#### Chapters

Chapter 2 - Polynomials

Chapter 3 - Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

Chapter 4 - Quadratic Equations

Chapter 5 - Arithmetic Progressions

Chapter 6 - Triangles

Chapter 7 - Coordinate Geometry

Chapter 8 - Introduction to Trigonometry

Chapter 9 - Some Applications of Trigonometry

Chapter 10 - Circles

Chapter 11 - Constructions

Chapter 12 - Areas Related to Circles

Chapter 13 - Surface Areas and Volumes

Chapter 14 - Statistics

Chapter 15 - Probability

## Chapter 9 - Some Applications of Trigonometry

#### Pages 203 - 205

A circus artist is climbing a 20 m long rope, which is tightly stretched and tied from the top of a vertical pole to the ground. Find the height of the pole, if the angle made by the rope with the ground level is 30 °

A tree breaks due to storm and the broken part bends so that the top of the tree touches the ground making an angle 30 ° with it. The distance between the foot of the tree to the point where the top touches the ground is 8 m. Find the height of the tree.

A contractor plans to install two slides for the children to play in a park. For the children below the age of 5 years, she prefers to have a slide whose top is at a height of 1.5 m, and is inclined at an angle of 30 ° to the ground, where as for the elder children she wants to have a steep side at a height of 3 m, and inclined at an angle of 60 ° to the ground. What should be the length of the slide in each case?

The angle of elevation of the top of a tower from a point on the ground, which is 30 m away from the foot of the tower, is 30°. Find the height of the tower

A kite is flying at a height of 60 m above the ground. The string attached to the kite is temporarily tied to a point on the ground. The inclination of the string with the ground is 60°. Find the length of the string, assuming that there is no slack in the string.

A 1.5 m tall boy is standing at some distance from a 30 m tall building. The angle of elevation from his eyes to the top of the building increases from 30° to 60° as he walks towards the building. Find the distance he walked towards the building

From a point on the ground, the angles of elevation of the bottom and the top of a transmission tower fixed at the top of a 20 m high building are 45° and 60° respectively. Find the height of the tower

A statue, 1.6 m tall, stands on a top of pedestal, from a point on the ground, the angle of elevation of the top of statue is 60° and from the same point the angle of elevation of the top of the pedestal is 45 °. Find the height of the pedestal.

The angle of elevation of the top of a building from the foot of the tower is 30° and the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from the foot of the building is 60°. If the tower is 50 m high, find the height of the building

Two poles of equal heights are standing opposite each other an either side of the road, which is 80 m wide. From a point between them on the road, the angles of elevation of the top of the poles are 60° and 30º, respectively. Find the height of poles and the distance of the point from the poles.

A TV tower stands vertically on a bank of a canal. From a point on the other bank directly opposite the tower the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 60°. From another point 20 m away from this point on the line joining this point to the foot of the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 30°. Find the height of the tower and the width of the canal.

From the top of a 7 m high building, the angle of elevation of the top of a cable tower is 60° and the angle of depression of its foot is 45°. Determine the height of the tower.

As observed from the top of a 75 m high lighthouse from the sea-level, the angles of depression of two ships are 30° and 45°. If one ship is exactly behind the other on the same side of the lighthouse, find the distance between the two ships.

A 1.2 m tall girl spots a balloon moving with the wind in a horizontal line at a height of 88.2 m from the ground. The angle of elevation of the balloon from the eyes of the girl at any instant is 60°. After some time, the angle of elevation reduces to 30°. Find the distance travelled by the balloon during the interval.

A straight highway leads to the foot of a tower. A man standing at the top of the tower observes a car as an angle of depression of 30°, which is approaching the foot of the tower with a uniform speed. Six seconds later, the angle of depression of the car is found to be 60°. Find the time taken by the car to reach the foot of the tower from this point.

The angles of elevation of the top of a tower from two points at a distance of 4 m and 9 m. from the base of the tower and in the same straight line with it are complementary. Prove that the height of the tower is 6 m.

#### Extra questions

If the elevation of the sun changed from 30º to 60º, then find the difference between the lengths of shadows of a pole 15 m high, made at these two positions

A balloon of radius γ makes an angle α at the eye of an observer and the angle of elevation of its centre is β. Then find the height of its centre from the ground level

From the top of a building 30 m high, the top and bottom of a tower are observed to have angles of depression 30º and 45º respectively. Find the height of the tower

If a vertical pole 6m high has a shadow of length 2 √3 metres, find the angle of elevation of the sun.

The elevation of a tower at a station A due north of it is α and at a station B due west of A is β. Prove that the height of the tower is `\frac{AB\sin \alpha \sin \beta }{\sqrt{\sin^{2}\alpha -\sin ^{2}\beta `

A ladder against a vertical wall makes an angle of 45º with the ground. The foot of the ladder is 3m from the wall. Find the length of the ladder

At the foot of a mountain the elevation of its summit is 45º; after ascending 1000 m towards the mountain up a slope of 30º inclination is found to be 60º. Find the height of the mountain.

From the top of a cliff 25 m high the angle of elevation of a tower is found to be equal to the angle of depression of the foot of the tower. Find the height of the tower

When the sun is 30º above the horizontal, Find the length of shadow cast by a building 50m high

A vertical tower stands on a horizontal plane and is surmounted by a flagstaff of height 7m. At a point on the plane, the angle of elevation of the bottom of the flagstaff is 30º and that of the top of the flagstaff is 45º. Find the height of the tower.

A tower is 100√3 metres high. Find the angle of elevation of its top from a point 100 metres away from its foot.

Two stations due south of a leaning tower which leans towards the north are at distance a and b from its foot. If α, β be the elevations of the top of the tower from these stations, prove that its inclination θ to the horizontal is given by `\text{cot }\theta =\frac{bcot alpha -a\cot \beta }{b-a}`

The angle of elevation of the top of a tower from a point A due south of the tower is α and from B due east of the tower is β. If AB = d, show that the height of the tower is

`\frac{d}{\sqrt{\cot ^{2}\alpha +\cot^{2}\beta `

If the angle of elevation of a cloud from a point h metres above a lake is α and the angle of depression of its reflection in the lake is β, prove that the height of the cloud is

`\frac{h(\tan\alpha +\tan \beta )}{\tan \beta -\tan \alpha }`

The shadow of a building is 20 m long when the angle of elevation of the sun is 60º. Find the height of the building

An aeroplane when flying at a height of 4000m from the ground passes vertically above another aeroplane at an instant when the angles of the elevation of the two planes from the same point on the ground are 60º and 45º respectively. Find the vertical distance between the aeroplanes at that instant

A balloon is connected to a meteorological station by a cable of length 200 m, inclined at 60º to the horizontal. Find the height of the balloon from the ground. Assume that there is no slack in the cable

There is a small island in the middle of a 100 m wide river and a tall tree stands on the island. P and Q are points directly opposite to each other on two banks, and in line with the tree. If the angles of elevation of the top of the tree from P and Q are respectively 30º and 45º, find the height of the tree

The angle of elevation of a cliff from a fixed point is θ. After going up a distance of k metres towards the top of cliff at an angle of φ, it is found that the angle of elevation is α. Show that the height of the cliff is metres

If the angle of elevation of cloud from a point 200 m above a lake is 30º and the angle of depression of its reflection in the lake is 60º, then find the height of the cloud above the lake

A man on a cliff observes a fishing trawler at an angle of depression of 30º which is approaching the shore to the point immediately beneath the observer with a uniform speed. 6 minutes later, the angle of depression of the trawler is found to be 60º. Caliculate the time taken by the trawler to reach the shore

The altitude of the sun at any instant is 60º. Find the height of the vertical pole that will cast a shadow of 30 m.

The pilot of a helicopter, at an altitude of 1200m finds that the two ships are sailing towards it in the same direction. The angle of depression of the ships as observed from the helicopter are 60º and 45º respectively. Find the distance between the two ships

The banks of a river are parallel. A swimmer starts from a point on one of the banks and swims in a straight line inclined to the bank at 45º and reaches the opposite bank at a point 20 m from the point opposite to the starting point. Find the breadth of the river

A boat is being rowed away from a cliff 150m high. At the top of the cliff the angle of depression of the boat changes from 60º to 45º in 2 minutes. Find the speed of the boat.

From a point on the ground 40 m away from the foot of a tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 30º. The angle of elevation of the top of a water tank (on the top of the tower) is 45º. Find the (i) height of the tower (ii) the depth of the tank.

The heights of two poles are 80 m and 62.5 m. If the line joining their tops makes an angle of 45º with the horizontal, then find the distance between the pole