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NCERT solutions for Class 10 Social Science chapter 2 - SECTORS OF THE INDIAN ECONOMY

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NCERT Social Science Economics Understanding Economic Development Class 10

Social Science Economics Understanding Economic Development Class 10 - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 2: SECTORS OF THE INDIAN ECONOMY

Chapter 2: SECTORS OF THE INDIAN ECONOMY solutions [Pages 35 - 37]

Q 1.1 | Page 35

Fill in the blanks using the correct option given in the bracket:
Employment in the service sector _________ increased to the same extent as production. (has / has not)

Q 1.2 | Page 35

Fill in the blanks using the correct option given in the bracket:
Workers in the _________ sector do not produce goods. (tertiary / agricultural)

Q 1.3 | Page 35

Fill in the blanks using the correct option given in the bracket:
Most of the workers in the _________ sector enjoy job security. (organised / unorganised)

Q 1.4 | Page 35

Fill in the blanks using the correct option given in the bracket:
 A _________ proportion of labourers in India are working in the unorganised sector. (large / small)

Q 1.5 | Page 35

Fill in the blanks using the correct option given in the bracket:
The activities in primary, secondary and tertiary sectors are _________. (independent / interdependent)

Q 1.5 | Page 35

Fill in the blanks using the correct option given in the bracket:
 Cotton is a _________ product and cloth is a _________ product. (natural / manufactured)

Q 2.1 | Page 35

Choose the most appropriate answer.
The sectors are classified into public and private sector on the basis of:

  • employment conditions

  • the nature of economic activity

  • ownership of enterprises

  • number of workers employed in the enterprise

Q 2.2 | Page 35

Choose the most appropriate answer.
Production of a commodity, mostly through the natural process, is an activity in ______________ sector.

  •  primary

  • secondary

  • tertiary

  • information technology

Q 2.3 | Page 35

Choose the most appropriate answer.
 GDP is the total value of _____________ produced during a particular year.

  • all goods and services

  • all final goods and services

  • all intermediate goods and services

  • all intermediate and final goods and servicesv

Q 2.4 | Page 35

Choose the most appropriate answer.
In terms of GDP the share of tertiary sector in 2013-14 is between _________ per cent.

  • 20 to 30

  • 30 to 40

  • 50 to 60

  • 60 to 70

Q 3 | Page 36

Match the following:

 

Problems faced by farming sector

 

Some possible measures

1.

Unirrigated land

(a)

Setting up agro-based mills

2.

Low prices for crops

(b)

Cooperative marketing societies

3.

Debt burden

(c)

Procurement of food grains by government

4.

No job in the off season

(d)

Construction of canals by the government

5.

Compelled to sell their grains to the local traders soon after harvest

(e)

Banks to provide credit with low interest

Q 4.1 | Page 36

Find the odd one out and say why.
Tourist guide, dhobi, tailor, potter

Q 4.2 | Page 36

Find the odd one out and say why.
Teacher, doctor, vegetable vendor, lawyer

Q 4.3 | Page 36

Find the odd one out and say why.
Postman, cobbler, soldier, police constable 

Q 4.4 | Page 36

Find the odd one out and say why.
MTNL, Indian Railways, Air India, SAHARA Airlines, All India Radio

Q 5 | Page 36

A research scholar looked at the working people in the city of Surat and found the following.

Place of work

Nature of employment

Percentage of working people

In offices and factories registered with the government

Organised

15

Own shops, office, clinics in marketplaces with formal license

-

15

People working on the street, construction workers, domestic workers

-

20

Working in small workshops usually not registered with the government

-

-

Complete the table. What is the percentage of workers in the unorganised sector in this city?

Q 6 | Page 36

Do you think the classification of economic activities into primary, secondary and tertiary is useful? Explain how.

Q 7 | Page 36

For each of the sectors that we came across in this chapter why should one focus on employment and GDP? Could there be other issues which should be examined? Discuss.

Q 8 | Page 36

Make a long list of all kinds of work that you find adults around you doing for a living. In what way can you classify them? Explain your choice.

Q 9 | Page 36

How is the tertiary sector different from other sectors? Illustrate with a few examples.

Q 10 | Page 36

What do you understand by disguised unemployment? Explain with an example each from the urban and rural areas.

Q 11 | Page 36

Distinguish between open unemployment and disguised unemployment.

Q 12 | Page 36

“Tertiary sector is not playing any significant role in the development of Indian economy.” Do you agree? Give reasons in support of your answer.

Q 13 | Page 37

Service sector in India employs two different kinds of people. Who are these?

Q 14 | Page 37

Workers are exploited in the unorganised sector. Do you agree with this view? Give reasons in support of your answer.

Q 15 | Page 37

How are the activities in the economy classified on the basis of employment conditions?

Q 16 | Page 37

Compare the employment conditions prevailing in the organised and unorganised sectors.

Q 17 | Page 37

Explain the objective of implementing the NREGA 2005.

Q 18 | Page 37

Using examples from your area compare and contrast the activities and functions of private and public sectors.

Q 19 | Page 37

Discuss and fill the following table giving one example each from your area.

 

Well-managed organisation

Badly-managed organisation

Public sector

   

Private sector

   
Q 20 | Page 37

Give a few examples of public sector activities and explain why the government has taken them up.

Q 21 | Page 37

Explain how public sector contributes to the economic development of a nation.

Q 22 | Page 37

The workers in the unorganised sector need protection on the following issues: wages, safety and health. Explain with examples.

Q 23 | Page 37

A study in Ahmedabad found that out of 15,00,000 workers in the city, 11,00,000 worked in the unorganised sector. The total income of the city in this year (1997-1998) was Rs 60,000 million. Out of this Rs 32,000 million was generated in the organised sector. Present this data as a table. What kind of ways should be thought of for generating more employment in the city?

Q 24 | Page 37

The following table gives the GDP in Rupees (Crores) by the three sectors:

Year
primary secondary tertiary
2000 52,000 48,500 1,33,500
2013 8,00,500 10,74,000 38,68,000

(i) Calculate the share of the three sectors in GDP for 2000 and 2013.

(ii) Show the data as a bar diagram similar to Graph 2 in the chapter.

(iii) What conclusions can we draw from the bar graph?

Chapter 2: SECTORS OF THE INDIAN ECONOMY

NCERT Social Science Economics Understanding Economic Development Class 10

Social Science Economics Understanding Economic Development Class 10 - Shaalaa.com

NCERT solutions for Class 10 Social Science chapter 2 - SECTORS OF THE INDIAN ECONOMY

NCERT solutions for Class 10 Social Science chapter 2 (SECTORS OF THE INDIAN ECONOMY) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CBSE Social Science Economics Understanding Economic Development Class 10 solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

Further, we at Shaalaa.com provide such solutions so that students can prepare for written exams. NCERT textbook solutions can be a core help for self-study and acts as a perfect self-help guidance for students.

Concepts covered in Class 10 Social Science chapter 2 SECTORS OF THE INDIAN ECONOMY are Protective Measures for Unorganised Sector Workers, Division of Sectors : Organised and Unorganised, Concept for Employment Generation, Rising Importance of Tertiary Sector, Historical Change in Economic Sectors, Sectors of Economic Activities.

Using NCERT Class 10 solutions SECTORS OF THE INDIAN ECONOMY exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in NCERT Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CBSE Class 10 prefer NCERT Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

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