#### Chapters

Chapter 2: Mechanical Properties of fluids

Chapter 3: Kinetic Theory of gases and Radiation

Chapter 4: Thermodynamics

Chapter 5: Oscillations

Chapter 6: Superposition of Waves

Chapter 7: Wave Optics

Chapter 8: Electrostatics

Chapter 9: Current Electricity

Chapter 10: Magnetic Effect of Electric Current

Chapter 11: Magnetic materials

Chapter 12: Electromagnetic Induction

Chapter 13: AC Circuits

Chapter 14: Dual Nature Of Radiation And Matter

Chapter 15: Structure of Atoms and Nuclei

Chapter 16: Semiconductors Devices

## Chapter 1: Rotational Dynamics

### SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 1 Rotational Dynamics MCQ’s

#### 1 Mark Each

A diver in a swimming pool bends his head before diving. It ______

Increases his linear velocity

Decreases his angular velocity

Increases his moment of inertia

Decreases his moment of inertia

The angular momentum of a system of particles is conserved ______

When no external force acts upon the system

When no external torque acts upon the system

When no external impulse acts upon the system

When the axis of rotation remains the same

A stone is tied to one end of a string. Holding the other end, the string is whirled in a horizontal plane with progressively increasing speed. It breaks at some speed because ______

The gravitational forces of the earth are greater than the tension in the string

The required centripetal force is greater than the tension sustained by the string

The required centripetal force is lesser than the tension in the string

The centripetal force is greater than the weight of the stone

The moment of inertia of a circular loop of radius R, at a distance of R/2 around a rotating axis parallel to horizontal diameter of the loop is ______

½ MR

^{2 }¾ MR

^{2 }MR

^{2 }2MR

^{2 }

A 500 kg car takes a round turn of the radius of 50m with a velocity of 36 km/hr. The centripetal force is ______

250N

750N

1000N

1200N

A cyclist riding a bicycle at a speed of `14sqrt3` m/s takes a turn around a circular road of radius `20sqrt3` m without skidding. Given g = 9.8 m/s^{2}, what is his inclination to the vertical ______

30°

45°

60°

90°

A string of length ℓ fixed at one end carries a mass m at the other. The string makes 2/π revolutions/sec around the vertical axis through the fixed end. The tension in the string is ______

2 ml

4 ml

8 ml

16 ml

### SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 1 Rotational Dynamics Very Short Answer

#### 1 Mark Each

Find the radius of gyration of a uniform disc about an axis perpendicular to its plane and passing through its center.

Does the angle of banking depend on the mass of the vehicle?

During ice ballet, while in the outer rounds, why do the dancers outstretch their arms and legs.

State the principle of conservation of angular momentum.

Two bodies have their moments of inertia I and 2I respectively about their axis of rotation. If their kinetic energies of rotation are equal, then what is the ratio of their angular velocity.

A hollow sphere has a radius of 6.4 m. what is the minimum velocity required by a motorcyclist at the bottom to complete the circle.

A bend in a level road has a radius of 100m. find the maximum speed which a car turning this bend may have without skidding if the coefficient of friction between the tires and road is 0.8.

### SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 1 Rotational Dynamics Short Answer I

#### 2 Marks Each

A flywheel is revolving with a constant angular velocity. A chip of its rim breaks and flies away. What will be the effect on its angular velocity?

The moment of inertia of a uniform circular disc about a tangent in its own plane is 5/4MR^{2} where M is the mass and R is the radius of the disc. Find its moment of inertia about an axis through its centre and perpendicular to its plane.

Derive an expression for maximum safety speed with which a vehicle should move along a curved horizontal road. State the significance of it.

The moment of inertia of a body about a given axis is 1.2 kgm^{2}. initially, the body is at rest. For what duration on the angular acceleration of 25 radian/sec^{2} must be applied about that axis in order to produce rotational kinetic energy of 1500 joule?

A bucket containing water is tied to one end of a rope 5 m long and it is rotated in a vertical circle about the other end. Find the number of rotations per minute in order that the water in the bucket may not spill.

A body weighing 0.5 kg tied to a string is projected with a velocity of 10 m/s. The body starts whirling in a vertical circle. If the radius of the circle is 0.8 m, find the tension in the string when the body is at the top of the circle.

### SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 1 Rotational Dynamics Short Answer II

#### 3 Marks Each

Derive an expression for the kinetic energy of a rotating body with uniform angular velocity.

Obtain an expression for torque acting on a rotating body with constant angular acceleration. Hence state the dimensions and SI unit of torque.

Derive an expression for the difference in tensions at the highest and lowest point for a particle performing the vertical circular motion.

Obtain an expression for the angular momentum of a body rotating with uniform angular velocity.

A railway track goes around a curve having a radius of curvature of 1 km. The distance between the rails is 1 m. Find the elevation of the outer rail above the inner rail so that there is no side pressure against the rails when a train goes around the curve at 36 km/hr.

A flywheel of mass 8 kg and radius 10 cm rotating with a uniform angular speed of 5 rad/sec about its axis of rotation, is subjected to an accelerating torque of 0.01 Nm for 10 seconds. Calculate the change in its angular momentum and change in its kinetic energy.

Two wheels of the moment of inertia 4 kgm^{2} rotate side by side at the rate of 120 rev/min and 240 rev/min respectively in the opposite directions. If now both the wheels are coupled by means of a weightless shaft so that both the wheels rotate with a common angular speed. Calculate the new speed of rotation.

### SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 1 Rotational Dynamics Long Answer

#### 4 Marks Each

State and explain the theorem of parallel axes.

What is a conical pendulum? Obtain an expression for its time period

Obtain an expression for maximum safety speed with which a vehicle can be safely driven along a curved banked road.

**OR**

Show that the angle of banking is independent of the mass of the vehicle.

## Chapter 1: Rotational Dynamics

## SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 chapter 1 - Rotational Dynamics

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Concepts covered in 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 chapter 1 Rotational Dynamics are Rotational Dynamics, Characteristics of Circular Motion, Applications of Uniform Circular Motion, Vertical Circular Motion, Moment of Inertia as an Analogous Quantity for Mass, Radius of Gyration, Theorems of Perpendicular and Parallel Axes, Torque and Angular Momentum, Conservation of Angular Momentum, Rolling Motion.

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