# RS Aggarwal solutions for Secondary School Class 10 Maths chapter 3 - Linear Equations in two variables [Latest edition]

## Chapter 3: Linear Equations in two variables

Exercises 1Exercises 2Exercises 3Exercises 4Exercises 5
Exercises 1

### RS Aggarwal solutions for Secondary School Class 10 Maths Chapter 3 Linear Equations in two variables Exercises 1

Exercises 1 | Q 1

Solve the system of equations graphically:
2x + 3y = 2,
x – 2y = 8

Exercises 1 | Q 2

Solve the system of equations graphically:
3x + 2y = 4,
2x – 3y = 7

Exercises 1 | Q 3

Solve the system of equations graphically:
2x + 3y = 8,
x – 2y + 3 = 0

Exercises 1 | Q 4

Solve the system of equations graphically:
2x - 5y + 4 = 0,
2x + y - 8 = 0

Exercises 1 | Q 5

Solve the system of equations graphically:
3x + 2y = 12,
5x – 2y = 4

Exercises 1 | Q 6

Solve the system of equations graphically:
3x + y + 1 = 0,

2x - 3y + 8 = 0

Exercises 1 | Q 7

Solve the system of equations graphically:
2x + 3y + 5 = 0,
3x – 2y – 12 = 0

Exercises 1 | Q 8

Solve the system of equations graphically:
2x – 3y + 13 = 0,
3x – 2y + 12 = 0

Exercises 1 | Q 9

Solve the system of equations graphically:
2x + 3y = 4,
3x – y = -5

Exercises 1 | Q 10

Solve the system of equations graphically:
x + 2y + 2 = 0
3x + 2y -2=0

Exercises 1 | Q 11

Solve graphically the system of equations
x – y – 3 = 0
2x – 3y – 4 = 0.
Find the coordinates of the vertices of the triangle formed by these two lines and the y-axis.

Exercises 1 | Q 12

Solve graphically the system of equations
2x – 3y + 4 = 0

x + 2y – 5 = 0.
Find the coordinates of the vertices of the triangle formed by these two lines and the x-axis.

Exercises 1 | Q 13

Solve the following system of linear equations graphically
4x – 3y + 4 = 0, 4x + 3y – 20 = 0.
Find the area of the region bounded by these lines and the x-axis.

Exercises 1 | Q 14

Solve the following system of linear equations graphically
x –y + 1 = 0, 3x + 2y – 12 = 0.
Calculate the area bounded by these lines and the x-axis.

Exercises 1 | Q 15

Solve graphically the system of equations
x – 2y + 2 = 0
2x + y – 6 = 0.
Find the coordinates of the vertices of the triangle formed by these two lines and the x-axis.

Exercises 1 | Q 16

Solve graphically the system of equations
2x – 3y + 6 = 0
2x + 3y - 18 = 0.
Find the coordinates of the vertices of the triangle formed by these two lines and the y-axis.

Exercises 1 | Q 17

Solve graphically the system of equations
4x – y – 4 = 0
3x + 2y - 14 = 0.
Find the coordinates of the vertices of the triangle formed by these two lines and the y-axis.

Exercises 1 | Q 18

Solve graphically the system of equations
x – y – 5 = 0
3x + 5y - 15 = 0.
Find the coordinates of the vertices of the triangle formed by these two lines and the y-axis.

Exercises 1 | Q 19

Solve graphically the system of equations
2x – 5y + 4 = 0
2x + y - 8 = 0.
Find the coordinates of the vertices of the triangle formed by these two lines and the y-axis.

Exercises 1 | Q 20

Solve graphically the system of equations
5x - y = 7
x - y + 1 = 0.
Find the coordinates of the vertices of the triangle formed by these two lines and the y-axis.

Exercises 1 | Q 21

Solve graphically the system of equations
2x – 3y = 12
x + 3y = 6.
Find the coordinates of the vertices of the triangle formed by these two lines and the y-axis.

Exercises 1 | Q 22

Show graphically that the system of equations 2x + 3y = 6, 4x + 6y = 12 has infinitely many solutions.

Exercises 1 | Q 23

Show graphically that the system of equations 3x - y = 5, 6x - 2y = 10 has infinitely many solutions.

Exercises 1 | Q 24

Show graphically that the system of equations 2x + y = 6, 6x + 3y = 18 has infinitely many solutions.

Exercises 1 | Q 25

Show graphically that the system of equations x - 2y = 5, 3x - 6y = 15 has infinitely many solutions.

Exercises 1 | Q 26

Show graphically that the system of equations x - 2y = 6, 3x - 6y = 0 is inconsistent.

Exercises 1 | Q 27

Show graphically that the system of equations 2x + 3y = 4, 4x + 6y = 12 is inconsistent.

Exercises 1 | Q 28

Show graphically that the system of equations 2x + y = 6, 6x + 3y = 20 is inconsistent.

Exercises 1 | Q 29

Draw the graphs for the following equations on the same graph paper:
2x + y = 2
2x + y = 6
Find the co-ordinates of the vertices of the trapezium formed by these lines. Also, find the area of the trapezium so formed.

Exercises 2

### RS Aggarwal solutions for Secondary School Class 10 Maths Chapter 3 Linear Equations in two variables Exercises 2

Exercises 2 | Q 1

Solve for x and y:
x + y = 3, 4x – 3y = 26

Exercises 2 | Q 2

Solve for x and y:
x – y = 3, x/3 + y/2 = 6

Exercises 2 | Q 3

Solve for x and y:
2x + 3y = 0, 3x + 4y = 5

Exercises 2 | Q 4

Solve for x and y:
2x - 3y = 13, 7x - 2y = 20

Exercises 2 | Q 5

Solve for x and y:
3x - 5y - 19 = 0, -7x + 3y + 1 = 0

Exercises 2 | Q 6

Solve for x and y:
2x – y + 3 = 0, 3x – 7y + 10 = 0

Exercises 2 | Q 7

Solve for x and y:
9x - 2y = 108, 3x + 7y = 105

Exercises 2 | Q 8

Solve for x and y:

x/3 + y/4 = 11, (5x)/6 - y/3 + 7 = 0

Exercises 2 | Q 9

Solve for x and y:
4x - 3y = 8, 6x - y = 29/3

Exercises 2 | Q 10

Solve for x and y:

2x - (3y)/4 = 3 ,5x = 2y + 7

Exercises 2 | Q 11

Solve for x and y:

2x + 5y = 8/3, 3x - 2y = 5/6

Exercises 2 | Q 12

Solve for x and y:

2x + 3y + 1 = 0

(7-4x)/3 = y

Exercises 2 | Q 13

Solve for x and y:
0.4x + 0.3y = 1.7, 0.7x – 0.2y = 0.8.

Exercises 2 | Q 14

Solve for x and y:
0.3x + 0.5y = 0.5, 0.5x + 0.7y = 0.74

Exercises 2 | Q 15

Solve for x and y:
7(y + 3) – 2(x + 2) = 14, 4(y – 2) + 3(x – 3) = 2

Exercises 2 | Q 16

Solve for x and y:
6x + 5y = 7x + 3y + 1 = 2(x + 6y – 1)

Exercises 2 | Q 17

Solve for x and y:

(x + y - 8)/2 = (x + 2y -14)/3 = (3x + y - 12)/11

Exercises 2 | Q 18

Solve for x and y:

5/x + 6y = 13, 3/x + 4y = 7

Exercises 2 | Q 19

Solve for x and y:

x + 6/y = 6, 3x - 8/y = 5

Exercises 2 | Q 20

Solve for x and y:

2x - 3/y = 9, 3x + 7/y = 2

Exercises 2 | Q 21

Solve for x and y:
3/x - 1/y + 9 = 0, 2/x + 3/y = 5

Exercises 2 | Q 22

Solve for x and y:
9/x - 4/y = 8, (13)/x + 7/y = 101

Exercises 2 | Q 23

Solve for x and y:

5/x - 3/y = 1, 3/(2x )+ 2/(3y) = 5

Exercises 2 | Q 24

Solve for x and y:
3/x + 2/y = 12, 2/x + 3/y = 13

Exercises 2 | Q 25

Solve for x and y:
4x + 6y = 3xy, 8x + 9y = 5xy

Exercises 2 | Q 26

Solve for x and y:
x + y = 5xy, 3x + 2y = 13xy

Exercises 2 | Q 27

Solve for x and y:
5/(x+y) - 2/(x−y) = -1, 15/(x+y) - 7/(x−y) = 10

Exercises 2 | Q 28

Solve for x and y:
3/(x+y) + 2/(x−y)= 2, 3/(x+y) + 2/(x−y) = 2

Exercises 2 | Q 29

Solve for x and y:
5/(x+1) + 2/(y−1) = 1/2, 10/(x+1) - 2/(y−1) = 5/2,  where  x ≠ 1, y ≠ 1.

Exercises 2 | Q 30

Solve for x and y:
44/(x+y) + 30/(x−y) = 10, 55/(x+y) - 40/(x−y) = 13

Exercises 2 | Q 31

Solve for x and y:
10/(x+y) + 2/(x−y) = 4, 15/(x+y) - 9/(x−y) = -2, where  x ≠ y, x ≠ -y.

Exercises 2 | Q 32

Solve for x and y:
71x + 37y = 253, 37x + 71y = 287

Exercises 2 | Q 33

Solve for x and y:
217x + 131y = 913, 131x + 217y = 827

Exercises 2 | Q 34

Solve for x and y:
23x - 29y = 98, 29x - 23y = 110

Exercises 2 | Q 35

Solve for x and y:
5/x + 2/y = 6, (−5)/x + 4/y = -3

Exercises 2 | Q 36

Solve for x and y:
1/(3x+y) + 1/(3x−y) = 3/4, 1/(2(3x+y)) - 1/(2(3x−y)) = −1/8

Exercises 2 | Q 37

Solve for x and y:
1/(2(x+2y)) + 5/(3(3x−2y)) = - 3/2, 1/(4(x+2y)) - 3/(5(3x−2y)) = 61/60 where x + 2y ≠ 0 and 3x – 2y ≠ 0.

Exercises 2 | Q 38

Solve for x and y:
2/(3x+2y) + 3/(3x−2y) = 17/5, 5/(3x+2y) + 1/(3x−2y) = 2

Exercises 2 | Q 39

Solve for x and y:
3/x + 6/y = 7, 9/x + 3/y = 11

Exercises 2 | Q 40

Solve for x and y:
x + y = a + b, a x – by = a^2 – b^2

Exercises 2 | Q 41

Solve for x and y:
x/a + y/b = 2, ax – by = (a^2 – b^2)

Exercises 2 | Q 42

Solve for x and y:
px + qy = p – q,
qx – py = p + q

Exercises 2 | Q 43

Solve for x and y:
x/a - y/b = 0, ax + by = a^2 + b^2

Exercises 2 | Q 44

Solve for x and y:
6(ax + by) = 3a + 2b,
6(bx – ay) = 3b – 2a

Exercises 2 | Q 45

Solve for x and y:
ax - by = a^2 + b^2, x + y = 2a

Exercises 2 | Q 46

Solve for x and y:

(bx)/a - (ay)/b + a + b = 0, bx – ay + 2ab = 0

Exercises 2 | Q 47

Solve for x and y:
(bx)/a + (ay)/b = a^2 + b^2, x + y = 2ab

Exercises 2 | Q 48

Solve for x and y:
x + y = a + b, ax - by = a^2 - b^2

Exercises 2 | Q 49

Solve for x and y:
a^2x + b^2y = c^2, b^2x + a^2y = d^2

Exercises 2 | Q 50

Solve for x and y:
x/a + y/b = a + b, x/(a^2)+ y/(b^2) = 2

Exercises 3

### RS Aggarwal solutions for Secondary School Class 10 Maths Chapter 3 Linear Equations in two variables Exercises 3

Exercises 3 | Q 1

Solve the system of equations by using the method of cross multiplication:
x + 2y + 1 = 0,
2x – 3y – 12 = 0.

Exercises 3 | Q 2

Solve the system of equations by using the method of cross multiplication:
3x - 2y + 3 = 0,
4x + 3y – 47 = 0

Exercises 3 | Q 3

Solve the system of equations by using the method of cross multiplication:
6x - 5y - 16 = 0,
7x - 13y + 10 = 0

Exercises 3 | Q 4

Solve the system of equations by using the method of cross multiplication:
3x + 2y + 25 = 0, 2x + y + 10 = 0

Exercises 3 | Q 5

Solve the system of equations by using the method of cross multiplication:
2x + 5y – 1 = 0, 2x + 3y – 3 = 0

Exercises 3 | Q 6

Solve the system of equations by using the method of cross multiplication:
2x + y – 35 = 0,
3x + 4y – 65 = 0

Exercises 3 | Q 7

Solve the system of equations by using the method of cross multiplication:
7x - 2y – 3 = 0,
11x - 3/2 y – 8 = 0.

Exercises 3 | Q 8

Solve the system of equations by using the method of cross multiplication:

x/6 + y/15 – 4 = 0, x/3 - y/12 – 19/4 = 0

Exercises 3 | Q 9

Solve the system of equations by using the method of cross multiplication:
1/x + 1/y = 7, 2/x + 3/y = 17

Exercises 3 | Q 10

Solve the system of equation by using the method of cross multiplication:
5/("x+y") - 2/("x− y") + 1 = 0, 15/("x+y") + 7/("x− y") – 10 = 0

Exercises 3 | Q 11

Solve the system of equations by using the method of cross multiplication:
(ax)/b- (by)/a – (a + b) = 0, ax – by – 2ab = 0

Exercises 3 | Q 12

Solve the system of equations by using the method of cross multiplication:
2ax + 3by – (a + 2b) = 0,
3ax + 2by – (2a + b) = 0

Exercises 3 | Q 13

Solve the system of equations by using the method of cross multiplication:
a/x - b/y = 0, (ab^2)/x + (a^2b)/y = (a^2 + b^2), where x ≠ 0 and y ≠ 0.

Exercises 4

### RS Aggarwal solutions for Secondary School Class 10 Maths Chapter 3 Linear Equations in two variables Exercises 4

Exercises 4 | Q 1

Show that the following system of equations has a unique solution:
3x + 5y = 12,
5x + 3y = 4.
Also, find the solution of the given system of equations.

Exercises 4 | Q 2

Show that the following system of equations has a unique solution:
2x - 3y = 17,
4x + y = 13.
Also, find the solution of the given system of equations.

Exercises 4 | Q 3

Show that the following system of equations has a unique solution:
x/3 + y/2 = 3, x – 2y = 2.
Also, find the solution of the given system of equations.

Exercises 4 | Q 4

Find the value of k for which the system of equations has a unique solution:
2x + 3y = 5,
kx - 6y = 8

Exercises 4 | Q 5

Find the value of k for which the system of equations has a unique solution:
x – ky = 2,
3x + 2y + 5=0.

Exercises 4 | Q 6

Find the value of k for which the system of equations has a unique solution:
5x – 7y = 5,
2x + ky = 1.

Exercises 4 | Q 7

Find the value of k for which the system of equations has a unique solution:
4x + ky + 8=0,
x + y + 1 = 0.

Exercises 4 | Q 8

Find the value of k for which the system of equations has a unique solution:
4x - 5y = k,
2x - 3y = 12.

Exercises 4 | Q 9

Find the value of k for which the system of equations has a unique solution:
kx + 3y = (k – 3),
12x + ky = k

Exercises 4 | Q 10

Show that the system equations
2x - 3y = 5,
6x - 9y = 15

has an infinite number of solutions

Exercises 4 | Q 11

Show that the system of equations
6x + 5y = 11,
9x + 152 y = 21
has no solution.

Exercises 4 | Q 12

For what value of k, the system of equations
kx + 2y = 5,
3x - 4y = 10

has (i) a unique solution, (ii) no solution?

Exercises 4 | Q 13

For what value of k, the system of equations
x + 2y = 5,
3x + ky + 15 = 0
has (i) a unique solution, (ii) no solution?

Exercises 4 | Q 14

For what value of k, the system of equations
x + 2y = 3,
5x + ky + 7 = 0
Have (i) a unique solution, (ii) no solution?
Also, show that there is no value of k for which the given system of equation has infinitely namely solutions

Exercises 4 | Q 15

Find the value of k for which the system of linear equations has an infinite number of solutions:
2x + 3y = 7,
(k – 1)x + (k + 2)y = 3k.

Exercises 4 | Q 16

Find the value of k for which the system of linear equations has an infinite number of solutions:
2x + (k – 2)y = k,
6x + (2k - 1)y = (2k + 5).

Exercises 4 | Q 17

Find the value of k for which the system of linear equations has an infinite number of solutions:
kx + 3y = (2k + 1),
2(k + 1)x + 9y = (7k + 1).

Exercises 4 | Q 18

Find the value of k for which the system of linear equations has an infinite number of solutions:
5x + 2y = 2k,
2(k + 1)x + ky = (3k + 4).

Exercises 4 | Q 19

Find the value of k for which the system of linear equations has an infinite number of solutions:
(k – 1)x – y = 5,
(k + 1)x + (1 – k)y = (3k + 1).

Exercises 4 | Q 20

Find the value of k for which the system of linear equations has a unique solution:
(k – 3) x + 3y – k, kx + ky - 12 = 0.

Exercises 4 | Q 21

Find the values of a and b for which the system of linear equations has an infinite number of solutions:
(a – 1) x + 3y = 2, 6x + (1 – 2b)y = 6

Exercises 4 | Q 22

Find the values of a and b for which the system of linear equations has an infinite number of solutions:
(2a – 1) x + 3y = 5, 3x + (b – 1)y = 2.

Exercises 4 | Q 23

Find the values of a and b for which the system of linear equations has an infinite number of solutions:
2x - 3y = 7, (a + b)x - (a + b – 3)y = 4a + b.

Exercises 4 | Q 24

Find the values of a and b for which the system of linear equations has an infinite number of solutions:
2x + 3y = 7, (a + b + 1)x - (a + 2b + 2)y = 4(a + b) + 1.

Exercises 4 | Q 25

Find the values of a and b for which the system of linear equations has an infinite number of solutions:
2x + 3y = 7, (a + b)x + (2a - b)y = 21.

Exercises 4 | Q 26

Find the values of a and b for which the system of linear equations has an infinite number of solutions:
2x + 3y = 7, 2ax + (a + b)y = 28.

Exercises 4 | Q 27

Find the value of k for which the system of equations
8x + 5y = 9, kx + 10y = 15
has a non-zero solution.

Exercises 4 | Q 28

Find the value of k for which the system of equations
kx + 3y = 3, 12x + ky = 6 has no solution.

Exercises 4 | Q 29

Find the value of k for which the system of equations
3x - y = 5, 6x - 2y = k
has no solution

Exercises 4 | Q 30

Find the value of k for which the system of equations
kx + 3y + 3 - k = 0, 12x + ky - k = 0
has no solution.

Exercises 4 | Q 31

Find the value of k for which the system of equations
5x - 3y = 0, 2x + ky = 0
has a non-zero solution.

Exercises 4 | Q 32

5 chairs and 4 tables together cost ₹5600, while 4 chairs and 3 tables together cost
₹ 4340. Find the cost of each chair and that of each table

Exercises 4 | Q 33

23 spoons and 17 forks cost Rs.1770, while 17 spoons and 23 forks cost Rs.1830. Find the cost of each spoon and that of a fork.

Exercises 4 | Q 34

A lady has only 50-paisa coins and 25-paisa coins in her purse. If she has 50 coins in all totaling Rs.19.50, how many coins of each kind does she have?

Exercises 4 | Q 35

The sum of two numbers is 137 and their differences are 43. Find the numbers.

Exercises 4 | Q 36

Find two numbers such that the sum of twice the first and thrice the second is 92, and four times the first exceeds seven times the second by 2.

Exercises 4 | Q 37

Find the numbers such that the sum of thrice the first and the second is 142, and four times the first exceeds the second by 138.

Exercises 4 | Q 38

If 45 is subtracted from twice the greater of two numbers, it results in the other number. If 21 is subtracted from twice the smaller number, it results in the greater number. Find the numbers

Exercises 4 | Q 39

If three times the larger of two numbers is divided by the smaller, we get 4 as the quotient and 8 as the remainder. If five times the smaller is divided by the larger, we get 3 as the quotient and 5 as the remainder. Find the numbers.

Exercises 4 | Q 40

If 2 is added to each of two given numbers, their ratio becomes 1 : 2. However, if 4 is subtracted from each of the given numbers, the ratio becomes 5 : 11. Find the numbers.

Exercises 4 | Q 41

The difference between two numbers is 14 and the difference between their squares is 448. Find the numbers.

Exercises 4 | Q 42

The sum of the digits of a two-digit number is 12. The number obtained by interchanging its digits exceeds the given number by 18. Find the number.

Exercises 4 | Q 43

A number consisting of two digits is seven times the sum of its digits. When 27 is subtracted from the number, the digits are reversed. Find the number.

Exercises 4 | Q 44

The sum of the digits of a two-digit number is 15. The number obtained by interchanging the digits exceeds the given number by 9. Find the number.

Exercises 4 | Q 45

A two-digit number is 3 more than 4 times the sum of its digits. If 18 is added to the number, the digits are reversed. Find the number.

Exercises 4 | Q 46

A number consists of two digits. When it is divided by the sum of its digits, the quotient is 6 with no remainder. When the number is diminished by 9, the digits are reversed. Find the number.

Exercises 4 | Q 47

A two-digit number is such that the product of its digits is 35. If 18 is added to the number, the digits interchange their places. Find the number.

Exercises 4 | Q 48

A two-digit number is such that the product of its digits is 18. When 63 is subtracted from the number, the digits interchange their places. Find the number.

Exercises 4 | Q 49

The sum of a two-digit number and the number obtained by reversing the order of its digits is 121, and the two digits differ by 3. Find the number,

Exercises 4 | Q 50

The sum of the numerator and denominator of a fraction is 8. If 3 is added to both of the numerator and the denominator, the fraction becomes 3/4. Find the fraction.

Exercises 4 | Q 51

If 2 is added to the numerator of a fraction, it reduces to (1/2) and if 1 is subtracted from the denominator, it reduces to (1/3). Find the fraction.

Exercises 4 | Q 52

The denominator of a fraction is greater than its numerator by 11. If 8 is added to both its numerator and denominator, it becomes 3/4. Find the fraction.

Exercises 4 | Q 53

Find a fraction which becomes (1/2) when 1 is subtracted from the numerator and 2 is added to the denominator, and the fraction becomes (1/3) when 7 is subtracted from the numerator and 2 is subtracted from the denominator.

Exercises 4 | Q 54

The sum of the numerator and denominator of a fraction is 4 more than twice the numerator. If the numerator and denominator are increased by 3. They are in the ratio of 2: 3. Determine the fraction.

Exercises 4 | Q 55

The sum of two numbers is 1/6 and the sum of their reciprocals is 1/3. Find the numbers.

Exercises 4 | Q 56

There are two classrooms A and B. If 10 students are sent from A to B, the number of students in each room becomes the same. If 20 students are sent from B to A, the number of students in A becomes double the number of students in B. Find the number of students in each room.

Exercises 4 | Q 57

Taxi charges in a city consist of fixed charges per day and the remaining depending upon the distance travelled in kilometers. If a person travels 80km, he pays Rs. 1330, and for travelling 90km, he pays Rs. 1490. Find the fixed charges per day and the rate per km.

Exercises 4 | Q 58

A part of monthly hostel charges in a college are fixed and the remaining depends on the number of days one has taken food in the mess. When a student A takes food for 25days, he has to pay Rs. 4550 as hostel charges whereas a student B, who takes food for 30 days, pays Rs. 5200 as hostel charges. Find the fixed charges and the cost of the food per day.

Exercises 4 | Q 59

A man invested an amount at 10% per annum simple interest and another amount at 10% per annum simple interest. He received an annual interest of Rs. 1350. But, if he had interchanged the amounts invested, he would have received Rs. 45 less. What amounts did he invest at different rates?

Exercises 4 | Q 60

The monthly incomes of A and B are in the ratio of 5 : 4 and their monthly expenditures are in the ratio of 7 : 5. If each saves Rs. 9000 per month, find the monthly income of each .

Exercises 4 | Q 61

A man sold a chair and a table together for Rs. 1520, thereby making a profit of 25% on chair and 10% on table. By selling them together for Rs. 1535, he would have made a profit of 10% on the chair and 25% on the table. Find the cost price of each.

Exercises 4 | Q 62

Points A and B are 70 km apart on a highway. A car starts from A and another car starts from B simultaneously. If they travel in the same direction, they meet in 7 hours. But, if they travel towards each other, they meet in 1 hour. Find the speed of each car.

Exercises 4 | Q 63

A train covered a certain distance at a uniform speed. If the train had been 5 kmph faster, it would have taken 3 hours less than the scheduled time. And, if the train were slower by 4 kmph, it would have taken 3 hours more than the scheduled time. Find the length of the journey.

Exercises 4 | Q 64

Abdul travelled 300 km by train and 200 km by taxi taking 5 hours and 30 minutes. But, if he travels 260km by train and 240km by taxi, he takes 6 minutes longer. Find the speed of the train and that of taxi.

Exercises 4 | Q 65

Places A and B are 160 km apart on a highway. A car starts from A and another car starts from B simultaneously. If they travel in the same direction, they meet in 8 hours. But, if they travel towards each other, they meet in 2 hours. Find the speed of each car.

Exercises 4 | Q 66

A sailor goes 8 km downstream in 420 minutes and returns in 1 hour. Find the speed of the sailor in still water and the speed of the current .

Exercises 4 | Q 67

A boat goes 12 km upstream and 40 km downstream in 8 hours. It can go 16 km upstream and 32 km downstream in the same time. Find the speed of the boat in still water and the speed of the stream

Exercises 4 | Q 68

2 men and 5 boys can finish a piece of work in 4 days, while 3 men and 6 boys can finish it in 3 days. Find the time taken by one man alone to finish the work and that taken by one boy alone to finish the work.

Exercises 4 | Q 69

The length of a room exceeds its breadth by 3 meters. If the length is increased by 3 meters and the breadth is decreased by 2 meters, the area remains the same. Find the length and the breadth of the room.

Exercises 4 | Q 70

The area of a rectangle gets reduced by 8m^2, when its length is reduced by 5m and its breadth is increased by 3m. If we increase the length by 3m and breadth by 2m, the area is increased by 74m^2. Find the length and the breadth of the rectangle.

Exercises 4 | Q 71

The area of a rectangle gets reduced by 67 square meters, when its length is increased by 3m and the breadth is decreased by 4m. If the length is reduced by 1m and breadth is increased by 4m, the area is increased by 89 square meters, Find the dimension of the rectangle.

Exercises 4 | Q 72

A railway half ticket costs half the full fare and the reservation charge is the some on half ticket as on full ticket. One reserved first class ticket from Mumbai to Delhi costs ₹4150 while one full and one half reserved first class ticket cost ₹ 6255. What is the basic first class full fare and what is the reservation charge?

Exercises 4 | Q 73

Five years hence, a man’s age will be three times the sum of the ages of his son. Five years ago, the man was seven times as old as his son. Find their present ages

Exercises 4 | Q 74

The present age of a man is 2 years more than five times the age of his son. Two years hence, the man’s age will be 8 years more than three times the age of his son. Find their present ages.

Exercises 4 | Q 75

If twice the son’s age in years is added to the mother’s age, the sum is 70 years. But, if twice the mother’s age is added to the son’s age, the sum is 95 years. Find the age of the mother and that of the son.

Exercises 4 | Q 76

The present age of a woman is 3 years more than three times the age of her daughter. Three years hence, the woman’s age will be 10 years more than twice the age of her daughter. Find their present ages.

Exercises 4 | Q 77

On selling a tea-set at 5% loss and a lemon-set at 15% gain, a shopkeeper gains Rs. 7. However, if he sells the tea-set at 5% gain and the lemon-set at 10% gain, he gains Rs. 14. Find the price of the tea-set and that of the lemon-set paid by the shopkeeper.

Exercises 4 | Q 78

A lending library has fixed charge for the first three days and an additional charge for each day thereafter. Mona paid ₹27 for a book kept for 7 days, while Tanvy paid ₹21 for the book she kept for 5 days find the fixed charge and the charge for each extra day

Exercises 4 | Q 79

A chemist has one solution containing 50% acid and a second one containing 25% acid. How much of each should be used to make 10 litres of a 40% acid solution?

Exercises 4 | Q 80

A jeweler has bars of 18-carat gold and 12-carat gold. How much of each must be melted together to obtain a bar of 16-carat gold, weighing 120gm? (Given: Pure gold is 24-carat).

Exercises 4 | Q 81

90% and 97% pure acid solutions are mixed to obtain 21 litres of 95% pure acid solution. Find the quantity of each type of acid to be mixed to form the mixture.

Exercises 4 | Q 82

The larger of the two supplementary angles exceeds the smaller by 1800 . Find them.

Exercises 4 | Q 83

In a Δ ABC,∠A= x°,∠B = (3x × 2°),∠C = y°  and  ∠C - ∠B = 9°.  Find the there angles.

Exercises 4 | Q 84

In a cyclic quadrilateral ABCD, it is given ∠A = (2x + 4)°, ∠B = (y + 3)°, ∠C = (2y + 10)° and ∠D = (4x – 5)°. Find the four angles.

Exercises 5

### RS Aggarwal solutions for Secondary School Class 10 Maths Chapter 3 Linear Equations in two variables Exercises 5

Exercises 5 | Q 1

Write the number of solutions of the following pair of linear equations:
x + 2y -8=0,
2x + 4y = 16

Exercises 5 | Q 2

Find the value of k for which the system of linear equations has an infinite number of solutions.
2x + 3y – 7 = 0,
(k – 1)x + (k + 2)y=3k

Exercises 5 | Q 3

Find the value of k for which the system of linear equations has an infinite number of solutions.
10x + 5y – (k – 5) = 0,
20x + 10y – k = 0.

Exercises 5 | Q 4

Find the value of k for which the system of linear equations has an infinite number of solutions.
2x + 3y=9,
6x + (k – 2)y =(3k – 2

Exercises 5 | Q 5

Write the number of solutions of the following pair of linear equations:
x + 3y – 4 = 0, 2x + 6y – 7 = 0.

Exercises 5 | Q 6

Find the values of k for which the system of equations 3x + ky = 0,
2x – y = 0 has a unique solution.

Exercises 5 | Q 7

The difference of two numbers is 5 and the difference between their squares is 65. Find the numbers.

Exercises 5 | Q 8

The cost of 5 pens and 8 pencils together cost Rs. 120 while 8 pens and 5 pencils together cost Rs. 153. Find the cost of a 1 pen and that of a 1pencil.

Exercises 5 | Q 9

The sum of two numbers is 80. The larger number exceeds four times the smaller one by 5. Find the numbers.

Exercises 5 | Q 10

A number consists of two digits whose sum is 10. If 18 is subtracted form the number, its digits are reversed. Find the number.

Exercises 5 | Q 11

A man purchased 47 stamps of 20p and 25p for ₹10. Find the number of each type of stamps

Exercises 5 | Q 12

A man has some hens and cows. If the number of heads be 48 and number of feet by 140. How many cows are there.

Exercises 5 | Q 13

If 2 /x + 3/y = 9/(xy)  and 4/x +  9/y =  21/(xy)   find the values of x and y.

Exercises 5 | Q 14

If x/4  + y/3 = 15/12  and x/2 + y = 1, then find the value of (x + y).

Exercises 5 | Q 15

If 12x + 17y = 53 and 17x + 12y = 63 then find the value of ( x + y)

Exercises 5 | Q 16

Find the value of k for which the system of equations 3x + 5y = 0 and kx + 10y = 0 has infinite nonzero solutions.

Exercises 5 | Q 17

Find the value of k for which the system of equations kx – y = 2 and 6x – 2y = 3 has a unique solution.

Exercises 5 | Q 18

Find the value of k for which the system of equations 2x + 3y -5 = 0 and 4x + ky – 10 = 0 has infinite number of solutions.

Exercises 5 | Q 19

Show that the system 2x + 3y -1= 0 and 4x + 6y - 4 = 0 has no solution.

Exercises 5 | Q 20

Find the value of k for which the system of equations x + 2y – 3 = 0 and 5x + ky + 7 = 0 is inconsistent.

Exercises 5 | Q 21

Solve for x and y: 3/(x+y) + 2/(x−y) = 2, 9/(x+y) – 4/(x−y) = 1

## Chapter 3: Linear Equations in two variables

Exercises 1Exercises 2Exercises 3Exercises 4Exercises 5

## RS Aggarwal solutions for Secondary School Class 10 Maths chapter 3 - Linear Equations in two variables

RS Aggarwal solutions for Secondary School Class 10 Maths chapter 3 (Linear Equations in two variables) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CBSE Secondary School Class 10 Maths solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

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Concepts covered in Secondary School Class 10 Maths chapter 3 Linear Equations in two variables are Relation Between Co-efficient, Inconsistency of Pair of Linear Equations, Algebraic Conditions for Number of Solutions, Simple Situational Problems, Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables, Graphical Method of Solution of a Pair of Linear Equations, Substitution Method, Elimination Method, Cross - Multiplication Method, Equations Reducible to a Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables, Consistency of Pair of Linear Equations, Linear Equation in Two Variables, Relation Between Co-efficient, Inconsistency of Pair of Linear Equations, Algebraic Conditions for Number of Solutions, Simple Situational Problems, Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables, Graphical Method of Solution of a Pair of Linear Equations, Substitution Method, Elimination Method, Cross - Multiplication Method, Equations Reducible to a Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables, Consistency of Pair of Linear Equations, Linear Equation in Two Variables.

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