# Accountancy Foreign Set 1 2014-2015 CBSE (Arts) Class 12 Question Paper Solution

Accountancy [Foreign Set 1]
Date: March 2015

[1]1

In the absence of partnership agreement, interest on drawings of partners is charged :
(1) at 6% per annum
(2) at 9% per annum
(3) at 12% per annum
(4) no interest is charged

Concept: Meaning and Definitions of Partnership and Partnership Deed
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[1]2

Kamal and Vimal were partners in firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3:2. Ghosh was admitted as a new partner for  1/5 th share in the profits. On Ghosh's admission, the balance sheet of the firm showed a credit balance of  Rs 10,000 in its Profit and Loss Account which was debited by the accountant of the firm in the accounts of Kamal and Vimal. Did the accountant give correct treatment to the balance of Profit and Loss Account? If 'yes' give the reason and if 'not' give the correct treatment.

Concept: Effect of Admiss on of a Partner on Change in the Profit Sharing Ratio
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[1]3

Anurag and Bhawana entered into the partnership on 1.4.2014. On 1.1.2015 they admitted Monika as a new partner for 3/10 th share in the profits which she acquired equally from Anurag and Bhawana. The new profit sharing ratio of Anurag, Bhawana and Monika was 4:3:3. Calculate the profit sharing ratio of Anurag and Bhawana at the time of forming the partnership.

Concept: Admission of a Partner - Sacrifice Ratio and New Ratio
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[1]4

Deepak, Farukh and Lilly were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3:2:1. On 28.2.2015 Farukh retired from the firm. On Farukh's retirement, there was a balance of 12,000 in Workmen's Compensation Reserve which was no more required. On Farukh's retirement this amount will be :

(a) Debited to the Capital accounts of all the partners in their profit sharing ratio.
(b) Credited to the Capital accounts of all the partners in their profit sharing ratio.
(c) Credited to the Capital accounts of Deepak and Lilly in their profit sharing ratio.
(d) Credited to the Capital account of Farukh.

Concept: Accounting for Share Capital
Chapter: [0.032] Accounting for Companies
[1]5

Give the meaning of forfeiture of shares

Concept: Accounting Treatment of Forfeiture and Re-issue of Share
Chapter: [0.021] Accounting for Share Capital [0.032] Accounting for Companies
[1]6

'Samta Limited' invited applications for issuing 6,750 equity shares of Rs 10 each. The amount was payable as follows :

On application - Rs 3 per share
On allotment - Rs 5 per share
On first and final call - Rs 2 per share

The issue was fully subscribed. Subhash applied for 250 shares and paid his entire share money with application. Moti applied for 175 shares and paid allotment money also with an application. The amount received with applications was:

(a) Rs 16,750
(b) Rs 16,000
(c) Rs 19,250
(d) Rs 22,875

Concept: Share Capital - Issue and Allotment of Equity Shares
Chapter: [0.032] Accounting for Companies
[3]7

State any three purposes other than 'issue of bonus shares' for which securities premium can be utilized.

Concept: Issue of Shares for Consideration Other than Cash
Chapter: [0.032] Accounting for Companies
[3]8

A and B are partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3:2. On 31.3.2014, the Balance Sheet of the firm was as follows :

 Liabilities Amount Rs Assets Amount Rs Capitals    A     60,000    B     20,000 80,000 Sundry Assets 80,000 80,000 80,000

The Profit of Rs 80,000 for the year ended 31.3.2014 was divided between the partners without allowing interest on capital @ 12% per annum and a salary to A at Rs 1,000 per month. During the year A withdrew Rs 10,000 and B Rs 20,000.
Pass a single journal entry to rectify the error

Concept: Change in the Profit Sharing Ratio Among the Existing Partners
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[3]9

'Telecom Limited' is registered with an authorized capital of Rs 8,00,00,000 divided into 80,00,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each. The company issued 1,00,000 shares at a premium of Rs 2 per share. The amount was payable as follows :

On application - Rs 3 per share
On allotment - Rs 5 per share (including premium)
On first and final call - The balance

All calls were made and were duly received except the first and final call on 1,000 shares held by Asha. Present the 'Share Capital' in the Balance Sheet of the company as per Schedule VI Part I of the Companies Act, 1956

Concept: Accounting for Share Capital
Chapter: [0.032] Accounting for Companies
[3]10

'Panipat Blankets Limited' are the manufacturers and exporters of blankets. The company decided to distribute 1,000 blankets free of cost to five villages of Kashmir which had been damaged by the floods. It also decided to employ 100 young persons from these villages in their newly established factory at Ludhiana in Punjab To meet the requirements of funds for its new factory, the company issued 1,00,000 equity shares of  Rs 10 each and 2,000, 9% debentures of Rs 100 each to the vendors of machinery purchased for Rs 12,00,000.

Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of the company. Also, identify anyone value which the company wants to communicate to the society.

Concept: Concept of Financial Statements
Chapter: [0.023] Financial Statements of a Company [0.040999999999999995] Analysis of Financial Statements
[4]11

Joshi, Pandey and Agarwal were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 2:2:1. On 31.3.2014, their Balance Sheet was as follows:

 Liabilities Amount Rs Assets Amount Rs Creditors Bills Payable Agarwal's Loan Capitals    Joshi     2,10,000   Pandey   2,04,000 51,000 36,000 84,000     4,14,000 Cash Debtors Bills payable Furniture Machinery Agarwal’s Capital 24,000 39,000 27,000 81,000 3,75,000 39,000 5,85,000 5,85,000

On 31.12.2014, Agarwal died. The partnership deed provided for the following to the executors of the deceased partner:

(a) His share in the goodwill of the firm, calculated on the basis of three year's purchase of the average profits of the last four years. The profits of the last four years were Rs 2,70,000; Rs 3,00,000; Rs 5,40,000 and Rs 8,10,000 respectively.
(b) His share in the profits of the firm till the date of his death, calculated on the basis of the average profits of the last four years.
(c) Interest @12% per annum on the credit balance, if any, in his Capital account.
(d) Interest on his loan @12% per annum.

Prepare Agarwal's Capital Account to be presented to his executors.

Concept: Concept of Goodwill
Chapter: [0.013000000000000001] Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm – Admission of a Partner [0.013999999999999999] Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm – Retirement/Death of a Partner [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[4]12

Jain, Gupta and Singh were partners in a firm. Their fixed capitals were: Jain Rs 4,00,000 Gupta Rs  6,00,000 and Singh Rs 10,00,000. They were sharing profits in the ratio of their capitals. The firm was engaged in the processing and distribution of flavoured milk. They partnership deed provided for interest on capital at 10% per annum. During the year ended 31st March 2014, the firm earned a profit of Rs 1,47,000.

Showing your working notes clearly, prepare Profit and Loss Appropriation Account of the firm.

Concept: Preparation of Profit and Loss Appropriation Account
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[6]13

On 1.4.2013 Mohan and Sohan entered into a partnership for doing a business of dry fruits. Mohan introduced Rs 1,00,000 as capital and Sohan introduced Rs 50,000. Since Sohan could introduce only Rs 50,000 it was further agreed that as and when there will be a need Sohan will introduce further capital. Sohan was also allowed to withdraw from his capital when the need for the capital was less. During the year ended 31.3.2014, Sohan introduced and withdrew the following amounts of capital:

 Date Capital Introduced Capital Withdrawn 01.5.2013 10,000 - 30.6.2013 - 5,000 30.9.2013 97,000 - 01.2.2014 - 87,000

The Partnership deed provided for interest on capital @ 6% per annum. Calculate interest on capitals of the partners

Chapter: [0.013000000000000001] Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm – Admission of a Partner [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[6]14

'Chennai Fibers Limited' was registered with an authorized capital of Rs 40,00,000 divided into 4,00,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each. The company had issued 1,00,000 shares and the dividend paid per share was Rs 3 for the year 2007 - 08. The management of the company decided to export its readymade apparels to European countries. To meet the requirement of additional funds, the finance manager put up before the Board of Directors the following three alternative proposals :

(1) An issue of 1,54,000 equity shares at par.

(2) Obtain a loan of Rs 15,40,000 from a financial institution for a period of 5 years. The loan was
available @ 12% per annum.

(3) Issue 16,000, 9% debentures of Rs 100 each at a discount of 10% redeemable in instalments at the end of the third, fourth, fifth and sixth year as per details are given below :

 Year Amount (Rs) III 2,00,000 IV 3,00,000 V 4,00,000 VI 7,00,000

After Comparing the alternatives, the company decided in favour of the third alternative and issued debentures on 1.4.2008.

Prepare 9% debentures to account for the years 2008-09 to 2013-14.

Concept: Accounting for Debentures - Conversion Method
Chapter: [0.032] Accounting for Companies
[6]15

Chopra, Shah and Patel were partners sharing profits in the ratio of 3:2:1. On 31.3.2014 their firm was dissolved. The assets were realized and liabilities were paid off. The accountant prepared Realisation Account, Partner's Capital Accounts and Cash Account but forgot to post few amounts in these accounts.

You are required to complete the below give accounts by posting correct amounts

 Realisation Account Dr. Cr. Particulars Amount Rs Particulars Amount Rs To Plant and Machinery 1,60,000 By Sundry Creditors 1,50,000 To Stock 1,50,000 By Mrs. Chopra Loan 1,30,000 To Sundry Debtors 2,00,000 By Repairs and Renewals Reserve 12,000 To Prepaid Insurance 4,000 By Provision for Bad debts 10,000 To Investment 30,000 By Cash A/c – (Assets sold) To Chopra’s Capital A/c(Mrs. Chopra’s Loan) 1,30,000 Plant       1,20,000 To Cash A/c (Dishonored Bill) 50,000 Stock      1,20,000 To Cash (Creditors) 1,50,000 Debtors   1,60,000 3,80,000 To Cash (Expenses) 8,000 By Chopra’s Capital A/c(Investment) 20,000 ----------------- ------- 8,82,000 8,82,000

 Capital Account Dr. Cr. Particulars Chopra Rs Shah Rs Patel Rs Particulars Chopra Rs Shah Rs Patel Rs To Realisation 20,000 ----- ------ By bal b/d -------- -------- -------- -------- By Realisation(Loan) 1,30,000 -------- -------- -------- -------- ------------- -------- -------- -------- 2,30,000 1,50,000 30,000 2,30,000 1,50,000 30,000

 Cash Account Dr. Cr. Particulars Amount Rs Particulars Amount Rs --------------- -------- By Realisation A/c (DishonoredBill) 50,000 --------------- -------- By Realisation (Sundry  Creditors) 1,50,000 To Patel’s Capital A/c 10,000 --------------- -------- By Chopra’s Capital A/c 1,20,000 By Shah’s Capital A/c 90,000 4,18,000 4,18,000
Concept: Dissolution of a Partnership Firm - Preparation of Realization Account, and Other Related Accounts
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[8]16 | Attempt Any One
[8]16.1

'Nigam Limited' invited applications for issuing 15,000 equity shares of  Rs 10 each at a discount of Rs 1 per share. The amount was payable as follows:
On application - Rs 2 per share
On allotment - Rs 3 per share
On first and final call - Rs 4 per share
Applications for 18,000 shares were received. Shares were issued proportionately to all applicants. Excess money received with applications was adjusted towards sums due on allotment. Ramesh who had applied for 360 shares failed to pay allotment and first and final call money. Naresh to whom 150 shares were allotted failed to pay the first and final call money. Shares of both Ramesh and Naresh were forfeited. Out of the forfeited shares, 200 shares were re-issued at 9 per share as fully paid up. The re-issued shares included all the shares of Naresh. Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of 'Nigam Limited'.

Concept: Accounting Treatment of Forfeiture and Re-issue of Share
Chapter: [0.021] Accounting for Share Capital [0.032] Accounting for Companies
[8]16.2

'Guru Limited' invited applications for issuing 80,000 equity shares of Rs 10 each at a premium of Rs 10 per share. The amount was payable as follows:
On application and allotment - Rs 10 (including Rs 5 premium)
On first and final call - Rs 10 (including Rs 5 premium)
Applications for 1,00,000 share were received. Applications for 10,000 shares were rejected and
application money was refunded. Shares were allotted on pro-rata basis to the remaining applicants. Excess application money received from applicants to whom shares were allotted on pro-rata basis was adjusted towards sums due on first and final call. All calls were made and were duly received except the first and final call money from Kumar who had applied for 1,800 shares. His shares were forfeited. The forfeited shares were re-issued at Rs 9 per share as fully paid up. Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of 'Guru Limited'.

Concept: Accounting Treatment of Forfeiture and Re-issue of Share
Chapter: [0.021] Accounting for Share Capital [0.032] Accounting for Companies
[8]17 | Attempt Any One
[8]17.1

A, B and C were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3:2:1. On 1.4.2014 their Balance Sheet was as follows :

 Liabilities Amount Rs Assets Amount Rs Creditors  Provident Fund General Reserve Capital Accounts    A   80,000    B   73,000     C   40,000 25,200 3,000 21,000       1,93,000 Bank Debtors              60,000    Less: Provision 2,000 Stock Investment Patents Machinery 8,200   58,000 50,000 20,000 10,000 96,000 2,42,200 2,42,200

On the above date, C retired. It was agreed that:
(i) Goodwill of the firm will be valued at Rs 5,400.
(ii) Depreciation of 10% was to be provided on machinery.
(iii) Patents were to be reduced by 20%.
(iv) Liability on account of Provident Fund was estimated at Rs 2,500.
(v) C took over investments for Rs 31,700.
(vi) A and B decided to adjust their capitals in proportion to their profit sharing ratio. For this
purpose, current accounts were opened.
Prepare Revaluation Account and Partners' Capital Accounts on C's retirement

Concept: Preparation of Revaluation Account and Balance Sheet
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[8]17.2

O, R and S were partners in a firm sharing profit in the ratio of 3:2:1 On 1.4.2014 their Balance Sheet was as follows:

 Liabilities Amount RS Assets Amount Rs Capital Accounts        O      1,75,000        R      1,50,000        S      1,25,000 Current Accounts       O    4,000       S    6,000 General Reserve Profit and Loss Accounts Creditors Bills Payable 4,50,000     10,000 15,000 7,000 80,000 45,000 R’s Current Accounts Land and Building Plant and Machinery Furniture Investment Bills Receivables Sundry Debtors Stock Bank 7,000 1,75,000 67,500 80,000 36,500 17,000 43,500 1,37,000 43,500 6,07,000 6,07,000

On the above date, H was admitted on the following terms:
(i) H will bring Rs 50,000 as his capital and will get 116 th share in the profits.
(ii) He will bring necessary cash for his share of goodwill premium. The goodwill of the firm was
valued at Rs 90,000.
(iii) The new profits sharing ratio will be 2:2:1:1.
(iv) A liability of Rs 7,004 will be created against bills receivables discounted.
(v) The value of stock, furniture and investments is reduced by 20% whereas the value of land and building and plant and machinery will be appreciated by 20% and 10% respectively.
(vi) The Capital accounts of the partners will be adjusted on the basis of H's Capital through their
current accounts.
Prepare Revaluation Account and Partner's Current Accounts and Capital Accounts.

Concept: Preparation of Revaluation Account and Balance Sheet
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[1]18

Which of the following transactions will result in the flow of cash?
(1) Cash was withdrawn from bank Rs 71,000.
(2) An issue of 9% debentures of  Rs1,00,000 to the vendors of machinery.
(3) Received from debtors Rs 74,000.
(4) Redeemed 10% debentures by converting the same into equity shares.

Concept: Concept of Cash Flow Statement
Chapter: [0.026000000000000002] Cash Flow Statement
[1]19

The accountant of 'Nav Jeevan Limited' while preparing Cash Flow Statement added the proposed
dividend of the current year to net profit while calculating cash flow from operating activities. Was he correct in doing so? Give reason.

Concept: Concept of Cash Flow Statement
Chapter: [0.026000000000000002] Cash Flow Statement
[4]20

Under which major heads and subheads will the following items be placed in the Balance Sheet of a company as per Schedule VI Part I of the Companies Act, 1956 :

(1) Bank overdraft.
(2) Cash and Cash Equivalents.
(4) The negative balance of the Statement of Profit and Loss.
(5) Goodwill.
(7) 5 years loan obtained from SBI.
(8) Investments.

Concept: Meaning and Definitions of Partnership and Partnership Deed
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[4]21

The Current Ratio of a company is 2.5: 1.5. A state with reasons which of the following transactions will increase, decrease or not change the ratio

(1) Discounted a bill receivable of  Rs 10,000 from the bank, Bank charged discount of  Rs 200.
(2) A bill receivable Rs 8,000 discounted with the bank was dishonoured.
(3) Cash deposited into bank Rs 7,000.
(4) Paid cash Rs 5,000 to the creditors

Concept: Change in the Profit Sharing Ratio Among the Existing Partners
Chapter: [0.031] Accounting for Partnership Firms
[4]22

The motto of 'Nav Hind Pharma Limited', a company engaged in the manufacturing and distribution of Ayurvedic medicines is 'Healthy India'. Its management and employees are hardworking, honest and motivated. The net profit of the company doubled during the year ended 31.3.2014. Encouraged by its performance, the company decided to pay one month's extra salary to all its employees. Following is the Comparative Statement of Profit and Loss of the company for the years ended 31.3.2013 and 31.3.2014:

 Nav Hind Pharma LtdComparative Statement of Profit and Loss Particulars NoteNo 2012-13 Rs 2013-14 Rs AbsoluteChange Rs %Change Revenue from operations 40,00,000 60,00,000 20,00,000 5.0 Less : Employee benefit expenses 24,00,000 28,00,000 4,00,000 16.67 Profit before tax 16,00,000 32,00,000 16,00,000 100 Tax Rate 50% 8,00,000 16,00,000 8,00,000 100 Profit after tax 8,00,000 16,00,000 8,00,000 100

1) Calculate New Profit Ratio for the years ending 31.3.2013 and 31.3.2014

2) Identify any two value which 'Nav Hind Pharma Limited' is trying to communicate

Concept: Comparative Statements
Chapter: [0.024] Analysis of Financial Statements [0.040999999999999995] Analysis of Financial Statements
[6]23

Following is the Balance Sheets of Wind Power Ltd as at 31.3.2014:

 Wind Power LtdBalance Sheet as at 31.3.2014 Particulars NoteNo 2013-14 Rs 2012-13 Rs I. Equity and Liabilities    1. Shareholder’s Funds       a. Share Capital        b. Reserve and Surplus   2. Non - Current Liabilities      a. Long-term borrowings   3. Current Liabilities     a. Trade Payables     b. Short-Term Provisions 1 48,00,000 12,00,000   9,60,000   7,16,000 2,00,000 44,00,000 8,00,000   6,80,000   8,16,000 3,08,000 Total 78,76,000 70,04,000 II. Assets1. Non – Current Assets   a) Fixed Assets     (i) Tangible assets     (ii) Intangible   b) Non – Current Investments 2. Current Assets    a) Current Investments    b) Inventories    c) Trade Receivables    d)Cash and Cash Equivalents 2 3 42,80,000 1,60,000     9,60,000 5,16,000 6,80,000 12,80,000 34,00,000 4,80,000     4,48,000 4,84,000 5,72,000 16,20,000 Total 78,76,000 70,04,000

Notes to Accounts

 NoteNo Particulars As On31-3-2014 As On31-3-2013 1 Reserve and Surplus(Surplus i.e. Balance in Statement of Profit and Loss) 12,00,000 8,00,000 2 Tangible Assets Machinery      Less: Accumulated Depreciation 50,80,000 (8,00,000) 40,00,000 (6,00,000) 3 Intangible Assets Goodwill 1,60,000 4,80,000

During the year a piece of machinery, costing Rs 96,000 on which accumulated depreciation was Rs 64,000 was sold for Rs 24,000.

Prepare Cash Flow Statement

Concept: Concept of Cash Flow Statement
Chapter: [0.026000000000000002] Cash Flow Statement

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