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Ultimate Mathematics of the Quran A Visual Presentation By: Ali R. Fazely, Ph.D.

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## Ultimate Mathematics of the Quran A Visual Presentation By: Ali R. Fazely, Ph.D.

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**Ultimate Mathematics**of the Quran A Visual Presentation By: Ali R. Fazely, Ph.D.**Prime Numbers**Prime numbers are numbers that are divisible by themselves and “one” only. Discovery of prime numbers is a challenge to mathematicians ever since primes were discovered. Because of their complexity, primes are used in cryptography and computer security. Many algorithms have been developed to find new and simple prime numbers. No exact theory exists linking primes to the positional rank. For example, probably none here knows what the 1187th prime is without working his/her way up from the first prime to the 1187th.**PRIMES**Index Prime 1 2 2 3 3 5 “ “ 7 17 8 19 9 23 11 31 “ “ 19 67 “ “ 114 619 “ “ 1131 9127 “ “ 1187 9619**COMPOSITES**Index Composite 1 4 2 6 3 8 “ “ 8 15 9 16 “ “ 13 22 “ “ “ “ 19 30 “ “ 114 150 “ “ 127 166 “ “ 368 456**PRIMES AND COMPOSITES**Index Prime Composite 1 2 4 2 3 6 3 5 8 4 7 9 5 11 10 6 13 12 7 17 14 8 19 15 9 23 16 “ “ “ 13 41 22 “ “ “ “ “ “ 19 67 30**TWIN PRIMES PAIRS**Index Twin Prime 1 3,5 2 5,7 3 11,13 4 17,19 5 29,31 6 41,43 7 59,61 8 71,73 “ “ “ “ 19 281,283 “ “ 114 4271,4273**TWIN PRIMES<SEQUENTIALLY**Index Twin Prime 1 3 2 5 3 7 4 11 5 13 6 17 7 19 8 29 9 31 10 41 11 43 12 59 13 61 “ “ “ “ 19 109**PRIMES & TWIN PRIMESSEQUENTIALLY**Index Prime Index Twin Prime 1 2 1 3 2 3 2 5 3 5 3 7 4 7 4 11 5 11 5 13 6 13 6 17 7 17 7 19 8 19 8 29 9 23 9 31 10 29 10 41 11 31 11 43 12 37 12 59 13 41 13 61 “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 19 67 19 109**TWIN PRIME COMPANIONS**Index TPC 1 4 2 6 3 12 4 18 5 30 6 42 7 60 8 72 9 102 10 108 “ “ “ “ 19 282 “ “ 521 33768**LONELY PRIMES**Index Lonely Prime 1 2 2 23 3 37 4 47 5 53 6 67 7 79 8 83 9 89 10 97 “ “ 19 223 “ “ 114 1187 “ “ 790 9619**POSITIONAL ADDITIVE PRIMES**RankIndex + Prime = Prime 1 1 + 2 = 3 2 2 + 3 = 5 3 4 + 7 = 11 4 6 + 13 = 19 5 18 + 61 = 79 6 22 + 79 = 101 7 24 + 89 = 113 8 26 + 101 = 127 9 32 + 131 = 163 10 42 + 181 = 223 “ “ “ “ 19 98 + 521 = 619 114 808 + 6211 = 7019 Note 619 is the 114th prime number**1998 is the index of composite 2346.**Let us look at the permutation group property of the four digits 2, 3, 4, and 6 Index Element Index Element 1 2346 13 4236 2 2364 14 4263 3 2436 15 4326 4 2463 16 4362 5 2634 17 4623 6 2643 18 4632 7 3246 19 6234 8 3264 20 6243 9 3426 21 6324 10 3462 22 6342 11 3624 23 6423 12 3642 24 6432**2346 = 23 × 2 × 3 × 17**The Indices of These Prime Factors are 9, 1, 2, 7 [1] Milan Sulc, private comm.**The digits 1,2,7, and 9 have special**group properties. Index Element Index Element 1 1279 13 7129 2 1297 14 7192 3 1729 15 7219 4 1792 16 7291 5 1927 17 7912 6 1972 18 7921 7 2179 19 9127 8 2197 20 9172 9 2719 21 9217 10 2792 22 9271 11 2917 23 9712 12 2971 24 9721**The 114th prime number is 619 and the 619th prime is 4567**Index Element Index Element 1 4567 13 6457 2 4576 14 6475 3 4657 15 6547 4 4675 16 6574 5 4756 17 6745 6 4765 18 6754 7 5467 19 7456 8 5476 20 7465 9 5647 21 7546 10 5674 22 7564 11 5746 23 7645 12 5764 24 7654**Mersenne Primes,**• M(p) = 2p-1 • The list of first 19 known • Mersenne • Index Exponent (p) • 1 2 • 2 3 • 5 • 7 • 5 13 • “ “ • 4253 (Hurwitz, 1961) • Number of digits = 1281**Gaussian Primes (G.P.)**• The real Gaussian primes are 3, 7, 11, 19 …. , and are of the form (4n + 3), where n is any integer including 0. • The prime number 17, for example, is not a Gaussian prime since it can be factored out into (4 + i)(4 - i) = 17.**Index P. Index G.P.**• 1 2 3 • 2 4 7 • “ “ “ • 19 67 • “ “ “ • 36 151 • “ “ “ • 92 479 • “ “ “ • “ “ “ • 1514 12671 • 764 = 2 x 2 x 191, the indices of these prime factors are 1, 1, 43. • 1143 = 9 x 127 and 1514 is the 1273rd composite.**NUMBER BASES**Base 2 (Binary) Only 0 and 1 Base 8 (Octal) From 0 - 7 Base 13 From 0 - 12 Base 19 From 0 - 18 Examples 13 in base 19 is 22 in base 10 19 in base 13 is 22 in base 10 19 in base 10 is 10011 in binary 19 in base 10 is 23 in octal 76 in base 10 is 114 in octal 23 is base 10 is 10111 in binary 2698 in base 10 is 790 in base 19**Ultimate Mathematics,**the Mathematics of the Quran A 19-based mathematics involving primes, composites, twin primes, twin prime companions, and their indices. 74:30 -- Over it, is 19 The mathematics encompasses number bases and positional additive, subtractive primes and Composites and Group Theory This mathematics is beyond human knowledge**Quran Statistics**• 114 Chapters • 6234 numbered verses • 6346 total verses • 29 Initialed chapters • 85 un-initialed chapters • The total number of word God in the Quran is 2698 These parameters based on 9 having 127 verses.**PRIMES**Index Prime 1 2 2 3 3 5 “ “ 7 17 8 19 9 23 11 31 “ “ 19 67 “ “ 114 619 “ “ 1131 9127 “ “ 1187 9619**COMPOSITES**Index Composite 1 4 2 6 3 8 “ “ 8 15 9 16 “ “ 13 22 “ “ “ “ 19 30 “ “ 114 150 “ “ 127 166 “ “ 368 456**PRIMES AND COMPOSITES**Index Prime Composite 1 2 4 2 3 6 3 5 8 4 7 9 5 11 10 6 13 12 7 17 14 8 19 15 9 23 16 “ “ “ 13 41 22 “ “ “ “ “ “ 19 67 30**TWIN PRIMES PAIRS**Index Twin Prime 1 3,5 2 5,7 3 11,13 4 17,19 5 29,31 6 41,43 7 59,61 8 71,73 “ “ “ “ 19 281,283 “ “ 114 4271,4273**TWIN PRIMES<SEQUENTIALLY**Index Twin Prime 1 3 2 5 3 7 4 11 5 13 6 17 7 19 8 29 9 31 10 41 11 43 12 59 13 61 “ “ “ “ 19 109**PRIMES & TWIN PRIMESSEQUENTIALLY**Index Prime Index Twin Prime 1 2 1 3 2 3 2 5 3 5 3 7 4 7 4 11 5 11 5 13 6 13 6 17 7 17 7 19 8 19 8 29 9 23 9 31 10 29 10 41 11 31 11 43 12 37 12 59 13 41 13 61 “ “ “ “ “ “ “ “ 19 67 19 109**TWIN PRIME COMPANIONS**Index TPC 1 4 2 6 3 12 4 18 5 30 6 42 7 60 8 72 9 102 10 108 “ “ “ “ 19 282 “ “ 521 33768**LONELY PRIMES**Index Lonely Prime 1 2 2 23 3 37 4 47 5 53 6 67 7 79 8 83 9 89 10 97 “ “ 19 223 “ “ 114 1187 “ “ 790 9619**POSITIONAL ADDITIVE PRIMES**RankIndex + Prime = Prime 1 1 + 2 = 3 2 2 + 3 = 5 3 4 + 7 = 11 4 6 + 13 = 19 5 18 + 61 = 79 6 22 + 79 = 101 7 24 + 89 = 113 8 26 + 101 = 127 9 32 + 131 = 163 10 42 + 181 = 223 “ “ “ “ 19 98 + 521 = 619 114 808 + 6211 = 7019 Note 619 is the 114th prime number**1998 is the index of composite 2346.**Let us look at the permutation group property of the four digits 2, 3, 4, and 6 Index Element Index Element 1 2346 13 4236 2 2364 14 4263 3 2436 15 4326 4 2463 16 4362 5 2634 17 4623 6 2643 18 4632 7 3246 19 6234 8 3264 20 6243 9 3426 21 6324 10 3462 22 6342 11 3624 23 6423 12 3642 24 6432**2346 = 23 × 2 × 3 × 17**The Indices of These Prime Factors are 9, 1, 2, 7 [1] Milan Sulc, private comm.**The digits 1,2,7, and 9 have special**group properties. Index Element Index Element 1 1279 13 7129 2 1297 14 7192 3 1729 15 7219 4 1792 16 7291 5 1927 17 7912 6 1972 18 7921 7 2179 19 9127 8 2197 20 9172 9 2719 21 9217 10 2792 22 9271 11 2917 23 9712 12 2971 24 9721**The 114th prime number is 619 and the 619th prime is 4567**Index Element Index Element 1 4567 13 6457 2 4576 14 6475 3 4657 15 6547 4 4675 16 6574 5 4756 17 6745 6 4765 18 6754 7 5467 19 7456 8 5476 20 7465 9 5647 21 7546 10 5674 22 7564 11 5746 23 7645 12 5764 24 7654**Mersenne Primes,**• M(p) = 2p-1 • The list of first 19 known • Mersenne • Index Exponent (p) • 1 2 • 2 3 • 5 • 7 • 5 13 • “ “ • 4253 (Hurwitz, 1961) • Number of digits = 1281**Gaussian Primes (G.P.)**• The real Gaussian primes are 3, 7, 11, 19 …. , and are of the form (4n + 3), where n is any integer including 0. • The prime number 17, for example, is not a Gaussian prime since it can be factored out into (4 + i)(4 - i) = 17.**Index P. Index G.P.**• 1 2 3 • 2 4 7 • “ “ “ • 19 67 • “ “ “ • 36 151 • “ “ “ • 92 479 • “ “ “ • “ “ “ • 1514 12671 • 764 = 2 x 2 x 191, the indices of these prime factors are 1, 1, 43. • 1143 = 9 x 127 and 1514 is the 1273rd composite.**NUMBER BASES**Base 2 (Binary) Only 0 and 1 Base 8 (Octal) From 0 - 7 Base 13 From 0 - 12 Base 19 From 0 - 18 Examples 13 in base 19 is 22 in base 10 19 in base 13 is 22 in base 10 19 in base 10 is 10011 in binary 19 in base 10 is 23 in octal 76 in base 10 is 114 in octal 23 is base 10 is 10111 in binary 2698 in base 10 is 790 in base 19**Acceleration of Gravity Near a**• Massive object is Constant • Free Fall in Vacuum • a = g • v = gt + v0 • x = 1/2gt2 + v0t + x0**Newton’s LawF = GMm/R2**Hubble Deep View**Concept of Antimatter**• Dirac Theory: • E2 = (T + Mc2)2 = p2c2 + m2c4 • E = p2c2 + m2c4 • E = ± p2c2 + m2c4 • minus sign is a consequence of • algebra, signifying “sea of • negative energy” or antimatter**Deuteronomy 24**19 - When you are harvesting in your field and you overlook a sheaf, do not go back to get it. Leave it for the alien, the fatherless and the widow, so that the Lord your God may bless you in all the work of your hands. 20 - When you beat the olives from your trees, do not go over the branches a second time. Leave what remains for the alien, the fatherless and the widow. 21 - When you harvest the grapes in your vineyard, do not go over the vines again. Leave what remains for the alien, the fatherless and the widow.**Matthew 5**2 - So when you give to the needy, do not announce it with trumpets, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and on the streets, to be honored by men. I tell you the truth, they have received their reward in full. 3 - But when you give to the needy, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, 4 - so that your giving may be in secret. Then your Initiator, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you.**The Quran**2:83 - And when We took a covenant from the Children of Israel, that you shall not worship except God, and be good to your parents and the relatives and the fatherless and the needy and speak to the people amicably, and observe the contact prayer and give the cleansing charity, then you turned away, except for a few of you, and you became objectors.