Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationSSLC (English Medium) Class 10th
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Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi solutions for Class 10th SSLC Science Answers Guide chapter 11 - Carbon and its Compounds [Latest edition]

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Class 10th SSLC Science Answers Guide - Shaalaa.com
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Chapter 11: Carbon and its Compounds

Evaluation
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Evaluation [Page 170]

Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi solutions for Class 10th SSLC Science Answers Guide Chapter 11 Carbon and its CompoundsEvaluation [Page 170]

Choose the best answer

Evaluation | Q I. 1. | Page 170

The molecular formula of an open-chain organic compound is C3H6. The class of the compound is ______

  • alkane

  • alkene

  • alkyne

  • alcohol

Evaluation | Q I. 2. | Page 170

The IUPAC name of an organic compound is 3-Methyl butan-1-ol. What type of compound it is?

  • Aldehyde

  • Carboxylic acid

  • Ketone

  • Alcohol

Evaluation | Q I. 3. | Page 170

The secondary suffix used in the IUPAC nomenclature of an aldehyde is ______

  • - ol

  • – oic acid

  • - al

  • - one

Evaluation | Q I. 4. | Page 170

Which of the following pairs can be the successive members of a homologous series?

  • C3H8 and C4H10

  • C2H2 and C2H4

  • CH4 and C3H6

  • C2H5OH and C4H8OH

Evaluation | Q I. 5. | Page 170

C2H5OH + 3O2 → 2CO2 + 3H2O is a ______

  • Reduction of ethanol

  • Combustion of ethanol

  • Oxidation of ethanoic acid

  • Oxidation of ethanol

Evaluation | Q I. 6. | Page 170

Rectified spirit is an aqueous solution that contains about ______ of ethanol.

  • 95.5 %

  • 75.5 %

  • 55.5 %

  • 45.5 %

Evaluation | Q I. 7. | Page 170

Which of the following are used as anesthetics?

  • Carboxylic acids

  • Ethers

  • Esters

  • Aldehydes

Evaluation | Q I. 8. | Page 170

TFM in soaps represents ______ content in soap.

  • mineral

  • vitamin

  • fatty acid

  • carbohydrate

Evaluation | Q I. 9 | Page 170

Which of the following statements is wrong about detergents?

  • It is a sodium salt of long-chain fatty acids

  • It is sodium salts of sulphonic acids

  • The ionic part in a detergent is `–"SO"_3^– "Na"^+`

  • It is effective even in hard water

Evaluation [Page 170]

Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi solutions for Class 10th SSLC Science Answers Guide Chapter 11 Carbon and its CompoundsEvaluation [Page 170]

Fill in the blanks

Evaluation | Q II. 1. | Page 170

An atom or a group of atoms that is responsible for the chemical characteristics of an organic compound is called ______.

Evaluation | Q II. 2. | Page 170

The general molecular formula of alkynes is ______

Evaluation | Q II. 3. | Page 170

In IUPAC name, the carbon skeleton of a compound is represented by ______

  • root word

  • prefix

  • suffix

Evaluation | Q II. 4. | Page 170

______ compounds decolourize bromine water.

  • Saturated

  • Unsaturated

Evaluation | Q II. 5. | Page 170

Dehydration of ethanol by conc. Sulphuric acid forms ______

  • ethene

  • ethane

Evaluation | Q II. 6. | Page 170

100% pure ethanol is called ______.

Evaluation | Q II. 7. | Page 170

Ethanoic acid turns ______ litmus to ______

Evaluation | Q II. 8. | Page 170

The alkaline hydrolysis of fatty acids is termed as ______

Evaluation | Q II. 9. | Page 170

Biodegradable detergents are made of ______ chain hydrocarbons.

  • branched

  • straight

Evaluation [Page 170]

Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi solutions for Class 10th SSLC Science Answers Guide Chapter 11 Carbon and its CompoundsEvaluation [Page 170]

Evaluation | Q III. | Page 170

Match the following.

Functional group –OH - Benzene
Heterocyclic - Potassium stearate
Unsaturated - Alcohol
Soap - Furan
Carbocyclic - Ethene
Evaluation [Page 171]

Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi solutions for Class 10th SSLC Science Answers Guide Chapter 11 Carbon and its CompoundsEvaluation [Page 171]

Assertion and Reason

Evaluation | Q IV. 1. | Page 171

Answer the following question using the data given below:

Assertion: Detergents are more effective cleansing agents than soaps in hard water.

Reason: Calcium and magnesium salts of detergents are water-soluble.

  • A and R are correct, R explains the A.

  • A is correct, R is wrong.

  • A is wrong, R is correct.

  • A and R are correct, R doesn’t explain A.

Evaluation | Q IV. 2. | Page 171

Answer the following question using the data given below:

  • Assertion: Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons.
  • Reason: Hydrocarbons consist of covalent bonds.
  • A and R are correct, R explains the A.

  • A is correct, R is wrong.

  • A is wrong, R is correct.

  • A and R are correct, R doesn’t explain A.

Evaluation [Page 171]

Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi solutions for Class 10th SSLC Science Answers Guide Chapter 11 Carbon and its CompoundsEvaluation [Page 171]

Short answer questions

Evaluation | Q V. 1. | Page 171

Name the simplest ketone and give its structural formula.

Evaluation | Q V. 2. | Page 171

Classify the following compounds based on the pattern of the carbon chain and give their structural formula:

(i) Propane

(ii) Benzene

(iii) Cyclobutane

(iv) Furan

Evaluation | Q V. 3. | Page 171

How is ethanoic acid prepared from ethanol? Give the chemical equation.

Evaluation | Q V. 4. | Page 171

How do detergents cause water pollution? Suggest remedial measures to prevent this pollution?

Evaluation | Q V. 5. | Page 171

Differentiate soaps and detergents.

Evaluation [Page 171]

Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi solutions for Class 10th SSLC Science Answers Guide Chapter 11 Carbon and its CompoundsEvaluation [Page 171]

Long answer questions

Evaluation | Q VI. 1. | Page 171

What is called homologous series? Give any three of its characteristics?

Evaluation | Q VI. 2. | Page 171

Arrive at, systematically, the IUPAC name of the compound: CH3 – CH2 – CH– OH.

Evaluation | Q VI. 3. | Page 171

How is ethanol manufactured from sugarcane?

Evaluation | Q VI. 4. (i) | Page 171

Give the balanced chemical equation of the following reaction:

Neutralization of NaOH with ethanoic acid.

Evaluation | Q VI. 4. (iii) | Page 171

Give the balanced chemical equation of the following reaction:

Oxidation of ethanol by acidified potassium dichromate.

Evaluation | Q VI. 4. (iv) | Page 171

Give the balanced chemical equation of the following reaction:

Combustion of ethanol

Evaluation | Q VI. 4. (ii) | Page 171

Give the balanced chemical equation of the following reaction:

Evolution of carbon dioxide by the action of ethanoic acid with NaHCO3.

Evaluation | Q VI. 5. | Page 171

Explain the mechanism of the cleansing action of soap.

Evaluation [Page 171]

Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi solutions for Class 10th SSLC Science Answers Guide Chapter 11 Carbon and its CompoundsEvaluation [Page 171]

Evaluation | Q VII. 1. (i) | Page 171

The molecular formula of alcohol is C4H10O. The locant number of its -OH group is 2.

Draw its structural formula.

Evaluation | Q VII. 1. (ii) | Page 171

The molecular formula of alcohol is C4H10O. The locant number of its -OH group is 2.

Give its IUPAC name.

Evaluation | Q VII. 1. (iii) | Page 171

The molecular formula of alcohol is C4H10O. The locant number of its -OH group is 2.

Is it saturated or unsaturated?

Evaluation | Q VII. 2. (i) | Page 171

An organic compound ‘A’ is widely used as a preservative and has the molecular formula C2H4O2. This compound reacts with ethanol to form a sweet-smelling compound ‘B’.

Identify the compound ‘A’.

Evaluation | Q VII. 2. (ii) | Page 171

An organic compound ‘A’ is widely used as a preservative and has the molecular formula C2H4O2. This compound reacts with ethanol to form a sweet-smelling compound ‘B’.

Write the chemical equation for its reaction with ethanol to form compound ‘B’.

Evaluation | Q VII. 2. (iii) | Page 171

An organic compound ‘A’ is widely used as a preservative and has the molecular formula C2H4O2. This compound reacts with ethanol to form a sweet-smelling compound ‘B’.

Name the process.

Chapter 11: Carbon and its Compounds

Evaluation
Class 10th SSLC Science Answers Guide - Shaalaa.com

Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi solutions for Class 10th SSLC Science Answers Guide chapter 11 - Carbon and its Compounds

Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi solutions for Class 10th SSLC Science Answers Guide chapter 11 (Carbon and its Compounds) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10th SSLC Science Answers Guide solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

Further, we at Shaalaa.com provide such solutions so that students can prepare for written exams. Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi textbook solutions can be a core help for self-study and acts as a perfect self-help guidance for students.

Concepts covered in Class 10th SSLC Science Answers Guide chapter 11 Carbon and its Compounds are Classification of Organic Compounds Based on the Pattern of Carbon Chain, Organic Compounds, Carbon: a Versatile Element, Homologous Series of Carbon Compound, Classification of Organic Compound Based on the Kind of Atoms, Nomenclature of Organic Compounds (IUPAC), Ethanol, Ethanoic Acid, Functional Groups in Carbon Compounds, Classification of Compounds of Carbon, Hydrocarbons, Organic Compounds in Daily Life, Soap, IUPAC Nomenclature of Hydrocarbons, IUPAC Nomenclature of other classes, Laboratory Preparation of Ethanol, Detergents, Cleansing Action of Soap.

Using Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi Class 10th solutions Carbon and its Compounds exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education Class 10th prefer Tamil Nadu Board Samacheer Kalvi Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

Get the free view of chapter 11 Carbon and its Compounds Class 10th extra questions for Class 10th SSLC Science Answers Guide and can use Shaalaa.com to keep it handy for your exam preparation

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