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# SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 chapter 1 - Rotational Dynamics [Latest edition]

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#### Chapters ## Chapter 1: Rotational Dynamics

MCQ’sVery Short AnswerShort Answer IShort Answer IILong Answer
MCQ’s

### SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 1 Rotational Dynamics MCQ’s

#### 1 Mark Each

MCQ’s | Q 1

A diver in a swimming pool bends his head before diving. It ______

• Increases his linear velocity

• Decreases his angular velocity

• Increases his moment of inertia

• Decreases his moment of inertia

MCQ’s | Q 2

The angular momentum of a system of particles is conserved ______

• When no external force acts upon the system

• When no external torque acts upon the system

• When no external impulse acts upon the system

• When the axis of rotation remains the same

MCQ’s | Q 3

A stone is tied to one end of a string. Holding the other end, the string is whirled in a horizontal plane with progressively increasing speed. It breaks at some speed because ______

• The gravitational forces of the earth are greater than the tension in the string

• The required centripetal force is greater than the tension sustained by the string

• The required centripetal force is lesser than the tension in the string

• The centripetal force is greater than the weight of the stone

MCQ’s | Q 4

The moment of inertia of a circular loop of radius R, at a distance of R/2 around a rotating axis parallel to horizontal diameter of the loop is ______

• ½ MR

• ¾ MR

• MR

• 2MR

MCQ’s | Q 5

A 500 kg car takes a round turn of the radius of 50m with a velocity of 36 km/hr. The centripetal force is ______

• 250N

• 750N

• 1000N

• 1200N

MCQ’s | Q 6

A cyclist riding a bicycle at a speed of 14sqrt3 m/s takes a turn around a circular road of radius 20sqrt3 m without skidding. Given g = 9.8 m/s2, what is his inclination to the vertical ______

• 30°

• 45°

• 60°

• 90°

MCQ’s | Q 7

A string of length ℓ fixed at one end carries a mass m at the other. The string makes 2/π revolutions/sec around the vertical axis through the fixed end. The tension in the string is ______

• 2 ml

• 4 ml

• 8 ml

• 16 ml

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Very Short Answer

### SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 1 Rotational Dynamics Very Short Answer

#### 1 Mark Each

Very Short Answer | Q 1

Find the radius of gyration of a uniform disc about an axis perpendicular to its plane and passing through its center.

Very Short Answer | Q 2

Does the angle of banking depend on the mass of the vehicle?

Very Short Answer | Q 3

During ice ballet, while in the outer rounds, why do the dancers outstretch their arms and legs.

Very Short Answer | Q 4

State the principle of conservation of angular momentum.

Very Short Answer | Q 5

Two bodies have their moments of inertia I and 2I respectively about their axis of rotation. If their kinetic energies of rotation are equal, then what is the ratio of their angular velocity.

Very Short Answer | Q 6

A hollow sphere has a radius of 6.4 m. what is the minimum velocity required by a motorcyclist at the bottom to complete the circle.

Very Short Answer | Q 7

A bend in a level road has a radius of 100m. find the maximum speed which a car turning this bend may have without skidding if the coefficient of friction between the tires and road is 0.8.

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Short Answer I

### SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 1 Rotational Dynamics Short Answer I

#### 2 Marks Each

Short Answer I | Q 1

A flywheel is revolving with a constant angular velocity. A chip of its rim breaks and flies away. What will be the effect on its angular velocity?

Short Answer I | Q 2

The moment of inertia of a uniform circular disc about a tangent in its own plane is 5/4MR2 where M is the mass and R is the radius of the disc. Find its moment of inertia about an axis through its centre and perpendicular to its plane.

Short Answer I | Q 3

Derive an expression for maximum safety speed with which a vehicle should move along a curved horizontal road. State the significance of it.

Short Answer I | Q 4

The moment of inertia of a body about a given axis is 1.2 kgm2. initially, the body is at rest. For what duration on the angular acceleration of 25 radian/sec2 must be applied about that axis in order to produce rotational kinetic energy of 1500 joule?

Short Answer I | Q 5

A bucket containing water is tied to one end of a rope 5 m long and it is rotated in a vertical circle about the other end. Find the number of rotations per minute in order that the water in the bucket may not spill.

Short Answer I | Q 6

A body weighing 0.5 kg tied to a string is projected with a velocity of 10 m/s. The body starts whirling in a vertical circle. If the radius of the circle is 0.8 m, find the tension in the string when the body is at the top of the circle.

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Short Answer II

### SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 1 Rotational Dynamics Short Answer II

#### 3 Marks Each

Short Answer II | Q 1

Derive an expression for the kinetic energy of a rotating body with uniform angular velocity.

Short Answer II | Q 2

Obtain an expression for torque acting on a rotating body with constant angular acceleration. Hence state the dimensions and SI unit of torque.

Short Answer II | Q 3

Derive an expression for the difference in tensions at the highest and lowest point for a particle performing the vertical circular motion.

Short Answer II | Q 4

Obtain an expression for the angular momentum of a body rotating with uniform angular velocity.

Short Answer II | Q 5

A railway track goes around a curve having a radius of curvature of 1 km. The distance between the rails is 1 m. Find the elevation of the outer rail above the inner rail so that there is no side pressure against the rails when a train goes around the curve at 36 km/hr.

Short Answer II | Q 6

A flywheel of mass 8 kg and radius 10 cm rotating with a uniform angular speed of 5 rad/sec about its axis of rotation, is subjected to an accelerating torque of 0.01 Nm for 10 seconds. Calculate the change in its angular momentum and change in its kinetic energy.

Short Answer II | Q 7

Two wheels of the moment of inertia 4 kgm2 rotate side by side at the rate of 120 rev/min and 240 rev/min respectively in the opposite directions. If now both the wheels are coupled by means of a weightless shaft so that both the wheels rotate with a common angular speed. Calculate the new speed of rotation.

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Long Answer

### SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 1 Rotational Dynamics Long Answer

#### 4 Marks Each

Long Answer | Q 1

State and explain the theorem of parallel axes.

Long Answer | Q 2

What is a conical pendulum? Obtain an expression for its time period

Long Answer | Q 3

Obtain an expression for maximum safety speed with which a vehicle can be safely driven along a curved banked road.

OR

Show that the angle of banking is independent of the mass of the vehicle.

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## Chapter 1: Rotational Dynamics

MCQ’sVery Short AnswerShort Answer IShort Answer IILong Answer ## SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 chapter 1 - Rotational Dynamics

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 chapter 1 (Rotational Dynamics) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the Maharashtra State Board 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

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Concepts covered in 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 chapter 1 Rotational Dynamics are Rotational Dynamics, Characteristics of Circular Motion, Applications of Uniform Circular Motion, Vertical Circular Motion, Moment of Inertia as an Analogous Quantity for Mass, Radius of Gyration, Theorems of Perpendicular and Parallel Axes, Torque and Angular Momentum, Conservation of Angular Momentum, Rolling Motion.

Using SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank 12th Board Exam solutions Rotational Dynamics exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of Maharashtra State Board 12th Board Exam prefer SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

Get the free view of chapter 1 Rotational Dynamics 12th Board Exam extra questions for 12th Standard HSC Physics Maharashtra State Board 2021 and can use Shaalaa.com to keep it handy for your exam preparation

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