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# RD Sharma solutions for Class 12 Maths chapter 27 - Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios [Latest edition]

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## Chapter 27: Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios

Exercise 27.1Very Short AnswersMCQ
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Exercise 27.1 [Page 23]

### RD Sharma solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 27 Direction Cosines and Direction RatiosExercise 27.1 [Page 23]

Exercise 27.1 | Q 1 | Page 23

If a line makes angles of 90°, 60° and 30° with the positive direction of xy, and z-axis respectively, find its direction cosines

Exercise 27.1 | Q 2 | Page 23

If a line has direction ratios 2, −1, −2, determine its direction cosines.

Exercise 27.1 | Q 3 | Page 23

Find the direction cosines of the line passing through two points (−2, 4, −5) and (1, 2, 3) .

Exercise 27.1 | Q 4 | Page 23

Using direction ratios show that the points A (2, 3, −4), B (1, −2, 3) and C (3, 8, −11) are collinear.

Exercise 27.1 | Q 5 | Page 23

Find the direction cosines of the sides of the triangle whose vertices are (3, 5, −4), (−1, 1, 2) and (−5, −5, −2).

Exercise 27.1 | Q 6 | Page 23

Find the angle between the vectors with direction ratios proportional to 1, −2, 1 and 4, 3, 2.

Exercise 27.1 | Q 7 | Page 23

Find the angle between the vectors whose direction cosines are proportional to 2, 3, −6 and 3, −4, 5.

Exercise 27.1 | Q 8 | Page 23

Find the acute angle between the lines whose direction ratios are proportional to 2 : 3 : 6 and 1 : 2 : 2.

Exercise 27.1 | Q 9 | Page 23

Show that the points (2, 3, 4), (−1, −2, 1), (5, 8, 7) are collinear.

Exercise 27.1 | Q 10 | Page 23

Show that the line through points (4, 7, 8) and (2, 3, 4) is parallel to the line through the points (−1, −2, 1) and (1, 2, 5).

Exercise 27.1 | Q 11 | Page 23

Show that the line through the points (1, −1, 2) and (3, 4, −2) is perpendicular to the line through the points (0, 3, 2) and (3, 5, 6).

Exercise 27.1 | Q 12 | Page 23

Show that the line joining the origin to the point (2, 1, 1) is perpendicular to the line determined by the points (3, 5, −1) and (4, 3, −1).

Exercise 27.1 | Q 13 | Page 23

Find the angle between the lines whose direction ratios are proportional to abc and b − cc − aa− b.

Exercise 27.1 | Q 14 | Page 23

If the coordinates of the points ABCD are (1, 2, 3), (4, 5, 7), (−4, 3, −6) and (2, 9, 2), then find the angle between AB and CD.

Exercise 27.1 | Q 15 | Page 23

Find the direction cosines of the lines, connected by the relations: l + m +n = 0 and 2lm + 2ln − mn= 0.

Exercise 27.1 | Q 16.1 | Page 23

Find the angle between the lines whose direction cosines are given by the equations
(i) m + n = 0 and l2 + m2 − n2 = 0

Exercise 27.1 | Q 16.2 | Page 23

Find the angle between the lines whose direction cosines are given by the equations

2l − m + 2n = 0 and mn + nl + lm = 0

Exercise 27.1 | Q 16.3 | Page 23

Find the angle between the lines whose direction cosines are given by the equations

l + 2m + 3n = 0 and 3lm − 4ln + mn = 0

Exercise 27.1 | Q 16.4 | Page 23

Find the angle between the lines whose direction cosines are given by the equations

2l + 2m − n = 0, mn + ln + lm = 0

Very Short Answers [Pages 24 - 25]

### RD Sharma solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 27 Direction Cosines and Direction RatiosVery Short Answers [Pages 24 - 25]

Very Short Answers | Q 1 | Page 24

Define direction cosines of a directed line.

Very Short Answers | Q 2 | Page 24

What are the direction cosines of X-axis?

Very Short Answers | Q 3 | Page 24

What are the direction cosines of Y-axis?

Very Short Answers | Q 4 | Page 24

What are the direction cosines of Z-axis?

Very Short Answers | Q 5 | Page 24

Write the distances of the point (7, −2, 3) from XYYZ and XZ-planes.

Very Short Answers | Q 6 | Page 24

Write the distance of the point (3, −5, 12) from X-axis?

Very Short Answers | Q 7 | Page 24

Write the ratio in which YZ-plane divides the segment joining P (−2, 5, 9) and Q (3, −2, 4).

Very Short Answers | Q 8 | Page 24

A line makes an angle of 60° with each of X-axis and Y-axis. Find the acute angle made by the line with Z-axis.

Very Short Answers | Q 9 | Page 25

If a line makes angles α, β and γ with the coordinate axes, find the value of cos 2α + cos 2β + cos 2γ.

Very Short Answers | Q 10 | Page 25

Write the ratio in which the line segment joining (abc) and (−a, −c, −b) is divided by the xy-plane.

Very Short Answers | Q 11 | Page 25

Write the inclination of a line with Z-axis, if its direction ratios are proportional to 0, 1, −1.

Very Short Answers | Q 12 | Page 25

Write the angle between the lines whose direction ratios are proportional to 1, −2, 1 and 4, 3, 2.

Very Short Answers | Q 13 | Page 25

Write the distance of the point P (xyz) from XOY plane.

Very Short Answers | Q 14 | Page 25

Write the coordinates of the projection of point P (xyz) on XOZ-plane.

Very Short Answers | Q 15 | Page 25

Write the coordinates of the projection of the point P (2, −3, 5) on Y-axis.

Very Short Answers | Q 16 | Page 25

Find the distance of the point (2, 3, 4) from the x-axis.

Very Short Answers | Q 17 | Page 25

If a line has direction ratios proportional to 2, −1, −2, then what are its direction consines?

Very Short Answers | Q 18 | Page 25

Write direction cosines of a line parallel to z-axis.

Very Short Answers | Q 19 | Page 25

If a unit vector  vec a makes an angle $\frac{\pi}{3} \text{ with } \hat{i} , \frac{\pi}{4} \text{ with } \hat{j}$ and an acute angle θ with $\hat{ k}$ ,then find the value of θ.

Very Short Answers | Q 20 | Page 25

Answer each of the following questions in one word or one sentence or as per exact requirement of the question:
Write the distance of a point P(abc) from x-axis.

Very Short Answers | Q 21 | Page 25

If a line makes angles 90° and 60° respectively with the positive directions of x and y axes, find the angle which it makes with the positive direction of z-axis.

MCQ [Pages 25 - 26]

### RD Sharma solutions for Class 12 Maths Chapter 27 Direction Cosines and Direction RatiosMCQ [Pages 25 - 26]

MCQ | Q 1 | Page 25

For every point P (xyz) on the xy-plane,

•  x = 0

•  y = 0

• z = 0

•  x = y = z = 0

MCQ | Q 2 | Page 25

For every point P (xyz) on the x-axis (except the origin),

•  x = 0, y = 0, z ≠ 0

•  x = 0, z = 0, y ≠ 0

• y = 0, z = 0, x ≠ 0

• x = y = z = 0

MCQ | Q 3 | Page 25

A rectangular parallelopiped is formed by planes drawn through the points (5, 7, 9) and (2, 3, 7) parallel to the coordinate planes. The length of an edge of this rectangular parallelopiped is

• 2

• 3

• 4

• all of these

MCQ | Q 4 | Page 25

A parallelopiped is formed by planes drawn through the points (2, 3, 5) and (5, 9, 7), parallel to the coordinate planes. The length of a diagonal of the parallelopiped is

• 7

• sqrt(38)

• sqrt(155)

• none of these

MCQ | Q 5 | Page 25

The xy-plane divides the line joining the points (−1, 3, 4) and (2, −5, 6)

• internally in the ratio 2 : 3

• externally in the ratio 2 : 3

• internally in the ratio 3 : 2

• externally in the ratio 3 : 2

MCQ | Q 6 | Page 25

If the x-coordinate of a point P on the join of Q (2, 2, 1) and R (5, 1, −2) is 4, then its z-coordinate is

• 2

• 1

• -1

• -2

MCQ | Q 7 | Page 25

The distance of the point P (abc) from the x-axis is

• $\sqrt{b^2 + c^2}$

• $\sqrt{a^2 + c^2}$

• $\sqrt{a^2 + b^2}$

• none of these

MCQ | Q 8 | Page 26

Ratio in which the xy-plane divides the join of (1, 2, 3) and (4, 2, 1) is

•  3 : 1 internally

• 3 : 1 externally

•  1 : 2 internally

• 2 : 1 externally

MCQ | Q 9 | Page 26

If P (3, 2, −4), Q (5, 4, −6) and R (9, 8, −10) are collinear, then R divides PQ in the ratio

• 3 : 2 externally

•  3 : 2 internally

•  2 : 1 internally

•  2 : 1 externally

MCQ | Q 11 | Page 26

If O is the origin, OP = 3 with direction ratios proportional to −1, 2, −2 then the coordinates of P are

•  (−1, 2, −2)

•  (1, 2, 2)

•  (−1/9, 2/9, −2/9)

•  (3, 6, −9)

MCQ | Q 12 | Page 26

The angle between the two diagonals of a cube is

• (a) 30°

• (b) 45°

• (c) $\cos^{- 1} \left( \frac{1}{\sqrt{3}} \right)$

• (d) $\cos^{- 1} \left( \frac{1}{3} \right)$

MCQ | Q 13 | Page 26

If a line makes angles α, β, γ, δ with four diagonals of a cube, then cos2 α + cos2 β + cos2γ + cos2 δ is equal to

• $\frac{1}{3}$

• $\frac{2}{3}$

• $\frac{4}{3}$

• $\frac{8}{3}$

## Chapter 27: Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios

Exercise 27.1Very Short AnswersMCQ

## RD Sharma solutions for Class 12 Maths chapter 27 - Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios

RD Sharma solutions for Class 12 Maths chapter 27 (Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CBSE Class 12 Maths solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

Further, we at Shaalaa.com provide such solutions so that students can prepare for written exams. RD Sharma textbook solutions can be a core help for self-study and acts as a perfect self-help guidance for students.

Concepts covered in Class 12 Maths chapter 27 Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios are Three - Dimensional Geometry Examples and Solutions, Introduction of Three Dimensional Geometry, Equation of a Plane Passing Through Three Non Collinear Points, Relation Between Direction Ratio and Direction Cosines, Intercept Form of the Equation of a Plane, Coplanarity of Two Lines, Distance of a Point from a Plane, Angle Between Line and a Plane, Angle Between Two Planes, Angle Between Two Lines, Vector and Cartesian Equation of a Plane, Equation of a Plane in Normal Form, Equation of a Plane Perpendicular to a Given Vector and Passing Through a Given Point, Plane Passing Through the Intersection of Two Given Planes, Shortest Distance Between Two Lines, Equation of a Line in Space, Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios of a Line.

Using RD Sharma Class 12 solutions Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in RD Sharma Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CBSE Class 12 prefer RD Sharma Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

Get the free view of chapter 27 Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios Class 12 extra questions for Class 12 Maths and can use Shaalaa.com to keep it handy for your exam preparation

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