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Selina solutions for Class 6 Selina Concise Chemistry chapter 3 - Matter [Latest edition]

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Class 6 Selina Concise Chemistry - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 3: Matter

Exercise 1Exercise 2Exercise 3Objective Type QuestionsMultiple Choice QuestionsProjectAdditional Questions for Practice
Exercise 1 [Page undefined]

Selina solutions for Class 6 Selina Concise Chemistry Chapter 3 Matter Exercise 1 [Page undefined]

Exercise 1 | Q 1

Define matter

Exercise 1 | Q 2.1

What are the two main types of matter?

Exercise 1 | Q 2.2

Give two examples for each type of matter

Exercise 1 | Q 3

Differentiate between living and non-living matter.

Exercise 1 | Q 4

Select natural and man made matter from the following list:

Wood, plastic, silk, medicines, detergents, coal, water, ceramic, cotton, glass, nylon, fruits.

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Exercise 2 [Page undefined]

Selina solutions for Class 6 Selina Concise Chemistry Chapter 3 Matter Exercise 2 [Page undefined]

Exercise 2 | Q 1

Name the smallest particle from which matter is made up.

Exercise 2 | Q 2

What are molecules?

Exercise 2 | Q 3

Give one difference between atoms and molecules.

Exercise 2 | Q 4.1

Define Intermodular force of attraction

Exercise 2 | Q 4.2

Define Intermodular space

Exercise 2 | Q 5

Name the three states of matter and define them

Exercise 2 | Q 6

What are fluids? Give two examples

Exercise 2 | Q 7

Classify the following into solids, liquids and gases.

Oxygen, milk, common salt, wax, stone, L.P.G, carbon- dioxide, sugar, mercury, coal, blood, butter, copper, coconut oil, kerosene.

Exercise 2 | Q 8.1

Give reasons

Liquids and gases flow but solids do not?

Exercise 2 | Q 8.2

Give reasons

A gas fills up the space available to it.

Exercise 2 | Q 8.3

Give reasons

 The odour of scent spreads in a room.

Exercise 2 | Q 8.4

Give reasons

We can walk through air

Exercise 2 | Q 8.5

Give reasons

Liquids have definite volume but no definite shape

Exercise 2 | Q 8.6

Give reasons

When a teaspoon of sugar is added to half a glass of water and stirred, the water level in the glass remains unchanged.

Exercise 2 | Q 8.7

Give reasons

When an empty gas jar is inverted over a gas jar containing a coloured gas, the gas also spreads into the empty jar

Exercise 2 | Q 8.8

Give reasons

 A red ink drop added to small amount of water in a glass turns the water red in some time.

Exercise 2 | Q 9.1

Define: cohesive force

Exercise 2 | Q 9.2

Define: diffusion

Exercise 2 | Q 9.3

Define: Brownian movement

Exercise 2 | Q 10

Why is an egg kicked out of a bottle when air is blown inside the bottle?

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Exercise 3 [Page undefined]

Selina solutions for Class 6 Selina Concise Chemistry Chapter 3 Matter Exercise 3 [Page undefined]

Exercise 3 | Q 1

State the three effects of heat on matter

Exercise 3 | Q 2.1

 Define: interconversion of states of matter.

Exercise 3 | Q 2.2

What are the two conditions for the interconversion of states of matter?

Exercise 3 | Q 3.1

Define the following terms: Fusion

Exercise 3 | Q 3.2

Define the following terms: Vaporisation

Exercise 3 | Q 3.3

Define the following terms: Condensation

Exercise 3 | Q 3.4

Define the following terms: Sublimation

Exercise 3 | Q 3.5

Define the following terms: Diffusion

Exercise 3 | Q 3.6

Define the following terms:  Melting point

Exercise 3 | Q 3.7

Define the following terms: Boiling point

Exercise 3 | Q 3.8

Define the following terms: Liquefaction

Exercise 3 | Q 4.1

Differentiate between: Solidification and condensation

Exercise 3 | Q 4.2

Differentiate between: Melting and boiling 

Exercise 3 | Q 4.3

Differentiate between: Gas and vapour

Exercise 3 | Q 4.4

Differentiate between: Miscible and immiscible liquids.

Exercise 3 | Q 5.1

Give reasons:

 How is interconversion of states of matter different from chemical reaction?

Exercise 3 | Q 5.2

Give reasons:

Why a solid does not flow, but a liquid flows?

Exercise 3 | Q 6

How does a liquid changes into its gaseous state? Explain

Exercise 3 | Q 7

Water cycle is an example of interconversion of states of water. Explain

Exercise 3 | Q 8

What happens to a metal ball when it is heated? What does this show?

Exercise 3 | Q 9

Why does a candle become smaller on burning with time?

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Objective Type Questions [Page undefined]

Selina solutions for Class 6 Selina Concise Chemistry Chapter 3 Matter Objective Type Questions [Page undefined]

Objective Type Questions | Q 1.1

Fill in the blanks:

Water is a matter because it has ______ and occupies ______.

Objective Type Questions | Q 1.2

Fill in the blanks:

Any matter which has a definite ______ but no definite shape is called a ______.

Objective Type Questions | Q 1.3

Fill in the blanks:

 ______ and ______ can flow.

Objective Type Questions | Q 1.4

Fill in the blanks:

The molecules are at a greater distance in ______ compared to liquids.

Objective Type Questions | Q 1.5

Fill in the blanks:

Water boils at ______.

Objective Type Questions | Q 1.6

Fill in the blanks:

The physical state of a substance, which has neither fixed volume nor fixed shape is a ______.

Objective Type Questions | Q 2.1

Write whether the following statements are true or false:

Only water can exist in three different states

  • True

  • False

Objective Type Questions | Q 2.2

Write whether the following statement is true or false:

If the container in which a gas is collected has an opening, the gas will flow out and spread itself indefinitely

  • True

  • False

Objective Type Questions | Q 2.3

Write whether the following statement is true or false:

Solids have the larger inter-molecular space

  • True

  • False

Objective Type Questions | Q 2.4

Write whether the following statement is true or false:

 There is no difference between evaporation and boiling

  • True

  • False

Objective Type Questions | Q 2.5

Write whether the following statement is true or false:

All solids, on heating, first change to the liquid and then to the gaseous state always

  • True

  • False

Objective Type Questions | Q 2.6

Write whether the following statement is true or false:

The intermolecular force of attraction is the weakest in gases.

  • True

  • False

Objective Type Questions | Q 2.7

Write whether the following statement is true or false:

A gas has no free surface.

  • True

  • False

Objective Type Questions | Q 3.1

For the following statement, say whether it describes a solid, a liquid or a gas.

Particles move about very quickly but do not leave the surface

  • Solid

  • Liquid

  • Gas

Objective Type Questions | Q 3.2

For the following statement, say whether it describes a solid, a liquid or a gas.

Particles are quite close together

  • Solid

  • Liquid

  • Gas

Objective Type Questions | Q 3.3

For the following statement, say whether it describes a solid, a liquid or a gas.

Particles are far apart and move in all directions

  • Solid

  • Liquid

  • Gas

Objective Type Questions | Q 4

Match the following

Column A Column B
a Solids 1 Can flow in all directions
b Sublimination 2 The temperature at which a liquid changes into its gaseous state
c Boiling Point 3 Can have any number of free surfaces
d Gases 4 Gaps between particles
e Intermolecular space 5 Change of state from solid to gas
Objective Type Questions | Q 5.1

Name the phenomenon which causes the following changes:

Formation of water vapour from water

Objective Type Questions | Q 5.2

Name the phenomenon which causes the following changes:

Disappearance of camphor when exposed to air

Objective Type Questions | Q 5.3

Name the phenomenon which causes the following changes:

Conversion of ice into water

Objective Type Questions | Q 5.4

Name the phenomenon which causes the following changes:

Conversion of water into steam

Objective Type Questions | Q 6.1

Give two examples of the following:

Substances which sublime.

Objective Type Questions | Q 6.2

Give two examples of the following:

Substances which do not change their states.

Objective Type Questions | Q 6.3

Give two examples of the following:

Substances which are rigid and not compressible

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Multiple Choice Questions [Page undefined]

Selina solutions for Class 6 Selina Concise Chemistry Chapter 3 Matter Multiple Choice Questions [Page undefined]

Multiple Choice Questions | Q 1

 Which one is a kind of matter

  • light

  • petroleum

  • sound

  • heat

Multiple Choice Questions | Q 2

The state of matter which has no definite shape or volume is called

  • solid

  • liquid

  • gas

  • water

Multiple Choice Questions | Q 3

There are large intermolecular gaps in

  • water

  • iron ball

  • common salt

  • air

Multiple Choice Questions | Q 4

All kinds of matter

  •  occupy space and have a definite mass

  •  have mass and a definite shape

  •  can change their states

  • have a definite volume

Multiple Choice Questions | Q 5

A kind of matter which can sublime is

  • water

  • plastic

  • milk

  • iodine

Multiple Choice Questions | Q 6

A substance which can change its state

  • wood

  • oxygen

  • paper

  • cloth

Multiple Choice Questions | Q 7

The process by which a solid changes into a liquid is called

  • freezing

  • melting

  • condensation

  • evaporation

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Project [Page undefined]

Selina solutions for Class 6 Selina Concise Chemistry Chapter 3 Matter Project [Page undefined]

Project | Q 1

Fill the following chart showing twelve solids, twelve liquids, four gases and eight materials.

Project | Q 2

Think and try to find a way to demonstrate water cycle in class

Project | Q 3

To identify materials of common use
Procedure – Just move around in your house – in the drawing room, sitting room, bedroom, kitchen, bathroom etc. Identify the things and All in the blanks in the table given below

No. Place Name of the thing Material used for making the thing
1 Study room    
2 Drawing room    
3 Kitchen    
4 bathroom    
5 Any other place    
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Additional Questions for Practice [Page undefined]

Selina solutions for Class 6 Selina Concise Chemistry Chapter 3 Matter Additional Questions for Practice [Page undefined]

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 1.1

Explain the term ‘matter'

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 1.2

One kind of matter can be distinguished from another by its physical properties and chemical properties.

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 1.3

State the main physical properties of matter.

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 2

The three main states of matter are solids, liquids, and gases. Compare the three states with reference to the following characteristics of matter

(a) volume
(b) shape
(c) compressibility
(d) diffusion.

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 3

Matter in any state is composed of particles. Compare the three states of matter i,e. solids, liquids, and gases with reference to:

(a) intermolecular space
(b) the intermolecular force of attraction
(c) movement of particles

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 4.1

Describe simple experiments to prove that solids occupy space

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 4.2

Describe simple experiments to prove that solids have mass

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 4.3

Describe simple experiments to prove that solids have a definite volume

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 5.1

Describe simple experiments to prove that liquids have mass

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 5.2

Describe simple experiments to prove that liquids have a definite volume

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 5.3

Describe simple experiments to prove that liquids have no definite shape

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 6.1

Describe simple experiments to prove that gases occupy space.

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 6.2

Describe simple experiments to prove that gases have mass.

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 6.3

Describe simple experiments to prove that gases have no definite volume or shape.

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 7

Explain the term ‘Interconversion of matter’. With reference to ice, water, and water vapour show diagrammatically the change of state of matter from solid to liquid to gaseous and back to the original state.

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 8.1

Explain the term melting

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 8.2

Explain the term vaporization

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 8.3

Explain the term condensation

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 8.4

Explain the term freezing

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 8.5

Explain the term melting point

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 8.6

Explain the term boiling point

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 9

State what would you observe if

(a) sugar is added to pebbles take in a plastic beaker
(b) sand is added to glass balls in a beaker.  What would you conclude from this imaginative demonstration?

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 10

With the help of a simple diagram how would you show that – solids expand on heating

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 11.1

Give reasons for the following:

Solids have a definite shape and are highly rigid while gases have to definite shape and are least rigid.

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 11.2

Give reasons for the following:

Sugar can be distinguished from talcum powder using water.

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 11.3

Give reasons for the following:

Water on freezing turns into ice.

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 11.4

Give reasons for the following:

A bottle of perfume on opening evolves an odour which can be sensed over a long distance.

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 12.1

Complete the statement given below by selecting the correct word.

Solids and liquids have a definite ____ but gases do not.

  • mass

  • shape

  • volume

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 12.2

Complete the statement given below by selecting the correct word.

The space between atoms in gases is maximum while in ____ is minimum,

  • solids

  • liquids

  • gases

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 12.3

Complete the statement given below by selecting the correct word.

The conversation of vapour into a liquid is called ____.

  • vaporization

  • condensation

  • freezing

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 12.4

Complete the statement given below by selecting the correct word.

____ is an example of a crystalline substance.

  • Wax

  • sugar

  • tea

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 13.1

State which of the following statement is true or false. If false write the correct statement.

Solids are highly compressible and rigid.

  • True

  • False

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 13.2

State which of the following statement is true or false. If false write the correct statement.

Atoms/molecules in gases move only about their own positions.

  • True

  • False

Additional Questions for Practice | Q 13.3

State which of the following statement is true or false. If false write the correct statement.

The conversion of water to ice is called freezing.

  • True

  • False

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Objective Type Questions [Page undefined]

Selina solutions for Class 6 Selina Concise Chemistry Chapter 3 Matter Objective Type Questions [Page undefined]

Objective Type Questions | Q 1.1

Fill in the blank with the correct word Given below.

From the three states of matter, _____ expand the least.

  • solids

  • liquids

  • gases

Objective Type Questions | Q 1.2

Fill in the blank with the correct word Given below.

Brownian movement is maximum in ____.

  • gases

  • solids

  • liquids

Objective Type Questions | Q 1.3

Fill in the blank with the correct word Given below.

Cohesive forces are negligible in ____

  • liquids

  • solids

  • gases

Objective Type Questions | Q 1.4

Fill in the blank with the correct word Given below.

Matter can change from one state to another by the change in ____

  • temperature or pressure

  • temperature only

Objective Type Questions | Q 1.5

Fill in the blank with the correct word Given below.

The space between atoms’ [molecules] of solids is ____

  • minimum

  • maximum

Objective Type Questions | Q 1.6

Fill in the blank with the correct word Given below.

Intermingling of molecules is called ____

  • perforation

  • diffusion

Objective Type Questions | Q 1.7

Fill in the blanks with the correct word/s from the bracket.

Ice on absorption of heat converts to ‘X’ a process called ____ [vaporization / melting]. ‘X’ changes to water vapour on ____ [heating / cooling]. Water vapour changes back to ‘X’ on ____ [freezing / condensation]. The constant temperature at which ice changes into ‘X’ is called its ____ [fusion point / melting point / boiling point].

Objective Type Questions | Q 2.01

State if the following is a physical property of a substance.

Chlorine gas has a – strong irritating odor.

  • Physical

  • Chemical

Objective Type Questions | Q 2.02

State if the following is a physical property of a substance.

Sodium nitrate is soluble in water, but calcium carbonate is not.

  • Physical

  • Chemical

Objective Type Questions | Q 2.03

State if the following is a physical property of a substance.

Magnesium reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid, liberating hydrogen gas.

  • Physical

  • Chemical

Objective Type Questions | Q 2.04

State if the following is a physical property of a substance.

Manganese dioxide, a catalyst which alters the rate of a chemical reaction is black in colour.

  • Physical

  • Chemical

Objective Type Questions | Q 2.05

State if the following is a physical property of a substance.

The melting point of ice is 0°C.

  • Physical

  • Chemical

Objective Type Questions | Q 2.06

State if the following is a physical property of a substance.

Lead chloride reacts with barium sulphate to give a white precipitate of lead sulphate.

  • Physical

  • Chemical

Objective Type Questions | Q 2.07

State if the following is a physical property of a substance.

Water acidified with dilute sulphuric acid is a good conductor of electricity.

  • Physical

  • Chemical

Objective Type Questions | Q 2.08

State if the following is a physical property of a substance.

Naphthalene on heating directly turns into vapour.

  • Physical

  • Chemical

Objective Type Questions | Q 2.09

State if the following is a physical property of a substance.

Hydrogen sulphide gas has a strong rotten egg odour.

  • Physical

  • Chemical

Objective Type Questions | Q 2.1

State if the following is a physical property of a substance.

Sulphur is a yellow amorphous powder insoluble in water.

  • Physical

  • Chemical

Objective Type Questions | Q 3

Match the characteristics of the three states of matter in List I with their correct answer from List II.

List I List II
1. Are highly rigid and have a definite shape A: Solids and gases only
2. Have no definite shape B: Solids only
3. Have definite volume but no definite shape C: Liquids and gases only 
4. Are highly compressible and least rigid D: Gases only
5. Have no definite volume E: Solid, liquids and gases
6. Have no definite shape and volume

F: liquids only

7. Occupy space G: Solids and liquids only
8. Are not compressible  
9. Are slightly compressible   
10. Have mass  
Objective Type Questions | Q 4

Match the arrangement of atoms in the three states of matter in List I with the correct state in List II.

List I List II
1. Arrangement of atoms is far apart A: Solids
2. Force of attraction between atoms is very strong B: Liquids
3. Movement of atoms is in any random direction C: Gases
4. Particles diffuse very easily  
5. Particles show movement about their own position  
Objective Type Questions | Q 5

State the correct term from A, B, C, D, E, or F in List II which represents the change of state of matter or its relevant property from List I.

List I List II
1. Solid 'X' to a Liquid 'X' A: Condensation
2. Liquid 'Y' to its vapour 'Z' B: Vaporization
3. 'Z' to 'Y' C: Melting
4. 'Y' to 'X' D: Freezing
5. The temperature at which 'Y' changes to 'Z' E: Melting point
  F: Boiling point
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Chapter 3: Matter

Exercise 1Exercise 2Exercise 3Objective Type QuestionsMultiple Choice QuestionsProjectAdditional Questions for Practice
Class 6 Selina Concise Chemistry - Shaalaa.com

Selina solutions for Class 6 Selina Concise Chemistry chapter 3 - Matter

Selina solutions for Class 6 Selina Concise Chemistry chapter 3 (Matter) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CISCE Class 6 Selina Concise Chemistry solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

Further, we at Shaalaa.com provide such solutions so that students can prepare for written exams. Selina textbook solutions can be a core help for self-study and acts as a perfect self-help guidance for students.

Concepts covered in Class 6 Selina Concise Chemistry chapter 3 Matter are Concept of States of Matter, Classification of Matter into Solid, Liquid and Gas on the Basis of Properties (Shape, Volume), Factors Responsible for the Existence of Matter in Different States, Arrangement of Atoms/ Molecules in Solids, Liquids and Gases: - (Intermolecular Space, Cohesive Forces), Concept for Space Between the Particles of Matter, Effect of Heat on Matter - Expansion, Effect of Heat on Matter - Change of State, Effect of Heat on Matter - Chemical Change.

Using Selina Class 6 solutions Matter exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in Selina Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CISCE Class 6 prefer Selina Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

Get the free view of chapter 3 Matter Class 6 extra questions for Class 6 Selina Concise Chemistry and can use Shaalaa.com to keep it handy for your exam preparation

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