Share
Notifications

View all notifications

Selina solutions for Concise Chemistry Class 10 ICSE chapter 10 - Study of Compounds - Nitric Acid [Latest edition]

Login
Create free account


      Forgot password?
Textbook page

Chapters

Concise Chemistry Class 10 ICSE - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 10: Study of Compounds - Nitric Acid

Intext QuestionsExercise - 10

Selina solutions for Concise Chemistry Class 10 ICSE Chapter 10 Study of Compounds - Nitric Acid Exercise Intext Questions [Pages 168 - 169]

Intext Questions | Q 1.1 | Page 168

What is : aqua fortis 

Intext Questions | Q 1.2 | Page 168

What is : aqua regia 

Intext Questions | Q 1.3 | Page 168

What is : Fixation of Nitrogen?

Intext Questions | Q 2 | Page 168

During thunderstorm, rain water contains nitric acid. Explain with reactions. 

Intext Questions | Q 3.1 | Page 168

Ammonia is used in the Ostwald process. Give the sources of reactants used in this process. 

Intext Questions | Q 3.2 | Page 168

Ammonia is used in the Ostwald process, Name the catalyst used in the process.

Intext Questions | Q 3.3 | Page 168

Ammonia is used in the Ostwald process, Name the oxidizing agent used in this process.

Intext Questions | Q 3.4 | Page 168

Ammonia is used in the Ostwald process, What is the ratio of ammonia and air taken in this process?

Intext Questions | Q 3.5 | Page 168

Ammonia is used in the Ostwald process, Why is quartz used in this process?

Intext Questions | Q 4 | Page 168

(a) Write a balanced chemical equation for the laboratory preparation of nitric acid.

(b) In the preparation of nitric acid from KNO3, concentrated hydrochloric acid is not used in place of concentrated sulphuric acid. Explain why?

(c) Conc. Nitric acid prepared in the laboratory is yellow in colour . Why? How is this colour removed?

(d) Give reasons for the following:

In the laboratory preparation of nitric acid, the mixture of concentrated sulphuric acid and sodium nitrate should not be heated very strongly above 200oC.

Intext Questions | Q 5.1 | Page 168

Nitric acid cannot be concentrated beyond 68% by the distillation of a dilute solution of HNO3 . State the reason.  

Intext Questions | Q 5.2 | Page 168

What is passive iron? How is passivity removed? 

Intext Questions | Q 6.1 | Page 169

Name the products formed when:  

carbon and conc. Nitric acid is heated 

Intext Questions | Q 6.2 | Page 169

Name the products formed when: 

dilute HNO3 is added to copper. 

Intext Questions | Q 7.1 | Page 169

Give two chemical equations for the following:  

Reactions of nitric acid with non-metals 

Intext Questions | Q 7.2 | Page 169

Give two chemical equations for the following: 

Nitric acid showing as acidic character 

Intext Questions | Q 7.3 | Page 169

Give two chemical equations for the following: 

Nitric acid acting as the oxidizing agent 

Intext Questions | Q 8.1 | Page 169

Write a balanced equation and name the products formed when: 

Sodium hydrogen carbonate is added to nitric acid.

Intext Questions | Q 8.2 | Page 169

Write a balanced equation and name the products formed when: 

cupric oxide reacts with nitric acid 

Intext Questions | Q 8.3 | Page 169

Write a balanced equation and name the products formed when: 

zinc reacts with dilute nitric acid

Intext Questions | Q 8.4 | Page 169

Write a balanced equation and name the products formed when: 

concentrated nitric acid is heated 

Intext Questions | Q 9.1 | Page 169

How will you prepare the following from nitric acid?

Sodium nitrate 

Intext Questions | Q 9.2 | Page 169

How will you prepare the following from nitric acid? 

copper nitrate 

Intext Questions | Q 9.3 | Page 169

How will you prepare the following from nitric acid? 
Lead nitrate 

Intext Questions | Q 9.4 | Page 169

How will you prepare the following from nitric acid? 

Magnesium nitrate 

Intext Questions | Q 9.5 | Page 169

How will you prepare the following from nitric acid? 

Ferric nitrate 

Intext Questions | Q 9.6 | Page 169

How will you prepare the following from nitric acid? 

Aqua regia

Intext Questions | Q 10 | Page 169

Write equation for the following conversions A, B, C and D.  

  

Intext Questions | Q 11.1 | Page 169

Correct the following, if required: 

HNO3 is strong reducing agent.  

Intext Questions | Q 11.2 | Page 169

Correct the following, if required: 

NaNO3 gives NO2 and O2 on heating.

Intext Questions | Q 11.3 | Page 169

Correct the following, if required: 

Constant boiling nitric acid contains 80% nitric acid by weight. 

Intext Questions | Q 11.4 | Page 169

Correct the following, if required: 

Nitric acid remains colourless even when exposed to light. 

Selina solutions for Concise Chemistry Class 10 ICSE Chapter 10 Study of Compounds - Nitric Acid Exercise Exercise - 10 [Pages 170 - 172]

Exercise - 10 | Q 1.1 | Page 170

Choose the correct answer:

The nitrate salt which does not give a mixture of NO2 and O2 on heating is:

  • AgNO3

  • KNO3

  • Cu(NO3)2

  • Zn(NO3)2

Exercise - 10 | Q 1.2 | Page 170

Choose the correct answer: 

The chemical used in the brown ring test is:

  • CuSO4

  • FeSO4

  • Fe2(SO4)3

  • ZnSO4

Exercise - 10 | Q 1.3 | Page 170

Choose the correct answer:

Lead nitrate decomposes on heating to give:

  • NO

  • N2O

  • NO2

  • N2O5

Exercise - 10 | Q 2.1 | Page 170

Name: 

a nitrate of metal which on heating does not give nitrogen dioxide 

Exercise - 10 | Q 2.2 | Page 170

Name: 

a nitrate which on heating leaves no residue behind. 

Exercise - 10 | Q 2.3 | Page 170

Name: 

a metal nitrate which on heating is changed into metal oxide

Exercise - 10 | Q 2.4 | Page 171

Name: 

a metal nitrate which on heating is changed into metal 

Exercise - 10 | Q 2.5 | Page 171

Name: 

a solution which absorbs nitric oxide 

Exercise - 10 | Q 2.6 | Page 171

Name:

The oxide of nitrogen which turns brown on exposure to air. How is it prepared? 

Exercise - 10 | Q 3 | Page 171

Mention three important uses of nitric acid. Give the property of nitric acid involved in the use. 

Exercise - 10 | Q 4.1 | Page 171

Explain with the help of a balanced equation, the brown ring test for nitric acid. 

Exercise - 10 | Q 4.2 | Page 171

why is freshly prepared ferrous sulphate solution used for testing the nitrate radical in the brown ring test? 

Exercise - 10 | Q 5 | Page 171

From the following list of substances, choose one substance in each case which matches the description given below:

Ammonium nitrate, Calcium hydrogen carbonate, copper carbonate, lead nitrate, potassium nitrate, sodium carbonate, sodium hydrogen carbonate, zinc carbonate.

(a) A Substance that gives off only oxygen when heated.

(b) A Substance which on heating decomposes into dinitrogen oxide (nitrous oxide) and steam.

(c) A Substance that gives off oxygen and nitrogen dioxide when heated.

(d) A Substance which on heating leaves a yellow residue.

Exercise - 10 | Q 6 | Page 171

The action of heat on the blue crystalline solid X gives a reddish brown gas Y, a gas which re-lights a glowing splint and leaves a black residue. When gas Z, which has a rotten egg smell, is passed through a solution of X, a black ppt. is formed.

  1. Identify X, Y and Z.
  2. Write the equation for action of heat on X.
  3. Write the equation between solution X and gas Z.
Exercise - 10 | Q 7 | Page 171

X, Y, and Z are three crystalline solids that are soluble in water and have common anion. To help you to identify X, Y and Z you are provided with the following experimental observations. Copy and complete the corresponding inferences in (a) to (e).

(a) A reddish-brown gas is obtained when X, Y, and Z are separately warmed with concentrated sulphuric acid and copper turning added to the mixture.
Inference 1: The common anion is _____ion.

(b) When X is heated, it melts and gives off only one gas which re-lights a glowing splint.
Inference2: The cation in X is either _____ or _____.

(c) The action of heat on Y produces a reddish-brown gas and yellow residue which fuses with a glass of the test tube.
Inference3: The metal ion present in Y is the____ ion.

(d) When Z is heated, it leaves no residue. Warming Z with sodium hydroxide solution liberates a gas that turns moist red litmus paper blue.
Inference4: Z contains the ____ cation.

(e) Write the equations for the following reactions:

  1. X and concentrated sulphuric acid (below 200oC). (One equation only for either of the cations given in Inference 2)
  2. The action of heat on Y.
  3. Concentrated nitric acid is added to copper turnings kept in a beaker.
Exercise - 10 | Q 8.1 | Page 171

Dilute nitric acid is generally considered to be a typical acid except for its reaction with metals. In what way is dilute nitric acid different from other acids when it reacts with metals?

Exercise - 10 | Q 8.2 | Page 171

Write the equation for the reaction of dilute nitric acid and conc. nitric acid with copper.

Exercise - 10 | Q 9.1 | Page 171

Explain why:

Only all-glass apparatus should be used for the preparation of nitric acid by heating concentrated sulphuric acid and potassium nitrate.

Exercise - 10 | Q 9.2 | Page 171

Explain why:

Nitric acid is kept in a reagent bottle for a long time.

Exercise - 10 | Q 10 | Page 171

The figure given below illustrates the apparatus used in the laboratory preparation of nitric acid.

  1. Name A (a liquid), B (a solid) and C (a liquid). (Do not give the formulae).
  2. Write an equation to show how nitric acid undergoes decomposition.
  3. Write the equation for the reaction in which copper isoxidised by concentrated nitric acid.
Exercise - 10 | Q 11.1 | Page 171

A dilute acid B does not normally give hydrogen when reacted with metals but does give a gas when reacts with copper. Identify B. Write the equation with copper.

Exercise - 10 | Q 11.2 | Page 171

Complete the table:

Name of Process

Inputs

Equation

Output

 

Ammonia + Air

 

Nitric acid

Exercise - 10 | Q 11.3 | Page 171

What is the property of nitric acid which allows it to react with copper?

Exercise - 10 | Q 11.4 | Page 172

State one observation for each of the following:
(i) Concentrated nitric acid is reacted with sulphur.
(ii) Lead nitrate is heated strongly in a test tube. 

Chapter 10: Study of Compounds - Nitric Acid

Intext QuestionsExercise - 10
Concise Chemistry Class 10 ICSE - Shaalaa.com

Selina solutions for Concise Chemistry Class 10 ICSE chapter 10 - Study of Compounds - Nitric Acid

Selina solutions for Concise Chemistry Class 10 ICSE chapter 10 (Study of Compounds - Nitric Acid) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CISCE Concise Chemistry Class 10 ICSE solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

Further, we at Shaalaa.com provide such solutions so that students can prepare for written exams. Selina textbook solutions can be a core help for self-study and acts as a perfect self-help guidance for students.

Concepts covered in Concise Chemistry Class 10 ICSE chapter 10 Study of Compounds - Nitric Acid are Nitric Acid as an Oxidizing Agent., Nitric Acid - Laboratory Method of Preparation of Nitric Acid from Potassium Nitrate Or Sodium Nitrate, Concept of Nitric Acid.

Using Selina Class 10 solutions Study of Compounds - Nitric Acid exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in Selina Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CISCE Class 10 prefer Selina Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

Get the free view of chapter 10 Study of Compounds - Nitric Acid Class 10 extra questions for Concise Chemistry Class 10 ICSE and can use Shaalaa.com to keep it handy for your exam preparation

S
View in app×