The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a national-level entrance exam for admissions to undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) law programmes offered by 22 National Law Universities around the country. CLAT is organized by the Consortium of National Law Universities, consisting of representative universities.
Till 2018, the exam was conducted by NLUs on a rotational basis. However, from 2019 onwards it is being conducted by a permanent body formed by the universities, i.e. The Consortium of NLUs.
|Common Law Admission Test (CLAT)
|Consortium National Law Universities (NLU)
|Once a year
|Mode of Exam
|Type of questions
|Multiple choices based questions
|CLAT exam purpose
|Entrance to National Law Universities
- (Detail application form process) Candidates seeking admissions to NLUs or law schools accepting CLAT Law entrance exam scores have to follow the process as under:
- Step 1: Online application - The CLAT consortium opens the application window in online mode on the official website. Candidates seeking admissions through the CLAT law entrance exam have to apply before the last date of application after completing each step including, registration, filling up the form, uploading documents, and fee payment.
- Step 2: Issuing of admit card - The candidates who have successfully filled and submitted the application form of CLAT will be issued admit card to appear for the examination. The admit card of CLAT law entrance exam will mention details about the test-taking candidate, exam centre name and location, and test schedule.
- Step 3: Appearing for the exam - Candidates have to appear for the entrance exam at the allotted test centres of CLAT. The test timings for CLAT 2024 are 3 pm to 5 pm, however, candidates should report to their test centre by 2 pm. They should their admit card and a valid photo ID proof with them.
- Step 4: Declaration of results - The consortium will announce the results of CLAT on the official website, along with a provisional merit list for each NLU.
- Step 5: Admission process - The counselling process of CLAT will begin in online mode with provisional seat allotment on the basis of the first merit list. The candidates have to confirm their seats after document verification and payment of the counseling-cum-admission fee.
CLAT LLB Syllabus 2024
The CLAT UG Exam 2024 is a 2-hour test with 150 MCQs carrying 1 Mark each. For every wrong answer, 0.25 marks are deducted. The total marks of the exam will 150 marks. There are a total of 5 sections included in CLAT Syllabus that are
- English Language
- Current Affairs, including General Knowledge
- Legal Reasoning
- Logical Reasoning
- Quantitative Techniques
CLAT UG Syllabus for the English Language:
The CLAT Syllabus for English Section includes the questions based on passages. The word count of each passage is 450 words. The passages will be based on contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing and would be of a standard that a 12th standard student may be able to read in about 5–7 minutes. The passages are followed by a few questions which will test the comprehensive and language skills of the candidate. The abilities that are further tested are:
- Comprehension Passage
- Word Meaning
- Incorrect/Correct Sentences
- Fill in the blanks
- Idioms and Phrases
- One word substitution
- Noun/Article/Pronoun/Conjunction etc.
CLAT Syllabus for Current Affairs:
In this section, you will be provided passages of up to 450 words each. The passages will be derived from news, journalistic sources, and other non-fiction writing. The questions may include an examination of legal information or knowledge discussed in or related to the passage, but would not require any additional knowledge of the law beyond the passage. Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate your awareness of various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge, including:
- Static GK
- National & International Event
- New Appointment Awards
- Honours etc.
CLAT Syllabus for Legal Reasoning:
In this section, you will be expected to read passages of around 450 words each. The passages may relate to fact situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical inquiries. You will not require any prior knowledge of the law. You will benefit from a general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues to better apply general principles or propositions to the given fact scenarios. Each passage would be followed by a series of questions that will require you to:
- Study of Law
- Research Aptitude
- Problem-Solving Ability
- Question-based on Hypothetical situations
- Important Court decision
- Indian Constitution
- Indian Penal Code
- Law of Torts
- Indian Contract Act
- Legal Fundamentals & Terms etc.
CLAT Syllabus for Logical Reasoning:
The Logical Reasoning section of the UG-CLAT entrance exam will include a series of short passages of about 300 words each. Each passage will be followed by one or more questions that will require you to:
Recognize an argument, its premises, and conclusions;
Read and identify the arguments set out in the passage;
Critically analyze patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence;
Infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations;
Draw relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence, and assess the effectiveness of arguments.
- Statements & Assumptions
- Direction and Distance Test
- Blood Relationships
- Coding and Decoding
- Number Test
- Statement and Actions
- Statement and Arguments
- Ranking etc.
CLAT Syllabus for Quantitative Techniques:
The Quantitative Techniques section of the UG-CLAT will include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information, followed by a series of questions. You will be required to derive information from such passages, graphs, or other representations, and apply mathematical operations on such information. The questions will require you to:
- Derive, infer, and manipulate numerical information set out in such passages, graphs, or other representations; and
- Apply various 10th standard mathematical operations on such information, including from areas such as ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration, and statistical estimation.
- Important Topics
- Area and Volume
- Profit and Loss
- Percentage, Discount, and Partnership
- Time and Work
- Permutation and Combination
- Clocks and calendar
- Graph and charts
- Number system
- HCF and LCM
- Logarithm and Function
- Ratio and Proportion etc.
CLAT Sectional Weightage
|Questions per Section
|Marks per Section
|English including Comprehension
|28 – 32 MCQs
|28 – 32 Marks
|Current Affairs including General Knowledge
|35 – 39 MCQs
|35 – 39 Marks
|Quantitative Techniques (Elementary mathematics up to class 10th standard)
|35 – 39 MCQs
|35 – 39 Marks
|28 – 32 MCQs
|28 – 32 Marks
|13 – 17 MCQs
|13 – 17 Marks
CLAT Eligibility Criteria 2024:
All law schools in India accepting CLAT follow the eligibility criteria mentioned by the CLAT Consortium to offer admissions. Moreover, the eligibility criteria for legal education in India are prescribed by the Bar Council of India (BCI).
CLAT eligibility criteria for undergraduate (UG ) level law courses are mentioned below:
CLAT Eligibility for five-year Integrated LLB courses or LLM courses.
Candidates should clear Class 12th with a minimum of 45% marks (applicable for candidates belonging to General/ Other Backward Class (OBC)/ Person with Disability (PwD)/ Non-Resident Indian (NRI)/ Person of Indian Origin (PIO)/ Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) category)
Candidates should clear Class 12th with a minimum of 40% marks (applicable for candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste (SC)/ Scheduled Tribe (ST) category)
Candidates appearing for their Class 12th board examinations are also eligible to apply for CLAT exam. However, such candidates need to produce proof of passing the Class 12th or equivalent exam at the time of admission. Candidates unable to produce the evidence shall forfeit their right of admission through CLAT exam
CLAT age limit:
- There is no upper age limit to appear for the CLAT exam. This means that candidates belonging to any age group can apply for the law entrance exam.
- The age will be an important factor when there will be a tie-in mark of two or more candidates.
Manorama Yearbook (English)
General Knowledge (English)
Lucent’s General Knowledge (English)
Pearson’s Concise GK Manual
Competition Review Yearbook