Chapter 2 - Acids, Bases and Salts
Chapter 3 - Metals and Non-metals
Chapter 4 - Carbon and its Compounds
Chapter 5 - Periodic Classification of Elements
Chapter 6 - Life Processes
Chapter 7 - Control and Coordination
Chapter 8 - How do Organisms Reproduce
Chapter 9 - Heredity and Evolution
Chapter 10 - Light - Reflection and Refraction
Chapter 11 - Human Eye and Colourful World
Chapter 12 - Electricity
Chapter 13 - Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
Chapter 14 - Sources of Energy
Chapter 15 - Our Environment
Chapter 16 - Management of Natural Resources
Chapter 3 - Metals and Non-metals
Give an example of a metal which is a liquid at room temperature.
Give an example of a metal which is the best conductor of heat.
Give an example of a metal which is a poor conductor of heat.
Give an example of a metal which can be easily cut with a knife.
Explain the meanings of malleable and ductile.
Why is sodium kept immersed in kerosene oil?
Write equations for the reactions of iron with steam
Write equations for the reactions of calcium and potassium with water
Samples of four metals A, B, C and D were taken and added to the following solution one by one. The results obtained have been tabulated as follows.
|Metal||Iron (II) sulphate||Cooper (II) sulphate||Zinc sulphate||Silver nitrate|
|C.||No reaction||No reaction||No reaction||Displacement|
|D.||No reaction||No reaction||No reaction||No reaction|
Use the Table above to answer the following questions about metals A, B, C and D.
(i) Which is the most reactive metal?
(ii) What would you observe if B is added to a solution of copper (II) sulphate?
(iii) Arrange the metals A, B, C and D in the order of decreasing reactivity.
Which gas is produced when dilute hydrochloric acid is added to a reactive metal?
Write the chemical reaction when iron reacts with dilute H2SO4.
What would you observe when zinc is added to a solution of iron (II) sulphate? Write the chemical reaction that takes place.
Write the electron-dot structures for sodium, oxygen and magnesium.
Show the formation of Na2O and MgO by the transfer of electrons.
What are the ions present in Na2O and MgO compounds?
Why do ionic compounds have high melting points
Pages 16 - 53
Define the Ore.
Name two metals which are found in nature in the free state.
What chemical process is used for obtaining a metal from its oxide?
Why do we apply paint on iron articles?
Metallic oxides of zinc, magnesium and copper were heated with the following metals.
In which cases will you find displacement reactions taking place?
Which metals do not corrode easily?
Pages 56 - 57
Which of the following pairs will give displacement reactions?
(a) NaCl solution and copper metal
(b) MgCl2solution and aluminium metal
(c) FeSO4solution and silver metal
(d) AgNO3solution and copper metal.
Which of the following methods is suitable for preventing an iron frying pan from rusting?
(a) Applying grease
(b) Applying paint
(c) Applying a coating of zinc
(d) all of the above.
An element reacts with oxygen to give a compound with a high melting point. This compound is also soluble in water. The element is likely to be
Food cans are coated with tin and not with zinc because
(a) zinc is costlier than tin.
(b) zinc has a higher melting point than tin.
(c) zinc is more reactive than tin.
(d) zinc is less reactive than tin.
You are given a hammer, a battery, a bulb, wires and a switch.
(a) How could you use them to distinguish between samples of metals and non-metals?
(b) Assess the usefulness of these tests in distinguishing between metals and non-metals.
What are amphoteric oxides? Give two examples of amphoteric oxides.
Name two metals which will displace hydrogen from dilute acids, and two metals which will not.
In the electrolytic refining of a metal M, what would you take as the anode, the cathode and the electrolyte?
Pratyush took sulphur powder on a spatula and heated it. He collected the gas evolved by inverting a test tube over it, as shown in figure below.
(a) What will be the action of gas on
(i) dry litmus paper?
(ii) moist litmus paper?
(b) Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction taking place.
Write two methods of preventing the rusting of iron.
What type of oxides are formed when non-metals combine with oxygen?
Give reasons Platinum, gold and silver are used to make jewellery.
Give reasons Aluminium is a highly reactive metal, yet it is used to make utensils for cooking.
Give reasons Carbonate and sulphide ores are usually converted into oxides during the process of extraction.
You must have seen tarnished copper vessels being cleaned with lemon or tamarind juice. Explain why these sour substances are effective in cleaning the vessels.
Differentiate between metal and non-metal on the basis of their chemical properties.
A man went door to door posing as a goldsmith. He promised to bring back the glitter of old and dull gold ornaments. An unsuspecting lady gave a set of gold bangles to him which he dipped in a particular solution. The bangles sparkled like new but their weight was reduced drastically. The lady was upset but after a futile argument the man beat a hasty retreat. Can you play the detective to find out the nature of the solution he had used?
Give reasons why copper is used to make hot water tanks and not steel (an alloy of iron).