#### Chapters

Chapter 2 - Polynomials

Chapter 3 - Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

Chapter 4 - Triangles

Chapter 5 - Trigonometric Ratios

Chapter 6 - Trigonometric Identities

Chapter 7 - Statistics

Chapter 8 - Quadratic Equations

Chapter 9 - Arithmetic Progression

Chapter 10 - Circles

Chapter 11 - Constructions

Chapter 12 - Trigonometry

Chapter 13 - Probability

Chapter 14 - Co-Ordinate Geometry

Chapter 15 - Areas Related to Circles

Chapter 16 - Surface Areas and Volumes

## Chapter 12 - Trigonometry

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Prove the following trigonometric identities:

`(1 - cos^2 A) cosec^2 A = 1`

A tower stands vertically on the ground. From a point on the ground 20 m away from the foot of the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 60°. What is the height of the tower?

A tower stands vertically on the ground. From a point on the ground 20 m away from the foot of the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 60°. What is the height of the tower?

A tower stands vertically on the ground. From a point on the ground, 20 m away from the foot of the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 600. What is the height of the tower?

A tower stands vertically on the ground. From a point on the ground, 20 m away from the foot of the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 600. What is the height of the tower?

Prove the following trigonometric identities

(1 + cot^{2} A) sin^{2} A = 1

A ladder is placed along a wall of a house such that its upper end is touching the top of the wall. The foot of the ladder is 2 m away from the wall and the ladder is making an angle of 60° with the level of the ground. Determine the height of the wall.

A ladder is placed along a wall of a house such that its upper end is touching the top of the wall. The foot of the ladder is 2 m away from the wall and the ladder is making an angle of 60° with the level of the ground. Determine the height of the wall.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

tan^{2}*θ* cos^{2}*θ* = 1 − cos^{2}*θ*

An electric pole is 10 m high. A steel wire tied to the top of the pole is affixed at a point on the ground to keep the pole upright. If the wire makes an angle of 45° with the horizontal through the foot of the pole, find the length of the wire.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`cosec theta sqrt(1 - cos^2 theta) = 1`

An electric pole is 10 m high. A steel wire tied to the top of the pole is affixed at a point on the ground to keep the pole upright. If the wire makes an angle of 45° with the horizontal through the foot of the pole, find the length of the wire.

A kit is flying at a height of 75 metres from the ground level, attached to a string inclined at 60 to the horizontal. Find the length of the string to the nearest metre.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

(sec^{2} θ − 1) (cosec^{2} θ − 1) = 1

A kit is flying at a height of 75 metres from the ground level, attached to a string inclined at 60 to the horizontal. Find the length of the string to the nearest metre.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`tan theta + 1/tan theta = sec theta cosec theta`

if `cot theta = 1/sqrt3` find the value of `(1 - cos^2 theta)/(2 - sin^2 theta)`

The length of a string between a kite and a point on the ground is 90 meters. If the string makes an angle O with the ground level such that tan O = 15/8, how high is the kite? Assume that there is no slack in the string.

The length of a string between a kite and a point on the ground is 90 meters. If the string makes an angle O with the ground level such that tan O = 15/8, how high is the kite? Assume that there is no slack in the string.

Prove the following trigonometric identities

`cos theta/(1 - sin theta) = (1 + sin theta)/cos theta`

A vertical tower stands on a horizontal plane and is surmounted by a vertical flag-staff. At a point on the plane 70 metres away from the tower, an observer notices that the angles of elevation of the top and the bottom of the flagstaff are respectively 60° and 45°. Find the height of the flag-staff and that of the tower.

A vertical tower stands on a horizontal plane and is surmounted by a vertical flag-staff. At a point on the plane 70 metres away from the tower, an observer notices that the angles of elevation of the top and the bottom of the flagstaff are respectively 60° and 45°. Find the height of the flag-staff and that of the tower.

A vertically straight tree, 15 m high, is broken by the wind in such a way that its top just touches the ground and makes an angle of 60° with the ground. At what height from the ground did the tree break?

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`cos theta/(1 + sin theta) = (1 - sin theta)/cos theta`

A vertically straight tree, 15 m high, is broken by the wind in such a way that its top just touches the ground and makes an angle of 60° with the ground. At what height from the ground did the tree break?

A vertical tower stands on a horizontal plane and is surmounted by a vertical flag-staff of height 5 meters. At a point on the plane, the angles of elevation of the bottom and the top of the flag-staff are respectively 300 and 600. Find the height of the tower.

A vertical tower stands on a horizontal plane and is surmounted by a vertical flag-staff of height 5 meters. At a point on the plane, the angles of elevation of the bottom and the top of the flag-staff are respectively 300 and 600. Find the height of the tower.

Prove the following trigonometric identities

`cos^2 A + 1/(1 + cos^2 A) = 1`

A person observed the angle of elevation of the top of a tower as 30°. He walked 50 m towards the foot of the tower along level ground and found the angle of elevation of the top of the tower as 60°. Find the height of the tower.

A person observed the angle of elevation of the top of a tower as 30°. He walked 50 m towards the foot of the tower along level ground and found the angle of elevation of the top of the tower as 60°. Find the height of the tower.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`sin^2 A + 1/(1 + tan^2 A) = 1`

The shadow of a tower, when the angle of elevation of the sun is 45°, is found to be 10 m. longer than when it was 600. Find the height of the tower.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`sqrt((1 - cos theta)/(1 + cos theta)) = cosec theta - cot theta`

The shadow of a tower, when the angle of elevation of the sun is 45°, is found to be 10 m. longer than when it was 600. Find the height of the tower.

A parachutist is descending vertically and makes angles of elevation of 45° and 60° at two observing points 100 m apart from each other on the left side of himself. Find the maximum height from which he falls and the distance of the point where he falls on the ground form the just observation point.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(1 - cos theta)/sin theta = sin theta/(1 + cos theta)`

A parachutist is descending vertically and makes angles of elevation of 45° and 60° at two observing points 100 m apart from each other on the left side of himself. Find the maximum height from which he falls and the distance of the point where he falls on the ground form the just observation point.

On the same side of a tower, two objects are located. When observed from the top of the tower, their angles of depression are 45° and 60°. If the height of the tower is 150 m, find the distance between the objects.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`sin theta/(1 - cos theta) = cosec theta + cot theta`

On the same side of a tower, two objects are located. When observed from the top of the tower, their angles of depression are 45° and 60°. If the height of the tower is 150 m, find the distance between the objects.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(1 - sin theta)/(1 + sin theta) = (sec theta - tan theta)^2`

The angle of elevation of a tower from a point on the same level as the foot of the tower is 30°. On advancing 150 metres towards the foot of the tower, the angle of elevation of the tower becomes 60°. Show that the height of the tower is 129.9 metres (Use `sqrt3 = 1.732`)

The angle of elevation of a tower from a point on the same level as the foot of the tower is 30°. On advancing 150 metres towards the foot of the tower, the angle of elevation of the tower becomes 60°. Show that the height of the tower is 129.9 metres (Use `sqrt3 = 1.732`)

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

(cosec*θ* + sin*θ*) (cosec*θ* − sin*θ*) = cot^{2}^{ }*θ* + cos^{2}*θ*

The angle of elevation of the top of a tower as observed form a point in a horizontal plane through the foot of the tower is 32°. When the observer moves towards the tower a distance of 100 m, he finds the angle of elevation of the top to be 63°. Find the height of the tower and the distance of the first position from the tower. [Take tan 32° = 0.6248 and tan 63° = 1.9626]

The angle of elevation of the top of a tower as observed form a point in a horizontal plane through the foot of the tower is 32°. When the observer moves towards the tower a distance of 100 m, he finds the angle of elevation of the top to be 63°. Find the height of the tower and the distance of the first position from the tower. [Take tan 32° = 0.6248 and tan 63° = 1.9626]

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`((1 + cot^2 theta) tan theta)/sec^2 theta = cot theta`

The angle of elevation of the top of a tower from a point A on the ground is 30°. Moving a distance of 20metres towards the foot of the tower to a point B the angle of elevation increases to 60°. Find the height of the tower & the distance of the tower from the point A.

The angle of elevation of the top of a tower from a point A on the ground is 30°. Moving a distance of 20metres towards the foot of the tower to a point B the angle of elevation increases to 60°. Find the height of the tower & the distance of the tower from the point A.

From the top of a building, 15 m high the angle of elevation of the top of a tower is found to be 30°. From the bottom of the same building, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is found to be 60°. Find the height of the tower and the distance between the tower and building.

From the top of a building, 15 m high the angle of elevation of the top of a tower is found to be 30°. From the bottom of the same building, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is found to be 60°. Find the height of the tower and the distance between the tower and building.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

(secθ + cosθ) (secθ − cosθ) = tan^{2}θ + sin^{2}θ

On a horizontal plane, there is a vertical tower with a flagpole on the top of the tower. At a point 9 meters away from the foot of the tower the angle of elevation of the top and bottom of the flagpole are 60° and 30° respectively. Find the height of the tower and the flagpole mounted on it.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

secA (1 − sinA) (secA + tanA) = 1

On a horizontal plane, there is a vertical tower with a flagpole on the top of the tower. At a point 9 meters away from the foot of the tower the angle of elevation of the top and bottom of the flagpole are 60° and 30° respectively. Find the height of the tower and the flagpole mounted on it.

A tree breaks due to storm and the broken part bends so that the top of the tree touches the ground making an angle 30 ° with it. The distance between the foot of the tree to the point where the top touches the ground is 8 m. Find the height of the tree.

A tree breaks due to storm and the broken part bends so that the top of the tree touches the ground making an angle 30 ° with it. The distance between the foot of the tree to the point where the top touches the ground is 8 m. Find the height of the tree.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

(cosec*A* − sin*A*) (sec*A* − cos*A*) (tan*A* + cot*A*) = 1

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`tan^2 theta - sin^2 theta tan^2 theta sin^2 theta`

From a point *P* on the ground the angle of elevation of a 10 m tall building is 30°. A flag is hoisted at the top of the building and the angle of elevation of the top of the flag-staff from *P* is 45°. Find the length of the flag-staff and the distance of the building from the point P. (Take `sqrt3` = 1.732)

From a point *P* on the ground the angle of elevation of a 10 m tall building is 30°. A flag is hoisted at the top of the building and the angle of elevation of the top of the flag-staff from *P* is 45°. Find the length of the flag-staff and the distance of the building from the point P. (Take `sqrt3` = 1.732)

A 1.6 m tall girl stands at a distance of 3.2 m from a lamp-post and casts a shadow of 4.8 m on the ground. Find the height of the lamp-post by using (i) trigonometric ratios (ii) property of similar triangles.

A 1.6 m tall girl stands at a distance of 3.2 m from a lamp-post and casts a shadow of 4.8 m on the ground. Find the height of the lamp-post by using (i) trigonometric ratios (ii) property of similar triangles.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

(1 + tan^{2}*θ*) (1 − sin*θ*) (1 + sin*θ*) = 1

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

sin^{2} A cot^{2} A + cos^{2} A tan^{2} A = 1

A 1.5 m tall boy is standing at some distance from a 30 m tall building. The angle of elevation from his eyes to the top of the building increases from 30° to 60° as he walks towards the building. Find the distance he walked towards the building

A 1.5 m tall boy is standing at some distance from a 30 m tall building. The angle of elevation from his eyes to the top of the building increases from 30° to 60° as he walks towards the building. Find the distance he walked towards the building

The shadow of a tower standing on a level ground is found to be 40 m longer when Sun’s altitude is 30° than when it was 60°. Find the height of the tower

The shadow of a tower standing on a level ground is found to be 40 m longer when Sun’s altitude is 30° than when it was 60°. Find the height of the tower

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`cot theta - tan theta = (2 cos^2 theta - 1)/(sin theta cos theta)`

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`tan theta - cot theta = (2 sin^2 theta - 1)/(sin theta cos theta)`

From a point on the ground, the angles of elevation of the bottom and the top of a transmission tower fixed at the top of a 20 m high building are 45° and 60° respectively. Find the height of the tower

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(cos^2 theta)/sin theta - cosec theta + sin theta = 0`

From a point on the ground, the angles of elevation of the bottom and the top of a transmission tower fixed at the top of a 20 m high building are 45° and 60° respectively. Find the height of the tower

The angles of depression of the top and bottom of 8 m tall building from the top of a multistoried building are 30° and 45° respectively. Find the height of the multistoried building and the distance between the two buildings.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`1/(1 + sin A) + 1/(1 - sin A) = 2sec^2 A`

The angles of depression of the top and bottom of 8 m tall building from the top of a multistoried building are 30° and 45° respectively. Find the height of the multistoried building and the distance between the two buildings.

A statue, 1.6 m tall, stands on a top of pedestal, from a point on the ground, the angle of elevation of the top of statue is 60° and from the same point the angle of elevation of the top of the pedestal is 45 °. Find the height of the pedestal.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(1 + sin theta)/cos theta + cos theta/(1 + sin theta) = 2 sec theta`

A statue, 1.6 m tall, stands on a top of pedestal, from a point on the ground, the angle of elevation of the top of statue is 60° and from the same point the angle of elevation of the top of the pedestal is 45 °. Find the height of the pedestal.

A T.V. Tower stands vertically on a bank of a river. From a point on the other bank directly opposite the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 60°. From a point 20 m away this point on the same bank, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 30°. Find the height of the tower and the width of the river.

A T.V. Tower stands vertically on a bank of a river. From a point on the other bank directly opposite the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 60°. From a point 20 m away this point on the same bank, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 30°. Find the height of the tower and the width of the river.

Prove the following trigonometric identities

`((1 + sin theta)^2 + (1 + sin theta)^2)/(2cos^2 theta) = (1 + sin^2 theta)/(1 - sin^2 theta)`

Prove the following trigonometric identities

`(1 + tan^2 theta)/(1 + cot^2 theta) = ((1 - tan theta)/(1 - cot theta))^2 = tan^2 theta`

From the top of a 7 m high building, the angle of elevation of the top of a cable tower is 60° and the angle of depression of its foot is 45°. Determine the height of the tower.

From the top of a 7 m high building, the angle of elevation of the top of a cable tower is 60° and the angle of depression of its foot is 45°. Determine the height of the tower.

As observed from the top of a 75 m high lighthouse from the sea-level, the angles of depression of two ships are 30° and 45°. If one ship is exactly behind the other on the same side of the lighthouse, find the distance between the two ships.

As observed from the top of a 75 m high lighthouse from the sea-level, the angles of depression of two ships are 30° and 45°. If one ship is exactly behind the other on the same side of the lighthouse, find the distance between the two ships.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(1 + sec theta)/sec theta = (sin^2 theta)/(1 - cos theta)`

The angle of elevation of the top of a building from the foot of the tower is 30° and the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from the foot of the building is 60°. If the tower is 50 m high, find the height of the building

The angle of elevation of the top of a building from the foot of the tower is 30° and the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from the foot of the building is 60°. If the tower is 50 m high, find the height of the building

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`tan theta/(1 - cot theta) + cot theta/(1 - tan theta) = 1 + tan theta + cot theta`

From a point on a bridge across a river, the angles of depression of the banks on opposite side of the river are 30° and 45° respectively. If the bridge is at the height of 30 m from the banks, find the width of the river.

From a point on a bridge across a river, the angles of depression of the banks on opposite side of the river are 30° and 45° respectively. If the bridge is at the height of 30 m from the banks, find the width of the river.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

sec^{6}θ = tan^{6}θ + 3 tan^{2}θ sec^{2}θ + 1

Prove the following trigonometric identities

cosec^{6}θ = cot^{6}θ + 3 cot^{2}θ cosec^{2}θ + 1

Two poles of equal heights are standing opposite each other an either side of the road, which is 80 m wide. From a point between them on the road, the angles of elevation of the top of the poles are 60° and 30º, respectively. Find the height of poles and the distance of the point from the poles.

Two poles of equal heights are standing opposite each other an either side of the road, which is 80 m wide. From a point between them on the road, the angles of elevation of the top of the poles are 60° and 30º, respectively. Find the height of poles and the distance of the point from the poles.

A man sitting at a height of 20 m on a tall tree on a small island in the middle of a river observes two poles directly opposite to each other on the two banks of the river and in line with the foot of the tree. If the angles of depression of the feet of the poles from a point at which the man is sitting on the tree on either side of the river are 60° and 30°respectively. Find the width of the river.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`((1 + tan^2 theta)cot theta)/(cosec^2 theta) = tan theta`

A man sitting at a height of 20 m on a tall tree on a small island in the middle of a river observes two poles directly opposite to each other on the two banks of the river and in line with the foot of the tree. If the angles of depression of the feet of the poles from a point at which the man is sitting on the tree on either side of the river are 60° and 30°respectively. Find the width of the river.

A vertical tower stands on a horizontal plane and is surmounted by a flagstaff of height 7m. At a point on the plane, the angle of elevation of the bottom of the flagstaff is 30º and that of the top of the flagstaff is 45º. Find the height of the tower.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(1 + cos A)/sin^2 A = 1/(1 - cos A)`

A vertical tower stands on a horizontal plane and is surmounted by a flagstaff of height 7m. At a point on the plane, the angle of elevation of the bottom of the flagstaff is 30º and that of the top of the flagstaff is 45º. Find the height of the tower.

The length of the shadow of a tower standing on the level plane is found to 2x meter longer when the sun's altitude is 30° than when it was 45°. Prove that the height of the tower is `x(sqrt3 + 1)` meters.

The length of the shadow of a tower standing on the level plane is found to 2x meter longer when the sun's altitude is 30° than when it was 45°. Prove that the height of the tower is `x(sqrt3 + 1)` meters.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(sec A - tan A)/(sec A + tan A) = (cos^2 A)/(1 + sin A)^2`

A tree breaks due to the storm and the broken part bends so that the top of the tree touches the ground making an angle of 30° with the ground. The distance from the foot of the tree to the point where the top touches the ground is 10 metres. Find the height of the tree.

A tree breaks due to the storm and the broken part bends so that the top of the tree touches the ground making an angle of 30° with the ground. The distance from the foot of the tree to the point where the top touches the ground is 10 metres. Find the height of the tree.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(1 + cos A)/sin A = sin A/(1 - cos A)`

A balloon is connected to a meteorological ground station by a cable of length 215 m inclined at 600 to the horizontal. Determine the height of the balloon from the ground. Assume that there is no slack in the cable.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`sqrt((1 + sin A)/(1 - sin A)) = sec A + tan A`

A balloon is connected to a meteorological ground station by a cable of length 215 m inclined at 600 to the horizontal. Determine the height of the balloon from the ground. Assume that there is no slack in the cable.

Two men on either side of the cliff 80 m high observe the angles of an elevation of the top of the cliff to be 30° and 60° respectively. Find the distance between the two men.

Two men on either side of the cliff 80 m high observe the angles of an elevation of the top of the cliff to be 30° and 60° respectively. Find the distance between the two men.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`sqrt((1 - cos A)/(1 + cos A)) = cosec A - cot A`

`Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(sec A - tan A)^2 = (1 - sin A)/(1 + sin A)`

Find the angle of elevation of the sum (sun's altitude) when the length of the shadow of a vertical pole is equal to its height.

Find the angle of elevation of the sum (sun's altitude) when the length of the shadow of a vertical pole is equal to its height.

A fire in a building B is reported on the telephone to two fire stations P and Q, 20 km apart from each other on a straight road. P observes that the fire is at an angle of 60° to the road and Q observes that it is at an angle of 45° to the road. Which station should send its team and how much will this team have to travel?

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(1 - cos A)/(1 + cos A) = (cot A - cosec A)^2`

A fire in a building B is reported on the telephone to two fire stations P and Q, 20 km apart from each other on a straight road. P observes that the fire is at an angle of 60° to the road and Q observes that it is at an angle of 45° to the road. Which station should send its team and how much will this team have to travel?

A man on the deck of a ship is 10 m above the water level. He observes that the angle of elevation of the top of a cliff is 45° and the angle of depression of the base is 300. Calculate the distance of the cliff from the ship and the height of the cliff.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`1/(sec A - 1) + 1/(sec A + 1) = 2 cosec A cot A`

A man on the deck of a ship is 10 m above the water level. He observes that the angle of elevation of the top of a cliff is 45° and the angle of depression of the base is 300. Calculate the distance of the cliff from the ship and the height of the cliff.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`cos A/(1 - tan A) + sin A/(1 - cot A) = sin A + cos A`

A man standing on the deck of a ship, which is 8 m above water level. He observes the angle of elevation of the top of a hill as 60° and the angle of depression of the base of the hill as 30°. Calculate the distance of the hill from the ship and the height of the hill.

A man standing on the deck of a ship, which is 8 m above water level. He observes the angle of elevation of the top of a hill as 60° and the angle of depression of the base of the hill as 30°. Calculate the distance of the hill from the ship and the height of the hill.

There are two temples, one on each bank of a river, just opposite to each other. One temple is 50 m high. From the top of this temple, the angles of depression of the top and the foot of the other temple are 30° and 60° respectively. Find the width of the river and the height of the other temple.

There are two temples, one on each bank of a river, just opposite to each other. One temple is 50 m high. From the top of this temple, the angles of depression of the top and the foot of the other temple are 30° and 60° respectively. Find the width of the river and the height of the other temple.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(cosec A)/(cosec A - 1) + (cosec A)/(cosec A = 1) = 2 sec^2 A`

The angle of elevation of an aeroplane from a point on the ground is 45°. After a flight of 15 seconds, the elevation changes to 30°. If the aeroplane is flying at a height of 3000 metres, find the speed of the aeroplane.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(1 + tan^2 A) + (1 + 1/tan^2 A) = 1/(sin^2 A - sin^4 A)`

The angle of elevation of an aeroplane from a point on the ground is 45°. After a flight of 15 seconds, the elevation changes to 30°. If the aeroplane is flying at a height of 3000 metres, find the speed of the aeroplane.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(tan^2 A)/(1 + tan^2 A) + (cot^2 A)/(1 + cot^2 A) = 1`

An aeroplane flying horizontally 1 km above the ground is observed at an elevation of 60°. After 10 seconds, its elevation is observed to be 30°. Find the speed of the aeroplane in km/hr.

An aeroplane flying horizontally 1 km above the ground is observed at an elevation of 60°. After 10 seconds, its elevation is observed to be 30°. Find the speed of the aeroplane in km/hr.

From the top of a 50 m high tower, the angles of depression of the top and bottom of a pole are observed to be 45° and 60° respectively. Find the height of the pole.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(cot A - cos A)/(cot A + cos A) = (cosec A - 1)/(cosec A + 1)`

From the top of a 50 m high tower, the angles of depression of the top and bottom of a pole are observed to be 45° and 60° respectively. Find the height of the pole.

The horizontal distance between two trees of different heights is 60 m. The angle of depression of the top of the first tree, when seen from the top of the second tree, is 45°. If the height of the second tree is 80 m, find the height of the first tree.

The horizontal distance between two trees of different heights is 60 m. The angle of depression of the top of the first tree, when seen from the top of the second tree, is 45°. If the height of the second tree is 80 m, find the height of the first tree.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(1 + cos theta + sin theta)/(1 + cos theta - sin theta) = (1 + sin theta)/cos theta`

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(sin theta - cos theta + 1)/(sin theta + cos theta - 1) = 1/(sec theta - tan theta)`

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(cos theta - sin theta + 1)/(cos theta + sin theta - 1) = cosec theta + cot theta`

A tree standing on a horizontal plane is leaning towards the east. At two points situated at distances a and b exactly due west on it, the angles of elevation of the top are respectively α and β. Prove that the height of the top from the ground is `((b - a)tan alpha tan beta)/(tan alpha - tan beta)`

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`1/(sec A + tan A) - 1/cos A = 1/cos A - 1/(sec A - tan A)`

A tree standing on a horizontal plane is leaning towards the east. At two points situated at distances a and b exactly due west on it, the angles of elevation of the top are respectively α and β. Prove that the height of the top from the ground is `((b - a)tan alpha tan beta)/(tan alpha - tan beta)`

The angle of elevation of the top of a vertical tower *PQ* from a point *X *on the ground is 60°. At a point *Y*, 40 m vertically above *X*, the angle of elevation of the top is 45°. Calculate the height of the tower.

Prove the following trigonometric identities

tan^{2}^{ }A + cot^{2} A = sec^{2} A cosec^{2} A − 2

The angle of elevation of the top of a vertical tower *PQ* from a point *X *on the ground is 60°. At a point *Y*, 40 m vertically above *X*, the angle of elevation of the top is 45°. Calculate the height of the tower.

The angle of elevation of a stationary cloud from a point 2500 m above a lake is 15° and the angle of depression of its reflection in the lake is 45°. What is the height of the cloud above the lake level? (Use tan 15° = 0.268)

The angle of elevation of a stationary cloud from a point 2500 m above a lake is 15° and the angle of depression of its reflection in the lake is 45°. What is the height of the cloud above the lake level? (Use tan 15° = 0.268)

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(1 - tan^2 A)/(cot^2 A -1) = tan^2 A`

If the angle of elevation of a cloud from a point h meters above a lake is a and the angle of depression of its reflection in the lake be b, prove that the distance of the cloud from the point of observation is `(2h sec alpha)/(tan beta - tan alpha)`

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`1 + cot^2 theta/(1 + cosec theta) = cosec theta`

If the angle of elevation of a cloud from a point h meters above a lake is a and the angle of depression of its reflection in the lake be b, prove that the distance of the cloud from the point of observation is `(2h sec alpha)/(tan beta - tan alpha)`

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`1 + cot^2 theta/(1 + cosec theta) = cosec theta`

From an aeroplane vertically above a straight horizontal road, the angles of depression of two consecutive milestones on opposite sides of the aeroplane are observed to be α and β. Show that the height in miles of the aeroplane above the road is given by `(tan alpha tan beta)/(tan alpha + tan beta)`

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(cos theta)/(cosec theta + 1) + (cos theta)/(cosec theta - 1) = 2 tan theta`

From an aeroplane vertically above a straight horizontal road, the angles of depression of two consecutive milestones on opposite sides of the aeroplane are observed to be α and β. Show that the height in miles of the aeroplane above the road is given by `(tan alpha tan beta)/(tan alpha + tan beta)`

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(1 + cos theta - sin^2 theta)/(sin theta (1 + cos theta)) = cot theta`

PQ is a post of given height a, and AB is a tower at some distance. If α and β are the angles of elevation of B, the top of the tower, at P and Q respectively. Find the height of the tower and its distance from the post.

PQ is a post of given height a, and AB is a tower at some distance. If α and β are the angles of elevation of B, the top of the tower, at P and Q respectively. Find the height of the tower and its distance from the post.

A ladder rests against a wall at an angle α to the horizontal. Its foot is pulled away from the wall through a distance a so that it slides a distance b down the wall making an angle β with the horizontal. Show that `a/b = (cos alpha - cos beta)/(sin beta - sin alpha)`

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(tan^3 theta)/(1 + tan^2 theta) + (cot^3 theta)/(1 + cot^2 theta) = sec theta cosec theta - 2 sin theta cos theta`

A ladder rests against a wall at an angle α to the horizontal. Its foot is pulled away from the wall through a distance a so that it slides a distance b down the wall making an angle β with the horizontal. Show that `a/b = (cos alpha - cos beta)/(sin beta - sin alpha)`

A tower subtends an angle 𝛼 at a point A in the plane of its base and the angle if depression of the foot of the tower at a point b metres just above A is β. Prove that the height of the tower is b tan α cot β

A tower subtends an angle 𝛼 at a point A in the plane of its base and the angle if depression of the foot of the tower at a point b metres just above A is β. Prove that the height of the tower is b tan α cot β

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

if `T_n = sin^n theta + cos^n theta`, prove that `(T_3 - T_5)/T_1 = (T_5 - T_7)/T_3`

An observer, 1.5 m tall, is 28.5 m away from a tower 30 m high. Determine the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from his eye.

An observer, 1.5 m tall, is 28.5 m away from a tower 30 m high. Determine the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from his eye.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`[tan theta + 1/cos theta]^2 + [tan theta - 1/cos theta]^2 = 2((1 + sin^2 theta)/(1 - sin^2 theta))`

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(1/(sec^2 theta - cos theta) + 1/(cosec^2 theta - sin^2 theta)) sin^2 theta cos^2 theta = (1 - sin^2 theta cos^2 theta)/(2 + sin^2 theta + cos^2 theta)`

A carpenter makes stools for electricians with a square top of side 0.5 m and at a height of 1.5 m above the ground. Also, each leg is inclined at an angle of 60° to the ground. Find the length of each leg and also the lengths of two steps to be put at equal distances.

A carpenter makes stools for electricians with a square top of side 0.5 m and at a height of 1.5 m above the ground. Also, each leg is inclined at an angle of 60° to the ground. Find the length of each leg and also the lengths of two steps to be put at equal distances.

A boy is standing on the ground and flying a kite with 100 m of string at an elevation of 30°. Another boy is sanding on the roof of a 10 m high building and is flying his kite at an elevation of 45°. Both the boys are on opposite sides of both the kites. Find the length of the string that the second boy must have so that the two kites meet.

A boy is standing on the ground and flying a kite with 100 m of string at an elevation of 30°. Another boy is sanding on the roof of a 10 m high building and is flying his kite at an elevation of 45°. Both the boys are on opposite sides of both the kites. Find the length of the string that the second boy must have so that the two kites meet.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`((1 + sin theta - cos theta)/(1 + sin theta + cos theta))^2 = (1 - cos theta)/(1 + cos theta)`

The angle of elevation of the top of a hill at the foot of a tower is 60° and the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from the foot of the hill is 30°. If height of the tower is 50 m, find the height of the hill.

The angle of elevation of the top of a hill at the foot of a tower is 60° and the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from the foot of the hill is 30°. If height of the tower is 50 m, find the height of the hill.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

(sec A + tan A − 1) (sec A − tan A + 1) = 2 tan A

Two boats approach a lighthouse in mid-sea from opposite directions. The angles of elevation of the top of the lighthouse from two boats are 30° and 45° respectively. If the distance between two boats is 100 m, find the height of the lighthouse.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

(1 + cot A − cosec A) (1 + tan A + sec A) = 2

Two boats approach a lighthouse in mid-sea from opposite directions. The angles of elevation of the top of the lighthouse from two boats are 30° and 45° respectively. If the distance between two boats is 100 m, find the height of the lighthouse.

From the top of a building AB, 60 m high, the angles of depression of the top and bottom of a vertical lamp post CD are observed to be 30° and 60° respectively. Find

1) the horizontal distance between AB and CD

2) the height of the lamp post.

3) the difference between the heights of the building and the lamp post.

From the top of a building AB, 60 m high, the angles of depression of the top and bottom of a vertical lamp post CD are observed to be 30° and 60° respectively. Find

1) the horizontal distance between AB and CD

2) the height of the lamp post.

3) the difference between the heights of the building and the lamp post.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

(cosec θ − sec θ) (cot θ − tan θ) = (cosec θ + sec θ) ( sec θ cosec θ − 2)

From the top of a lighthouse, the angles of depression of two ships on the opposite sides of it are observed to be a and 3. If the height of the lighthouse be h meters and the line joining the ships passes through the foot of the lighthouse, show that the distance

`(h(tan alpha + tan beta))/(tan alpha tan beta)` meters

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

(sec A − cosec A) (1 + tan A + cot A) = tan A sec A − cot A cosec A

From the top of a lighthouse, the angles of depression of two ships on the opposite sides of it are observed to be a and 3. If the height of the lighthouse be h meters and the line joining the ships passes through the foot of the lighthouse, show that the distance

`(h(tan alpha + tan beta))/(tan alpha tan beta)` meters

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(cos A cosec A - sin A sec A)/(cos A + sin A) = cosec A - sec A`

A straight highway leads to the foot of a tower of height 50 m. From the top of the tower, the angles of depression of two cars standing on the highway are 30° and 60° respectively. What is the distance the two cars and how far is each car from the tower?

A straight highway leads to the foot of a tower of height 50 m. From the top of the tower, the angles of depression of two cars standing on the highway are 30° and 60° respectively. What is the distance the two cars and how far is each car from the tower?

The angles of elevation of the top of a rock from the top and foot of a 100 m high tower are respectively 30° and 45°. Find the height of the rock.

The angles of elevation of the top of a rock from the top and foot of a 100 m high tower are respectively 30° and 45°. Find the height of the rock.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`sin A/(sec A + tan A - 1) + cos A/(cosec A + cot A + 1) = 1`

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`tan A/(1 + tan^2 A)^2 + cot A/((1 + cot^2 A)) = sin A cos A`

An observed from the top of a 150 m tall lighthouse, the angles of depression of two ships approaching it are 30° and 45°. If one ship is directly behind the other, find the distance between the two ships.

An observed from the top of a 150 m tall lighthouse, the angles of depression of two ships approaching it are 30° and 45°. If one ship is directly behind the other, find the distance between the two ships.

A flag-staff stands on the top of a 5 m high tower. From a point on the ground, the angle of elevation of the top of the flag-staff is 60° and from the same point, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 45°. Find the height of the flag-staff.

Prove the following trigonometric identities

sec^{4} A(1 − sin^{4} A) − 2 tan^{2} A = 1

A flag-staff stands on the top of a 5 m high tower. From a point on the ground, the angle of elevation of the top of the flag-staff is 60° and from the same point, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 45°. Find the height of the flag-staff.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(cot^2 A(sec A - 1))/(1 + sin A) = sec^2 A ((1 - sin A)/(1 + sec A))`

The angles of elevation of the top of a tower from two points at a distance of 4 m and 9 m. from the base of the tower and in the same straight line with it are complementary. Prove that the height of the tower is 6 m.

The angles of elevation of the top of a tower from two points at a distance of 4 m and 9 m. from the base of the tower and in the same straight line with it are complementary. Prove that the height of the tower is 6 m.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(1 + cot A + tan A)(sin A - cos A) = sec A/(cosec^2 A) - (cosec A)/sec^2 A = sin A tan A - cos A cot A`

The angles of depression of two ships from the top of a lighthouse and on the same side of it are found to be 45° and 30° respectively. If the ships are 200 m apart, find the height of the lighthouse.

The angles of depression of two ships from the top of a lighthouse and on the same side of it are found to be 45° and 30° respectively. If the ships are 200 m apart, find the height of the lighthouse.

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

sin^{2} A cos^{2} B − cos^{2} A sin^{2} B = sin^{2} A − sin^{2} B

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(cot A + tan B)/(cot B + tan A) = cot A tan B`

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`(tan A + tan B)/(cot A + cot B) = tan A tan B`

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

`cot^2 A cosec^2B - cot^2 B cosec^2 A = cot^2 A - cot^2 B`

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

tan^{2} A sec^{2} B − sec^{2} A tan^{2} B = tan^{2} A − tan^{2}^{ }B

Prove the following trigonometric identities

If x = a sec θ + b tan θ and y = a tan θ + b sec θ, prove that x^{2} − y^{2} = a^{2} − b^{2}

if `x/a cos theta + y/b sin theta = 1` and `x/a sin theta - y/b cos theta = 1` prove that `x^2/a^2 + y^2/b^2 = 2`

if `cosec theta - sin theta = a^3`, `sec theta - cos theta = b^3` prove that `a^2 b^2 (a^2 + b^2) = 1`

if `a cos^3 theta + 3a cos theta sin^2 theta = m, a sin^3 theta + 3 a cos^2 theta sin theta = n`Prove that `(m + n)^(2/3) + (m - n)^(2/3)`

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

if x = a cos^3 theta, y = b sin^3 theta` " prove that " `(x/a)^(2/3) + (y/b)^(2/3) = 1`

If 3 sin θ + 5 cos θ = 5, prove that 5 sin θ – 3 cos θ = ± 3.

If a cos θ + b sin θ = m and a sin θ – b cos θ = n, prove that a^{2} + b^{2} = m^{2} + n^{2}

If cos θ + cot θ = m and cosec θ – cot θ = n, prove that mn = 1

Prove the following trigonometric identities.

if cos A + cos^{2}^{ }A = 1, prove that sin^{2} A + sin^{4} A = 1

Prove that: `sqrt((sec theta - 1)/(sec theta + 1)) + sqrt((sec theta + 1)/(sec theta - 1)) = 2 cosec theta`

Prove that `sqrt((1 + sin theta)/(1 - sin theta)) + sqrt((1 - sin theta)/(1 + sin theta)) = 2 sec theta`

Prove that `sqrt((1 + cos theta)/(1 - cos theta)) + sqrt((1 - cos theta)/(1 + cos theta)) = 2 cosec theta`

Prove that `(sec theta - 1)/(sec theta + 1) = ((sin theta)/(1 + cos theta))^2`

If cos θ + cos^{2} θ = 1, prove that sin^{12} θ + 3 sin^{10} θ + 3 sin^{8} θ + sin^{6} θ + 2 sin^{4} θ + 2 sin^{2} θ − 2 = 1

Given that:

(1 + cos α) (1 + cos β) (1 + cos γ) = (1 − cos α) (1 − cos α) (1 − cos β) (1 − cos γ)

Show that one of the values of each member of this equality is sin α sin β sin γ

If sin θ + cos θ = *x*, prove that `sin^6 theta + cos^6 theta = (4- 3(x^2 - 1)^2)/4`

If *x* = *a* sec θ cos ϕ, *y* = *b* sec θ sin ϕ and* z *= *c* tan θ, show that `x^2/a^2 + y^2/b^2 - x^2/c^2 = 1`

#### Page 0

if `cos theta = 4/5` find all other trigonometric ratios of angles θ

if `sin theta = 1/sqrt2` find all other trigonometric ratios of angle θ.

if `tan theta = 1/sqrt2` find the value of `(cosec^2 theta - sec^2 theta)/(cosec^2 theta + cot^2 theta)`

if `tan theta = 3/4`, find the value of `(1 - cos theta)/(1 +cos theta)`

if `tan theta = 12/5` find the value of `(1 + sin theta)/(1 -sin theta)`

if `cosec A = sqrt2` find the value of `(2 sin^2 A + 3 cot^2 A)/(4(tan^2 A - cos^2 A))`

if `cot theta = sqrt3` find the value of `(cosec^2 theta + cot^2 theta)/(cosec^2 theta - sec^2 theta)`

if `3 cos theta = 1`, find the value of `(6 sin^2 theta + tan^2 theta)/(4 cos theta)`

if `sqrt3 tan theta = 3 sin theta` find the value of `sin^2 theta - cos^2 theta`

#### Textbook solutions for Class 10

## R.D. Sharma solutions for Class 10 Mathematics chapter 12 - Trigonometry

R.D. Sharma solutions for Class 10 Mathematics chapter 12 (Trigonometry) include all questions with solution and detail explanation from 10 Mathematics. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has created the CBSE 10 Mathematics solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

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Concepts covered in Class 10 Mathematics chapter 12 Trigonometry are Heights and Distances, Angles in Standard Position, Trigonometric Ratios in Terms of Coordinates of Point, Trigonometric Identities, Trigonometric Ratios of Complementary Angles, Heights and Distances, Trigonometry Ratio of Zero Degree and Negative Angles.

Using R.D. Sharma solutions for Class 10 Mathematics by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in R.D. Sharma Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CBSE Class 10 prefer R.D. Sharma Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

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