#### Chapters

Chapter 2: Powers

Chapter 3: Squares and Square Roots

Chapter 4: Cubes and Cube Roots

Chapter 5: Playing with Numbers

Chapter 6: Algebraic Expressions and Identities

Chapter 7: Factorization

Chapter 8: Division of Algebraic Expressions

Chapter 9: Linear Equation in One Variable

Chapter 10: Direct and Inverse Variations

Chapter 11: Time and Work

Chapter 12: Percentage

Chapter 13: Proft, Loss, Discount and Value Added Tax (VAT)

Chapter 14: Compound Interest

Chapter 15: Understanding Shapes-I (Polygons)

Chapter 16: Understanding Shapes-II (Quadrilaterals)

Chapter 17: Understanding Shapes-III (Special Types of Quadrilaterals)

Chapter 18: Practical Geometry (Constructions)

Chapter 19: Visualising Shapes

Chapter 20: Mensuration - I (Area of a Trapezium and a Polygon)

Chapter 21: Mensuration - II (Volumes and Surface Areas of a Cuboid and a Cube)

Chapter 22: Mensuration - III (Surface Area and Volume of a Right Circular Cylinder)

Chapter 23: Data Handling-I (Classification and Tabulation of Data)

Chapter 24: Data Handling-II (Graphical Representation of Data as Histograms)

Chapter 25: Data Handling-III (Pictorial Representation of Data as Pie Charts or Circle Graphs)

Chapter 26: Data Handling-IV (Probability)

Chapter 27: Introduction to Graphs

#### RD Sharma Mathematics Class 8 by R D Sharma (2019-2020 Session)

## Chapter 21: Mensuration - II (Volumes and Surface Areas of a Cuboid and a Cube)

#### Chapter 21: Mensuration - II (Volumes and Surface Areas of a Cuboid and a Cube) Exercise 21.10 solutions [Pages 8 - 9]

Find the volume of a cuboid whose length = 12 cm, breadth = 8 cm, height = 6 cm.

Find the volume of a cuboid whose length =1.2 m, breadth = 30 cm, height = 15 cm.

Find the volume of a cuboid whose length = 15 cm, breadth = 2.5 dm, height = 8 cm.

Find the volume of a cube whose side is 4 cm .

Find the volume of a cube whose side is 8 cm .

Find the volume of a cube whose side is 1.5 dm .

Find the volume of a cube whose side is 1.2 m .

Find the volume of a cube whose side is 25 mm .

Find the height of a cuboid of volume 100 cm^{3}, whose length and breadth are 5 cm and 4 cm respectively.

A cuboidal vessel is 10 cm long and 5 cm wide. How high it must be made to hold 300 cm^{3} of a liquid?

A milk container is 8 cm long and 50 cm wide. What should be its height so that it can hold 4 litres of milk?

A cuboidal wooden block contains 36 cm^{3} wood. If it be 4 cm long and 3 cm wide, find its height.

What will happen to the volume of a cube, if its edge is halved ?

What will happen to the volume of a cube, if its edge is trebled?

What will happen to the volume of a cuboid if its Length is doubled, height is same and breadth is halved?

What will happen to the volume of a cuboid if its Length is doubled, height is doubled and breadth is sama?

Three cuboids of dimensions 5 cm × 6 cm × 7cm, 4cm × 7cm × 8 cm and 2 cm × 3 cm × 13 cm are melted and a cube is made. Find the side of cube.

Find the weight of solid rectangular iron piece of size 50 cm × 40 cm × 10cm, if 1 cm^{3} of iron weighs 8 gm.

How many wooden cubical blocks of side 25 cm can be cut from a log of wood of size 3 m by 75 cm by 50 cm, assuming that there is no wastage?

A cuboidal block of silver is 9 cm long, 4 cm broad and 3.5 cm in height. From it, beads of volume 1.5 cm^{3} each are to be made. Find the number of beads that can be made from the block.

Find the number of cuboidal boxes measuring 2 cm by 3 cm by 10 cm which can be stored in a carton whose dimensions are 40 cm, 36 cm and 24 cm.

A cuboidal block of solid iron has dimensions 50 cm, 45 cm and 34 cm. How many cuboids of size 5 cm by 3 cm by 2 cm can be obtained from this block? Assume cutting causes no wastage.

A cube A has side thrice as long as that of cube B. What is the ratio of the volume of cube A to that of cube B?

An ice-cream brick measures 20 cm by 10 cm by 7 cm. How many such bricks can be stored in deep fridge whose inner dimensions are 100 cm by 50 cm by 42 cm?

Suppose that there are two cubes, having edges 2 cm and 4 cm, respectively. Find the volumes V_{1}and V_{2} of the cubes and compare them.

A tea-packet measures 10 cm × 6 cm × 4 cm. How many such tea-packets can be placed in a cardboard box of dimensions 50 cm × 30 cm × 0.2 m?

The weight of a metal block of size 5 cm by 4 cm by 3 cm is 1 kg. Find the weight of a block of the same metal of size 15 cm by 8 cm by 3 cm.

How many soap cakes can be placed in a box of size 56 cm × 0.4 m × 0.25 m, if the size of a soap cake is 7 cm × 5 cm × 2.5 cm?

The volume of a cuboidal box is 48 cm^{3}. If its height and length are 3 cm and 4 cm respectively, find its breadth.

#### Chapter 21: Mensuration - II (Volumes and Surface Areas of a Cuboid and a Cube) Exercise 21.20 solutions [Pages 15 - 16]

Find the volume in cubic metre (cu. m) of the cuboid whose dimensions is length = 12 m, breadth = 10 m, height = 4.5 cm.

Find the volume in cubic metre (cu. m) of the cuboid whose dimensions islength = 4 m, breadth = 2.5 m, height = 50 cm.

Find the volume in cubic metre (cu. m) of the cuboid whose dimensions is length = 10 m, breadth = 25 dm, height = 50 cm.

Find the volume in cubic decimetre of the cube whose side is 1.5 m.

Find the volume in cubic decimetre of the cube whose side is 75 cm.

Find the volume in cubic decimetre of the cube whose side is 2 dm 5 cm .

How much clay is dug out in digging a well measuring 3 m by 2 m by 5 m?

What will be the height of a cuboid of volume 168 m^{3}, if the area of its base is 28 m^{2}?

A tank is 8 m long, 6 m broad and 2 m high. How much water can it contain?

The capacity of a certain cuboidal tank is 50000 litres of water. Find the breadth of the tank, if its height and length are 10 m and 2.5 m respectively.

A rectangular diesel tanker is 2 m long, 2 m wide and 40 cm deep. How many litres of diesel can it hold?

The length , breadth and height of a room are 5 m, 4.5 m and 3 m, respectively. Find the volume of the air it contains.

A water tank is 3 m long, 2 m broad and 1 m deep. How many litres of water can it hold?

How many planks each of which is 3 m long, 15 cm broad and 5 cm thick can be prepared from a wooden block 6 m long, 75 cm broad and 45 cm thick?

How many bricks each of size 25 cm × 10 cm × 8 cm will be required to build a wall 5 m long, 3 m high and 16 cm thick, assuming that the volume of sand and cement used in the construction is negligible?

A village, having a population of 4000, requires 150 litres water per head per day. It has a tank which is 20 m long, 15 m broad and 6 m high. For how many days will the water of this tank last?

A rectangular field is 70 m long and 60 m broad. A well of dimensions 14 m × 8 m × 6 m is dug outside the field and the earth dug-out from this well is spread evenly on the field. How much will the earth level rise?

A swimming pool is 250 m long and 130 m wide. 3250 cubic metres of water is pumped into it. Find the rise in the level of water.

A beam 5 m long and 40 cm wide contains 0.6 cubic metre of wood. How thick is the beam?

The rainfall on a certain day was 6 cm. How many litres of water fell on 3 hectares of field on that day?

An 8 m long cuboidal beam of wood when sliced produces four thousand 1 cm cubes and there is no wastage of wood in this process. If one edge of the beam is 0.5 m, find the third edge.

The dimensions of a metal block are 2.25 m by 1.5 m by 27 cm. It is melted and recast into cubes, each of the side 45 cm. How many cubes are formed?

A solid rectangular piece of iron measures 6 m by 6 cm by 2 cm. Find the weight of this piece, if 1 cm^{3} of iron weighs 8 gm.

Fill in the blank in the following so as to make the statement true:

1 m^{3} = .........cm^{3}

Fill in the blank in the following so as to make the statement true:

1 litre = ....... cubic decimetre

Fill in the blank in the following so as to make the statement true:

1 kl = ....... m^{3}

Fill in the blank in the following so as to make the statement true:

The volume of a cube of side 8 cm is ........

Fill in the blank in the following so as to make the statement true:

The volume of a wooden cuboid of length 10 cm and breadth 8 cm is 4000 cm^{3}. The height of the cuboid is ........ cm.

Fill in the blank in the following so as to make the statement true:

1 cu.dm = ........ cu. mm

Fill in the blank in the following so as to make the statement true:

1 cu. km = ........ cu. m

Fill in the blank in the following so as to make the statement true:

1 litre = ........ cu. cm

Fill in the blank in the following so as to make the statement true:

1 ml = ........ cu. cm

Fill in the blank in the following so as to make the statement true:

1 kl = ........ cu. dm = ........ cu. cm.

#### Chapter 21: Mensuration - II (Volumes and Surface Areas of a Cuboid and a Cube) Exercise 21.30 solutions [Pages 22 - 23]

Find the surface area of a cuboid whose length = 10 cm, breadth = 12 cm, height = 14 cm.

Find the surface area of a cuboid whose length = 6 dm, breadth = 8 dm, height = 10 dm.

Find the surface area of a cuboid whose llength = 2 m, breadth = 4 m, height = 5 m .

Find the surface area of a cuboid whoselength = 3.2 m, breadth = 30 dm, height = 250 cm.

Find the surface area of a cube whose edge is 1.2 m.

Find the surface area of a cube whose edge is 27 cm.

Find the surface area of a cube whose edge is 3 cm.

Find the surface area of a cube whose edge is 6 m .

Find the surface area of a cube whose edge is 2.1 m.

A cuboidal box is 5 cm by 5 cm by 4 cm. Find its surface area.

Find the surface area of a cube whose volume is 343 m^{3}.

Find the surface area of a cube whose volume is 216 dm^{3}.

Find the volume of a cube whose surface area is 96 cm^{2}.

Find the volume of a cube whose surface area is 150 m^{2 }.

The dimensions of a cuboid are in the ratio 5 : 3 : 1 and its total surface area is 414 m^{2}. Find the dimensions.

Find the area of the cardboard required to make a closed box of length 25 cm, 0.5 m and height 15 cm.

Find the surface area of a wooden box whose shape is of a cube, and if the edge of the box is 12 cm.

The dimensions of an oil tin are 26 cm × 26 cm × 45 cm. Find the area of the tin sheet required for making 20 such tins. If 1 square metre of the tin sheet costs Rs 10, find the cost of tin sheet used for these 20 tins.

A cloassroom is 11 m long, 8 m wide and 5 m high. Find the sum of the areas of its floor and the four walls (including doors, windows, etc.)

A swimming pool is 20 m long 15 m wide and 3 m deep. Find the cost of repairing the floor and wall at the rate of Rs 25 per square metre.

The perimeter of a floor of a room is 30 m and its height is 3 m. Find the area of four walls of the room.

Show that the product of the areas of the floor and two adjacent walls of a cuboid is the square of its volume.

The walls and ceiling of a room are to be plastered. The length, breadth and height of the room are 4.5 m, 3 m and 350 cm, respectively. Find the cost of plastering at the rate of Rs 8 per square metre.

A cuboid has total surface area of 50 m^{2} and lateral surface area is 30 m^{2}. Find the area of its base.

A classroom is 7 m long, 6 m broad and 3.5 m high. Doors and windows occupy an area of 17 m^{2}. What is the cost of white-washing the walls at the rate of Rs 1.50 per m^{2}.

The central hall of a school is 80 m long and 8 m high. It has 10 doors each of size 3 m × 1.5 m and 10 windows each of size 1.5 m × 1 m. If the cost of white-washing the walls of the hall at the rate of Rs 1.20 per m^{2} is Rs 2385.60, fidn the breadth of the hall.

#### Chapter 21: Mensuration - II (Volumes and Surface Areas of a Cuboid and a Cube) Exercise 21.40 solutions [Pages 30 - 31]

Find the length of the longest rod that can be placed in a room 12 m long, 9 m broad and 8 m high.

If V is the volume of a cuboid of dimensions a, b, c and S is its surface area, then prove that \[\frac{1}{V} = \frac{2}{S}\left( \frac{1}{a} + \frac{1}{b} + \frac{1}{c} \right)\]

The areas of three adjacent faces of a cuboid are x, y and z. If the volume is V, prove that V^{2} = xyz.

A rectangular water reservoir contains 105 m^{3} of water. Find the depth of the water in the reservoir if its base measures 12 m by 3.5 m.

Cubes A, B, C having edges 18 cm, 24 cm and 30 cm respectively are melted and moulded into a new cube D. Find the edge of the bigger cube D.

The breadth of a room is twice its height, one half of its length and the volume of the room is 512 cu. dm. Find its dimensions.

A closed iron tank 12 m long, 9 m wide and 4 m deep is to be made. Determine the cost of iron sheet used at the rate of Rs 5 per metre sheet, sheet being 2 m wide.

A tank open at the top is made of iron sheet 4 m wide. If the dimensions of the tank are 12 m × 8 m × 6 m, find the cost of iron sheet at Rs 17.50 per metre.

Three equal cubes are placed adjacently in a row. Find the ratio of total surface area of the new cuboid to that of the sum of the surface areas of the three cubes.

The dimensions of a room are 12.5 m by 9 m by 7 m. There are 2 doors and 4 windows in the room; each door measures 2.5 m by 1.2 m and each window 1.5 m by 1 m. Find the cost of painting the walls at Rs 3.50 per square metre.

A field is 150 m long and 100 m wide. A plot (outside the field) 50 m long and 30 m wide is dug to a depth of 8 m and the earth taken out from the plot is spread evenly in the field. By how much is the level of field raised?

Two cubes, each of volume 512 cm^{3} are joined end to end. Find the surface area of the resulting cuboid.

Three cubes whose edges measure 3 cm, 4 cm, and 5 cm respectively are melted to form a new cube. Find the surface area of the new cube formed.

The cost of preparing the walls of a room 12 m long at the rate of Rs 1.35 per square metre is Rs 340.20 and the cost of matting the floor at 85 paise per square metre is Rs 91.80. Find the height of the room.

The length of a hall is 18 m and the width 12 m. The sum of the areas of the floor and the flat roof is equal to the sum of the areas of the four walls. Find the height of the wall.

A metal cube of edge 12 cm is melted and formed into three smaller cubes. If the edges of the two smaller cubes are 6 cm and 8 cm, find the edge of the third smaller cube.

The dimensions of a cinema hall are 100 m, 50 m and 18 m. How many persons can sit in the hall, if each person requires 150 m^{3} of air?

The external dimensions of a closed wooden box are 48 cm, 36 cm, 30 cm. The box is made of 1.5 cm thick wood. How many bricks of size 6 cm × 3 cm × 0.75 cm can be put in this box?

The dimensions of a rectangular box are in the ratio of 2 : 3 : 4 and the difference between the cost of covering it with sheet of paper at the rates of Rs 8 and Rs 9.50 per m^{2} is Rs. 1248. Find the dimensions of the box.

## Chapter 21: Mensuration - II (Volumes and Surface Areas of a Cuboid and a Cube)

#### RD Sharma Mathematics Class 8 by R D Sharma (2019-2020 Session)

#### Textbook solutions for Class 8

## RD Sharma solutions for Class 8 Mathematics chapter 21 - Mensuration - II (Volumes and Surface Areas of a Cuboid and a Cube)

RD Sharma solutions for Class 8 Maths chapter 21 (Mensuration - II (Volumes and Surface Areas of a Cuboid and a Cube)) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CBSE Mathematics for Class 8 by R D Sharma (2019-2020 Session) solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

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Concepts covered in Class 8 Mathematics chapter 21 Mensuration - II (Volumes and Surface Areas of a Cuboid and a Cube) are Area of Trapezium, Area of a General Quadrilateral, Area of a Polygon, Concept of Solid Shapes, Concept of Cuboid, Concept of Cube, Concept of Cylinders, Conept of Cylinder, Volume and Capacity, Introduction of Mensuration, Concept of Cuboid, Concept of Cube.

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