NCERT solutions for Physics Class 12 chapter 4 - Moving Charges and Magnetism [Latest edition]

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NCERT solutions for Physics Class 12 chapter 4 - Moving Charges and Magnetism - Shaalaa.com
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Solutions for Chapter 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

Below listed, you can find solutions for Chapter 4 of CBSE NCERT for Physics Class 12.


Exercise
Exercise [Pages 169 - 172]

NCERT solutions for Physics Class 12 Chapter 4 Moving Charges and Magnetism Exercise [Pages 169 - 172]

Exercise | Q 4.1 | Page 169

A circular coil of wire consisting of 100 turns, each of radius 8.0 cm carries a current of 0.40 A. What is the magnitude of the magnetic field B at the centre of the coil?

Exercise | Q 4.2 | Page 169

A long straight wire carries a current of 35 A. What is the magnitude of the field B at a point 20 cm from the wire?

Exercise | Q 4.3 | Page 169

A long straight wire in the horizontal plane carries a current of 50 A in north to south direction. Give the magnitude and direction of B at a point 2.5 m east of the wire.

Exercise | Q 4.4 | Page 169

A horizontal overhead power line carries a current of 90 A in east to west direction. What is the magnitude and direction of the magnetic field due to the current 1.5 m below the line?

Exercise | Q 4.5 | Page 169

What is the magnitude of magnetic force per unit length on a wire carrying a current of 8 A and making an angle of 30° with the direction of a uniform magnetic field of 0.15 T?

Exercise | Q 4.6 | Page 169

A 3.0 cm wire carrying a current of 10 A is placed inside a solenoid perpendicular to its axis. The magnetic field inside the solenoid is given to be 0.27 T. What is the magnetic force on the wire?

Exercise | Q 4.7 | Page 169

Two long and parallel straight wires A and B carrying currents of 8.0 A and 5.0 A in the same direction are separated by a distance of 4.0 cm. Estimate the force on a 10 cm section of wire A.

Exercise | Q 4.8 | Page 169

A closely wound solenoid 80 cm long has 5 layers of windings of 400 turns each. The diameter of the solenoid is 1.8 cm. If the current carried is 8.0 A, estimate the magnitude of B inside the solenoid near its centre.

Exercise | Q 4.9 | Page 169

A square coil of side 10 cm consists of 20 turns and carries a current of 12 A. The coil is suspended vertically and the normal to the plane of the coil makes an angle of 30° with the direction of a uniform horizontal magnetic field of magnitude 0.80 T. What is the magnitude of torque experienced by the coil?

Exercise | Q 4.10 | Page 169

Two moving coil meters, M1 and M2 have the following particulars:

R1 = 10 Ω, N1 = 30,

A1 = 3.6 × 10–3 m2, B1 = 0.25 T

R2 = 14 Ω, N2 = 42,

A2 = 1.8 × 10–3 m2, B2 = 0.50 T

(The spring constants are identical for the two meters).

Determine the ratio of (a) current sensitivity and (b) voltage sensitivity of M2 and M1.

Exercise | Q 4.11 | Page 169

In a chamber, a uniform magnetic field of 6.5 G (1 G = 10–4 T) is maintained. An electron is shot into the field with a speed of 4.8 × 106 m s−1 normal to the field. Explain why the path of the electron is a circle. Determine the radius of the circular orbit. (e = 1.6 × 10–19 C, me = 9.1 × 1031 kg)

Exercise | Q 4.12 | Page 169

In obtaining the frequency of revolution of the electron in its circular orbit. Does the answer depend on the speed of the electron? Explain.

Exercise | Q 4.13 | Page 169

(a) A circular coil of 30 turns and radius 8.0 cm carrying a current of 6.0 A is suspended vertically in a uniform horizontal magnetic field of magnitude 1.0 T. The field lines make an angle of 60° with the normal of the coil. Calculate the magnitude of the counter torque that must be applied to prevent the coil from turning.

(b) Would your answer change, if the circular coil in (a) were replaced by a planar coil of some irregular shape that encloses the same area? (All other particulars are also unaltered.)

Additional questions

Exercise | Q 4.14 | Page 170

Two concentric circular coils X and Y of radii 16 cm and 10 cm, respectively, lie in the same vertical plane containing the north to south direction. Coil X has 20 turns and carries a current of 16 A; coil Y has 25 turns and carries a current of 18 A. The sense of the current in X is anticlockwise, and clockwise in Y, for an observer looking at the coils facing west. Give the magnitude and direction of the net magnetic field due to the coils at their centre.

Exercise | Q 4.15 | Page 170

A magnetic field of 100 G (1 G = 10−4 T) is required which is uniform in a region of linear dimension about 10 cm and area of cross-section about 10−3 m2. The maximum current-carrying capacity of a given coil of wire is 15 A and the number of turns per unit length that can be wound round a core is at most 1000 turns m−1. Suggest some appropriate design particulars of a solenoid for the required purpose. Assume the core is not ferromagnetic.

Exercise | Q 4.16 | Page 170

For a circular coil of radius R and N turns carrying current I, the magnitude of the magnetic field at a point on its axis at a distance x from its centre is given by,

B = `(μ_0"IR"^2"N")/(2("x"^2 + "R"^2)^(3/2))`

(a) Show that this reduces to the familiar result for field at the centre of the coil.

(b) Consider two parallel co-axial circular coils of equal radius R, and number of turns N, carrying equal currents in the same direction, and separated by a distance R. Show that the field on the axis around the mid-point between the coils is uniform over a distance that is small as compared to R, and is given by, B = `0.72 (μ_0"NI")/"R"` approximately.

[Such an arrangement to produce a nearly uniform magnetic field over a small region is known as Helmholtz coils.]

Exercise | Q 4.17 | Page 170

A toroid has a core (non-ferromagnetic) of inner radius 25 cm and outer radius 26 cm, around which 3500 turns of a wire are wound. If the current in the wire is 11 A, what is the magnetic field (a) outside the toroid, (b) inside the core of the toroid, and (c) in the empty space surrounded by the toroid?

Answer the following questions

Exercise | Q 4.18 (a) | Page 170

A magnetic field that varies in magnitude from point to point but has a constant direction (east to west) is set up in a chamber. A charged particle enters the chamber and travels undeflected along a straight path with constant speed. What can you say about the initial velocity of the particle?

Exercise | Q 4.18 (b) | Page 171

A charged particle enters an environment of a strong and non-uniform magnetic field varying from point to point both in magnitude and direction, and comes out of it following a complicated trajectory. Would its final speed equal the initial speed if it suffered no collisions with the environment?

Exercise | Q 4.18 (c) | Page 171

An electron travelling west to east enters a chamber having a uniform electrostatic field in north to south direction. Specify the direction in which a uniform magnetic field should be set up to prevent the electron from deflecting from its straight line path.

Exercise | Q 4.19 | Page 171

An electron emitted by a heated cathode and accelerated through a potential difference of 2.0 kV, enters a region with uniform magnetic field of 0.15 T. Determine the trajectory of the electron if the field (a) is transverse to its initial velocity, (b) makes an angle of 30° with the initial velocity.

Exercise | Q 4.20 | Page 171

A magnetic field set up using Helmholtz coils is uniform in a small region and has a magnitude of 0.75 T. In the same region, a uniform electrostatic field is maintained in a direction normal to the common axis of the coils. A narrow beam of (single species) charged particles all accelerated through 15 kV enters this region in a direction perpendicular to both the axis of the coils and the electrostatic field. If the beam remains undeflected when the electrostatic field is 9.0 × 10–5 V m–1, make a simple guess as to what the beam contains. Why is the answer not unique?

Exercise | Q 4.21 | Page 171

A straight horizontal conducting rod of length 0.45 m and mass 60 g is suspended by two vertical wires at its ends. A current of 5.0 A is set up in the rod through the wires.

(a) What magnetic field should be set up normal to the conductor in order that the tension in the wires is zero?

(b) What will be the total tension in the wires if the direction of current is reversed keeping the magnetic field same as before?
(Ignore the mass of the wires) g = 9.8 m s–2.

Exercise | Q 4.22 | Page 171

The wires which connect the battery of an automobile to its starting motor carry a current of 300 A (for a short time). What is the force per unit length between the wires if they are 70 cm long and 1.5 cm apart? Is the force attractive or repulsive?

Exercise | Q 4.23 | Page 171

A uniform magnetic field of 1.5 T exists in a cylindrical region of radius 10.0 cm, its direction parallel to the axis along east to west. A wire carrying current of 7.0 A in the north to south direction passes through this region. What is the magnitude and direction of the force on the wire if,

(a) the wire intersects the axis,

(b) the wire is turned from N-S to northeast-northwest direction,

(c) the wire in the N-S direction is lowered from the axis by a distance of 6.0 cm?

Exercise | Q 4.24 | Page 171

A uniform magnetic field of 3000 G is established along the positive z-direction. A rectangular loop of sides 10 cm and 5 cm carries a current of 12 A. What is the torque on the loop in the different cases shown in fig.? What is the force on each case? Which case corresponds to stable equilibrium?

Exercise | Q 4.25 | Page 172

A circular coil of 20 turns and radius 10 cm is placed in a uniform magnetic field of 0.10 T normal to the plane of the coil. If the current in the coil is 5.0 A, what is the

(a) total torque on the coil,

(b) total force on the coil,

(c) average force on each electron in the coil due to the magnetic field?

(The coil is made of copper wire of cross-sectional area 10–5 m2, and the free electron density in copper is given to be about 1029 m3.)

Exercise | Q 4.26 | Page 172

A solenoid 60 cm long and of radius 4.0 cm has 3 layers of windings of 300 turns each. A 2.0 cm long wire of mass 2.5 g lies inside the solenoid (near its centre) normal to its axis; both the wire and the axis of the solenoid are in the horizontal plane. The wire is connected through two leads parallel to the axis of the solenoid to an external battery which supplies a current of 6.0 A in the wire. What value of current (with appropriate sense of circulation) in the windings of the solenoid can support the weight of the wire? (g = 9.8 m s–2)

Exercise | Q 4.27 | Page 172

A galvanometer coil has a resistance of 12 Ω and the metre shows full scale deflection for a current of 3 mA. How will you convert the metre into a voltmeter of range 0 to 18 V?

Exercise | Q 4.28 | Page 172

A galvanometer coil has a resistance of 15 Ω and the metre shows full scale deflection for a current of 4 mA. How will you convert the metre into an ammeter of range 0 to 6 A?

Solutions for Chapter 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

Exercise
NCERT solutions for Physics Class 12 chapter 4 - Moving Charges and Magnetism - Shaalaa.com

NCERT solutions for Physics Class 12 chapter 4 - Moving Charges and Magnetism

Shaalaa.com has the CBSE Mathematics Physics Class 12 CBSE solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clarify any confusion. NCERT solutions for Mathematics Physics Class 12 CBSE 4 (Moving Charges and Magnetism) include all questions with answers and detailed explanations. This will clear students' doubts about questions and improve their application skills while preparing for board exams.

Further, we at Shaalaa.com provide such solutions so students can prepare for written exams. NCERT textbook solutions can be a core help for self-study and provide excellent self-help guidance for students.

Concepts covered in Physics Class 12 chapter 4 Moving Charges and Magnetism are The Magnetic Dipole Moment of a Revolving Electron, Circular Current Loop as a Magnetic Dipole, Torque on a Rectangular Current Loop in a Uniform Magnetic Field, Magnetic Field on the Axis of a Circular Current Loop, Motion in a Magnetic Field, Moving Coil Galvanometer, Magnetic Force, Magnetic Field Due to a Current Element, Biot-Savart Law, Ampere’s Circuital Law, Force Between Two Parallel Currents, the Ampere, Solenoid and the Toroid - the Solenoid, Oersted’s Experiment, Solenoid and the Toroid - the Toroid, Magnetic Diapole, Torque on a Current Loop in Magnetic Field, Force on a Current - Carrying Conductor in a Uniform Magnetic Field, Force on a Moving Charge in Uniform Magnetic and Electric Fields, Straight and Toroidal Solenoids (Only Qualitative Treatment), Velocity Selector, Cyclotron.

Using NCERT Physics Class 12 solutions Moving Charges and Magnetism exercise by students is an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise and also page-wise. The questions involved in NCERT Solutions are essential questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum CBSE Physics Class 12 students prefer NCERT Textbook Solutions to score more in exams.

Get the free view of Chapter 4, Moving Charges and Magnetism Physics Class 12 additional questions for Mathematics Physics Class 12 CBSE, and you can use Shaalaa.com to keep it handy for your exam preparation.

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