Maharashtra State BoardHSC Arts 12th Board Exam
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SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 chapter 5 - Secondary Economic Activities [Latest edition]

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12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 5: Secondary Economic Activities

Choose the correct option and complete the sentenceComplete the chainIdentify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- ReasoningIdentify the correct groupState whether right or wrong:Give geographical reasonsDifferentiate betweenObserve the following map and answer the questions given below:Write short notesRead the following passage and answer the question given belowDraw diagrams and label itWrite answers in detail
Choose the correct option and complete the sentence

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 5 Secondary Economic Activities Choose the correct option and complete the sentence

Choose the correct option and complete the sentence

Choose the correct option and complete the sentence | Q 1

The products obtained from the primary economic activities are used as raw material in ______ economic activities.

  • primary

  • secondary

  • tertiary

  • quaternary

Choose the correct option and complete the sentence | Q 2

Many governments support establishing zones or regions which are specially developed for industrial production. In India, they are called ______.

  • SEZ

  • transportation zone

  • market zone

  • commercial zone

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Complete the chain

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 5 Secondary Economic Activities Complete the chain

Complete the chain | Q 1

Complete the chain

Sr. No. A B C
1. Small-scale industries Manual manufacturing Ceramics
2. Cottage industries Skilled crafts person Tata Iron and Steel company
3. Consumer goods Individual Potters
4. Private Ready for direct consumption Pharmaceutical
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Identify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- Reasoning

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 5 Secondary Economic Activities Identify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- Reasoning

Identify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- Reasoning

Identify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- Reasoning | Q 1

Assertion: In India, industries are found concentrated in few areas.

Reason: India is predominantly agrarian country.

  • Only Assertion is correct.

  • Only Reason is correct.

  • Both Assertion and Reason correct and Reason is correct explanation of Assertion.

  • Both Assertion and Reason correct but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion.

Identify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- Reasoning | Q 2

Assertion: The humid climate of Mumbai offered great scope for the development of cotton textile industries.

Reason: Industries require ample amount of water.

  • Only Assertion is correct.

  • Only Reason is correct.

  • Both Assertion and Reason correct and Reason is correct explanation of Assertion.

  • Both Assertion and Reason correct but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion.

Identify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- Reasoning | Q 3

Assertion: In India, diversity is found in industrial production.

Reason: India is predominantly agrarian country.

  • Only Assertion is correct.

  • Only Reason is correct.

  • Both Assertion and Reason correct and Reason is correct explanation of Assertion.

  • Both Assertion and Reason correct but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion.

Identify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- Reasoning | Q 4

Assertion: Some factors are unfavourable for the development of industries in South America.

Reason: Most of the region in South America is occupied by Amazon River basin

  • Only Assertion is correct.

  • Only Reason is correct.

  • Both Assertion and Reason correct and Reason is correct explanation of Assertion.

  • Both Assertion and Reason correct but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion.

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Identify the correct group

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 5 Secondary Economic Activities Identify the correct group

Identify the correct group | Q 1

Identify the correct group

Classification of industries based on raw material:

  • Hunting – fishery – lumbering – animal husbandry

  • Based on agriculture – based on marine production – based on minerals – based on forests

  • Trade – transportation – communication – other services

Identify the correct group | Q 2

Identify the correct group

Secondary activities of man:

  • Hunting – fishery – lumbering – animal husbandry

  • Based on agriculture – heavy industries – micro, small and medium industries – cottage industries

  • Trade – transportation – communication – other services

Identify the correct group | Q 3

Identify the correct group

Agro based industries:

  • Sugar industries – textile industries – food processing industries – fruits and Vegetables processing industry

  • Based on agriculture – heavy industries – micro, small and medium industries – cottage industries

  • Trade – transportation – communication – other services

Identify the correct group | Q 4

Identify the correct group

Marine based industries:

  • Sugar industries – textile industries – food processing industries – fruits and Vegetables processing industry

  • Processing and canning of fish – sea shells – ornamental objects – fish oil 

  • Trade – transportation – communication – other services

Identify the correct group | Q 5

Identify the correct group

Pastoral based industries:

  • Sugar industries – textile industries – food processing industries – fruits and Vegetables processing industry

  • Processing and canning of fish – sea shells – ornamental objects – fish oil

  • Meat processing – dairy processing – leather – bone, horn

Identify the correct group | Q 6

Identify the correct group

Factors affecting on the location of industries:

  • Land availability – supply of water and electricity – availability of raw material – climate

  • Labour – Industries – trade and market – transportation

  • Proximity to market – capital – SEZ – split location

Identify the correct group | Q 7

Identify the correct group

Industries based on ownership:

  • Sugar industries – textile industries – food processing industries – fruits and Vegetables processing industry

  • Public sector – private sector – joint sector – co-operative sector

  • Meat processing – dairy processing – leather – bone, horn

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State whether right or wrong:

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 5 Secondary Economic Activities State whether right or wrong:

State whether right or wrong: | Q 1

State whether right or wrong:

Classification of industries is based on size, source of raw material, nature of production and ownership.

  • Right

  • Wrong

State whether right or wrong: | Q 2

State whether right or wrong:

Industries are less developed on the eastern coast of U.S.A.

  • Right

  • Wrong

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Give geographical reasons

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 5 Secondary Economic Activities Give geographical reasons

Give geographical reasons | Q 1

Give geographical reason

Industries are developed on the western coast of USA.

Give geographical reasons | Q 2

Give geographical reason

Distribution of industries is uneven.

Give geographical reasons | Q 3

Give geographical reason

Iron and steel industries are found in mineral rich area of Dhanbad.

Give geographical reasons | Q 4

Give geographical reason

Fruit-processing industries are found in Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg districts of Konkan region.

Give geographical reasons | Q 5

Give geographical reason

What are the major factors which have hindered the growth of industries in South America?

Give geographical reasons | Q 6

Give geographical reason

What factors are responsible for non- development of industries in Central Australia?

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Differentiate between

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 5 Secondary Economic Activities Differentiate between

Differentiate between | Q 1

Differentiate between

Weight-losing and Weight-gaining industries

Differentiate between | Q 2

Differentiate between

Primary and Secondary activities

Differentiate between | Q 3

Differentiate between

Basic industries and Consumer industries

Differentiate between | Q 4

Differentiate between

Agriculture based industries and Mineral based industries

Differentiate between | Q 5

Differentiate between

Forest based industries and Pastoral based industries

Differentiate between | Q 6

Differentiate between

Large-scale industries and Micro, small and medium industries

Differentiate between | Q 7

Differentiate between

Heavy industries and Consumer industries

Differentiate between | Q 8

Differentiate between

Cottage industries and Ancillary industries

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Observe the following map and answer the questions given below:

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 5 Secondary Economic Activities Observe the following map and answer the questions given below:

Observe the following map and answer the questions given below: | Q 1

Observe the following map and answer the question given below:

Question: 

  1. What is the title of the map? 
  2. In which continent industrial region is high?
  3. In which continent industrial region is less?
  4. Write names of Industrial regions of Australia?
  5. Write names of Industrial regions of India.
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Write short notes

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 5 Secondary Economic Activities Write short notes

Write short notes | Q 1

Write short note

Classification of industries based on ownership

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Write short notes

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 5 Secondary Economic Activities Write short notes

Write short notes | Q 1

Write short note

Classification of industries based on source of raw material

Write short notes | Q 2

Write short note

Economies of scale

Write short notes | Q 3

Write short notes

Classification of industries based on capital investment

Write short notes | Q 4

Write short note

Public sector industries

Write short notes | Q 5

Write short note

Role of transportation in development of industries

Write short notes | Q 6

Short notes:

Footloose industries.

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Read the following passage and answer the question given below

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 5 Secondary Economic Activities Read the following passage and answer the question given below

Read the following passage and answer the question given below | Q 1

Read the following passage and answer the question given below

Iron and steel production started from the 18th century. About 50 to 60 countries are engaged in iron and steel production. Some of these countries are leading and account for about 80% of world production. These countries are United States, Russia, Japan, Germany, Great Britain, France, Italy, Canada, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Belgium, Brazil, India, China, Taiwan etc.

The industries in which machinery is manufactured are known as 'engineering industries'. The engineering industry is involved in the manufacture of heavy and bulky machinery, such as railways, aircraft, shipbuilding, clocks, bicycles and other small items. These industries depend on iron and steel industries. These industries are mainly set up in economically developed areas. As railway locomotives are set up along the coast, shipbuilding industries are set up mainly along the coast. The textile and sugar manufacturing industries are attracting markets. But recently the approach of the machine industry has shifted from place to place, attracting more and more urban areas. The engineering industry is understood as the secret of the nation's development.

The availability of skilled labor, raw materials like basic iron and steel, modern and technologically advanced regions and other factors play a vital role in the localization of the engineering industry.

  1. Which countries are leading in iron and steel production? 
  2. Which industries are mainly set up in economically developed areas?
  3. The engineering industry includes the machinery required for the manufacture of which goods?
  4. What factors play an important role in the localization of the engineering industry?
Read the following passage and answer the question given below | Q 2

Read the following passage and answer the question given below

Coal is a black or gray rock by colour. Coal is made of carbon. Coal formation is due to the fact that plant remains have been buried underground millions of years ago. Coal production has been extensive in the Carboniferous era. This period is 300 million years old. According to geologists, in the Carboniferous era, coal was produced in wetlands where temperate forest growth occurs. Remains of dead plants such as bunds and branches are stored in the wetlands and over time due to the accumulation of silt and mud on them, the plant does not rot completely due to the weight of the silt. Plant remains are suppressed by pressure from the sediment, as well as by the movements of the earth's crust, and sometimes by the heat of the volcano. This causes chemical and physical changes in the buried plant layer, which is initially converted to peat (crude coal) and then to other types of coal. There are many types of coal, depending on the composition of the coal and the amount of carbon. There are four types of coal based on the amount of carbon in the coal: Anthracite, bituminous, lignite, peat etc.

Coal is used as a fuel in thermal power generation. In many parts of the world, coal is used to generate water vapour over heat. Coal is also used as a fuel in steam engines of ships and trains. After power generation, coal is mostly used in the steel industry. Coal is used as fuel in the cement industry. Many types of chemicals are produced from the coal component. E.g. Asphalt, fennel, benzole, plastics, dyes, disinfectants, fertilizers, etc. The gas produced from coal is used to make bio-chemicals. Even today, coal is used as a fuel for cooking and keeping the house warm.

  1. How coal is produced?
  2. In which era was coal produced?
  3. Explain from which component the types of coal occur?
  4. What coal is used for?
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Draw diagrams and label it

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 5 Secondary Economic Activities Draw diagrams and label it

Draw diagrams and label it | Q 1

Draw diagrams and label it

  1. Provision of infrastructure and stimulus
  2. Triangular pattern settlement
  3. Skills of geographer
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Write answers in detail

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 5 Secondary Economic Activities Write answers in detail

Write answers in detail | Q 1

Answer the following:

Explain the physical factors affecting location of industries.

Write answers in detail | Q 2

Answer the following:

Explain the factors affecting location of sugar industries.

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Chapter 5: Secondary Economic Activities

Choose the correct option and complete the sentenceComplete the chainIdentify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- ReasoningIdentify the correct groupState whether right or wrong:Give geographical reasonsDifferentiate betweenObserve the following map and answer the questions given below:Write short notesRead the following passage and answer the question given belowDraw diagrams and label itWrite answers in detail
12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 - Shaalaa.com

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 chapter 5 - Secondary Economic Activities

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 chapter 5 (Secondary Economic Activities) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the Maharashtra State Board 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

Further, we at Shaalaa.com provide such solutions so that students can prepare for written exams. SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank textbook solutions can be a core help for self-study and acts as a perfect self-help guidance for students.

Concepts covered in 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 chapter 5 Secondary Economic Activities are Physical Factors Affecting Secondary Economic Activities, Economic Factors Affecting Secondary Economic Activities, Political Factors Affecting Secondary Economic Activities, Other Factors Affecting Secondary Economic Activities, Footloose Industries, Industrial Regions, Major Industrial Regions of the World, Classification of Industries.

Using SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank 12th Board Exam solutions Secondary Economic Activities exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of Maharashtra State Board 12th Board Exam prefer SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

Get the free view of chapter 5 Secondary Economic Activities 12th Board Exam extra questions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 and can use Shaalaa.com to keep it handy for your exam preparation

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