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## Chapter 3: Force and Pressure

### Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 8 ICSE Chapter 3 Force and Pressure Objective Questions [Pages 55 - 56]

The S.I. unit of force is kgf. (kilogram-force)

True

False

A force always produces both the linear and turning motions.

True

False

Moment of force = force × perpendicular distance of force – from the pivoted point.

True

False

Less force is needed when applied at a farther distance from the pivoted point.

True

False

For a given thrust, pressure is more on a surface of large j area.

True

False

The pressure on a surface increases with an increase in the thrust on the surface.

True

False

A man exerts same pressure on the ground whether he is standing or he is lying.

True

False

It is easier to hammer a blunt nail into a piece of wood than a sharply pointed nail.

True

False

The S.I. unit of pressure is pascal.

True

False

Water in a lake exerts pressure only at its bottom.

True

False

A liquid exerts pressure in all directions.

True

False

Gases exert pressure in all directions.

True

False

The atmospheric pressure is nearly 10^{5} Pa.

True

False

Higher we go, greater is the air pressure.

True

False

1 kgf = .............. (nearly).

Moment of force =............... × distance of force from the point of turning.

In a door, handle is provided ** .........** from the hinges.

The unit of thrust is ..........

Thrust is the ............ force acting on a surface.

Pressure is the thrust acting on a surface of ........... area.

The unit of pressure is ** .........**

Pressure is reduced if .................... increases.

Pressure in a liquid **................**with the depth.

The atmospheric pressure on earth surface is nearly .............. **.**

**Match the column **

Column A | Column B |

(a) Camel | (1) broad and deep foundation |

(b) Truck | (2) broad feet |

(c) Knife | (3) six or eight tyres |

(d) High building | (4) sharp cutting edge |

(e) Thrust | (5) atm |

(f) Moment of force | (6) N |

(g) Atmospheric pressure | (7) N m |

SI. unit of moment of force is

N

N cm

kgfm

Nm

To obtain a given moment of force for turning a body, the force needed can be decreased by

applying the force at the pivoted point

applying the force very close to the pivoted point

applying the force farthest from the pivoted point

none of the above

The unit of thrust is

**kgf**kg

g

m s

^{-1}

The unit of pressure is

N × m

kgf

N m

^{-2}kgf m

^{2}

The pressure and thrust are related as

Pressure = Thrust

Pressure = Thrust x Area

Pressure = Thrust / Area,

Pressure = Area / Thrust

A body weighing 5 kgf, placed on a surface of area 0.1 m^{2}, exerts a thrust on the surface equal to

50 kgf

5 kgf

50 kgf m

^{-2}5 kgf m

^{-2}

The feet of lizards act like

moving pads

drilling pads

suction pads

none of the above

Pressure exerted by a liquid is due to it

weight

mass

volume

area

Pressure inside a liquid increases with

increase in depth

decrease in depth

decrease in density

none of the above

The atmospheric pressure at sea level is nearly

10 Pa

100,000 Pa

100 Pa

10,000 Pa

Nose bleeding may occur at a high altitude because

the atmospheric pressure decreases

the oxygen content of atmosphere decreases

the atmospheric pressure increasess

there are strong air currents at the high altitude

### Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 8 ICSE Chapter 3 Force and Pressure Short/Long Answer Questions [Pages 56 - 58]

Define force. State its S.I. unit.

State two effects of a force when applied on a body.

How does the effect of force differ when it is applied on a rigid body?

How does the effect of force differ when it is applied on a non-rigid body?

State the effect of force F in of the following diagram.

State the effect of force F in of the following diagram.

Define the term moment of force.

State the S.I. unit of moment of force.

State two factors on which affect moment of force.

In Fig. a force F is applied in a direction passing through the pivoted point O of the body. Will the body rotate? Give reason to support your answer.

State one way to decrease the moment of a given force about a given axis of rotation.

State one way to obtain greater moment of a given force about a given axis of rotation.

What do you mean by the clockwise and anti-clockwise moment of force?

The spanner (or wrench) has a long handle.

The steering wheel of a vehicle is of large diameter.

The hand flour grinder is provided with a handle near the rim.

It is easier to open the door by pushing it at its free end.

A potter turns his wheel by applying a force through the stick near the rim of wheel.

What is thrust?

State the unit of thrust

On what factors does the effect of thrust on a surface depend?

Define the term ‘pressure’ and state its unit.

How is the thrust related to pressure?

Name two factors on which the pressure on a surface depends.

When does a man exert more pressure on the floor: while standing or while walking?

Why do camels or elephants have broad feet?

A sharp pin works better than a blunt pin. Explain the reason.

Why is the bottom part of the foundation of a building made wider?

It is easier to cut with a sharp knife than with a blunt one. Explain.

A gum bottle rests on its base. If it is placed upside down, how does the thrust .

A gum bottle rests on its base. If it is placed upside down, how does the pressure change?

Sleepers are used below the rails.

A tall building has wide foundations.

Describe an experiment to show that a liquid exerts pressure at the bottom of the container in which it is kept.

Describe a suitable experiment to demonstrate that a liquid exerts pressure sideways also?

Describe a simple experiment to show that at a given depth, a liquid exerts same pressure in all directions.

State two factors on which the pressure at a point in a liquid depends.

Describe an experiment to show that the liquid pressure at a point increases with the increase in height of the liquid column above that point.

Which fact about liquid pressure does the diagram in fig. illustrate.

Describe an experiment to show that liquid pressure depends on the density of liquid.

A dam has broader walls at the bottom than at the top. Give a reason.

What do you mean by atmospheric pressure?

Write the numerical value of the atmospheric pressure on the earth surface in pascal.

We do not feel uneasy even under the enormous atmospheric pressure. Give a reason.

Describe a simple experiment to illustrate that air exerts pressure.

Describe the crushing tin can experiment. What do you conclude from this experiment?

Give reason for the following:

A balloon collapses when air is removed from it.

Give reason for the following:

Water does not run out of a dropper unless its rubber bulb is pressed.

Give reason for the following :

Two holes are made in a sealed oil tin to take out oil from it.

How does the atmospheric pressure change with altitude?

### Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 8 ICSE Chapter 3 Force and Pressure Numericals [Page 58]

Find the moment of force of 20 N about an axis of rotation at distance 0.5 m from the force.

The moment of a force of 25 N about a point is 2.5 N m. Find the perpendicular distance of force from that point

A spanner of length 10 cm is used to open a nut by applying a minimum force of 5.0 N. Calculate the moment of force required.

A wheel of diameter 2 m can be rotated about an axis passing through its center by a moment of force equal to 2.0 N m. What minimum force must be applied on its rim?

A normal force of 200 N acts on an area of 0.02 m^{2}. Find the pressure in pascal.

Find the thrust required to exert a pressure of 50000 pascals on an area of 0.05 m^{2} ?

Find the area of a body which experiences a pressure of 50000 Pa by a thrust of 100 N?

Calculate the pressure in pascal exerted by a force of 300 N acting normally on an area of 30 cm^{2}.

How much thrust will be required to exert a pressure of 20,000 Pa on an area of 1 cm^{2}.

The base of a container measures 15 cm × 20 cm. It is placed on a table top. If the weight of the container is 60 N, what is the pressure exerted by the container on the table top?

Calculate the pressure exerted on a surface of 0.5 m^{2} by a thrust of 100 kgf.

A boy weighing 60 kgf stands on platform of dimensions 2.5 cm x 0.5 cm. What pressure in pascal does he exert?

Figure shows a brick of weight 2 kgf and dimensions 20 cm x 10 cm × 5 cm placed in three different positions on the ground. Find the pressure exerted by the brick in each case.

## Chapter 3: Force and Pressure

## Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 8 ICSE chapter 3 - Force and Pressure

Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 8 ICSE chapter 3 (Force and Pressure) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CISCE Concise Physics Class 8 ICSE solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

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Concepts covered in Concise Physics Class 8 ICSE chapter 3 Force and Pressure are Turning Effect of a Force, Atmospheric Pressure, Moment of Force Or Torque, The Effect of Thrust, Factors Affecting Pressure, Factors Affecting Liquid Pressure, Consequences of Liquid Pressure, Standard Value of Atmospheric Pressure, Force, Thrust and Pressure, Liquid Pressure, Application of Atmospheric Pressure.

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