Chapters
Chapter 2: Functions
Chapter 3: Binary Operations
Chapter 4: Inverse Trigonometric Functions
Chapter 5: Algebra of Matrices
Chapter 6: Determinants
Chapter 7: Adjoint and Inverse of a Matrix
Chapter 8: Solution of Simultaneous Linear Equations
Chapter 9: Continuity
Chapter 10: Differentiability
Chapter 11: Differentiation
Chapter 12: Higher Order Derivatives
Chapter 13: Derivative as a Rate Measurer
Chapter 14: Differentials, Errors and Approximations
Chapter 15: Mean Value Theorems
Chapter 16: Tangents and Normals
Chapter 17: Increasing and Decreasing Functions
Chapter 18: Maxima and Minima
Chapter 19: Indefinite Integrals
Chapter 20: Definite Integrals
Chapter 21: Areas of Bounded Regions
Chapter 22: Differential Equations
Chapter 23: Algebra of Vectors
Chapter 24: Scalar Or Dot Product
Chapter 25: Vector or Cross Product
Chapter 26: Scalar Triple Product
Chapter 27: Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios
Chapter 28: Straight Line in Space
Chapter 29: The Plane
Chapter 30: Linear programming
Chapter 31: Probability
Chapter 32: Mean and Variance of a Random Variable
Chapter 33: Binomial Distribution
RD Sharma Mathematics Class 12 by R D Sharma (Set of 2 Volume) (201819 Session)
Chapter 30: Linear programming
Chapter 30: Linear programming Exercise 30.1 solutions [Pages 14  17]
A small manufacturing firm produces two types of gadgets A and B, which are first processed in the foundry, then sent to the machine shop for finishing. The number of manhours of labour required in each shop for the production of each unit of A and B, and the number of manhours the firm has available per week are as follows:
Gadget  Foundry  Machineshop 
A  10  5 
B  6  4 
Firm's capacity per week  1000  600 
The profit on the sale of A is Rs 30 per unit as compared with Rs 20 per unit of B. The problem is to determine the weekly production of gadgets A and B, so that the total profit is maximized. Formulate this problem as a LPP.
A company is making two products A and B. The cost of producing one unit of products A and B are Rs 60 and Rs 80 respectively. As per the agreement, the company has to supply at least 200 units of product B to its regular customers. One unit of product A requires one machine hour whereas product B has machine hours available abundantly within the company. Total machine hours available for product A are 400 hours. One unit of each product A and B requires one labour hour each and total of 500 labour hours are available. The company wants to minimize the cost of production by satisfying the given requirements. Formulate the problem as a LPP.
A firm manufactures 3 products A, B and C. The profits are Rs 3, Rs 2 and Rs 4 respectively. The firm has 2 machines and below is the required processing time in minutes for each machine on each product :
Machine  Products  
A  B  C  
M_{1} M_{2} 
4  3  5 
2  2  4 
Machines M_{1} and M_{2}_{ }have 2000 and 2500 machine minutes respectively. The firm must manufacture 100 A's, 200 B's and 50 C's but not more than 150 A's. Set up a LPP to maximize the profit.
A firm manufactures two types of products A and B and sells them at a profit of Rs 2 on type A and Rs 3 on type B. Each product is processed on two machines M_{1} and M_{2}. Type A requires one minute of processing time on M_{1} and two minutes of M_{2}; type B requires one minute on M_{1} and one minute on M_{2}. The machine M_{1} is available for not more than 6 hours 40 minutes while machine M_{2} is available for 10 hours during any working day. Formulate the problem as a LPP.
A rubber company is engaged in producing three types of tyres A, B and C. Each type requires processing in two plants, Plant I and Plant II. The capacities of the two plants, in number of tyres per day, are as follows:
Plant  A  B  C 
I  50  100  100 
II  60  60  200 
The monthly demand for tyre A, B and C is 2500, 3000 and 7000 respectively. If plant I costs Rs 2500 per day, and plant II costs Rs 3500 per day to operate, how many days should each be run per month to minimize cost while meeting the demand? Formulate the problem as LPP.
A company sells two different products A and B. The two products are produced in a common production process and are sold in two different markets. The production process has a total capacity of 45000 manhours. It takes 5 hours to produce a unit of A and 3 hours to produce a unit of B. The market has been surveyed and company officials feel that the maximum number of units of A that can be sold is 7000 and that of B is 10,000. If the profit is Rs 60 per unit for the product A and Rs 40 per unit for the product B, how many units of each product should be sold to maximize profit? Formulate the problem as LPP.
To maintain his health a person must fulfil certain minimum daily requirements for several kinds of nutrients. Assuming that there are only three kinds of nutrientscalcium, protein and calories and the person's diet consists of only two food items, I and II, whose price and nutrient contents are shown in the table below:
Food I (per lb) 
Food II (per lb) 
Minimum daily requirement for the nutrient 

Calcium  10  5  20  
Protein  5  4  20  
Calories  2  6  13  
Price (Rs)  60  100 
What combination of two food items will satisfy the daily requirement and entail the least cost? Formulate this as a LPP.
A manufacturer can produce two products, A and B, during a given time period. Each of these products requires four different manufacturing operations: grinding, turning, assembling and testing. The manufacturing requirements in hours per unit of products A and B are given below.
A  B  
Grinding  1  2 
Turning  3  1 
Assembling  6  3 
Testing  5  4 
The available capacities of these operations in hours for the given time period are: grinding 30; turning 60, assembling 200; testing 200. The contribution to profit is Rs 20 for each unit of A and Rs 30 for each unit of B. The firm can sell all that it produces at the prevailing market price. Determine the optimum amount of A and B to produce during the given time period. Formulate this as a LPP.
Vitamins A and B are found in two different foods F_{1} and F_{2}. One unit of food F_{1}contains 2 units of vitamin A and 3 units of vitamin B. One unit of food F_{2} contains 4 units of vitamin A and 2 units of vitamin B. One unit of food F_{1} and F_{2} cost Rs 50 and 25 respectively. The minimum daily requirements for a person of vitamin A and B is 40 and 50 units respectively. Assuming that any thing in excess of daily minimum requirement of vitamin A and B is not harmful, find out the optimum mixture of food F_{1} and F_{2} at the minimum cost which meets the daily minimum requirement of vitamin A and B. Formulate this as a LPP.
An automobile manufacturer makes automobiles and trucks in a factory that is divided into two shops. Shop A, which performs the basic assembly operation, must work 5 mandays on each truck but only 2 mandays on each automobile. Shop B, which performs finishing operations, must work 3 mandays for each automobile or truck that it produces. Because of men and machine limitations, shop A has 180 mandays per week available while shop B has 135 mandays per week. If the manufacturer makes a profit of Rs 30000 on each truck and Rs 2000 on each automobile, how many of each should he produce to maximize his profit? Formulate this as a LPP.
A firm manufactures two products, each of which must be processed through two departments, 1 and 2. The hourly requirements per unit for each product in each department, the weekly capacities in each department, selling price per unit, labour cost per unit, and raw material cost per unit are summarized as follows:
Product A  Product B  Weekly capacity  
Department 1  3  2  130 
Department 2  4  6  260 
Selling price per unit  Rs 25  Rs 30  
Labour cost per unit  Rs 16  Rs 20  
Raw material cost per unit  Rs 4  Rs 4 
The problem is to determine the number of units to produce each product so as to maximize total contribution to profit. Formulate this as a LPP.
An airline agrees to charter planes for a group. The group needs at least 160 first class seats and at least 300 tourist class seats. The airline must use at least two of its model 314 planes which have 20 first class and 30 tourist class seats. The airline will also use some of its model 535 planes which have 20 first class seats and 60 tourist class seats. Each flight of a model 314 plane costs the company Rs 100,000 and each flight of a model 535 plane costs Rs 150,000. How many of each type of plane should be used to minimize the flight cost? Formulate this as a LPP.
Amit's mathematics teacher has given him three very long lists of problems with the instruction to submit not more than 100 of them (correctly solved) for credit. The problem in the first set are worth 5 points each, those in the second set are worth 4 points each, and those in the third set are worth 6 points each. Amit knows from experience that he requires on the average 3 minutes to solve a 5 point problem, 2 minutes to solve a 4 point problem, and 4 minutes to solve a 6 point problem. Because he has other subjects to worry about, he can not afford to devote more than
A farmer has a 100 acre farm. He can sell the tomatoes, lettuce, or radishes he can raise. The price he can obtain is Rs 1 per kilogram for tomatoes, Rs 0.75 a head for lettuce and Rs 2 per kilogram for radishes. The average yield per acre is 2000 kgs for radishes, 3000 heads of lettuce and 1000 kilograms of radishes. Fertilizer is available at Rs 0.50 per kg and the amount required per acre is 100 kgs each for tomatoes and lettuce and 50 kilograms for radishes. Labour required for sowing, cultivating and harvesting per acre is 5 mandays for tomatoes and radishes and 6 mandays for lettuce. A total of 400 mandays of labour are available at Rs 20 per manday. Formulate this problem as a LPP to maximize the farmer's total profit.
A firm has to transport at least 1200 packages daily using large vans which carry 200 packages each and small vans which can take 80 packages each. The cost of engaging each large van is ₹400 and each small van is ₹200. Not more than ₹3000 is to be spent daily on the job and the number of large vans cannot exceed the number of small vans. Formulate this problem as a LPP given that the objective is to minimize cost
A firm manufactures two products, each of which must be processed through two departments, 1 and 2. The hourly requirements per unit for each product in each department, the weekly capacities in each department, selling price per unit, labour cost per unit, and raw material cost per unit are summarized as follows:
Product A  Product B  Weekly capacity  
Department 1  3  2  130 
Department 2  4  6  260 
Selling price per unit  ₹ 25  ₹ 30  
Labour cost per unit  ₹ 16  ₹ 20  
Raw material cost per unit  ₹ 4  ₹ 4 
The problem is to determine the number of units to produce each product so as to maximize total contribution to profit. Formulate this as a LPP.
Chapter 30: Linear programming Exercise 30.2 solutions [Pages 32  33]
Maximize Z = 5x + 3y
Subject to
\[3x + 5y \leq 15\]
\[5x + 2y \leq 10\]
\[ x, y \geq 0\]
Maximize Z = 9x + 3y
Subject to
\[2x + 3y \leq 13\]
\[ 3x + y \leq 5\]
\[ x, y \geq 0\]
Minimize Z = 18x + 10y
Subject to
\[4x + y \geq 20\]
\[2x + 3y \geq 30\]
\[ x, y \geq 0\]
Maximize Z = 50x + 30y
Subject to
\[2x + y \leq 18\]
\[3x + 2y \leq 34\]
\[ x, y \geq 0\]
Maximize Z = 4x + 3y
subject to
\[3x + 4y \leq 24\]
\[8x + 6y \leq 48\]
\[ x \leq 5\]
\[ y \leq 6\]
\[ x, y \geq 0\]
Maximize Z = 15x + 10y
Subject to
\[3x + 2y \leq 80\]
\[2x + 3y \leq 70\]
\[ x, y \geq 0\]
Maximize Z = 10x + 6y
Subject to
\[3x + y \leq 12\]
\[2x + 5y \leq 34\]
\[ x, y \geq 0\]
Maximize Z = 3x + 4y
Subject to
\[2x + 2y \leq 80\]
\[2x + 4y \leq 120\]
Maximize Z = 7x + 10y
Subject to
\[x + y \leq 30000\]
\[ y \leq 12000\]
\[ x \geq 6000\]
\[ x \geq y\]
\[ x, y \geq 0\]
Minimize Z = 2x + 4y
Subject to
\[x + y \geq 8\]
\[x + 4y \geq 12\]
\[x \geq 3, y \geq 2\]
Minimize Z = 5x + 3y
Subject to
\[2x + y \geq 10\]
\[x + 3y \geq 15\]
\[ x \leq 10\]
\[ y \leq 8\]
\[ x, y \geq 0\]
Minimize Z = 30x + 20y
Subject to
\[x + y \leq 8\]
\[ x + 4y \geq 12\]
\[5x + 8y = 20\]
\[ x, y \geq 0\]
Maximize Z = 4x + 3y
Subject to
\[3x + 4y \leq 24\]
\[8x + 6y \leq 48\]
\[ x \leq 5\]
\[ y \leq 6\]
\[ x, y \geq 0\]
Minimize Z = x − 5y + 20
Subject to
\[x  y \geq 0\]
\[  x + 2y \geq 2\]
\[ x \geq 3\]
\[ y \leq 4\]
\[ x, y \geq 0\]
Maximize Z = 3x + 5y
Subject to
\[x + 2y \leq 20\]
\[x + y \leq 15\]
\[ y \leq 5\]
\[ x, y \geq 0\]
Minimize Z = 3x_{1} + 5x_{2}
Subject to
\[x_1 + 3 x_2 \geq 3\]
\[ x_1 + x_2 \geq 2\]
\[ x_1 , x_2 \geq 0\]
Maximize Z = 2x + 3y
Subject to
\[x + y \geq 1\]
\[10x + y \geq 5\]
\[x + 10y \geq 1\]
\[ x, y \geq 0\]
Maximize Z = −x_{1} + 2x_{2}
Subject to
\[ x_1 + 3 x_2 \leq 10\]
\[ x_1 + x_2 \leq 6\]
\[ x_1  x_2 \leq 2\]
\[ x_1 , x_2 \geq 0\]
Maximize Z = x + y
Subject to
\[ 2x + y \leq 1\]
\[ x \leq 2\]
\[ x + y \leq 3\]
\[ x, y \geq 0\]
Maximize Z = 3x_{1} + 4x_{2}, if possible,
Subject to the constraints
\[x_1  x_2 \leq  1\]
\[  x_1 + x_2 \leq 0\]
\[ x_1 , x_2 \geq 0\]
Maximize Z = 3x + 3y, if possible,
Subject to the constraints
\[x  y \leq 1\]
\[x + y \geq 3\]
\[ x, y \geq 0\]
Show the solution zone of the following inequalities on a graph paper:
\[5x + y \geq 10\]
\[ x + y \geq 6\]
\[x + 4y \geq 12\]
\[x \geq 0, y \geq 0\]
Find x and y for which 3x + 2y is minimum subject to these inequalities. Use a graphical method.
Find the maximum and minimum value of 2x + y subject to the constraints:
x + 3y ≥ 6, x − 3y ≤ 3, 3x + 4y ≤ 24, − 3x + 2y ≤ 6, 5x + y ≥ 5, x, y ≥ 0.
Find the minimum value of 3x + 5y subject to the constraints
− 2x + y ≤ 4, x + y ≥ 3, x − 2y ≤ 2, x, y ≥ 0.
Solved the following linear programming problem graphically:
Maximize Z = 60x + 15y
Subject to constraints
\[x + y \leq 50\]
\[3x + y \leq 90\]
\[ x, y \geq 0\]
Find graphically, the maximum value of Z = 2x + 5y, subject to constraints given below:
2x + 4y ≤ 8
3x + y ≤ 6
x + y ≤ 4
x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0
Solve the following LPP graphically:
Maximize Z = 20 x + 10 y
Subject to the following constraints
\[x +\]2\[y \leq\]28
3x+ \[y \leq\]24
\[x \geq\] 2x.
\[y \geq\] 0
Solve the following linear programming problem graphically:
Minimize z = 6 x + 3 y
Subject to the constraints:
4 x + \[y \geq\] 80
x + 5 \[y \geq\] 115
3 x + 2 \[y \leq\] 150
\[x \geq\] 0 , \[y \geq\] 0
Chapter 30: Linear programming Exercise 30.3 solutions [Pages 38  40]
A diet of two foods F_{1} and F_{2} contains nutrients thiamine, phosphorous and iron. The amount of each nutrient in each of the food (in milligrams per 25 gms) is given in the following table:
Nutrients 
Food 
F_{1}  F_{2} 
Thiamine  0.25  0.10 

Phosphorous  0.75  1.50  
Iron  1.60  0.80 
The minimum requirement of the nutrients in the diet are 1.00 mg of thiamine, 7.50 mg of phosphorous and 10.00 mg of iron. The cost of F_{1} is 20 paise per 25 gms while the cost of F_{2} is 15 paise per 25 gms. Find the minimum cost of diet.
A diet for a sick person must contain at least 4000 units of vitamins, 50 units of minerals and 1400 of calories. Two foods A and B, are available at a cost of Rs 4 and Rs 3 per unit respectively. If one unit of A contains 200 units of vitamin, 1 unit of mineral and 40 calories and one unit of food B contains 100 units of vitamin, 2 units of minerals and 40 calories, find what combination of foods should be used to have the least cost?
To maintain one's health, a person must fulfil certain minimum daily requirements for the following three nutrients: calcium, protein and calories. The diet consists of only items I and II whose prices and nutrient contents are shown below:
Food I  Food II  Minimum daily requirement  
Calcium Protein Calories 
10 5 2 
4 6 6 
20 20 12 
Price  Rs 0.60 per unit  Rs 1.00 per unit 
Find the combination of food items so that the cost may be minimum.
A hospital dietician wishes to find the cheapest combination of two foods, A and B, that contains at least 0.5 milligram of thiamin and at least 600 calories. Each unit of Acontains 0.12 milligram of thiamin and 100 calories, while each unit of B contains 0.10 milligram of thiamin and 150 calories. If each food costs 10 paise per unit, how many units of each should be combined at a minimum cost?
A dietician mixes together two kinds of food in such a way that the mixture contains at least 6 units of vitamin A, 7 units of vitamin B, 11 units of vitamin C and 9 units of vitamin D. The vitamin contents of 1 kg of food X and 1 kg of food Y are given below:
Vitamin A 
Vitamin B 
Vitamin 
Vitamin D 

Food X Food Y 
1 2 
1 1 
1 3 
2 1 
One kg food X costs Rs 5, whereas one kg of food Y costs Rs 8. Find the least cost of the mixture which will produce the desired diet.
A diet is to contain at least 80 units of vitamin A and 100 units of minerals. Two foods F_{1}and F_{2} are available. Food F_{1} costs Rs 4 per unit and F_{2} costs Rs 6 per unit one unit of food F_{1} contains 3 units of vitamin A and 4 units of minerals. One unit of food F_{2}contains 6 units of vitamin A and 3 units of minerals. Formulate this as a linear programming problem and find graphically the minimum cost for diet that consists of mixture of these foods and also meets the mineral nutritional requirements
Kellogg is a new cereal formed of a mixture of bran and rice that contains at least 88 grams of protein and at least 36 milligrams of iron. Knowing that bran contains 80 grams of protein and 40 milligrams of iron per kilogram, and that rice contains 100 grams of protein and 30 milligrams of iron per kilogram, find the minimum cost of producing this new cereal if bran costs Rs 5 per kg and rice costs Rs 4 per kg
A wholesale dealer deals in two kinds, A and B (say) of mixture of nuts. Each kg of mixture A contains 60 grams of almonds, 30 grams of cashew nuts and 30 grams of hazel nuts. Each kg of mixture B contains 30 grams of almonds, 60 grams of cashew nuts and 180 grams of hazel nuts. The remainder of both mixtures is per nuts. The dealer is contemplating to use mixtures A and B to make a bag which will contain at least 240 grams of almonds, 300 grams of cashew nuts and 540 grams of hazel nuts. Mixture A costs Rs 8 per kg. and mixture B costs Rs 12 per kg. Assuming that mixtures A and B are uniform, use graphical method to determine the number of kg. of each mixture which he should use to minimise the cost of the bag.
One kind of cake requires 300 gm of flour and 15 gm of fat, another kind of cake requires 150 gm of flour and 30 gm of fat. Find the maximum number of cakes which can be made from 7.5 kg of flour and 600 gm of fat, assuming that there is no shortage of the other ingradients used in making the cake. Make it as an LPP and solve it graphically.
Reshma wishes to mix two types of food P and Q in such a way that the vitamin contents of the mixture contains at least 8 units of vitamin A and 11 units of vitamin B. Food P costs ₹60/kg and food Q costs ₹80/kg. Food P contains 3 units/kg of vitamin A and 5 units/kg of vitamin B while food Q contains 4 units/kg of vitamin A and 2 units/kg of vitamin B. Determine the minimum cost of the mixture.
One kind of cake requires 200 g of flour and 25 g of fat, and another kind of cake requires 100 g of flour and 50 g of fat. Find the maximum number of cakes which can be made from 5 kg of flour and 1 kg of fat assuming that there is no storage of the other ingredients used in making the cakes.
A dietician has to develop a special diet using two foods P and Q. Each packet (containing 30 g) of food P contains 12 units of calcium, 4 units of iron, 6 units of cholesterol and 6 units of vitamin A. Each packet of the same quantity of food Q contains 3 units of calcium, 20 units of iron, 4 units of cholesterol and 3 units of vitamin A. The diet requires atleast 240 units of calcium, atleast 460 units of iron and at most 300 units of cholesterol. How many packets of each food should be used to minimise the amount of vitamin A in the diet? What is the minimum of vitamin A.
A farmer mixes two brands P and Q of cattle feed. Brand P, costing ₹250 per bag, contains 2 units of nutritional element A, 2.5 units of element B and 2 units of element C. Brand Q costing ₹200 per bag contains 1.5 units of nutritional element A, 11.25 units of element B and 3 units of element C. The minimum requirements of nutrients A, B and C are 18 units, 45 units and 24 units respectively. Determine the number of bags of each brand which should be mixed in order to produce a mixture having a minimum cost per bag? What is the minimum cost of the mixture per bag?
A dietician wishes to mix together two kinds of food X and Y in such a way that the mixture contains at least 10 units of vitamin A, 12 units of vitamin B and 8 units of vitamin C. The vitamin contents of one kg food is given below:
Food  Vitamin A  Vitamin B  Vitamin C 
X  1  2  3 
Y  2  2  1 
One kg of food X costs ₹16 and one kg of food Y costs ₹20. Find the least cost of the mixture which will produce the required diet?
A fruit grower can use two types of fertilizer in his garden, brand P and Q. The amounts (in kg) of nirogen, phosphoric acid, potash, and chlorine in a bag of each brand are given in the table. Tests indicates that the garden needs at least 240 kg of phosphoric acid, at least 270 kg of potash and at most 310 kg of chlorine.
kg per bag  
Brand P  Brand P  
Nitrogen  3  3.5 
Phosphoric acid  1  2 
Potash  3  1.5 
Chlorine  1.5  2 
If the grower wants to minimize the amount of nitrogen added to the garden, how many bags of each brand should be used? What is the minimum amount of nitrogen added in the garden?
Chapter 30: Linear programming Exercise 30.4 solutions [Pages 50  57]
If a young man drives his vehicle at 25 km/hr, he has to spend Rs 2 per km on petrol. If he drives it at a faster speed of 40 km/hr, the petrol cost increases to Rs 5/per km. He has Rs 100 to spend on petrol and travel within one hour. Express this as an LPP and solve the same.
A manufacturer has three machines installed in his factory. machines I and II are capable of being operated for at most 12 hours whereas Machine III must operate at least for 5 hours a day. He produces only two items, each requiring the use of three machines. The number of hours required for producing one unit each of the items on the three machines is given in the following table:
Item  Number of hours required by the machine  
A B 
I  II  III 
1 2 
2 1 
1 5/4 
He makes a profit of Rs 6.00 on item A and Rs 4.00 on item B. Assuming that he can sell all that he produces, how many of each item should he produces so as to maximize his profit? Determine his maximum profit. Formulate this LPP mathematically and then solve it.
Two tailors, A and B earn Rs 15 and Rs 20 per day respectively. A can stitch 6 shirts and 4 pants while B can stitch 10 shirts and 4 pants per day. How many days shall each work if it is desired to produce (at least) 60 shirts and 32 pants at a minimum labour cost?
A factory manufactures two types of screws, A and B, each type requiring the use of two machines  an automatic and a handoperated. It takes 4 minute on the automatic and 6 minutes on the handoperated machines to manufacture a package of screws 'A', while it takes 6 minutes on the automatic and 3 minutes on the handoperated machine to manufacture a package of screws 'B'. Each machine is available for at most 4 hours on any day. The manufacturer can sell a package of screws 'A' at a profit of 70 P and screws 'B' at a profit of Rs 1. Assuming that he can sell all the screws he can manufacture, how many packages of each type should the factory owner produce in a day in order to maximize his profit? Determine the maximum profit.
A company produces two types of leather belts, say type A and B. Belt A is a superior quality and belt B is of a lower quality. Profits on each type of belt are Rs 2 and Rs 1.50 per belt, respectively. Each belt of type A requires twice as much time as required by a belt of type B. If all belts were of type B, the company could produce 1000 belts per day. But the supply of leather is sufficient only for 800 belts per day (both A and B combined). Belt A requires a fancy buckle and only 400 fancy buckles are available for this per day. For belt of type B, only 700 buckles are available per day.
How should the company manufacture the two types of belts in order to have a maximum overall profit?
A small manufacturer has employed 5 skilled men and 10 semiskilled men and makes an article in two qualities deluxe model and an ordinary model. The making of a deluxe model requires 2 hrs. work by a skilled man and 2 hrs. work by a semiskilled man. The ordinary model requires 1 hr by a skilled man and 3 hrs. by a semiskilled man. By union rules no man may work more than 8 hrs per day. The manufacturers clear profit on deluxe model is Rs 15 and on an ordinary model is Rs 10. How many of each type should be made in order to maximize his total daily profit.
A manufacturer makes two types A and B of teacups. Three machines are needed for the manufacture and the time in minutes required for each cup on the machines is given below:
Machines  
I  II  III  
A B 
12 6 
18 0 
6 9 
Each machine is available for a maximum of 6 hours per day. If the profit on each cup A is 75 paise and that on each cup B is 50 paise, show that 15 teacups of type A and 30 of type B should be manufactured in a day to get the maximum profit.
A factory owner purchases two types of machines, A and B, for his factory. The requirements and limitations for the machines are as follows:
Area occupied by the machine 
Labour force for each machine 
Daily output in units 

Machine A Machine B 
1000 sq. m 1200 sq. m 
12 men 8 men 
60 40 
He has an area of 7600 sq. m available and 72 skilled men who can operate the machines.
How many machines of each type should he buy to maximize the daily output?
A company produces two types of goods, A and B, that require gold and silver. Each unit of type A requires 3 gm of silver and 1 gm of gold while that of type B requires 1 gm of silver and 2 gm of gold. The company can produce 9 gm of silver and 8 gm of gold. If each unit of type A brings a profit of Rs 40 and that of type B Rs 50, find the number of units of each type that the company should produce to maximize the profit. What is the maximum profit?
A manufacturer of Furniture makes two products : chairs and tables. processing of these products is done on two machines A and B. A chair requires 2 hrs on machine A and 6 hrs on machine B. A table requires 4 hrs on machine A and 2 hrs on machine B. There are 16 hrs of time per day available on machine A and 30 hrs on machine B. Profit gained by the manufacturer from a chair and a table is Rs 3 and Rs 5 respectively. Find with the help of graph what should be the daily production of each of the two products so as to maximize his profit.
A furniture manufacturing company plans to make two products : chairs and tables. From its available resources which consists of 400 square feet to teak wood and 450 man hours. It is known that to make a chair requires 5 square feet of wood and 10 manhours and yields a profit of Rs 45, while each table uses 20 square feet of wood and 25 manhours and yields a profit of Rs 80. How many items of each product should be produced by the company so that the profit is maximum?
A firm manufactures two products A and B. Each product is processed on two machines M_{1} and M_{2}. Product A requires 4 minutes of processing time on M_{1} and 8 min. on M_{2} ; product B requires 4 minutes on M_{1} and 4 min. on M_{2}. The machine M_{1} is available for not more than 8 hrs 20 min. while machine M_{2} is available for 10 hrs. during any working day. The products A and B are sold at a profit of Rs 3 and Rs 4 respectively.
Formulate the problem as a linear programming problem and find how many products of each type should be produced by the firm each day in order to get maximum profit.
A firm manufacturing two types of electric items, A and B, can make a profit of Rs 20 per unit of A and Rs 30 per unit of B. Each unit of A requires 3 motors and 4 transformers and each unit of B requires 2 motors and 4 transformers. The total supply of these per month is restricted to 210 motors and 300 transformers. Type B is an export model requiring a voltage stabilizer which has a supply restricted to 65 units per month. Formulate the linear programing problem for maximum profit and solve it graphically.
A factory uses three different resources for the manufacture of two different products, 20 units of the resources A, 12 units of B and 16 units of C being available. 1 unit of the first product requires 2, 2 and 4 units of the respective resources and 1 unit of the second product requires 4, 2 and 0 units of respective resources. It is known that the first product gives a profit of 2 monetary units per unit and the second 3. Formulate the linear programming problem. How many units of each product should be manufactured for maximizing the profit? Solve it graphically.
A publisher sells a hard cover edition of a text book for Rs 72.00 and paperback edition of the same ext for Rs 40.00. Costs to the publisher are Rs 56.00 and Rs 28.00 per book respectively in addition to weekly costs of Rs 9600.00. Both types require 5 minutes of printing time, although hardcover requires 10 minutes binding time and the paperback requires only 2 minutes. Both the printing and binding operations have 4,800 minutes available each week. How many of each type of book should be produced in order to maximize profit?
A firm manufactures headache pills in two sizes A and B. Size A contains 2 grains of aspirin, 5 grains of bicarbonate and 1 grain of codeine; size B contains 1 grain of aspirin, 8 grains of bicarbonate and 66 grains of codeine. It has been found by users that it requires at least 12 grains of aspirin, 7.4 grains of bicarbonate and 24 grains of codeine for providing immediate effects. Determine graphically the least number of pills a patient should have to get immediate relief. Determine also the quantity of codeine consumed by patient.
A chemical company produces two compounds, A and B. The following table gives the units of ingredients, C and D per kg of compounds A and B as well as minimum requirements of C and D and costs per kg of A and B. Find the quantities of A and B which would give a supply of C and D at a minimum cost.
Compound  Minimum requirement  
A  B  
Ingredient C Ingredient D 
1 3 
2 1 
80 75 
Cost (in Rs) per kg  4  6 
A company manufactures two types of novelty Souvenirs made of plywood. Souvenirs of type A require 5 minutes each for cutting and 10 minutes each for assembling. Souvenirs of type B require 8 minutes each for cutting and 8 minutes each for assembling. There are 3 hours 20 minutes available for cutting and 4 hours available for assembling. The profit is 50 paise each for type A and 60 paise each for type B souvenirs. How many souvenirs of each type should the company manufacture in order to maximize the profit?
A manufacturer makes two products A and B. Product A sells at Rs 200 each and takes 1/2 hour to make. Product B sells at Rs 300 each and takes 1 hour to make. There is a permanent order for 14 of product A and 16 of product B. A working week consists of 40 hours of production and weekly turnover must not be less than Rs 10000. If the profit on each of product A is Rs 20 and on product B is Rs 30, then how many of each should be produced so that the profit is maximum. Also, find the maximum profit.
A manufacturer produces two types of steel trunks. He has two machines A and B. For completing, the first types of the trunk requires 3 hours on machine A and 3 hours on machine B, whereas the second type of the trunk requires 3 hours on machine A and 2 hours on machine B. Machines A and B can work at most for 18 hours and 15 hours per day respectively. He earns a profit of Rs 30 and Rs 25 per trunk of the first type and the second type respectively. How many trunks of each type must he make each day to make maximum profit?
A manufacturer of patent medicines is preparing a production plan on medicines, A and B. There are sufficient raw materials available to make 20000 bottles of A and 40000 bottles of B, but there are only 45000 bottles into which either of the medicines can be put. Further, it takes 3 hours to prepare enough material to fill 1000 bottles of A, it takes 1 hour to prepare enough material to fill 1000 bottles of B and there are 66 hours available for this operation. The profit is Rs 8 per bottle for A and Rs 7 per bottle for B. How should the manufacturer schedule his production in order to maximize his profit?
An aeroplane can carry a maximum of 200 passengers. A profit of Rs 400 is made on each first class ticket and a profit of Rs 600 is made on each economy class ticket. The airline reserves at least 20 seats of first class. However, at least 4 times as many passengers prefer to travel by economy class to the first class. Determine how many each type of tickets must be sold in order to maximize the profit for the airline. What is the maximum profit.
A gardener has supply of fertilizer of type I which consists of 10% nitrogen and 6% phosphoric acid and type II fertilizer which consists of 5% nitrogen and 10% phosphoric acid. After testing the soil conditions, he finds that he needs at least 14 kg of nitrogen and 14 kg of phosphoric acid for his crop. If the type I fertilizer costs 60 paise per kg and type II fertilizer costs 40 paise per kg, determine how many kilograms of each fertilizer should be used so that nutrient requirements are met at a minimum cost. What is the minimum cost?
Anil wants to invest at most Rs 12000 in Saving Certificates and National Saving Bonds. According to rules, he has to invest at least Rs 2000 in Saving Certificates and at least Rs 4000 in National Saving Bonds. If the rate of interest on saving certificate is 8% per annum and the rate of interest on National Saving Bond is 10% per annum, how much money should he invest to earn maximum yearly income? Find also his maximum yearly income.
A man owns a field of area 1000 sq.m. He wants to plant fruit trees in it. He has a sum of Rs 1400 to purchase young trees. He has the choice of two types of trees. Type A requires 10 sq.m of ground per tree and costs Rs 20 per tree and type B requires 20 sq.m of ground per tree and costs Rs 25 per tree. When fully grown, type A produces an average of 20 kg of fruit which can be sold at a profit of Rs 2.00 per kg and type B produces an average of 40 kg of fruit which can be sold at a profit of Rs. 1.50 per kg. How many of each type should be planted to achieve maximum profit when the trees are fully grown? What is the maximum profit?
A cottage industry manufactures pedestal lamps and wooden shades, each requiring the use of grinding/cutting machine and sprayer. It takes 2 hours on the grinding/cutting machine and 3 hours on the sprayer to manufacture a pedestal lamp while it takes 1 hour on the grinding/cutting machine and 2 hours on the sprayer to manufacture a shade. On any day, the sprayer is available for at most 20 hours and the grinding/cutting machine for at most 12 hours. The profit from the sale of a lamp is ₹5.00 and a shade is ₹3.00. Assuming that the manufacturer sell all the lamps and shades that he produces, how should he schedule his daily production in order to maximise his profit?
A producer has 30 and 17 units of labour and capital respectively which he can use to produce two type of goods x and y. To produce one unit of x, 2 units of labour and 3 units of capital are required. Similarly, 3 units of labour and 1 unit of capital is required to produce one unit of y. If x and y are priced at Rs 100 and Rs 120 per unit respectively, how should be producer use his resources to maximize the total revenue? Solve the problem graphically.
A firm manufactures two types of products A and B and sells them at a profit of Rs 5 per unit of type A and Rs 3 per unit of type B. Each product is processed on two machines M_{1} and M_{2}. One unit of type A requires one minute of processing time on M_{1} and two minutes of processing time on M_{2}, whereas one unit of type B requires one minute of processing time on M_{1} and one minute on M_{2}. Machines M_{1} and M_{2} are respectively available for at most 5 hours and 6 hours in a day. Find out how many units of each type of product should the firm produce a day in order to maximize the profit. Solve the problem graphically.
A small firm manufacturers items A and B. The total number of items A and B that it can manufacture in a day is at the most 24. Item A takes one hour to make while item B takes only half an hour. The maximum time available per day is 16 hours. If the profit on one unit of item A be Rs 300 and one unit of item B be Rs 160, how many of each type of item be produced to maximize the profit? Solve the problem graphically.
A company manufactures two types of toys A and B. Type A requires 5 minutes each for cutting and 10 minutes each for assembling. Type B requires 8 minutes each for cutting and 8 minutes each for assembling. There are 3 hours available for cutting and 4 hours available for assembling in a day. The profit is Rs 50 each on type A and Rs 60 each on type B. How many toys of each type should the company manufacture in a day to maximize the profit?
A company manufactures two articles A and B. There are two departments through which these articles are processed: (i) assembly and (ii) finishing departments. The maximum capacity of the first department is 60 hours a week and that of other department is 48 hours per week. The product of each unit of article A requires 4 hours in assembly and 2 hours in finishing and that of each unit of B requires 2 hours in assembly and 4 hours in finishing. If the profit is Rs 6 for each unit of A and Rs 8 for each unit of B, find the number of units of A and B to be produced per week in order to have maximum profit.
A firm makes items A and B and the total number of items it can make in a day is 24. It takes one hour to make an item of A and half an hour to make an item of B. The maximum time available per day is 16 hours. The profit on an item of A is Rs 300 and on one item of B is Rs 160. How many items of each type should be produced to maximize the profit? Solve the problem graphically.
A company sells two different products, A and B. The two products are produced in a common production process, which has a total capacity of 500 manhours. It takes 5 hours to produce a unit of A and 3 hours to produce a unit of B. The market has been surveyed and company officials feel that the maximum number of unit of A that can be sold is 70 and that for B is 125. If the profit is Rs 20 per unit for the product A and Rs 15 per unit for the product B, how many units of each product should be sold to maximize profit?
A box manufacturer makes large and small boxes from a large piece of cardboard. The large boxes require 4 sq. metre per box while the small boxes require 3 sq. metre per box. The manufacturer is required to make at least three large boxes and at least twice as many small boxes as large boxes. If 60 sq. metre of cardboard is in stock, and if the profits on the large and small boxes are Rs 3 and Rs 2 per box, how many of each should be made in order to maximize the total profit?
A manufacturer makes two products, A and B. Product A sells at Rs 200 each and takes 1/2 hour to make. Product B sells at Rs 300 each and takes 1 hour to make. There is a permanent order for 14 units of product A and 16 units of product B. A working week consists of 40 hours of production and the weekly turn over must not be less than Rs 10000. If the profit on each of product A is Rs 20 and an product B is Rs 30, then how many of each should be produced so that the profit is maximum? Also find the maximum profit.
If a young man drives his vehicle at 25 km/hr, he has to spend ₹2 per km on petrol. If he drives it at a faster speed of 40 km/hr, the petrol cost increases to ₹5 per km. He has ₹100 to spend on petrol and travel within one hour. Express this as an LPP and solve the same.
An oil company has two depots, A and B, with capacities of 7000 litres and 4000 litres respectively. The company is to supply oil to three petrol pumps, D, E, F whose requirements are 4500, 3000 and 3500 litres respectively. The distance (in km) between the depots and petrol pumps is given in the following table:
Figure
Assuming that the transportation cost per km is Rs 1.00 per litre, how should the delivery be scheduled in order that the transportation cost is minimum?
A small firm manufactures gold rings and chains. The total number of rings and chains manufactured per day is at most 24. It takes 1 hour to make a ring and 30 minutes to make a chain. The maximum number of hours available per day is 16. If the profit on a ring is Rs 300 and that on a chain is Rs 190, find the number of rings and chains that should be manufactured per day, so as to earn the maximum profit. Make it as an LPP and solve it graphically.
A library has to accommodate two different types of books on a shelf. The books are 6 cm and 4 cm thick and weigh 1 kg and \[1\frac{1}{2}\] kg each respectively. The shelf is 96 cm long and atmost can support a weight of 21 kg. How should the shelf be filled with the books of two types in order to include the greatest number of books? Make it as an LPP and solve it graphically.
A factory makes tennis rackets and cricket bats. A tennis racket takes 1.5 hours of machine time and 3 hours of craftman's time in its making while a cricket bat takes 3 hours of machine time and 1 hour of craftman's time. In a day, the factory has the availability of not more than 42 hours of machine time and 24 hours of craftman's time. If the profit on a racket and on a bat is Rs 20 and Rs 10 respectively, find the number of tennis rackets and cricket bats that the factory must manufacture to earn the maximum profit. Make it as an LPP and solve it graphically.
A merchant plans to sell two types of personal computers a desktop model and a portable model that will cost Rs 25,000 and Rs 40,000 respectively. He estimates that the total monthly demand of computers will not exceed 250 units. Determine the number of units of each type of computers which the merchant should stock to get maximum profit if he does not want to invest more than Rs 70 lakhs and his profit on the desktop model is Rs 4500 and on the portable model is Rs 5000. Make an LPP and solve it graphically.
A cooperative society of farmers has 50 hectares of land to grow two crops X and Y. The profits from crops X and Y per hectare are estimated as ₹10,500 and ₹9,000 respectively. To control weeds, a liquid herbicide has to be used for crops X and Y at the rate of 20 litres and 10 litres per hectare, respectively. Further not more than 800 litres of herbicide should be used in order to protect fish and wildlife using a pond which collects drainage from this land. How much land should be allocated to each crop so as to maximise the total profit of the society?
A manufacturing company makes two models A and B of a product. Each piece of model A requires 9 labour hours for fabricating and 1 labour hour for finishing. Each piece of model B requires 12 labour hours for fabricating and 3 labour hours for finishing. For fabricating and finishing, the maximum labour hours available are 180 and 30 respectively. The company makes a profit of ₹8000 on each piece of model A and ₹12000 on each piece of model B. How many pieces of model A and model B should be manufactured per week to realise a maximum profit? What is the maximum profit per week?
A factory makes tennis rackets and cricket bats. A tennis racket takes 1.5 hours of machine time and 3 hours of craftman's time in its making while a cricket bat takes 3 hours of machine time and 1 hour of craftman's time. In a day, the factory has the availability of not more than 42 hours of machine time and 24 hours of craftman's time.
(i) What number of rackets and bats must be made if the factory is to work at full capacity?
(ii) If the profit on a racket and on a bat is Rs 20 and Rs 10 respectively, find the maximum profit of the factory when it works at full capacity.
A merchant plans to sell two types of personal computers a desktop model and a portable model that will cost Rs 25,000 and Rs 40,000 respectively. He estimates that the total monthly demand of computers will not exceed 250 units. Determine the number of units of each type of computers which the merchant should stock to get maximum profit if he does not want to invest more than Rs 70 lakhs and his profit on the desktop model is Rs 4500 and on the portable model is Rs 5000.
A toy company manufactures two types of dolls, A and B. Market tests and available resources have indicated that the combined production level should not exceed 1200 dolls per week and the demand for dolls of type B is at most half of that for dolls of type A. Further, the production level of dolls of type A can exceed three times the production of dolls of other type by at most 600 units. If the company makes profit of ₹ 12 and ₹ 16 per doll respectively on dolls A and B, how many of each should be produced weekly in order to maximise the profit?
There are two types of fertilizers F_{1 }and F_{2}. F_{1 }consists of 10% nitrogen and 6% phosphoric acid and F_{2 }consists of 5% nitrogen and 10% phosphoric acid. After testing the soil conditions, a farmer finds the she needs atleast 14 kg of nitrogen and 14 kg of phosphoric acid for her crop. If F_{1 }costs ₹6/kg and F_{2 }costs ₹5/kg, determine how much of each type of fertilizer should be used so that the nutrient requirements are met at minimum cost. What is the minimum cost?
A manufacturer has three machine I, II, III installed in his factory. Machines I and II are capable of being operated for at most 12 hours whereas machine III must be operated for atleast 5 hours a day. She produces only two items M and N each requiring the use of all the three machines.
The number of hours required for producing 1 unit each of M and N on the three machines are given in the following table:
Items  Number of hours required on machines  
I  II  III  
M  1  2  1 
N  2  1  1.25 
She makes a profit of ₹600 and ₹400 on items M and N respectively. How many of each item should she produce so as to maximise her profit assuming that she can sell all the items that she produced? What will be the maximum profit?
There are two factories located one at place P and the other at place Q. From these locations, a certain commodity is to be delivered to each of the three depots situated at A, B and C. The weekly requirements of the depots are respectively 5, 5 and 4 units of the commodity while the production capacity of the factories at P and Q are respectively 8 and 6 units. The cost of transportation per unit is given below:
From \ To  Cost (in ₹)  
A  B  C  
P  160  100  150 
Q  100  120  100 
How many units should be transported from each factory to each depot in order that the transportation cost is minimum. What will be the minimum transportation cost?
A manufacturer makes two types of toys A and B. Three machines are needed for this purpose and the time (in minutes) required for each toy on the machines is given below:
Types of Toys  Machines  
I  II  III  
A  12  18  6 
B  6  0  9 
An aeroplane can carry a maximum of 200 passengers. A profit of ₹1000 is made on each executive class ticket and a profit of ₹600 is made on each economy class ticket. The airline reserves atleast 20 seats for executive class. However, atleast 4 times as many passengers prefer to travel by economy class than by the executive class. Determine how many tickets of each type must be sold in order to maximise the profit of the airline. What is the maximum profit?
A manufacturer considers that men and women workers are equally efficient and so he pays them at the same rate. He has 30 and 17 units of workers (male and female) and capital respectively, which he uses to produce two types of goods A and B. To produce one unit of A, 2 workers and 3 units of capital are required while 3 workers and 1 unit of capital is required to produce one unit of B. If A and B are priced at ₹100 and ₹120 per unit respectively, how should he use his resources to maximise the total revenue? Form the above as an LPP and solve graphically. Do you agree with this view of the manufacturer that men and women workers are equally efficient and so should be paid at the same rate?
A manufacturer produces two products A and B. Both the products are processed on two different machines. The available capacity of first machine is 12 hours and that of second machine is 9 hours per day. Each unit of product A requires 3 hours on both machines and each unit of product B requires 2 hours on first machine and 1 hour on second machine. Each unit of product A is sold at ₹7 profit and that of B at a profit of ₹4. Find the production level per day for maximum profit graphically.
There are two types of fertilisers 'A' and 'B' . 'A' consists of 12% nitrogen and 5% phosphoric acid whereas 'B' consists of 4% nitrogen and 5% phosphoric acid. After testing the soil conditions, farmer finds that he needs at least 12 kg of nitrogen and 12 kg of phosphoric acid for his crops. If 'A' costs ₹10 per kg and 'B' cost ₹8 per kg, then graphically determine how much of each type of fertiliser should be used so that nutrient requiremnets are met at a minimum cost
A small firm manufactures necklaces and bracelets. The total number of necklaces and bracelets that it can handle per day is at most 24. It takes one hour to make a bracelet and half an hour to make a necklace. The maximum number of hours available per day is 16. If the profit on a necklace is Rs 100 and that on a bracelet is Rs 300. Formulate on L.P.P. for finding how many of each should be produced daily to maximize the profit?
It is being given that at least one of each must be produced.
Chapter 30: Linear programming Exercise 30.5 solutions [Page 65]
Tow godowns, A and B, have grain storage capacity of 100 quintals and 50 quintals respectively. They supply to 3 ration shops, D, E and F, whose requirements are 60, 50 and 40 quintals respectively. The cost of transportation per quintal from the godowns to the shops are given in the following table:
Transportation cost per quintal(in Rs.)  
From>  A  B 
To  
D  6.00  4.00 
E  3.00  2.00 
F  2.50  3.00 
How should the supplies be transported in order that the transportation cost is minimum?
A medical company has factories at two places, A and B. From these places, supply is made to each of its three agencies situated at P, Q and R. The monthly requirements of the agencies are respectively 40, 40 and 50 packets of the medicines, while the production capacity of the factories, A and B, are 60 and 70 packets respectively. The transportation cost per packet from the factories to the agencies are given below:
Transportation Cost per packet(in Rs.)  
From>  A  B 
To  
P  5  4 
Q  4  2 
R  3  5 
Chapter 30: Linear programming Exercise MCQ solutions [Pages 67  68]
The solution set of the inequation 2x + y > 5 is
half plane that contains the origin
open half plane not containing the origin
whole xyplane except the points lying on the line 2x + y = 5
none of these
Objective function of a LPP is
a constraint
a function to be optimized
a relation between the variables
none of these
Which of the following sets are convex?
{(x, y) : x^{2} + y^{2}^{ }≥ 1}
{(x, y) : y^{2} ≥ x}
{(x, y) : 3x^{2} + 4y^{2} ≥ 5}
{(x, y) : y ≥ 2, y ≤ 4}
Let X_{1} and X_{2} are optimal solutions of a LPP, then
X = λ X_{1} + (1 − λ) X_{2}, λ ∈ R is also an optimal solution
X = λ X_{1} + (1 − λ) X_{2}, 0 ≤ λ ≤ 1 gives an optimal solution
X = λ X_{1} + (1 + λ) X_{2}, 0 ≤ λ ≤ 1 gives an optimal solution
X = λ X_{1} + (1 + λ) X_{2}, λ ∈ R gives an optimal solution
The maximum value of Z = 4x + 2y subjected to the constraints 2x + 3y ≤ 18, x + y ≥ 10 ; x, y ≥ 0 is
36
40
20
none of these
The optimal value of the objective function is attained at the points
given by intersection of inequations with the axes only
given by intersection of inequations with xaxis only
given by corner points of the feasible region
none of these
The maximum value of Z = 4x + 3y subjected to the constraints 3x + 2y ≥ 160, 5x + 2y ≥ 200, x + 2y ≥ 80; x, y ≥ 0 is
320
300
230
none of these
Consider a LPP given by
Minimum Z = 6x + 10y
Subjected to x ≥ 6; y ≥ 2; 2x + y ≥ 10; x, y ≥ 0
Redundant constraints in this LPP are
x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0
x ≥ 6, 2x + y ≥ 10
2x + y ≥ 10
none of these
The objective function Z = 4x + 3y can be maximised subjected to the constraints 3x + 4y ≤ 24, 8x + 6y ≤ 48, x ≤ 5, y ≤ 6; x, y ≥ 0
at only one point
at two points only
at an infinite number of points
none of these
If the constraints in a linear programming problem are changed
the problem is to be reevaluated
solution is not defined
the objective function has to be modified
the change in constraints is ignored
Which of the following statements is correct?
Every LPP admits an optimal solution
A LPP admits unique optimal solution
If a LPP admits two optimal solution it has an infinite number of optimal solutions
The set of all feasible solutions of a LPP is not a converse set
Which of the following is not a convex set?
{(x, y) : 2x + 5y < 7}
{(x, y) : x^{2} + y^{2} ≤ 4}
{x :x = 5}
{(x, y) : 3x^{2} + 2y^{2} ≤ 6}
By graphical method, the solution of linear programming problem
\[\text{ Subject } to \text{ 3 } x_1 + 2 x_2 \leq 18\]
\[ x_1 \leq 4\]
\[ x_2 \leq 6\]
\[ x_1 \geq 0, x_2 \geq 0, \text{ is } \]
x_{1} = 2, x_{2} = 0, Z = 6
x_{1} = 2, x_{2} = 6, Z = 36
x_{1} = 4, x_{2} = 3, Z = 27
x_{1} = 4, x_{2} = 6, Z = 42
The region represented by the inequation system x, y ≥ 0, y ≤ 6, x + y ≤ 3 is
unbounded in first quadrant
unbounded in first and second quadrants
bounded in first quadrant
none of these
The point at which the maximum value of x + y, subject to the constraints x + 2y ≤ 70, 2x+ y ≤ 95, x, y ≥ 0 is obtained, is
(30, 25)
(20, 35)
(35, 20)
(40, 15)
The value of objective function is maximum under linear constraints
at the centre of feasible region
at (0, 0)
at any vertex of feasible region
the vertex which is maximum distance from (0, 0)
The corner points of the feasible region determined by the following system of linear inequalities:
2x + y ≤ 10, x + 3y ≤ 15, x, y ≥ 0 are (0, 0), (5, 0), (3, 4) and (0, 5). Let Z = px + qy, where p, q > 0. Condition on p and q so that the maximum of Z occurs at both (3, 4) and (0, 5) is
p = q
p = 2q
p = 3q
q = 3p
Chapter 30: Linear programming
RD Sharma Mathematics Class 12 by R D Sharma (Set of 2 Volume) (201819 Session)
Textbook solutions for Class 12
RD Sharma solutions for Class 12 Mathematics chapter 30  Linear programming
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Concepts covered in Class 12 Mathematics chapter 30 Linear programming are Introduction of Linear Programming, Mathematical Formulation of Linear Programming Problem, Different Types of Linear Programming Problems, Graphical Method of Solving Linear Programming Problems, Linear Programming Problem and Its Mathematical Formulation.
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