What is adolescence? Explain the concept of egocentrism. - Psychology

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What is adolescence? Explain the concept of egocentrism.



Adolescence is commonly defined as the stage of life that begins at the onset of puberty when sexual maturity or the ability to reproduce is attained. It is a transitional period in a person’s life between childhood and adulthood. It is marked by rapid biological and psychological changes in the individual. It starts at approximately 11 to 12 years of age and ends at 18 to 20 years of age.

The concept of egocentrism deals with self-focus. It is a viewpoint of the world that is centered upon the self. It hinders an appreciation of the viewpoint of others. This kind of attitude develops within a child from his/her childhood stage. However, it differs during adolescence. The egocentrism in adolescents comprises the following two elements:

  • Imaginary audience − It is the adolescent’s belief that others are as preoccupied with them as they care about themselves. They think that people are always noticing them and observing their behaviour, hence, it leads to self-consciousness.

  • Personal fable − The adolescents’ sense of uniqueness makes them feel that no one understands them or their feelings.

Concept: Challenges of Adolescence
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Chapter 4: Human Development - Review Questions [Page 83]


NCERT Class 11 Psychology
Chapter 4 Human Development
Review Questions | Q 8 | Page 83

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