Natural Vegetation of India

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Definition

  • Natural Vegetation: Natural vegetation refers to a plant community unaffected by man either directly or indirectly. It exists in a specific natural environment.

Notes

Natural Vegetation of India: 

  • Natural vegetation refers to a plant community unaffected by man either directly or indirectly. It exists in a specific natural environment.
  • Natural vegetation includes all plant life forms that grow naturally in an area and have been left undisturbed by humans for a long time, such as trees, bushes, herbs and forbs, and so on.
  • Because of variations in climatic conditions, soil types, and relief features, India has a diverse range of forests and natural vegetation.
  • The Western Ghats and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands have tropical rain forests; the Himalayas have temperate vegetation; Rajasthan's desert and semi-desert regions have a diverse range of bushes and thorny vegetation; and the Delta regions have tropical forests and mangroves.

Natural Vegetation in India 

  • The following major types of vegetation may be identified in our country.
    1) Tropical Evergreen Forests
    2) Tropical Deciduous Forests
    3) Tropical Thorn Forests and Scrubs
    4) Mountain or Montane Forest
    5) Mangrove Forests

Example

Answer the following questions on the basis of a given map. 

  1. Which forests are found in western snow-capped regions?
  2. On which coast do you mainly find the coastal vegetation?
  3. Which type of forests occupy maximum area in India ? Why?
  4. Where do you find thorny and shrub vegetation and why?
  1. Himalayan Forests are found in western snow-capped regions.
  2. The coastal vegetation is mainly found along the Eastern Coast.
  3. Deciduous forests are found in the regions receiving rainfall between 1000 mm to 2000 mm. Since most of India has rainfall in that range, deciduous forests dominate the Indian subcontinent.
  4. Semi arid areas of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Haryana are the places where thorny and shrub vegetation are found. The thorny forests are found in these regions as the rainfall is less than 500 mm.
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