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NCERT solutions for Class 10 Science chapter 4 - Carbon and its Compounds

Science Textbook for Class 10

Chapters

NCERT Science Class 10

Science Textbook for Class 10

Chapter 4 - Carbon and its Compounds

Page 61

Q 1 | Page 61

What would be the electron dot structure of carbon dioxide which has the formula CO2?

Q 2 | Page 61

What would be the electron dot structure of a molecule of sulphur which is made up of eight atoms of sulphur? (Hint – the eight atoms of sulphur are joined together in the form of a ring.)

Pages 68 - 69

Q 1 | Page 68

 How many structural isomers can you draw for pentane?

Q 2 | Page 68

What are the two properties of carbon which lead to the huge number of carbon compounds we see around us?

Q 3 | Page 68

What will be the formula and electron dot structure of cyclopentane?

Q 4.1 | Page 69

Draw the structures for Bromopentane*

Q 4.2 | Page 69

Draw the structures for Butanone

Q 4.3 | Page 69

Draw the structures for Hexanal

Q 5.1 | Page 69

 How would you name the compounds?

CH3-CH2-Br

Q 5.2 | Page 69

 How would you name the following compound?

Q 5.3 | Page 69

How would you name the following compound?

Page 71

Q 1 | Page 71

 Why is the conversion of ethanol to ethanoic acid an oxidation reaction?

Q 2 | Page 71

A mixture of oxygen and ethyne is burnt for welding. Can you tell why a mixture of ethyne and air is not used?

Page 74

Q 1 | Page 74

How would you distinguish experimentally between an alcohol and a carboxylic acid?

Q 2 | Page 74

What are oxidising agents?

Page 76

Q 1 | Page 76

Would you be able to check if water is hard by using a detergent?

Q 2 | Page 76

 People use a variety of methods to wash clothes. Usually after adding the soap, they ‘beat’ the clothes on a stone, or beat it with a paddle, scrub with a brush or the mixture is agitated in a washing machine. Why is agitation necessary to get clean clothes?

Pages 77 - 78

Q 1 | Page 77

Ethane, with the molecular formula C2H6 has
(a) 6 covalent bonds.
(b) 7 covalent bonds.
(c) 8 covalent bonds.
(d) 9 covalent bonds.

Q 2 | Page 77

Butanone is a four-carbon compound with the functional group

(a) carboxylic acid.
(b) aldehyde.
(c) ketone.
(d) alcohol.

Q 3 | Page 77

While cooking, if the bottom of the vessel is getting blackened on the outside, it means that
(a) the food is not cooked completely.
(b) the fuel is not burning completely.
(c) the fuel is wet.
(d) the fuel is burning completely.

Q 4 | Page 78

Explain the nature of the covalent bond using the bond formation in CH3Cl.

Q 5.1 | Page 78

Draw the electron dot structures for ethanoic acid

Q 5.3 | Page 78

Draw the electron dot structures for H2S.

Q 5.3 | Page 78

 Draw the electron dot structures for propanone

Q 5.4 | Page 78

Draw the electron dot structures for  F2

Q 6 | Page 78

What is a homologous series?

Q 7 | Page 78

How can ethanol and ethanoic acid be differentiated on the basis of their physical and chemical properties?

Q 8 | Page 78

Why does micelle formation take place when soap is added to water? Will a micelle be formed in other solvents such as ethanol also?

Q 9 | Page 78

Why are carbon and its compounds used as fuels for most applications?

Q 10 | Page 78

Explain the formation of scum when hard water is treated with soap.

Q 11 | Page 78

What change will you observe if you test soap with litmus paper (red and blue)?

Q 12 | Page 78

What is hydrogenation? What is its industrial application?

Q 13 | Page 78

Which of the following hydrocarbons undergo addition reactions:
C2, H6, C3H8, C3H6, C2H2 and CH4.

Q 14 | Page 78

 Give a test that can be used to differentiate chemically between butter and cooking oil.

Q 15 | Page 78

Describe in brief the cleansing action of soap.

NCERT Science Class 10

Science Textbook for Class 10

NCERT solutions for Class 10 Science chapter 4 - Carbon and its Compounds

NCERT solutions for Class 10 Science chapter 4 (Carbon and its Compounds) include all questions with solution and detail explanation from Science Textbook for Class 10. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has created the CBSE Science Textbook for Class 10 solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

Further, we at shaalaa.com are providing such solutions so that students can prepare for written exams. These NCERT textbook solutions can be a core help for self-study and acts as a perfect self-help guidance for students.

Concepts covered in Class 10 Science chapter 4 Carbon and its Compounds are Bonding in Carbon - Covalent Bond, Versatile Nature of Carbon - Saturated and Unsaturated Carbon Compounds, Versatile Nature of Carbon - Chains, Branches and Rings, Versatile Nature of Carbon - Homologous Series, Versatile Nature of Carbon - Nomenclature of Carbon Compounds, Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds - Combustion, Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds - Oxidation, Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds - Addition Reaction, Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds - Substitution Reaction, Important Carbon Compounds - Ethanol, Important Carbon Compounds - Ethanoic Acid (Acetic acid), Soaps and Detergents, Carbon and Compounds Question, Carbon and Compounds Introduction.

Using NCERT solutions for Class 10 Science by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in NCERT Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CBSE Class 10 prefer NCERT Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

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