 6 (Study Of The First Element — Hydrogen) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CISCE Class 9 Simplified ICSE Chemistry solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

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Concepts covered in Class 9 Simplified ICSE Chemistry chapter 6 Study Of The First Element — Hydrogen are Position of the Non-metal (Hydrogen) in the Periodic Table, Hydrogen from Alkalies, Laboratory Preparation of Hydrogen, Hydrogen from Water, Hydrogen from Dilute Acids, Application of Activity Series in the Preparation of Hydrogen, Similarities Between Hydrogen and Halogens, Preparation of Hydrogen, Concept of Hydrogen, Properties and Uses of Hydrogen, Hydrogen - Oxidation and Reduction, Manufacture of Hydrogen, Preparation of Hydrogen, from Water – Electrolysis, Preference of Zinc as the Metal to Be Used (With Reasons)..

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