Geography Commerce (English Medium) Class 11 CBSE Syllabus 2024-25

Advertisements

CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus - Free PDF Download

CBSE Syllabus 2024-25 Class 11: The CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus for the examination year 2024-25 has been released by the Central Board of Secondary Education, CBSE. The board will hold the final examination at the end of the year following the annual assessment scheme, which has led to the release of the syllabus. The 2024-25 CBSE Class 11 Geography Board Exam will entirely be based on the most recent syllabus. Therefore, students must thoroughly understand the new CBSE syllabus to prepare for their annual exam properly.

The detailed CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus for 2024-25 is below.

Academic year:
Advertisements
Advertisements
Advertisements

Syllabus

CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus for Chapter 1: India Physical Environment

1 India — Location
  • Introduction to India - Location  
  • Size of India  
  • India and Its Neighbours  
    • India and Afghanistan
    • India and Bangladesh
    • India and Bhutan
    • India and China
    • India and Maldives
    • India and Myanmar
    • India and Nepal
    • India and Pakistan
    • India and Sri Lanka
2 Structure and Physiography
3 Drainage System
4 Climate
  • Introduction to Climate  
  • Unity and Diversity in the Monsoon Climate  
  • Factors Affecting the Indian Climate  
  • The Nature of Indian Monsoon  
    • The Onset of the Monsoon
    • Rain-bearing Systems and Rainfall Distribution
    • Break in the Monsoon
  • The Rhythm of Seasons  
    • The Cold Weather Season  
    • The Hot Weather Season  
    • The Southwest Monsoon Season  
      • Monsoon Winds of the Arabian Sea
      • Monsoon Winds of the Bay of Bengal
      • Characteristics of Monsoonal Rainfall
    • Season of Retreating Monsoon  
  • Traditional Indian Seasons  
    • Distribution of Rainfall
    • Variability of Rainfall
    • Climatic Regions of India
    • Monsoons and the Economic Life in India
  • Global Warming  
    • Global Warming
    • Causes of Global warming
    • Effect of Global Warming
5 Natural Vegetation
  • Natural Vegetation  
  • Types of Forests  
    • Tropical Evergreen and Semi-Evergreen forests
    • Tropical Deciduous forests
    • Tropical Thorn forests
    • Montane forests
    • Littoral and Swamp forests
  • Forest Cover in India  
  • Forest Conservation  
  • Wildlife  
  • Wildlife Conservation in India  
  • Biosphere Reserve  
    • Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
    • Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve
    • Sunderbans Biosphere Reserve
    • Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve
6 Soils
  • Introduction to Soils  
  • Types of Soil  
  • Soil Degradation  
    • Causes of Diminished Soil Fertility
  • Soil Erosion  
  • Soil Conservation  
7 Natural Hazards and Disasters
  • Introduction to Natural Hazards and Disasters  
  • Classification of Natural Disasters  
  • Natural Disasters and Hazards in India  
    • Earthquakes  
      • Socio-Environmental Consequences of Earthquakes
      • Effects of Earthquakes
      1. On Ground
      2. On Manmade Structures
      3. On Water
      • Earthquake Hazard Mitigation
    • Tsunami  
    • Tropical Cyclone  
      • Structure of Tropical Cyclone
      • Spatio-temporal Distribution of Tropical Cyclone in India
      • Consequences of Tropical Cyclones
    • Floods  
      • Consequence and Control of Floods
    • Droughts  
      • Types of Droughts
      1. Meteorological Drought
      2. Agricultural Drought
      3. Hydrological Drought
      4. Ecological Drought
      • Drought Prone Areas in India
      1. Extreme Drought Affected Areas
      2. Severe Drought Prone Area
      3. Moderate Drought Affected Area
      • Consequences of Drought
    • Landslides  
      • Landslide Vulnerability Zones
      1. Very High Vulnerability Zone
      2. High Vulnerability Zone
      3. Moderate to Low Vulnerability Zone
      4. Other Areas
      • Consequences of Landslides
      • Mitigation
  • Disaster Management  
    • Disaster management
    • Objectives of Disaster Management

CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus for Chapter 2: Fundamentals of Physical Geography

1 Geography as a Discipline
  • Introduction to Geography as a Discipline  
  • Geography as an Integrating Discipline  
    • Physical Geography and Natural Sciences
    • Geography and Social Sciences
  • Branches of Geography  
    • Branches of Geography (Based on Systematic Approach)
    1. Physical Geography
    2. Human Geography
    3. Biogeography
    • Branches of Geography Based on Regional Approach
    1. Regional Studies/Area Studies
    2. Regional Planning
    3. Regional Development
    4. Regional Analysis
    • Physical Geography and Its Importance
2 The Origin and Evolution of the Earth
  • Introduction to the Origin and Evolution of the Earth  
  • Early Theories  
    • Origin of the Earth
  • Modern Theories  
    • Origin of the Universe
    • The Star Formation
    • Formation of Planets
  • Our Solar System  
  • The Moon  
  • Evolution of the Earth  
    • Evolution of Lithosphere
    • Evolution of Atmosphere and Hydrosphere
    • Origin of Life
3 Interior of the Earth
  • Interior of the Earth  
    • The Crust
    • The Mantle
    • The Core
  • Sources of Information About the Interior  
    • Direct Sources
    • Indirect Sources
  • Earthquake  
    • Earthquake
    • Shadow zone
    • Causes of Earthquakes
    • Earthquake Zones in India
    • Why does the earth shake?
    • Earthquake Waves
    1. Propagation of Earthquake Waves
    2. Emergence of Shadow Zone
    3. Types of Earthquakes
    4. Measuring Earthquakes
    • Effects of Earthquake
  • Structure of the Earth  
    • The Crust
    • The Mantle
    • The Core
  • Volcanoes and Volcanic Landforms  
    • Volcanoes
    1. Shield Volcanoes
    2. Composite Volcanoes
    3. Caldera
    4. Flood Basalt Provinces
    5. Mid-Ocean Ridge Volcanoes
    • Volcanic Landforms
    1. Intrusive Forms
    1. Batholiths
    2. Lacoliths
    3. Lapolith, Phacolith, and Sills
    4. Dykes
4 Distribution of Oceans and Continents
  • Introduction to Distribution of Oceans and Continents  
  • Continental Drift  
    • Evidence in Support of the Continental Drift
    1. The Matching of Continents (Jig-Saw-Fit)
    2. Rocks of Same Age Across the Oceans
    3. Tillite
    4. Placer Deposits
    5. Distribution of Fossils
    • Force for Drifting
    • Post-drift Studies
    1. Convectional Current Theory
    2. Mapping of the Ocean Floor
    • Ocean Floor Configuration
    1. Continental Margins
    2. Abyssal Plains
    3. Mid-Oceanic Ridges
    • Distribution of Earthquakes and Volcanoes
  • Concept of Sea Floor Spreading  
  • Plate Tectonics  
    • Divergent Boundaries
    • Convergent Boundaries
    • Transform Boundaries
    • Rates of Plate Movement
    • Force for the Plate Movement
  • Movement of the Indian Plate  
5 Minerals and Rocks
  • Rocks and Minerals  
  • Minerals  
    • Physical Characteristics
    • Metallic Minerals
    1. Precious metals 
    2. Ferrous metals
    3. Non-ferrous metals
    • Non-Metallic Minerals
  • Rocks  
    • Igneous Rocks
    • Sedimentary Rocks
    • Metamorphic Rocks
  • Rock Cycle  
6 Geomorphic Processes
  • Geomorphic Processes  
    1. Internal Processes
    • Plate Tectonics
    • Types of Plate Boundaries
    1. Convergent Boundary
    2. Divergent Boundary
    3. Conservative/Transform Boundary
    • Movements of Continental Plates
    • Earthquake
    • Seismic Waves
    • Tsunami
    • Volcanoes
    1. Active Volcano
    2. Dormant Volcano (or) Sleeping Volcano
    3. Extinct or Dead Volcano
    4. Composite Volcano
    5. Volcanic Dome
    6. Shield Volcano
    • Distribution of Earthquakes and Volcanoes
    • Effect Of Volcanoes
    1. Constructive Effects
    2. Destructive Effects 
  • Endogenic Processes  
    • Diastrophism
    • Volcanism
  • Exogenic Processes  
  • Weathering  
    • Weathering
    • Types of Weathering
      1) Chemical Weathering
      2) Physical Weathering
      3) Biological Weathering
    • Special Effects of Weathering
    • Significance of Weathering
  • Mass Movements  
    • Landslides
  • Erosion and Deposition  
  • Soil Formation  
    • Soil Formation
    • Factors of Soil Formation
    1. Parent Rock
    2. Relief
    3. Flora, Fauna, and Micro-organism
    4. Climate
    5. Time
7 Landforms and Their Evolution
  • Introduction to Landforms and Their Evolution  
  • Running Water  
    • The characteristics of each of the stages of landscapes developing in running water regimes may be summarised as follows:
    1. Youth
    2. Mature
    3. Old
    • Erosional Landforms
    1. Valleys
    2. Potholes and Plunge Pools
    3. Incised or Entrenched Meanders
    4. River Terraces
    • Depositional Landforms
    1. Alluvial Fans
    2. Deltas
    3. Floodplains, Natural Levees and Point Bars
    4. Meanders
  • Groundwater  
    • Erosional Landforms
    1. Pools, Sinkholes, Lapies, and Limestone Pavements
    2. Caves
    • Depositional Landforms
    1. Stalactites, Stalagmites and Pillars
  • Glaciers  
    • Erosional Landforms
    1. Cirque
    2. Horns and Serrated Ridges
    3. Glacial Valleys/Troughs
    • Depositional Landforms
    1. Moraines
    2. Eskers
    3. Outwash Plains
    4. Drumlins
  • Waves and Currents  
  • High Rocky Coasts  
  • Low Sedimentary Coasts  
    • Erosional Landforms
    1. Cliffs, Terraces, Caves, and Stacks
    • Depositional Landforms
    1. Beaches and Dunes
    2. Bars, Barriers, and Spits
  • Winds  
    • Erosional Landforms
    1. Pediments and Pediplains
    2. Playas
    3. Deflation Hollows and Caves
    4. Mushroom, Table, and Pedestal Rocks
    • Depositional Landforms
    1. Sand Dunes
8 Composition and Structure of Atmosphere
  • Introduction to Composition and Structure of Atmosphere  
  • Composition of the Atmosphere  
    • Gases
    • Water Vapour
    • Dust Particles
  • Structure of the Atmosphere  
    • Troposphere
    • Stratosphere (ozone layer)
    • Mesosphere
    • Thermosphere
    • Exosphere
9 Solar Radiation, Heat Balance and Temperature
  • Introduction to Solar Radiation, Heat Balance and Temperature  
  • Solar Radiation  
    • Variability of Insolation at the Surface of the Earth
  • Heating and Cooling of Atmosphere  
    • Terrestrial Radiation
    • Heat Budget of the Planet Earth
    • Temperature
    • Factors Controlling Temperature Distribution
    • Distribution of Temperature
  • Inversion of Temperature  
10 Atmospheric Circulation and Weather Systems
  • Introduction to Atmospheric Circulation and Weather Systems  
  • Atmospheric Pressure  
    • Vertical Variation of Pressure
    • Horizontal Distribution of Pressure
    • World Distribution of Sea Level Pressure
  • Forces Affecting the Velocity and Direction of Wind  
    • Pressure Gradient Force
    • Frictional Force
    • Coriolis Force
    • Pressure and Wind
  • General Circulation of the Atmosphere  
    • Seasonal Wind
    • Local Winds
    • Land and Sea Breezes
    • Mountain and Valley Winds 
    • Air Masses
    • Fronts
    • Extra-Tropical Cyclones
    • Tropical Cyclones
    • Thunderstorms and Tornadoes
11 Water in the Atmosphere
  • Introduction of Water in the Atmosphere  
  • Evaporation and Condensation  
    • Dew
    • Frost
    • Fog and Mist
    • Clouds
    1. Cirrus
    2. Cumulus
    3. Stratus
    4. Nimbus
    • Precipitation
  • Rainfall and It's Types  
    • Rainfall
    • Types of Rainfall
      1. Convectional Rainfall
      2. Orographic Rainfall
      3. Cyclonic Rainfall
  • World Distribution of Rainfall  
12 World Climate and Climate Change
  • Introduction of World Climate and Climate Change  
  • Koeppen’s Scheme of Classification of Climate  
    • Group A : Tropical Humid Climates  
      • Tropical Wet Climate (Af)
      • Tropical Monsoon Climate (Am)
      • Tropical Wet and Dry Climate (Aw)
    • Dry Climates : B  
      • Subtropical Steppe (BSh) and Subtropical Desert (BWh) Climates
      • Warm Temperate (Mid-Latitude) Climates-C
      • Humid Subtropical Climate (Cwa)
      • Mediterranean Climate (Cs)
      • Humid Subtropical (Cfa) Climate
      • Marine West Coast Climate (Cfb)
    • Cold Snow Forest Climates (D)  
      • Cold Climate with Humid Winters (Df)
      • Cold Climate with Dry Winters (Dw)
    • Polar Climates (E)  
      • Tundra Climate (ET)
      • Ice Cap Climate (EF)
    • Highland Climates (H)  
  • Climate Change  
    • Climate in the recent past
  • Causes of Climate Change  
  • Global Warming  
    • Global Warming
    • Causes of Global warming
    • Effect of Global Warming
  • Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming  
    • Effects of Global Warming
    • Sources of Green House Gases Emission (Natural and Anthropogenic)
    • Strategies to deal with Global Warming
    • Ozone depletion
    • Effects of Ozone depletion
13 Water (Oceans)
  • Hydrologic Cycle Or Water Cycle  
  • Components of Hydrologic Cycle  
    • Evapotranspiration
    1. Evaporation
    2. Transpiration 
    3. Condensation
    • Forms of Condensation
    1. Dew
    2. Frost
    3. Fog
    4. Mist
    5. Clouds
  • The Relief of Ocean Floor  
    • Divisions of the Ocean Floors
    1. Continental Shelf
    2. Continental Slope
    3. Abyssal Plains 
    4. Mountain Ranges And Plateaus
    5. Marine Deeps And Marine Trenches 
  • Temperature of Ocean Waters  
    • Factors Affecting Temperature Distribution
    1. Latitude
    2. Unequal distribution of land and water
    3. Prevailing wind
    4. Ocean currents
    • Horizontal and Vertical Distribution of Temperature
  • Salinity of Ocean Waters  
    • Factors affecting ocean salinity
    • Horizontal Distribution of Salinity
    • Vertical Distribution of Salinity
14 Movements of Ocean Water
  • Introduction to Movements of Ocean Water  
  • Waves in Ocean Water  
  • Tides  
    • Importance of Tides
  • Types of Tides  
    • Tides based on Frequency
    1. Semi-diurnal tide
    2. Diurnal tide
    3. Mixed tide
    • Tides based on the Sun, Moon, and the Earth Positions
    1. Spring tides
    2. Neap tides
  • Ocean Currents  
    • Their circulation pattern and effects. (Specifically of Gulf Stream, North Atlantic Drift, Labrador Current, Kuro Shio, and Oya Shio.)
    • Types of Ocean Currents:-
    • Based on depth
    1. Surface currents
    2. Deep water currents
    • Based on temperature
    1. Cold currents
    2. Warm currents
    • Major Ocean Currents
    • Effects of Ocean Currents
15 Life on the Earth
  • Introduction to Life on the Earth  
  • Ecology  
  • Types of Ecosystems  
    • Types of Ecosystems
    1. Terrestrial
    2. Aquatic
    • Structure and Functions of Ecosystems
    • Types of Biomes
  • Biogeochemical Cycle  
  • Ecological Balance  
16 Biodiversity and Conservation
  • Introduction to Biodiversity and Conservation  
  • Levels of Biodiversity  
    • Genetic diversity
    • Species diversity
    • Ecological (Ecosystem) diversity
  • Importance of Biodiversity  
    • Ecological Role of Biodiversity
    • Economic Role of Biodiversity
    • Scientific Role of Biodiversity
    • Rivet Popper hypothesis
  • Loss of Biodiversity  
    • Loss of Biodiversity
    • Causes of Biodiversity losses
      (i) Habitat loss and fragmentation
      (ii) Overexploitation
      (iii) Alien species invasions
      (iv) Co-extinctions
    • Why to conserve Diversity?
    • How do we conserve biodiversity?
    • The International Union of Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) has classified the threatened species of plants and animals into three categories for the purpose of their conservation.
    1. Endangered Species
    2. Vulnerable Species
    3. Rare Species
  • Conservation of Biodiversity  
    • Why should we conserve Biodiversity?
      (i) Narrowly utilitarian argument
      (ii) Broadly utilitarian argument
      (iii) Ethical argument
    • How do we conserve Biodiversity?
      (i) In-situ methods: Biodiversity Hotspots and Sacred Groves
      (ii) Ex-situ Conservation - Zoological parks, Botanical parks, Wildlife Safari parks

CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus for Chapter 3: Practical Work in Geography

1 Introduction to Maps
  • Essentials of Map Making  
    • Scale
    • Map Projection
    • Map Generalisation
    • Map Design
    • Map Construction and Production
  • History of Map Making  
  • Types of Maps Based on Scale  
    • Large-scale Maps
    1. Cadastral maps
    2. Topographical maps
    • Small-scale Maps
    1. Wall Maps
    2. Atlas Maps
  • Types of Maps Based on Function  
    • Physical Maps
    1. Relief Maps
    2. Geological Maps
    3. Climatic Maps
    4. Soil Maps
    • Cultural Maps
    1. Political Maps
    2. Population Maps
    3. Economic Maps
    4. Transportation Maps
  • Uses of Maps  
    • Measurement of Distance
    • Measurement of Direction
    • Measurement of Area
2 Map Scale
  • Methods of Scale  
    • Statement of Scale
    • Graphical or Bar Scale
    • Representative Fraction (R.F.)
  • Conversion of Scale  
    • Statement of Scale into Representative Fraction (R.F.)
    • Representative Fraction (R.F.) into Statement of Scale
  • Construction of the Graphical/Bar Scale  
3 Latitude, Longitude and Time
  • Introduction to Latitude, Longitude and Time  
  • Parallels of Latitudes  
    • Drawing the Parallels of Latitudes
  • Meridians of Longitude  
    • Drawing the Meridians of Longitude
  • Longitude and Time  
  • International Date Line  
    • International date line
    • The importance of IDL
4 Map Projections
  • Need for Map Projection  
  • Elements of Map Projection  
    • Reduced Earth
    • Parallels of Latitude
    • Meridians of Longitude
    • Global Property
  • Classification of Map Projections  
    • Drawing Techniques
    • Developable Surface
    • Global Properties
    • Source of Light
  • Constructing Some Selected Projections  
    • Conical Projection with one Standard Parallel
    • Cylindrical Equal Area Projection
    • Mercator’s Projection
5 Topographical Maps
  • Introduction to Topographical Maps  
    • International Map Series of the World
    • Reading of Topographical Maps
  • Methods of Relief Representation  
  • Contour  
    • Contours
    • Some basic features of contour lines
  • Types of Slope  
    • Gentle Slope
    • Steep Slope
    • Concave Slope
    • Convex Slope
  • Types of Landforms  
    • Conical Hill
    • Plateau
  • Valley  
    • ‘V’- shaped Valley
    • ‘U’ - shaped Valley
    • Gorge
    • Spur
    • Cliff
    • Waterfall and Rapids
    • Steps for Drawing a Cross-section
  • Identification of Cultural Features from Topographical Sheets  
    • Distribution Of Settlements
    • Transport And Communication Pattern
  • Topographic or Ordnance Survey Maps  
  • Map Interpretation Procedure  
6 Introduction to Aerial Photographs
  • Introduction to Aerial Photographs  
  • Uses of Aerial Photographs  
    • Photogrammetry
    • Image Interpretation
  • Advantages of Aerial Photography  
    • Improved vantage point
    • Time freezing ability
    • Broadened Sensitivity
    • Three Dimensional Perspective
  • Types of Aerial Photographs  
    • Types of Aerial Photographs Based on the Position of the Cameral Axis
    1. Vertical photographs
    2. Low oblique photographs
    3. High oblique photographs
    • Types of Aerial Photographs Based on Scale
    1. Large Scale Photographs
    2. Medium Scale Photographs
    3. Small Scale Photographs
  • Geometry of an Aerial Photograph  
    • Parallel Projection
    • Orthogonal Projection
    • Central Projection
  • Difference Between a Map and an Aerial Photograph  
  • Scale of Aerial Photograph  
    • Method 1: By Establishing Relationship Between Photo Distance and Ground Distance
    • Method 2: By Establishing Relationship Between Photo Distance and Map Distance
    • Method 3: By Establishing Relationship Between Focal Length (f) and Flying Height (H) of the Aircraft
7 Introduction to Remote Sensing
  • Introduction to Remote Sensing  
  • Stages in Remote Sensing  
    • Source of Energy (sun/self-emission)
    • Transmission of energy from the source to the surface of the earth
    • Interaction of energy with the earth’s surface
    • Propagation of reflected/emitted energy through atmosphere
    • Detection of the reflected/emitted energy by the sensor
    • Conversion of energy received into photographic/digital form of data
    • Extraction of the information contents from the data products
    • Conversion of information into Map/Tabular forms
  • Sensors  
    • Multispectral Scanners
    1. Whiskbroom Scanners
    2. Pushbroom Scanners
  • Resolving Powers of the Satellites  
  • Sensor Resolutions  
    • Spatial Resolution
    • Spectral Resolution
    • Radiometric Resolution
  • Data Products  
    • Photographic Images
    • Digital Images
  • Interpretation of Satellite Imageries  
    • Elements of Visual Interpretation
    1. Tone or Colour
    2. Texture
    3. Size
    4. Shape
    5. Shadow
    6. Pattern
    7. Association
8 Weather Instruments, Maps and Charts
  • Introduction to Weather Instruments, Maps and Charts  
  • Weather Observations  
  • Surface Observatories  
  • Space-based Observations  
  • Weather Instruments  
    • Thermometer
    • Rain gauge
    • Barometer
    • Hygrometer
    • Anemometer and wind vane (Brief explanation with diagrams)
  • Weather Maps and Charts  
    • Weather Maps
    • Weather Charts
  • Weather Symbols  
    • Mapping the Climatic Data
    • Weather Map Interpretation
Advertisements
Share
Notifications



      Forgot password?
Use app×