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Chapters1 - Matter in Our Surroundings
2 - Is Matter around us Pure
3 - Atoms and Molecules
4 - Structure of the Atom
5 - The Fundamental Unit of Life
6 - Tissues
7 - Diversity in Living Organisms
8 - Motion
9 - Force and Laws of Motion
10 - Gravitation
11 - Work and Energy
12 - Sound
13 - Why do we fall Ill
14 - Natural Resources
15 - Improvement in Food Resources
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Chapter 1 - Matter in Our Surroundings
Which of the following are matter?
Chair, air, love, smell, hate, almonds, thought, cold, cold drink, smell of perfume.
Give reasons for the following observation:
The smell of hot sizzling food reaches you several metres away, but to get the smell from cold food you have to go close.
A diver is able to cut through water in a swimming pool. Which property of matter does this observation show?
What are the characteristics of particles of matter?
The mass per unit volume of a substance is called density (density = mass/volume). Arrange the following in order of increasing density − air, exhaust from chimney, honey, water, chalk, cotton, and iron.
Tabulate the differences in the characteristics of states of matter.
Comment upon the following:- rigidity, compressibility, fluidity, filling a gas container, shape, kinetic energy, and density.
Give reasons:- A gas fills completely the vessel in which it is kept.
A gas exerts pressure on the walls of the container.
Give reasons:- We can easily move our hand in air, but to do the same through a solid block of wood, we need a karate expert.
Give reasons:- A wooden table should be called a solid.
Liquids generally have lower density as compared to solids. But you must have observed that ice floats on water. Find out why.
Convert the following temperature to Celsius scale:- 300 K
Convert the following temperature to Celsius scale:-573 K
What is the physical state of water at 250°C.
What is the physical state of water at 100°C.
For any substance, why does the temperature remain constant during the change of state?
Suggest a method to liquefy atmospheric gases.
Why does a desert cooler cool better on a hot dry day?
How does water kept in an earthen pot (matka) become cool during summers?
Why does our palm feel cold when we put some acetone or petrol or perfume on it?
Why are we able to sip hot tea or milk faster from a saucer than a cup?
What type of clothes should we wear in summers?
Convert the following temperatures to the celsius scale.293 K
Convert the following temperatures to the celsius scale. 470 K
Convert the following temperatures to Kelvin scale.25°C
Convert the following temperatures to Kelvin scale.373°C
Give reason for the following observation. Naphthalene balls disappear with time without leaving any solid.
Give reason for the following observation. We can get the smell of perfume sitting several metres away.
Arrange the following substances in increasing order of forces of attraction between particles - water, sugar, oxygen.
What is the physical state of water at 25°C.
What is the physical state of water at 0°C.
Give two reasons to justify water at room temperature is a liquid.
Give two reasons to justify an iron almirah is a solid at room temperature.
Why is ice at 273 K more effective in cooling than water at the same temperature?
What produces more severe burns, boiling water or steam?
Name A, B, C, D, E and F in the following diagram showing change in its state.
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