Differentiate between Folding and faulting
|Folds are bends in the rocks that are due to compressional forces.||Faults are formed due to tensional forces along which displacement of rock takes place.|
|Folding occurs when compressional force is applied to rocks that are ductile or flexible||Faults occur when force operating in opposite direction leads to tension and as a result rocks develop cracks on the fissure.|
|Rocks that lie deep within the crust and are therefore under high pressure are generally ductile and particularly susceptible to folding without breaking.||Rock layers that are near the earth's surface and not under high confining pressures are too rigid to bend into folds, but if tectonic forces are large, rocks break.|
|Folding leads to the development of fold mountains. For e.g., the Himalayas, the Alps, etc.||Faulting results in the formation of block mountains like black forest mountains etc. and right valleys like the Narmada, Tapi, etc.|
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