Find the mean and variance of the random variable X which denotes the number of doublets in four throws of a pair of dice.
Suppose X has a binomial distribution `B(6, 1/2)`. Show that X = 3 is the most likely outcome.
(Hint: P(X = 3) is the maximum among all P (xi), xi = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6)
A die is thrown 6 times. If ‘getting an odd number’ is a success, what is the probability of
(i) 5 successes?
(ii) at least 5 successes?
(iii) at most 5 successes?
Suppose that 90% of people are right-handed. What is the probability that at most 6 of a random sample of 10 people are right-handed?
A couple has two children, Find the probability that both children are females, if it is known that the elder child is a female.
In an examination, 20 questions of true-false type are asked. Suppose a student tosses a fair coin to determine his answer to each question. If the coin falls heads, he answers ‘true’; if it falls tails, he answers ‘false’. Find the probability that he answers at least 12 questions correctly.
Five cards are drawn successively with replacement from a well-shuffled deck of 52 cards. What is the probability that
(i) all the five cards are spades?
(ii) only 3 cards are spades?
(iii) none is a spade?
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