Sustainability of Natural Resources:-
We all have heard numerous tales about the world’s natural ecosystems being under increasing pressure to provide an expanding population with a sustainable supply of food, fiber, fuel, etc. Preservation or management of natural resources is essential for maintaining community sustainability.
Let’s have a closer look on this concept.
Air and Climate
The human health and ecosystem can be dramatically affected by declining air quality and change in climate. The communities can contribute in controlling the sources of air pollution by limiting the use of harmful chemicals in the air.
Energy happens to be a nonrenewable source for power generation which is mainly used for home, workplace, and transportation, causing pollution. The need for energy conservation and the use of renewable fuels providing cost-effective and more sustainable alternatives are the need of the hour.
Water is an important resource which we use for every daily activity like drinking, cooking, cleaning, washing, etc. It is the precious natural resource that is largely getting wasted. To avoid the scarcity of Water both government and people must work together to assure that water is used judiciously and there is adequate water supply to meet future needs.
Biodiversity plays a vital role in satisfying our need for different types of food, raw materials, fuel, etc. Over 4 billion years ago, the earth was crowded with a variety of species and every single species played a specialized role in maintaining ecological balance. As time passed, more than 80% of species got extinct. Communities are involved in their preservation by supporting, managing, promoting, protecting and enhancing healthy wildlife by establishing areas like the zoo, sanctuaries, national parks, biosphere reserves, wildlife safaris, and sanctuaries.
Land, Forests, and Ecosystems
An ecosystem consists of both living things and non-living things which interact with each other. light, air, soil, water, energy, atmosphere, forests are renewable sources which need to be protected. Communities have to develop judicious land use practices for both conserving ecosystems and enhance local economies as they maintain the equilibrium in the environment.