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NCERT solutions for Class 10 Social Science chapter 8 - Challenges to Democracy

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NCERT Social Science Political Science Democratic Politics 2 Class 10

Social Science Political Science Democratic Politics 2 Class 10 - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 8: Challenges to Democracy

NCERT solutions for Class 10 Social Science Chapter 8 [Pages 103 - 112]

Q 1.1 | Page 103

This cartoon represents a challenge to democracy. Please describe what that challenge is. Also place it in one of the three categories mentioned below.

  1. foundational challenge to democracy
  2. challenge of expansion of democracy
  3. challenge of deepening of democracy

Q 1.2 | Page 103

This cartoon represents a challenge to democracy. Please describe what that challenge is. Also place it in one of the three categories mentioned below.

  1. foundational challenge to democracy
  2. challenge of expansion of democracy
  3. challenge of deepening of democracy

Q 1.3 | Page 103

This cartoon represents a challenge to democracy. Please describe what that challenge is. Also place it in one of the three categories mentioned below.

  1. foundational challenge to democracy
  2. challenge of expansion of democracy
  3. challenge of deepening of democracy

Q 1.4 | Page 103

This cartoon represents a challenge to democracy. Please describe what that challenge is. Also place it in one of the three categories mentioned below.

  1. foundational challenge to democracy
  2. challenge of expansion of democracy
  3. challenge of deepening of democracy

Q 2 | Page 104

Write a description of the challenges for democracy in the following situations.

Case and Context

 

Your description of the challenges for democracy in that situation

Chile: General Pinochet's government was defeated, but military was still in control of many institutions.

 

Poland: After the first success of solidarity, the government imposed martial law and banned solidarity.

 

Ghana: Just attained independence, Nkrumah elected the President.

 

 

Mynamar: Suu Kyi under house arrest for more than 15 years, army rulers getting global acceptance.

 

 

International Organisations: US as the only superpower disregards the UN and takes unilateral action.

 

Mexico: Second free election after the defeat of PRI in 2000; defeated candidates alleges rigging.

 

China: The Communist party adopts economic reforms but maintains a monopoly over political power.

 

Pakistan: General Musharraf holds referendum, allegations of fraud in the voter's list.

 

Iraq: Widespread sectarian violence as the new government fails to establish its authority.

 

South Africa: Mandela retires from active politics; pressure on his successor Mbeki to withdraw some concessions given to the white minority.

 

US, Guantanamo Bay: UN Secretary General calls this a violation of international law; US refused to respond.

 

Saudi Arabia: Women were not allowed to take part in public activities, no freedom of religion for the minority.

 

Yugoslavia: Ethnic tension between Serbs and Albanians on the rise in the province of Kosovo; Yugoslavia disintegrated.

 

Belgium: One round of constitutional change taken place, but the Dutch speakers not satisfied; they want more autonomy.

 

Sri Lanka: Peace talks between the government and LTTE breaks down, renewed violence.

 

US, Civil Rights: Blacks have won equal rights, but they are still poor, less educated and marginalised.

 

Northern Ireland: The civil war has ended but Catholics and Protestants yet to develop trust.

 

Nepal: Constituent Assembly about to be elected; unrest in Taraiareas; Maoists have not surrendered arms.

 

Bolivia: Morales, a supporter of water struggle, becomes the Prime Minister, MNC's threaten to leave the country.

 
Q 3 | Page 106

Given below are some spheres or sites of democratic politics. You may place against each of these the specific challenges that you noted for one or more countries or cartoons in the previous section. In addition to that write one item for India for each of these spheres. In case you find that some challenges do not fit into any of the categories given below, you can create new categories and put some items under that.

Constitutional design

 

Democratic rights

 

 

Working of institutions

 

 

Elections

 

 

Federalism, decentralization

 

 

Accommodation of diversity

 

 

Political Organisation

 

 

Religious and equality

 
Q 4 | Page 107

Let us group these again, this time by the nature of these challenges as per the classification suggested in the first section. For each of these categories, find at least one example from India as well.

Foundational Challenge

 

Challenge of Expansion

 

Challenge of deepening

 
Q 5 | Page 107

Now let us think only about India. Think of all the challenges that democracy faces in contemporary India. List those five that should be addressed first of all. The listing should be in order of priority, i.e, the challenge you find most important or pressing should be mentioned at number 1, and so on. Give one example of that challenge and your reasons for assigning it the priority.

Priority

Challenges to democracy

Example

Reasons for Preference

1      
2      
3      
4      
5      

 

Q 6 | Page 109

Here are some challenges that require political reforms. Discuss these challenges in detail study the reform options offered here and give your preferred solution with reasons. Remember that none of the options offered here is ‘right’ or ‘wrong’. You can opt for a mix of more than one options, or come up with something that is not offered here. But you must give your solution in details and offer reasons for your choice.

Doctors’ absenteeism
Challenge:
Political funding
Challenge:
Uttar Pradesh government got a survey done and found out that most of the doctors posted in the rural primary health centres are simply not there. They live in a town, carry out private practice and visit the village where they are posted only once or twice in the entire month. Villagers have to travel to towns and pay very high fee to private doctors even for common ailments.
Reform proposals:

• The government should make it compulsory
for the doctors to live in the village where they are posted, otherwise their service should be terminated.

• District administration and police should carry out surprise raids to check the attendance of the doctors.

• Village panchayat should be given the power to write the annual report of the doctor which should be read out in the gram sabha meeting.

• Problems like this can be solved only if Uttar Pradesh is split into several smaller states which can be administered more efficiently.
On an average, every candidate who contested the last Lok Sabha elections owned a property of more than Rs one crore. There is a fear that only wealthy people or those with their support can afford to fight elections. Most of the political parties are dependent on money given by big business houses. The worry is that the role of money in politics will reduce whatever little voice the poor have in our democracy. Reform proposals:

• The financial accounts of every political party should be made public. These accounts should be examined by government auditors.

• There should be state funding of elections.
Parties should be given some money by the
government to meet their election expenditure.

• Citizens should be encouraged to give more donations to parties and to political workers. Such donations should be exempt from income tax.

Any other problem of your choice
Challenge:
Reform proposals:



Q 7 | Page 112

Here is your space for writing your own definition of good democracy.

(Write your name here) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ’s definit ion of good
democracy (not more than 50 words) :

Features (use only as many points as you want . Try to compress it in as few points as possible)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Chapter 8: Challenges to Democracy

NCERT Social Science Political Science Democratic Politics 2 Class 10

Social Science Political Science Democratic Politics 2 Class 10 - Shaalaa.com

NCERT solutions for Class 10 Social Science chapter 8 - Challenges to Democracy

NCERT solutions for Class 10 Social Science chapter 8 (Challenges to Democracy) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CBSE Social Science Political Science Democratic Politics 2 Class 10 solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

Further, we at Shaalaa.com provide such solutions so that students can prepare for written exams. NCERT textbook solutions can be a core help for self-study and acts as a perfect self-help guidance for students.

Concepts covered in Class 10 Social Science chapter 8 Challenges to Democracy are Idea of Democracy Shrinking, Major Challenges to Democracy in India, Concept for Democracy Be Reformed and Deepened, Concept for Role Ordinary Citizen Play in Deepening Democracy.

Using NCERT Class 10 solutions Challenges to Democracy exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in NCERT Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CBSE Class 10 prefer NCERT Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

Get the free view of chapter 8 Challenges to Democracy Class 10 extra questions for Social Science and can use Shaalaa.com to keep it handy for your exam preparation

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