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Abcd is a Trapezium Having Ab || Dc. Prove that O, the Point of Intersection of Diagonals, Divides the Two Diagonals in the Same Ratio. Also Prove that a R ( δ O C D ) a R ( δ O a B ) = 1 9 If Ab - Mathematics

Sum

ABCD is a trapezium having AB || DC. Prove that O, the point of intersection of diagonals, divides the two diagonals in the same ratio. Also prove that

\[\frac{ar\left( ∆ OCD \right)}{ar\left( ∆ OAB \right)} = \frac{1}{9}\] if AB = 3 CD.
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Solution

We are given ABCD is a trapezium with AB||DC

Consider the triangles AOB and COD in which

`∠ AOB = ∠COD `

`∠ ABO = ∠ODC ` (ALTERNATIVE ANGLE)

`∠ BAO = ∠DCA ` (ALTERNATIVE ANGLE)

Therefore, ` ∆ODC ∼ ∆ OBA`

`⇒ (AO)/(OC)=(BO)/(DO)=(AB)/(CD)`

`⇒ (AO)/(OC)=(BO)/(DO) `

Hence we have proved that O, the point of intersection of diagonals, divides the two diagonals in the same ratio.

We are given AB = 3CD and we have to prove that `(ar∆ OCD)/(ar∆ OAB)=1/9`

We already have proved that AOB and COD are similar triangles

So

`(ar∆ OCD)/(ar∆ OAB)= (CD^2)/(AB^2)`

`(ar∆ OCD)/(ar∆ OAB)= (CD^2)/(3CD^2)`

`(ar∆ OCD)/(ar∆ OAB)= 1/9`

Hence, Prove that  `(ar∆ OCD)/(ar∆ OAB)= 1/9`

Concept: Triangles Examples and Solutions
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APPEARS IN

RD Sharma Class 10 Maths
Chapter 7 Triangles
Q 16 | Page 126
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