Three resonant frequencies of a string are 90, 150 and 210 Hz. (a) Find the highest possible fundamental frequency of vibration of this string. (b) Which harmonics of the fundamental are the given frequencies? (c) Which overtones are these frequencies? (d) If the length of the string is 80 cm, what would be the speed of a transverse wave on this string?

#### Solution

Given:

Let the three resonant frequencies of a string be

\[f_1 = 90 Hz\]

\[ f_2 = 150 Hz\]

\[ f_3 = 210 Hz\]

(a) So, the highest possible fundamental frequency of the string is \[f = 30 Hz\] because *f*_{1}, *f*_{2} and *f*_{3} are the integral multiples of 30 Hz.

(b) So, these frequencies can be written as follows:

\[f_1 = 3f\]

\[ f_2 = 5f\]

\[ f_3 = 7f\]

Hence, *f*_{1}, *f*_{2}, and *f*_{3} are the third harmonic, the fifth harmonic and the seventh harmonic, respectively.

(c) The frequencies in the string are *f*, 2*f*, 3*f*, 4*f*, 5*f* ...

∴ 3*f* = 2nd overtone and 3rd harmonic

5*f* = 4th overtone and 5th harmonic

7th= 6th overtone and 7th harmonic

(d) Length of the string (*L*) = 80 cm = 0.8 m

Let the speed of the wave be *v.*

So, the frequency of the third harmonic is given by:

\[f_1 = \left( \frac{3}{2 \times L} \right) v\]

\[ \Rightarrow 90 = \left\{ \frac{3}{\left( 2 \times 80 \right)} \right\} \times v\]

\[ \Rightarrow v = \frac{\left( 90 \times 2 \times 80 \right)}{3}\]

\[ = 30 \times 2 \times 80\]

\[ = 4800 \text{ cm/s }\]

\[ \Rightarrow v = 48 m/s\]