#### Chapters

Chapter 2 - Polynomials

Chapter 3 - Coordinate Geometry

Chapter 4 - Linear Equations in two Variables

Chapter 5 - Introduction to Euclid's Geometry

Chapter 6 - Lines and Angles

Chapter 7 - Triangles

Chapter 8 - Quadrilaterals

Chapter 9 - Areas of Parallelograms and Triangles

Chapter 10 - Circles

Chapter 11 - Constructions

Chapter 12 - Heron's Formula

Chapter 13 - Surface Area and Volumes

Chapter 14 - Statistics

Chapter 15 - Probability

## Chapter 8 - Quadrilaterals

#### Pages 146 - 147

The angles of quadrilateral are in the ratio 3: 5: 9: 13. Find all the angles of the quadrilateral.

If the diagonals of a parallelogram are equal, then show that it is a rectangle.

Show that if the diagonals of a quadrilateral bisect each other at right angles, then it is a rhombus.

Show that the diagonals of a square are equal and bisect each other at right angles.

Show that if the diagonals of a quadrilateral are equal and bisect each other at right angles, then it is a square.

Diagonal AC of a parallelogram ABCD bisects ∠A (see the given figure). Show that

(i) It bisects ∠C also,

(ii) ABCD is a rhombus.

ABCD is a rhombus. Show that diagonal AC bisects ∠A as well as ∠C and diagonal BD bisects ∠B as well as ∠D.

ABCD is a rectangle in which diagonal AC bisects ∠A as well as ∠C. Show that:-

(i) ABCD is a square (ii) diagonal BD bisects ∠B as well as ∠D.

In parallelogram ABCD, two points P and Q are taken on diagonal BD such that DP = BQ (see the given figure). Show that:

(i) ΔAPD ≅ ΔCQB

(ii) AP = CQ

(iii) ΔAQB ≅ ΔCPD

(iv) AQ = CP

(v) APCQ is a parallelogram

ABCD is a parallelogram and AP and CQ are perpendiculars from vertices A and C on diagonal BD (See the given figure). Show that

(i) ΔAPB ≅ ΔCQD

(ii) AP = CQ

In ΔABC and ΔDEF, AB = DE, AB || DE, BC = EF and BC || EF. Vertices A, B and C are joined to vertices D, E and F respectively (see the given figure). Show that

(i) Quadrilateral ABED is a parallelogram

(ii) Quadrilateral BEFC is a parallelogram

(iii) AD || CF and AD = CF

(iv) Quadrilateral ACFD is a parallelogram

(v) AC = DF

(vi) ΔABC ≅ ΔDEF.

ABCD is a trapezium in which AB || CD and AD = BC (see the given figure). Show that

(i) ∠A = ∠B

(ii) ∠C = ∠D

(iii) ΔABC ≅ ΔBAD

(iv) diagonal AC = diagonal BD

[*Hint*: Extend AB and draw a line through C parallel to DA intersecting AB produced at E.]

#### Pages 150 - 151

ABCD is a quadrilateral in which P, Q, R and S are mid-points of the sides AB, BC, CD and DA (see the given figure). AC is a diagonal. Show that:

(i) SR || AC and SR = 1/2AC

(ii) PQ = SR

(iii) PQRS is a parallelogram.

ABCD is a rhombus and P, Q, R and S are the mid-points of the sides AB, BC, CD and DA respectively. Show that the quadrilateral PQRS is a rectangle.

ABCD is a rectangle and P, Q, R and S are mid-points of the sides AB, BC, CD and DA respectively. Show that the quadrilateral PQRS is a rhombus.

ABCD is a trapezium in which AB || DC, BD is a diagonal and E is the mid - point of AD. A line is drawn through E parallel to AB intersecting BC at F (see the given figure). Show that F is the mid-point of BC.

In a parallelogrFind the values of *k* for each of the following quadratic equations, so that they have two equal roots. 2*x*^{2} + *kx* + 3 = 0

Show that the line segments joining the mid-points of the opposite sides of a quadrilateral bisect each other.

ABC is a triangle right angled at C. A line through the mid-point M of hypotenuse AB and parallel to BC intersects AC at D. Show that

(i) D is the mid-point of AC

(ii) MD ⊥ AC

(iii) CM = MA = 1/2AB