Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationHSC Science Class 11th
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Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi solutions for Class 11th Chemistry Volume 1 and 2 Answers Guide chapter 2 - Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom [Latest edition]

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Class 11th Chemistry Volume 1 and 2 Answers Guide - Shaalaa.com
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Chapter 2: Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom

Choose the best answerWrite brief answer to the following questions
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Choose the best answer [Pages 60 - 63]

Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi solutions for Class 11th Chemistry Volume 1 and 2 Answers Guide Chapter 2 Quantum Mechanical Model of AtomChoose the best answer [Pages 60 - 63]

Choose the best answer | Q I. 1. | Page 60

Electronic configuration of species M2+ is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d6 and its atomic weight is 56. The number of neutrons in the nucleus of species M is

  • 26

  • 22

  • 30

  • 24

Choose the best answer | Q I. 2. | Page 60

The energy of light of wavelength 45 nm is

  • 6.67 × 1015J

  • 6.67 × 1011J

  • 4.42 × 10–18J

  • 4.42 × 10–15J

Choose the best answer | Q I. 3. | Page 60

The energies E1 and E2 of the two radiations are 25 eV and 50 eV respectively. The relation between their wavelengths ie λ1 and λ2 will be

  • `λ_1/λ_2` = 1

  • λ1 = 2λ2

  • λ1 = `sqrt(25 xx 50)` λ2

  • 1 = λ2

Choose the best answer | Q I. 4. | Page 60

Splitting of spectral lines in an electric field is called __________.

  • Zeeman effect

  • Shielding effect

  • Compton effect

  • Stark effect

Choose the best answer | Q I. 5. | Page 60

Based on equation E = `-2.178 xx 10^(-18) "J" ("z"^2/"n"^2)`, certain conclusions are written. Which of them is not correct?

  • Equation can be used to calculate the change in energy when the electron changes orbit.

  • For n = 1, the electron has a more negative energy than it does for n = 6 which means that the electron is more loosely bound in the smallest allowed orbit.

  • The negative sign in equation simply means that the energy of electron bound to the nucleus is lower than it would be if the electrons were at the infinite distance from the nucleus.

  • Larger the value of n, the larger is the orbit radius.

Choose the best answer | Q I. 6. | Page 60

According to the Bohr Theory, which of the following transitions in the hydrogen atom will give rise to the least energetic photon?

  • n = 6 to n = 1

  • n = 5 to n = 4

  • n = 5 to n = 3

  • n = 6 to n = 5

Choose the best answer | Q I. 7. | Page 61

Assertion: The spectrum of He+ is expected to be similar to that of hydrogen.

Reason: He+ is also one electron system.

  • If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.

  • If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.

  • If assertion is true but reason is false.

  • If both assertion and reason are false.

Choose the best answer | Q I. 8. | Page 61

Which of the following pairs of d-orbitals will have electron density along the axes?

  • `"d"_("z"^2), "d"_"xz"`

  • `"d"_"xz", "d"_"yz"`

  • `"d"_("z"^2), "d"_("x"^2-"y"^2)`

  • `"d"_"xy", "d"_("x"^2-"y"^2)`

Choose the best answer | Q I. 9. | Page 61

Two electrons occupying the same orbital are distinguished by __________.

  • azimuthal quantum number

  • spin quantum number

  • magnetic quantum number

  • orbital quantum number

Choose the best answer | Q I. 10. | Page 61

The electronic configuration of Eu (Atomic no. 63) Gd (Atomic no. 64) and Tb (Atomic no. 65) are

  • [Xe] 4f6 5d1 6s2, [Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2 and [Xe] 4f8 5d1 6s2

  • [Xe] 4f7 6s2, [Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2 and [Xe] 4f9 6s2

  • [Xe] 4f7 6s2, [Xe] 4f8 6s2 and [Xe] 4f8 5d1 6s2

  • [Xe] 4f6 5d1 6s2, [Xe] 4f7 5d1 6s2 and [Xe] 4f9 6s2

Choose the best answer | Q I. 11. | Page 61

The maximum number of electrons in a sub shell is given by the expression

  • 2n2

  • 2l + 1

  • 4l + 2

  • none of these

Choose the best answer | Q I. 12. | Page 61

For d-electron, the orbital angular momentum is

  • `(sqrt2"h")/(2π)`

  • `sqrt(2"h")/(2π)`

  • `(sqrt(2 xx 4)"h")/(2π)`

  • `(sqrt6"h")/(2π)`

Choose the best answer | Q I. 13. | Page 62

What is the maximum numbers of electrons that can be associated with the following set of quantum numbers?

n = 3, l = 1 and m = –1

  • 4

  • 6

  • 2

  • 10

Choose the best answer | Q I. 14. | Page 62

Assertion: Number of radial and angular nodes for 3p orbital are 1, 1 respectively.

Reason: Number of radial and angular nodes depends only on principal quantum number.

  • both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.

  • both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.

  • assertion is true but reason is false.

  • both assertion and reason are false.

Choose the best answer | Q I. 15. | Page 62

The total number of orbitals associated with the principal quantum number n = 3 is

  • 9

  • 8

  • 5

  • 7

Choose the best answer | Q I. 16. | Page 62

If n = 6, the correct sequence for filling of electrons will be,

  • ns → (n – 2)f → (n – 1)d → np

  • ns → (n – 1)d → (n – 2)f → np

  • ns → (n – 2)f → np → (n – 1)d

  • none of these are correct

Choose the best answer | Q I. 17. | Page 63

Consider the following sets of quantum numbers:

  n l m s
(i) 3 0 0 `+1/2`
(ii) 2 2 1 `-1/2`
(iii) 4 3 –2 `+1/2`
(iv) 1 0 –1 `+1/2`
(v) 3 4 3 `-1/2`

Which of the following sets of quantum number is not possible?

  • (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)

  • (ii), (iv) and (v)

  • (i) and (iii)

  • (ii), (iii) and (iv)

Choose the best answer | Q I. 18. | Page 63

How many electrons in an atom with atomic number 105 can have (n + 1) = 8?

  • 30

  • 17

  • 15

  • unpredictable

Choose the best answer | Q I. 19. | Page 63

Electron density in the yz plane of 3dxy orbital is

  • zero

  • 0.50

  • 0.75

  • 0.90

Choose the best answer | Q I. 20. | Page 63

If uncertainty in position and momentum are equal, then minimum uncertainty in velocity is

  • `1/"m" sqrt("h"/π)`

  • `sqrt("h"/π)`

  • `1/"2m" sqrt("h"/π)`

  • `"h"/(4π)`

Choose the best answer | Q I. 21. | Page 63

A macroscopic particle of mass 100 g and moving at a velocity of 100 cm s–1 will have a de Broglie wavelength of

  • 6.6 × 10–29 cm

  • 6.6 × 10–30 cm

  • 6.6 × 10–31 cm

  • 6.6 × 10–32 cm

Choose the best answer | Q I. 22. | Page 63

The ratio of de Broglie wavelengths of a deuterium atom to that of an α - particle, when the velocity of the former is five times greater than that of later, is

  • 4

  • 0.2

  • 2.5

  • 0.4

Choose the best answer | Q I. 23. | Page 63

The energy of an electron in the 3rd orbit of hydrogen atom is –E. The energy of an electron in the first orbit will be

  • –3E

  • `(-"E")/3`

  • `(-"E")/9`

  • –9E

Choose the best answer | Q I. 24. | Page 63

Time independent Schrodinger wave equation is

  • `hat"H" ψ = "E"ψ`

  • `∇^2ψ + (8π^2"m")/"h"^2 ("E + V")ψ = 0`

  • `(∂^2ψ)/(∂"x"^2) + (∂^2ψ)/(∂"y"^2) + (∂^2ψ)/(∂"z"^2) + (2"m")/"h"^2 ("E" - "V")ψ = 0`

  • all of these

Choose the best answer | Q I. 25. | Page 63

Which of the following does not represent the mathematical expression for the Heisenberg uncertainty principle?

  • `Δ"x".Δ"p" ≥"h"/(4π)`

  • `Δ"x".Δ"v" ≥"h"/(4π"m")`

  • `Δ"E".Δ"t" ≥"h"/(4π)`

  • `Δ"E".Δ"x" ≥"h"/(4π)`

Write brief answer to the following questions [Pages 64 - 66]

Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi solutions for Class 11th Chemistry Volume 1 and 2 Answers Guide Chapter 2 Quantum Mechanical Model of AtomWrite brief answer to the following questions [Pages 64 - 66]

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 1. | Page 64

Which quantum number reveal information about the shape, energy, orientation and size of orbitals?

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 2. | Page 64

How many orbitals are possible for n = 4?

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 3. | Page 64

How many radial nodes for 2s, 4p, 5d and 4f orbitals exhibit? How many angular nodes?

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 4. | Page 64

The stabilisation of a half-filled d-orbital is more pronounced than that of the p-orbital why?

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 5. | Page 64

Consider the following electronic arrangements for the d5 configuration.

1    
(a)

 

1 1 1  
(b)

 

1 1 1 1 1
(c)
  1. which of these represents the ground state.
  2. which configuration has the maximum exchange energy.
Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 6. | Page 64

State and explain Pauli's exclusion principle.

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 7. | Page 64

Define orbital?

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 7. | Page 64

what are the n and l values for 3px and `"4d"_("x"^2 - "y"^2)` electron?

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 8. | Page 64

Explain briefly the time independent Schrodinger wave equation?

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 9. | Page 64

Calculate the uncertainty in position of an electron, if Δv = 0.1% and υ = 2.2 × 106 ms-1

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 10. | Page 64

Determine the values of all the four quantum numbers of the 8th electron in the O-atom and 15th electron in Cl atom.

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 11. | Page 64

The quantum mechanical treatment of the hydrogen atom gives the energy value:

En = `(-13.6)/"n"^2` ev atom−1

  1. use this expression to find ΔE between n = 3 and n = 4
  2. Calculate the wavelength corresponding to the above transition.
Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 12. | Page 65

How fast must a 54 g tennis ball travel in order to have a de Broglie wavelength that is equal to that of a photon of green light 5400 Å?

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 13. | Page 65

For each of the following, give the sub level designation, the allowable m values and the number of orbitals

  1. n = 4, l = 2
  2. n = 5, l = 3
  3. n = 7, l = 0
Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 14. | Page 65

Give the electronic configuration of Mn2+ and Cr3+

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 15. | Page 65

Describe the Aufbau principle.

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 16. | Page 65

An atom of an element contains 35 electrons and 45 neutrons. Deduce

  1. the number of protons
  2. the electronic configuration for the element
  3. All the four quantum numbers for the last electron
Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 17. | Page 65

Show that the circumference of the Bohr orbit for the hydrogen atom is an integral multiple of the de Broglie wavelength associated with the electron revolving around the nucleus.

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 18. | Page 65

Calculate the energy required for the process.

\[\ce{He^+_{(g)} -> He^2+_{(g)} + e^-}\]

The ionisation energy for the H atom in its ground state is −13.6 ev atom−1.

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 19. | Page 65

An ion with mass number 37 possesses unit negative charge. If the ion contains 11.1% more neutrons than electrons. Find the symbol of the ion.

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 20. | Page 65

The Li2+ ion is a hydrogen like ion that can be described by the Bohr model. Calculate the Bohr radius of the third orbit and calculate the energy of an electron in 4th orbit.

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 21. | Page 65

Protons can be accelerated in particle accelerators. Calculate the wavelength (in Å) of such accelerated proton moving at 2.85 × 108 ms−1 (the mass of proton is 1.673 × 10−27 Kg).

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 22. | Page 65

What is the de Broglie wavelength (in cm) of a 160 g cricket ball travelling at 140 Km hr−1?

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 23. | Page 66

Suppose that the uncertainty in determining the position of an electron in an orbit is 0.6 Å. What is the uncertainty in its momentum?

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 24. | Page 66

Show that if the measurement of the uncertainty in the location of the particle is equal to its de Broglie wavelength, the minimum uncertainty in its velocity (ΔV) is equal to 1/4π of its velocity (V).

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 25. | Page 66

What is the de Broglie wavelength of an electron, which is accelerated from the rest, through a potential difference of 100V?

Write brief answer to the following questions | Q II. 26. | Page 66

Identify the missing quantum numbers and the sub energy level

n l m Sub energy level
? ? 0 4d
3 1 0 ?
? ? ? 5p
? ? −2 3d

Chapter 2: Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom

Choose the best answerWrite brief answer to the following questions
Class 11th Chemistry Volume 1 and 2 Answers Guide - Shaalaa.com

Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi solutions for Class 11th Chemistry Volume 1 and 2 Answers Guide chapter 2 - Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom

Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi solutions for Class 11th Chemistry Volume 1 and 2 Answers Guide chapter 2 (Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 11th Chemistry Volume 1 and 2 Answers Guide solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

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Concepts covered in Class 11th Chemistry Volume 1 and 2 Answers Guide chapter 2 Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom are Wave Particle Duality of Matter, Heisenberg’S Uncertainty Principle, Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom – SchröDinger Equation, Quantum Numbers, Filling of Orbitals, Introduction to Atom Models.

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Get the free view of chapter 2 Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom Class 11th extra questions for Class 11th Chemistry Volume 1 and 2 Answers Guide and can use Shaalaa.com to keep it handy for your exam preparation

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