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Answer the Following Question. How is Real Gross Domestic Product (Gdp) Different from Nominal Gross Domestic Product (Gdp)? Explain Using a Numerical Example. - Economics

Answer in Brief

Answer the following question.
How is Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) different from Nominal Gross Domestic Product (GDP)? Explain using a numerical example.

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Solution

The difference between Real Gross Domestic Product and Nominal Gross Domestic Product is given as follows:

Basis Real GDP Nominal GDP
Definition 1. Real GDP refers to the total market value of the output at the base year prices. 1. Nominal GDP refers to the total market value of the output at the current year prices.
Change 2. The value of Real GDP can change only when the volume/quantity of output changes over time. 2. The value of Nominal GDP can change only with a change in the prices over time.
Index of Social Welfare 3. It can be treated as an index of economic growth i.e. higher Real GDP implies higher economic growth. 3. It cannot be treated as an index of economic growth i.e. higher Nominal GDP does not imply higher economic growth, in fact, it indicates inflation.

Consider a hypothetical economy that produces only a single commodity x.
Suppose, in the year 2000, 100 units of the commodity X were produced and the current year price is Rs 10 and the base year price was Rs. 5.

Commodity Quantity
A
Current Year Price
B
Base Year Price
C

Nominal GDP Quantity x Current Year Prices (A x B)

Real GDP Quantity x Base Year Prices (A x C)

x 100 10 5 1,000 500
Concept: Real and Nominal GDP
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