Maharashtra State BoardHSC Arts 12th Board Exam
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SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 chapter 3 - Human Settlements and Land Use [Latest edition]

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12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 3: Human Settlements and Land Use

Choose the correct option and complete the sentenceComplete the chainIdentify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- ReasoningIdentify the incorrect factorIdentify the correct groupState whether right or wrong:Complete the statements as per given instructionsGive geographical reasonsDifferentiate betweenWrite short notesRead the following passage and answer the question given belowDraw diagrams and label itWrite answers in detail
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Choose the correct option and complete the sentence

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 3 Human Settlements and Land Use Choose the correct option and complete the sentence

Choose the correct option and complete the sentence

Choose the correct option and complete the sentence | Q 1

Settlements that occur along a road, railway, canal or river are ______.

  • rectangular settlements 

  • pattern less settlements

  • circular settlements

  • linear settlements

Choose the correct option and complete the sentence | Q 2

Settlements found at the confluence of two rivers or roads are ______.

  • pattern less settlements

  • triangular settlements

  • linear settlements

  • rectangular settlements

Choose the correct option and complete the sentence | Q 3

The physical extent of land on which crops are sown and harvested is known as ______.

  • current fallow

  • culturable waste land

  • area under permanent pastures and greasing lands

  • net area sownarea under permanent pastures and greasing lands

Choose the correct option and complete the sentence | Q 4

The land, where any of the manufacturing activity exists (land cover), where people work for their livelihood is known as______.

  • institutional area

  • residential area

  • industrial area

  • recreational area

Choose the correct option and complete the sentence | Q 5

The area between urban and rural area is called ______.

  • recreational area

  • urban rural fringe

  • institutional area

  • commercial area

Complete the chain

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 3 Human Settlements and Land Use Complete the chain

Complete the chain | Q 1

Complete the chain

Sr. No. A B C
1. Class III Fringe of metro cities Mumbai
2. City 5000 population Matheran
3. Class VI Million city Wai
4. Outgrowth of city 20000 to 50000 population Suburb of Mumbai
5. Metropolitan cities Classification of settlement according to occupation Very small city
Identify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- Reasoning

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 3 Human Settlements and Land Use Identify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- Reasoning

Identify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- Reasoning

Identify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- Reasoning | Q 1

Assertion: Settlements can be of various types.

Reason: Various physical factors affect the growth of settlements.

  • Only Assertion is correct.

  • Only Reason is correct.

  • Both Assertion and Reason correct and Reason is correct explanation of Assertion.

  • Both Assertion and Reason correct but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion.

Identify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- Reasoning | Q 2

Assertion: Settlements can be of various types.

Reason: Various physical factors affect the growth of settlements.

  • Only Assertion is correct.

  • Only Reason is correct.

  • Both Assertion and Reason correct and Reason is correct explanation of Assertion.

  • Both Assertion and Reason correct but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion.

Identify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- Reasoning | Q 3

Assertion: When cities grow, their functions also grow.

Reason: Cities can have only one function.

  • Only Assertion is correct.

  • Only Reason is correct.

  • Both Assertion and Reason correct and Reason is correct explanation of Assertion.

  • Both Assertion and Reason correct but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion.

Identify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- Reasoning | Q 4

Assertion: Cities can have various functions.

Reason: State and national capitals provide various administrative services.

  • Only Assertion is correct.

  • Only Reason is correct.

  • Both Assertion and Reason correct and Reason is correct explanation of Assertion.

  • Both Assertion and Reason correct but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion.

Identify the incorrect factor

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 3 Human Settlements and Land Use Identify the incorrect factor

Identify the incorrect factor | Q 1

Identify the incorrect factor

Settlement type:

  • Village

  • Suburb

  • City

  • Fringe settlement

Identify the incorrect factor | Q 2

Identify the incorrect factor

The settlement having major function tourism:

  • Matheran

  • Manmad

  • Manali

  • Mumbai

Identify the incorrect factor | Q 3

Identify the incorrect factor

Favourable factors for settlements:

  • Plains

  • Lakes

  • Mountains

  • Plateau

Identify the correct group

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 3 Human Settlements and Land Use Identify the correct group

Identify the correct group | Q 1

Identify the correct group

Physical factors affecting on the location of settlement:

  • Relief – water supply – land – climate

  • Agriculture – industries – trade and market – transportation and communication

  • Social diversity – religion and languages – caste and race system – removal of epidemics

Identify the correct group | Q 2

Identify the correct group

Social and cultural factors affecting on the location of settlement:

  • Relief – water supply – land – climate

  • Agriculture – industries – trade and market – transportation and communication

  • Social diversity – religion and languages – cast and race system – removal of epidemics

Identify the correct group | Q 3

Identify the correct group

Economic factors affecting on the location of settlement:

  • Relief – water supply – land – climate

  • Agriculture – industries – trade and market – transportation and communication

  • Social diversity – religion and languages – cast and race system – removal of epidemics

Identify the correct group | Q 4

Identify the correct group

Political factors affecting on the location of settlement:

  • Relief – water supply – land – climate

  • Wars – Defence – political tension – political policy

  • Social diversity – religion and languages – cast and race system – removal of epidemics

Identify the correct group | Q 5

Identify the correct group

Types of settlements according to population:

  • Town – city – metropolitan city – mega city

  • Linear settlements – Rectangular settlements – circular settlements – triangular settlements

  • Administrative – religious – tourism – transportation

Identify the correct group | Q 6

Identify the correct group

Types of settlements according to function:

  • Town – city – metropolitan city – mega city

  • Linear settlements – Rectangular settlements – circular settlements – triangular settlements

  • Administrative – religious – tourism – transportation

Identify the correct group | Q 7

Identify the correct group

Types of settlements according to pattern:

  • Town – city – metropolitan city – mega city

  • Linear settlements – Rectangular settlements – circular settlements – triangular settlements

  • Administrative – religious – tourism – transportation

Identify the correct group | Q 8

Identify the correct group

Classification of urban land use:

  • Town – city – metropolitan city – mega city

  • Residential area – Industrial area – trade area – institutional area

  • Administrative – religious – tourism – transportation

Identify the correct group | Q 9

Identify the correct group

Classification of urban land use:

  • Forest – Non agriculture – barren and waste land – permanent pastures and grazing land

  • Residential area – Industrial area – trade area – institutional area

  • Current fallow – net area sown – plot layout – recreational area

State whether right or wrong:

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 3 Human Settlements and Land Use State whether right or wrong:

State whether right or wrong: | Q 1

State whether right or wrong:

Settlements are divided into rural and urban types.

  • Right

  • Wrong

State whether right or wrong: | Q 2

State whether right or wrong:

Man is a social animal. He lives in society.

  • Right

  • Wrong

State whether right or wrong: | Q 3

State whether right or wrong:

Nucleated settlements are developed around a centre

  • Right

  • Wrong

State whether right or wrong: | Q 4

State whether right or wrong:

Rural-urban fringe is found between rural and urban settlements

  • Right

  • Wrong

State whether right or wrong: | Q 5

State whether right or wrong:

Area under permanent pastures and grazing land mostly own by the government.

  • Right

  • Wrong

Complete the statements as per given instructions

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 3 Human Settlements and Land Use Complete the statements as per given instructions

Complete the statements as per given instructions | Q 1

Complete the statement as per given instruction

Arrange the following settlements according to increasing number of population.

  1. City 
  2. Suburb
  3. Village
  4. Metropolitan city
Give geographical reasons

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 3 Human Settlements and Land Use Give geographical reasons

Give geographical reasons | Q 1

Give geographical reason

In the rural settlements, land use is related to agriculture.

Give geographical reasons | Q 2

Give geographical reasons

Human settlements increase due to transportation facilities.

Give geographical reasons | Q 3

Give geographical reason

Not all rural settlements change into urban settlements.

Give geographical reasons | Q 4

Give geographical reason

In rural settlements, land use is related to agriculture.

Give geographical reasons | Q 5

Give geographical reason

Rural-urban fringes have the characteristics of both urban and rural settlements.

Differentiate between

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 3 Human Settlements and Land Use Differentiate between

Differentiate between | Q 1

Differentiate between

Land use and Land cover

Differentiate between | Q 2

Differentiate between

Linear settlements and Dispersed settlements

Differentiate between | Q 3

Differentiate between

Isolated settlements and Fragmented settlements

Differentiate between | Q 4

Differentiate between:

Barren and Non-agricultural land

Differentiate between | Q 5

Differentiate between:

Radial Pattern and Circular Pattern

Differentiate between | Q 6

Differentiate between :

Nucleated and Dispersed Settlement

Differentiate between | Q 7

Differentiate between

Rural and Urban land use

Write short notes

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 3 Human Settlements and Land Use Write short notes

Write short notes | Q 1

Write short note

Rural land use

Write short notes | Q 2

Write short note

Urban land use

Write short notes | Q 3

 Write a short note on:

Interrelationship between rural and urban settlements.

Write short notes | Q 4

Write short note

Functional classification of towns

Write short notes | Q 5

Write short notes

Problems of urban settlements

Write short notes | Q 6

Write short note

Suburbs

Write short notes | Q 7

Write a short note on:

Mixed land use.

Read the following passage and answer the question given below

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 3 Human Settlements and Land Use Read the following passage and answer the question given below

Read the following passage and answer the question given below | Q 1

Read the following passage and answer the question given below

Different types of human settlements include padas, villages, small towns, big cities, all remote places, towns and groups of towns. In some systems, human settlements are divided into urban, suburban and rural. For example, The United States Census Bureau classifies settlements in urban or rural areas based on a defined definition. In small settlements, such as padas and villages, access to low population and services is limited. Larger settlements, such as cities, have higher populations, higher densities, and greater access to services. For example, a village may have only one or two general stores, while a large metropolis may have many specialized stores. These differences are known as low order service settlement and high-order service settlement. The functions of human habitation are also different. Because settlements can be established as ports, markets and resorts. Types of rural settlements can also be classified by activities such as agriculture, fishing and mining. Settlements that focus on one economic activity are called single functional settlements.

Human habitation can be permanent or temporary. For example, a refugee camp is a temporary settlement, while a city is a permanent settlement.

  1. Which human settlements are mentioned in the given passage?. 
  2. Urban and rural areas are classified on the basis of what.?
  3. What works are done in rural areas.? 
  4. Explain the difference between low order service and high order service settlement
Draw diagrams and label it

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 3 Human Settlements and Land Use Draw diagrams and label it

Draw diagrams and label it | Q 1

Draw diagrams and label it

  1. Types of settlements. 
  2. Patternless settlements 
  3. Difference between formal and functional region
Draw diagrams and label it | Q 2

Draw diagrams and label it

  1. Dispersed settlement
  2. Rural land use 
  3. Branches of geography
Write answers in detail

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 Chapter 3 Human Settlements and Land Use Write answers in detail

Write answers in detail | Q 1

Write answer in detail

Explain rural and urban structure of settlement.

Write answers in detail | Q 2

Answer the following question:

Explain the characteristics of rural settlements.

Write answers in detail | Q 3

Write answer in detail

What factors are responsible for development of various patterns in a settlement? Give examples.

Chapter 3: Human Settlements and Land Use

Choose the correct option and complete the sentenceComplete the chainIdentify the correct correlation: A- Assertion, B- ReasoningIdentify the incorrect factorIdentify the correct groupState whether right or wrong:Complete the statements as per given instructionsGive geographical reasonsDifferentiate betweenWrite short notesRead the following passage and answer the question given belowDraw diagrams and label itWrite answers in detail
12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 - Shaalaa.com

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 chapter 3 - Human Settlements and Land Use

SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank solutions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 chapter 3 (Human Settlements and Land Use) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the Maharashtra State Board 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

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Concepts covered in 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 chapter 3 Human Settlements and Land Use are Types of Settlement, Types of Urban Settlements, Land Use, Land Use Classification, Land Use in Rural Area, Human Settlements, Land Use in Urban Areas, Suburbs, Rural-urban Fringe.

Using SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank 12th Board Exam solutions Human Settlements and Land Use exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of Maharashtra State Board 12th Board Exam prefer SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

Get the free view of chapter 3 Human Settlements and Land Use 12th Board Exam extra questions for 12th Standard HSC Geography Maharashtra State Board 2021 and can use Shaalaa.com to keep it handy for your exam preparation

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