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NCERT solutions Mathematics Textbook for Class 9 chapter 10 Circles

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Chapter 10 - Circles

Page 171

Fill in the blanks:

The centre of a circle lies in ____________ of the circle. (exterior/ interior)

Q 1.1 | Page 171 | view solution

Fill in the blanks:

A point, whose distance from the centre of a circle is greater than its radius lies in __________ of the circle. (exterior/ interior)

Q 1.2 | Page 171 | view solution

Fill in the blanks:

The longest chord of a circle is a __________ of the circle.

Q 1.3 | Page 171 | view solution

Fill in the blanks:

An arc is a __________ when its ends are the ends of a diameter.

Q 1.4 | Page 171 | view solution

Fill in the blanks:

Segment of a circle is the region between an arc and __________ of the circle.

Q 1.5 | Page 171 | view solution

Fill in the blanks:

A circle divides the plane, on which it lies, in __________ parts.

Q 1.6 | Page 171 | view solution

Write True or False. Give reasons for your answers.

Line segment joining the centre to any point on the circle is a radius of the circle.

Q 2.1 | Page 171 | view solution

Write True or False. Give reasons for your answers.

A circle has only finite number of equal chords.

Q 2.2 | Page 171 | view solution

Write True or False. Give reasons for your answers.

If a circle is divided into three equal arcs, each is a major arc.

Q 2.3 | Page 171 | view solution

Write True or False. Give reasons for your answers.

A chord of a circle, which is twice as long as its radius, is a diameter of the circle.

Q 2.4 | Page 171 | view solution

Write True or False. Give reasons for your answers. 

Sector is the region between the chord and its corresponding arc.

Q 2.5 | Page 171 | view solution

Write True or False. Give reasons for your answers. A circle is a plane figure.

Q 2.6 | Page 171 | view solution

Page 173

Recall that two circles are congruent if they have the same radii. Prove that equal chords of congruent circles subtend equal angles at their centres.

Q 1 | Page 173 | view solution

Prove that if chords of congruent circles subtend equal angles at their centres, then the chords are equal.

Q 2 | Page 173 | view solution

Page 176

Draw different pairs of circles. How many points does each pair have in common? What is the maximum number of common points?

Q 1 | Page 176 | view solution

Suppose you are given a circle. Give a construction to find its centre.

Q 2 | Page 176 | view solution

If two circles intersect at two points, prove that their centres lie on the perpendicular bisector of the common chord.

Q 3 | Page 176 | view solution

Page 179

Two circles of radii 5 cm and 3 cm intersect at two points and the distance between their centres is 4 cm. Find the length of the common chord.

Q 1 | Page 179 | view solution

If two equal chords of a circle intersect within the circle, prove that the segments of one chord are equal to corresponding segments of the other chord.

Q 2 | Page 179 | view solution

If two equal chords of a circle intersect within the circle, prove that the line joining the point of intersection to the centre makes equal angles with the chords.

Q 3 | Page 179 | view solution

If a line intersects two concentric circles (circles with the same centre) with centre O at A, B, C and D, prove that AB = CD (See given figure)

Q 4 | Page 179 | view solution

Three girls Reshma, Salma and Mandip are playing a game by standing on a circle of radius 5m drawn in a park. Reshma throws a ball to Salma, Salma to Mandip, Mandip to Reshma. If the distance between Reshma and Salma and between Salma and Mandip is 6m each, what is the distance between Reshma and Mandip?

Q 5 | Page 179 | view solution

A circular park of radius 20 m is situated in a colony. Three boys Ankur, Syed and David are sitting at equal distance on its boundary each having a toy telephone in his hands to talk each other. Find the length of the string of each phone.

Q 6 | Page 179 | view solution

Pages 185 - 186

In the given figure, A, B and C are three points on a circle with centre O such that ∠BOC = 30° and ∠AOB = 60°. If D is a point on the circle other than the arc ABC, find ∠ADC.

Q 1 | Page 185 | view solution

A chord of a circle is equal to the radius of the circle. Find the angle subtended by the chord at a point on the minor arc and also at a point on the major arc.

Q 2 | Page 185 | view solution

In the given figure, ∠PQR = 100°, where P, Q and R are points on a circle with centre O. Find ∠OPR.

Q 3 | Page 185 | view solution

In the given figure, ∠ABC = 69°, ∠ACB = 31°, find ∠BDC.

Q 4 | Page 185 | view solution

In the given figure, A, B, C and D are four points on a circle. AC and BD intersect at a point E such that ∠BEC = 130° and ∠ECD = 20°. Find ∠BAC.

Q 5 | Page 185 | view solution

ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral whose diagonals intersect at a point E. If ∠DBC = 70°, ∠BAC is 30°, find ∠BCD. Further, if AB = BC, find ∠ECD.

Q 6 | Page 185 | view solution

If diagonals of a cyclic quadrilateral are diameters of the circle through the vertices of the quadrilateral, prove that it is a rectangle.

Q 7 | Page 185 | view solution

If the non-parallel sides of a trapezium are equal, prove that it is cyclic.

Q 8 | Page 185 | view solution

Two circles intersect at two points B and C. Through B, two line segments ABD and PBQ are drawn to intersect the circles at A, D and P, Q respectively (see the given figure). Prove that ∠ACP = ∠QCD.

Q 9 | Page 186 | view solution

If circles are drawn taking two sides of a triangle as diameters, prove that the point of intersection of these circles lie on the third side.

Q 10 | Page 186 | view solution

ABC and ADC are two right triangles with common hypotenuse AC. Prove that ∠CAD = ∠CBD.

Q 11 | Page 186 | view solution

Prove that a cyclic parallelogram is a rectangle.

Q 12 | Page 186 | view solution

Pages 186 - 187

Prove that the line of centres of two intersecting circles subtends equal angles at the two points of intersection.

Q 1 | Page 186 | view solution

Let the vertex of an angle ABC be located outside a circle and let the sides of the angle intersect equal chords AD and CE with the circle. Prove that ∠ABC is equal to half the difference of the angles subtended by the chords AC and DE at the centre.

Q 2 | Page 186 | view solution

Prove that the circle drawn with any side of a rhombus as diameter passes through the point of intersection of its diagonals.

Q 3 | Page 186 | view solution

ABCD is a parallelogram. The circle through A, B and C intersect CD (produced if necessary) at E. Prove that AE = AD.

Q 4 | Page 186 | view solution

AC and BD are chords of a circle which bisect each other. Prove that (i) AC and BD are diameters; (ii) ABCD is a rectangle.

Q 5 | Page 186 | view solution

Two congruent circles intersect each other at points A and B. Through A any line segment PAQ is drawn so that P, Q lie on the two circles. Prove that BP = BQ.

Q 6 | Page 186 | view solution

In any triangle ABC, if the angle bisector of ∠A and perpendicular bisector of BC intersect, prove that they intersect on the circumcircle of the triangle ABC.

Q 7 | Page 186 | view solution

Two chords AB and CD of lengths 5 cm 11cm respectively of a circle are parallel to each other and are on opposite sides of its centre. If the distance between AB and CD is 6 cm, find the radius of the circle.

Q 8 | Page 186 | view solution

The lengths of two parallel chords of a circle are 6 cm and 8 cm. If the smaller chord is at distance 4 cm from the centre, what is the distance of the other chord from the centre?

Q 9 | Page 187 | view solution

Bisectors of angles A, B and C of a triangle ABC intersect its circumcircle at D, E and F respectively. Prove that the angles of the triangle DEF are `90^@-1/2A, 90^@-1/2B" and "90^@-1/2C`

 

Q 10 | Page 187 | view solution

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