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Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE chapter 2 - Work, Energy and Power [Latest edition]

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Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 2: Work, Energy and Power

Exercise - 2 (A)Exercise - 2 (B)OthersExercise - 2 (C)

Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 2 Work, Energy and Power Exercise Exercise - 2 (A) [Pages 27 - 28]

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 1 | Page 27

Define work. Is work a scalar or a vector?

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 2.1 | Page 27

How is the work done by a force measured when

force is in direction of displacement 

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 2.2 | Page 27

How is work done by a force measured when the force is in the direction of displacement?

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 3.1 | Page 27

A force F acts on a body and displaces it by a distance S in a direction at an angle θ with the direction of force.

Write the expression for the work done by the force. 

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 3.2 | Page 27

A force F acts on a body and displaces it by a distance S in a direction at an angle θ  with the direction of force.

What should be the angle between force and displacement so that the work done is (i) zero, (ii) maximum?

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 4 | Page 27

A body is acted upon by a force. State two condition when the work done is zero.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 5.1 | Page 27

State the condition when the work done by a force is positive.  Explain with the help of examples.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 5.2 | Page 27

State the condition when the work done by a force is  negative. Explain with the help of examples.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 6 | Page 27

A body is moved in a direction opposite to the direction of force acting on it. State whether the work is done by the force or work is done against the force

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 7 | Page 27

When a body moves in a circular path, how much work is done by the body? Give reason.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 8 | Page 27

A satellite revolves around the earth in a circular orbit. What is the work done by the force of gravity? Give reason.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 9 | Page 27

In which of the following cases, is work being done?
(i) A man pushing a wall.
(ii) a coolie standing with a load of 12 kgf on his head.
(iii) A boy climbing up a staircase.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 10 | Page 27

A coolie X Carrying a load on his head climbs up a slope and another coolie Y carrying the identical load on his head move the same distance on a frictionless horizontal platform. Who does more work? Explain the reason.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 11 | Page 28

The work done by a fielder when he takes a catch in a cricket match, is negative Explain.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 12 | Page 28

Give an example when work done by the force of gravity acting on a body is zero even though the body gets displaces from its initial position.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 13 | Page 28

What are the S.I. and C.G.S units of work? How are they related? Establish the relationship.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 14 | Page 28

State and define the S.I. unit of work.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 15 | Page 28

Express joule in terms of erg.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 16 | Page 28

A body of mass m falls down through a height h. Obtain an expression for the work done by the force of gravity.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 17 | Page 28

A boy of mass m climbs up a staircase of vertical height h.
(a) What is the work done by the boy against the force of gravity?
(b) What would have been the work done if he uses a lift in climbing the same vertical height?

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 18 | Page 28

Define the term energy and state its S.I. unit.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 19 | Page 28

What physical quantity does the electron volt (eV) measure? How is it related to the S.I. unit of that quality?

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 20.1 | Page 28

Complete the following sentence:
1 J = Calorie

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 20.2 | Page 28

Complete the following sentence:

1 kWh = ______ J.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 21 | Page 28

Name the physical quantity which is measured in calorie. How is it related to the S.I. unit of the quality?

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 22 | Page 28

Define a kilowatt hour. How is it related to joule?

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 23 | Page 28

Define the term power. State its S.I. unit.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 24 | Page 28

State two factors on which power spent by a source depends. Explain your answer with examples.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 25 | Page 28

Differentiate between work and power.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 26 | Page 28

Differentiate between energy and power.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 27 | Page 28

State and define the S.I. unit of power.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 28.1 | Page 28

Name the physical quantity measured in terms of horse power.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 28.2 | Page 28

How is horse power related to the S. I. unit of power?

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 29 | Page 28

Differentiate between watt and watt hour.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 30.1 | Page 28

Name the quality which is measured in kWh.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 30.2 | Page 28

Name the quality which is measured in kW.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 30.3 | Page 28

Name the quality which is measured in Wh.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 30.4 | Page 28

Name the quality which is measured in eV

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 31 | Page 28

Is it possible that no transfer of energy may take place even when a force is applied to a body?

Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 2 Work, Energy and Power Exercise Exercise - 2 (A) [Page 28]

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 1 | Page 28

MULTIPLE CHOICE TYPE :

One horse power is equal to:

  • 1000 W

  • 500 W

  • 764 W

  • 746 W

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 2 | Page 28

MULTIPLE CHOICE TYPE:

kWh is the unit of:

  • Power

  • Force

  • Energy

  • None of these

Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 2 Work, Energy and Power Exercise Exercise - 2 (A) [Pages 28 - 29]

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 1 | Page 28

A body, when acted upon by a force of 10 kgf, gets displaced by 0.5 m. Calculate the work done by the force, when the displacement is (i) in the direction of force, (ii) at an angle of 60° with the force, and (iii) normal to the force. (g = 10 N kg-1)

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 2 | Page 28

A boy of mass kg runs upstairs and reaches the 8 m high floor in 5 s Calculate:
the force of gravity acting on the boy.
(i) the work done by him against gravity.
(ii) the power spent by boy.
(Take g = 10 m s-2)

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 3.1 | Page 28

A man spends 6.4 KJ energy in displacing a body by 64 m in the direction in which he applies force, in 2.5 s Calculate:
the force applied 

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 3.2 | Page 28

A man spends 6.4 kJ energy in displacing a body by 64 m in the direction in which he applies force, in 2.5 s. Calculate: 

the power spent (in H.P) by the man.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 4 | Page 28

A weight lifter a load of 200 kgf to a height of 2.5 m in 5 s. Calculate: (i) the work done, and (ii) the power developed by him. Take g = 10 N kg-1

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 5 | Page 28

A machine raises a load of 750 N through a height of 16 m in 5 s. calculate:
(i) energy spent by machine,
(ii) power at which the machine works.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 6 | Page 29

An electric heater of power 3 KW is used for 10 h. How much energy does it consume? Express your answer in (i) kWh, (ii) joule.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 7 | Page 29

A water pump raises 50 litres of water through a height of 25 m in 5 s. Calculate the power which the pump supplies.

(Take g = 10 N `kg^-1` and density of water = 1000 `kg m^-3`)

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 8.1 | Page 29

A pump is used to lift 500 kg of water from a depth of 80 m in 10 s. calculate:
the work done by the pump

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 8.2 | Page 29

A pump is used to lift 500kg of water from a depth of 80m in 10s. Calculate:

The power at which the pump works

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 8.3 | Page 29

A pump is used to lift 500kg of water from a depth of 80m in 10s. Calculate:

The power rating of the pump if its efficiency is 40%. (Take g= 10m s-2).

`["Hint" : "Efficiency" = "useful power"/"power input"]`

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 9 | Page 29

An ox can apply a maximum force of 1000 N. It is taking part in a cart race and is able to pull the cart at a constant speed of `30   M   S^-1` while making its best effort. Calculate the power developed by the ox.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 10 | Page 29

If the power of a motor is 40 KW, at what speed can it raise a load of 20,000 N?

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 11 | Page 29

Rajan exerts a force of 150 N in pulling a cart at a constant speed of 10 m/s. Calculate the power exerted.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 12 | Page 29

A boy weighing 350 N runs up a flight of 30 steps, each 20 cm high in 1 minute, Calculate:
(i) the work done and
(ii) power spent.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 13.1 | Page 29

It takes 20 s for a person A of mass 50 kg to climb up the stairs, while another person B does the same in 15 s. Compare the  Work done.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 13.2 | Page 29

It takes 20 s for a person A of mass 50 kg to climb up the stairs, while another person B of same mass does the same in 15 s. Compare the power developed by the persons A and B.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 14.1 | Page 29

A boy of weight 40 kgf climbs up the 15 steps, each 15 cm high in 10 s and a girl of weight 20 kgf does the same in 5 s. Compare : 

the work done 

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 14.2 | Page 29

A boy of weight 40 kgf climbs up the 15 steps, each 15 cm high in 10 s and a girl of weight 20 kgf does the same in 5 s. Compare : the power developed by them.
Take g = 10 N kg-1.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 15.1 | Page 29

.A man raises a box of mass 50kg to a height of 2m in 20s, while another man raises the same box to the same height in 50s. Compare:

(i) the work done, and

(ii) the power developed by them.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 15.2 | Page 29

A man raises a box of mass 50kg to a height of 2m in 20s, while another man raises the same box to the same height in 50s. Calculated:

(i) the work done, and

(ii) the power developed by each man. Take g = 10N kg-1.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 16.1 | Page 29

A boy takes 3 minutes to lift a 20 litre water bucket from a 20 m deep well, while his father does it in 2 minutes. compare :
(i) the work, and

(ii) power developed by them.

Exercise - 2 (A) | Q 16.2 | Page 29

A boy takes 3 minutes to lift a 20 litre water bucket from a 20 m deep well, while his father does it in 2 minutes.

How much work each does? Take density of water = 103 kg m-3 and g = 9.8 N kg-1.

Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 2 Work, Energy and Power Exercise Exercise - 2 (B) [Pages 40 - 41]

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 1 | Page 40

What are the two forms of mechanical energy?

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 2 | Page 40

Name the forms of energy which a wound-up watch spring possesses.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 3.1 | Page 40

Name the type of energy (kinetic energy K or potential energy U) possessed in the given cases:

A moving cricket ball

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 3.2 | Page 40

Name the type of energy (kinetic energy K or potential energy U) possessed in the given cases:

A compressed spring

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 3.3 | Page 40

Name the type of energy (kinetic energy K or potential energy U) possessed in the given cases:

A moving bus

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 3.4 | Page 40

Name the type of energy (kinetic energy K or potential energy U) possessed in the given cases:

A stretched wire

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 3.5 | Page 40

Name the type of energy (kinetic energy K or potential energy U) possessed in the given cases:

An arrow shot out of a bow.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 3.6 | Page 40

Name the type of energy (kinetic energy K or potential energy U) possessed in the following case:
A piece of stone places on the roof.

 

 

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 4.1 | Page 40

Define the term potential energy of a body.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 4.2 | Page 40

State different forms of potential energy and give one example of each.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 5 | Page 40

Name the form of energy which a body may possess even when it is not in motion. Give an example to support your answer.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 6 | Page 40

What is meant by the gravitational potential energy? Derive expression for it.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 7 | Page 40

Write an expression for the potential energy of a body of mass m places at a height h above the earth’s surface.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 8 | Page 40

What do you understand by the kinetic energy of a body?

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 9.1 | Page 40

A body of mass m is moving with a velocity v. Write the expression for its kinetic energy.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 9.2 | Page 40

Show that the quantity 2K/v2 has the unit of mass, where K is the kinetic energy of the body.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 10 | Page 40

State the work energy theorem.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 11 | Page 40

A body of mass m is moving with a uniform velocity u. A force is applied on the body due to
which its velocity changes from u to v. How much work is being done by the force.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 12 | Page 40

A light mass and a heavy mass have equal momentum. Which will have more kinetic energy?
(Hint : Kinetic energy K = P2/2m where P is the momentum)

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 13 | Page 41

Two bodies A and B of masses m and M (M≫ m) have same kinetic energy. Which body will have more momentum?

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 14 | Page 41

Name the three forms of kinetic energy and give on example of each.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 15 | Page 41

Differentiate between the potential energy (U) and the kinetic energy (K)

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 16.1 | Page 41

Complete the following sentence:
The kinetic energy of a body is the energy by virtue of its………….

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 16.2 | Page 41

Complete the following sentence:
The potential energy of a body is the energy by virtue of its ……………….

 

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 17 | Page 41

When an arrow is shot from a bow, it has kinetic energy in it. Explain briefly from where does it get its kinetic energy?

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 18 | Page 41

A ball is placed on a compressed spring. What form of energy does the spring possess? On releasing the spring, the ball flies away. Give a reason.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 19 | Page 41

A pebble is thrown up. It goes to a height and then comes back on the ground. State the different changes in form of energy during its motion.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 20 | Page 41

In what way does the temperature of water at the bottom of a waterfall differ from the temperature at the top? Explain the reason.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 21 | Page 41

Name the form of energy in which potential energy can change.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 22 | Page 41

Name the form of mechanical energy, which is put to use.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 23 | Page 41

Name six different forms of energy?

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 24.1 | Page 41

Energy can exist in several forms and may change from one form to another. For the following, state the energy changes that occur in:
the unwinding of a watch spring

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 24.2 | Page 41

Energy can exist in several forms and may change from one form to another. For the following, state the energy changes that occur in:

a loaded truck when started and set in motion.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 24.3 | Page 41

Energy can exist in several forms and may change from one form to another. For the following, state the energy changes that occur in:

a car going uphill

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 24.4 | Page 41

Energy can exist in several forms and may change from one form to another. For the following, state the energy changes that occur in:

photosynthesis in green leaves.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 24.5 | Page 41

Energy can exist in several forms and may change from one form to another. For the following, state the energy changes that occur in:

Charging of a battery.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 24.6 | Page 41

Energy can exist in several forms and may change from one form to another. For the following, state the energy changes that occur in:

respiration

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 24.7 | Page 41

Energy can exist in several forms and may change from one form to another. For the following, state the energy changes that occur in:

burning of a match stick

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 24.8 | Page 41

Energy can exist in several forms and may change from one form to another. For the following, state the energy changes that occur in:

explosion of crackers.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 25.01 | Page 41

State the energy changes in the following case while in use:
loudspeaker

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 25.02 | Page 41

State the energy changes in the following case while in use:
a steam engine

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 25.03 | Page 41

State the energy changes in the following case while in use:
microphone

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 25.04 | Page 41

State the energy changes in the following case while in use:
washing machine

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 25.05 | Page 41

State the energy changes in the following case while in use:
an electric bulb

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 25.06 | Page 41

State the energy changes in the following case while in use:
burning coal

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 25.07 | Page 41

State the energy changes in the following case while in use:
a solar cell

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 25.08 | Page 41

State the energy changes in the following case while in use:
bio-gas burner

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 25.09 | Page 41

State the energy changes in the following case while in use:
an electric cell in a circuit

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 25.1 | Page 41

State the energy changes in the following case while in use:

a petrol engine of a running car

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 25.11 | Page 41

State the energy changes in the following case while in use:
an electric toaster.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 25.12 | Page 41

State the energy changes in the following case while in use:
a ceiling fan

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 25.13 | Page 41

State the energy changes in the following case while in use:
an electromagnet.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 26 | Page 41

Name the process used for producing electricity using nuclear energy.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 27 | Page 41

Is it practically possible to convert a form of energy completely into the other useful form? Explain your answer.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 28 | Page 41

What is degraded energy?

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 29 | Page 41

What do you mean by degradation of energy? Explain it by taking one example of your daily life.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 30 | Page 41

Complete the following sentence:

The conversion of part of energy into an undesirable form is called……………. .

Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 2 Work, Energy and Power Exercise Exercise - 2 (B) [Page 41]

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 1 | Page 41

MULTIPLE CHOICE TYPE
A body at a height possesses:

  •  Kinetic energy

  • Potential energy

  • Solar energy

  • Heat energy

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 2 | Page 41

MULTIPLE CHOICE TYPE

In an electric cell which in use, the change in energy is from:

  • Electrical to mechanical

  • Electrical to chemical

  • Chemical to mechanical

  • Chemical to electrical

Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 2 Work, Energy and Power Exercise Exercise - 2 (B) [Pages 0 - 42]

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 1 | Page 41

Two bodies of equal masses are placed at heights h and 2h. Find the ration of their gravitational potential energies.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 2 | Page 41

Find the gravitational potential energy of 1 kg mass kept at a height of 5 m above the ground if g = 10 m s-2.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 3 | Page 41

A box of weight 150 kgf has gravitational potential energy stored in it equal to 14700 J. Find the height of the box above the ground. (Take g = 9.8 N kg-1)

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 4.1 | Page 41

A body of mass 5 kg falls from a height of 10 m to 4 m. Calculate:

The loss in potential energy of the body, 

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 4.2 | Page 41

A body of mass 5 kg falls from a height of 10 m to 4 m. Calculate: 

The total energy possessed by the body at any instant? (Take g = 10 ms-2).

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 5 | Page 42

Calculate the height through which a body of mass 0.5 kg is lifted if the energy spent in doing so is 1.0 J. Take g = 10 m s-2.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 6 | Page 42

A boy weighing 25 kgf climbs up from the first floor at height 3 m above the ground to the third floor at height 9m above the ground. What will be the increase in his gravitational potential energy? (Take g = 10 N kg -1)

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 7 | Page 42

A vessel containing 50 kg of water is placed at a height 15 m above the ground. Assuming the gravitational potential energy at ground to be zero, what will be the gravitational potential energy of water in the vessel? (g = 10 m s-2)

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 8 | Page 42

A man of mass 50 kg climbs up a ladder of height 10 m. Calculate: (i) the work done by the man, (ii) the increase in his potential energy. (g = 9.8 m s-2)

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 9 | Page 42

A block A, whose weight is 200 N, is pulled up a slope of length 5 m by means of a constant force F (= 150 N) as illustrated in Fig 2.13

(a) what is the work done by the force F in moving the block A, 5 m along the slope?
(b) By how much has the potential energy of the block A increased?
(c) Account for the difference in work done by the force and the increase in potential energy of the block.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 10 | Page 42

Find the kinetic energy of a body of mass 1 kg moving with a uniform velocity of 10 m s-1.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 11 | Page 42

If the speed of a car is halved, how does its kinetic energy change?

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 12 | Page 42

Calculate the decrease in the kinetic energy of a moving body if its velocity reduces to half of the initial velocity.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 13 | Page 42

Two bodies of equal masses are moving with uniform velocities v and 2v. Find the ratio of their kinetic energies.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 14 | Page 42

A car is running at a speed of 15 km h-1 while another similar car is moving at a speed of 30 km h-1. Find the ration of their kinetic energies.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 15 | Page 42

A ball of mass 0.5 kg slows down from a speed of 5m/s-1 to that of 3m/s-1. Calculate the change in kinetic energy of the ball.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 16.1 | Page 42

A cannon ball of mass 500 g is fired with a speed of 15 m s-1. Find: its kinetic energy .

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 16.2 | Page 42

A canon ball of mass 500g is fired with a speed of 15m/s-1. Find: its momentum.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 17 | Page 42

A body of mass 10 kg is moving with a velocity 20 m s-1. If the mass of the body is doubled and its velocity is halved, find the ratio of the initial kinetic energy to the final kinetic energy.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 18 | Page 42

A truck weighing 1000 kgf changes its speed from 36 km h-1 to 72 km h-1 in 2minutes. Calculate:

(i) the work done by the engine and

(ii) its power/ (g = 10 m s-2)

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 19.1 | Page 42

A body of mass 60 kg has the momentum 3000 kg m s-1. Calculate: the kinetic energy .

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 19.2 | Page 42

A body of mass 60 kg has the momentum 3000 kgm/s-1. Calculate:  the speed of the body.

Q 20

How much work is needed to be done on a ball of mass 50 g to give it s momentum of 500 g cm s-1?

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 21.1 | Page 42

How much energy is gained by a box of mass 20 kg when a man
carrying the box waits for 5 minutes for a bus?

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 21.2 | Page 42

How much energy is gained by a box of mass 20 kg when a man 

runs carrying the box with a speed of 3 m/s-1 to catch the bus?

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 21.3 | Page 42

How much energy is gained by a box of mass 20 kg when a man 

raises the box by 0.5 m in order to place it inside the bus? (g=10 m/s-2)

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 22 | Page 42

A bullet of mass 50 g is moving with a velocity of 500 m s-1. It penetrated 10 cm into a still target and comes to rest. Calculate: (a) the kinetic energy possessed by the bullet, (b) the average retarding force offered by the target.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 23 | Page 42

A spring is kept compressed by a small trolley of mass 0.5 kg lying on a smooth horizontal surface as shown in the adjacent fig. when the trolley is released, it is found to move at a speed v = 2 m s-1. What potential energy did the spring possess when compressed?

Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 2 Work, Energy and Power Exercise Exercise - 2 (C), Exercise - 2 (B) [Pages 0 - 47]

Exercise - 2 (C) | Q 1 | Page 46

State the law of conservation of energy.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 2.1 | Page 46

What do you understand by the conservation of mechanical energy?

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 2.2 | Page 46

State the condition under which the mechanical energy is conserved.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 3 | Page 46

Name two examples in which the mechanical energy of a system remains constant.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 4 | Page 46

A body is thrown vertically upwards. Its velocity keeps on decreasing. What happens to its kinetic energy as its velocity becomes zero?

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 5.1 | Page 46

A body falls freely under gravity from rest. Name the kind of energy it will possess at the point from where it falls.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 5.2 | Page 46

A body falls freely under gravity from rest. Name the kind of energy it will possess while falling.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 5.3 | Page 46

A body falls freely under gravity from rest. Name the kind of energy it will possess on reaching the ground.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 6 | Page 46

Show that the sum of kinetic energy and potential energy (i.e., total mechanical energy) is always conserves in the case of a freely falling body under gravity (with air resistance neglected) from a height h by finding it when (i) the body is at the top, (ii) the body has fallen a distance x, (iii) the body has reached the ground.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 7 | Page 47

A pendulum is oscillating on either side of its rest position. Explain the energy changes that takes place in the oscillating pendulum. How does the mechanical energy remains constant in it? Draw the necessary diagram.

Exercise - 2 (B) | Q 8 | Page 47

A pendulum with bob of mass m is oscillating on either side from its resting position A between the extremes B and C at a vertical height h and A. what is the kinetic energy K and potential energy U when the pendulum is at position (i) A, (ii) B and (iii) C?

Exercise - 2 (C) | Q 9.1 | Page 47

Name the type of energy possessed by the bob of a simple pendulum when it is at  the extreme position 

Exercise - 2 (C) | Q 9.2 | Page 47

Name the type of energy possessed by the bob of a simple pendulum when it is at the mean position 

Exercise - 2 (C) | Q 9.3 | Page 47

Name the type of energy possessed by the bob of a simple pendulum when it is at between the mean and extreme positions.

Q 10.1

What is a solar cell?

Q 10.3

State whether a solar cell produces a.c. or d.c.

Q 10.4

Give one disadvantage of using a solar cell.

Q 11.1

State two advantages of producing electricity from solar energy.

Q 11.2

State two disadvantages of producing electricity from solar energy.

Q 12.1

What is wind energy?

Q 12.2

How is wind energy used to produce electricity?

Q 12.3

How much electric power is generated in India using the wing energy?

Q 13.1

State two advantages of using wind energy for generating electricity.

Q 13.2

State two disadvantages of using wind energy for generating electricity.

Q 14.1

What is hydro energy?

Q 14.2

Explain the principle of generating electricity from hydro energy.

Q 14.3

How much hydroelectric power is generated in India?

Q 15.1

State two advantage of producing hydroelectricity.

Q 15.2

State two disadvantages of producing hydroelectricity.

Q 16.1

What is nuclear energy?

Q 16.2

Explain the principle of producing electricity using the nuclear energy.

Q 17.1

State the energy transformation on the following:

Electricity is obtained from solar energy.

Q 17.2

Name two places in india where electricity is generated from nuclear power plants.

Q 18.1

State two advantages of using nuclear energy for producing electricity.

Q 18.2

State two disadvantages of using nuclear energy for producing electricity.

Q 19.1

State the energy transformation on the following:

Electricity is obtained from solar energy.

Q 19.2

State the energy transformation on the following:

Electricity is obtained from wind energy.

Q 19.3

State the energy transformation on the following:

Electricity is obtained from hydro energy.

Q 19.4

State the energy transformation on the following:

Electricity is obtained from nuclear energy.

Q 20

State four ways for the judicious use of energy.

Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 2 Work, Energy and Power Exercise Exercise - 2 (C) [Page 47]

Exercise - 2 (C) | Q 1 | Page 47

A ball of mass m is thrown vertically up with an initial velocity so as to reach a height h. The correct statement is :

  • Potential energy of the ball at the ground is mgh.

  • Kinetic energy to the ball at the ground is zero.

  • Kinetic energy of the ball at the highest point is mgh. 

  • Potential energy of the ball at the highest point is mgh. 

Exercise - 2 (C) | Q 2 | Page 47

A pendulum is oscillating on either side of its rest position. The correct statement is : 

  • It has only the kinetic energy at its each position.

  • It has the maximum kinetic energy at its extreme position.

  • It has the maximum potential energy at its mean position.

  • The sum of its kinetic and potential energy remains constant throughout the motion.

Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 2 Work, Energy and Power Exercise Exercise - 2 (C) [Page 47]

Exercise - 2 (C) | Q 1 | Page 47

A ball of mass 0.20 kg is thrown vertically upwards with an initial velocity of 20 m s-1. Calculate the maximum potential energy it gains as it goes up.

Exercise - 2 (C) | Q 2 | Page 47

A stone of mass 500g is thrown vertically upwards with a velocity of 15 m s-1. Calculate: (a) the potential energy at the greatest height, (b) the kinetic energy on reaching the ground, (c) the total energy at its half-way point.

Exercise - 2 (C) | Q 3.1 | Page 47

A metal ball of mass 2 kg is allowed to fall freely from rest from a height of 5m above the ground.
(Take g = 10 m s-2)

Calculate the potential energy possessed by the ball when initially at rest.

Exercise - 2 (C) | Q 3.2 | Page 47

A metal ball of mass 2kg is allowed to fall freely from rest from a height of 5m above the ground.  

What the kinetic energy of the ball just before it hits the ground ?

Exercise - 2 (C) | Q 3.3 | Page 47

A metal ball of mass 2kg is allowed to fall freely from rest from a height of 5m above the ground.

What happens to the mechanical energy after the ball hits the ground and comes to rest ?

Exercise - 2 (C) | Q 4 | Page 47

The diagram given below shows a ski jump. A skier weighing 60 kg stands at A at the top of ski jump. He moves from A to B and takes off for his jump at B.

(a) Calculate the change in the gravitational potential energy of the skier between A and B.

(b) If 75% of the energy in part (a) becomes kinetic energy at B. Calculate the speed at which the skier arrives at B.
(Take g=10 m s-2)

Exercise - 2 (C) | Q 5 | Page 47

A hydroelectric power station takes its water from a lake whose water level if 50 m above the turbine. Assuming an overall efficiency of 40%, calculate the mass of water which must flow through the turbine each second to produce power output of 1 MV.

Exercise - 2 (C) | Q 6 | Page 47

The bob of a simple pendulum is imparted a velocity 5 m s-1 when it is at its mean position. To what maximum vertical height will it rise on reaching to its extreme position if 60% of its energy is lost in overcome friction of air?

Chapter 2: Work, Energy and Power

Exercise - 2 (A)Exercise - 2 (B)OthersExercise - 2 (C)
Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE - Shaalaa.com

Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE chapter 2 - Work, Energy and Power

Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE chapter 2 (Work, Energy and Power) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CISCE Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

Further, we at Shaalaa.com provide such solutions so that students can prepare for written exams. Selina textbook solutions can be a core help for self-study and acts as a perfect self-help guidance for students.

Concepts covered in Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE chapter 2 Work, Energy and Power are Concept of Work, Energy, Power, Work, Energy, Power - Relation with Force, Different Types of Energy, Concept of Work, Energy, Power (Sum, Numericals ).

Using Selina Class 10 solutions Work, Energy and Power exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in Selina Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CISCE Class 10 prefer Selina Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

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