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NCERT solutions Mathematics Textbook for Class 10 chapter 11 Constructions

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Chapter 11 - Constructions

Pages 219 - 220

Draw a line segment of length 7.6 cm and divide it in the ratio 5:8. Measure the two parts. Give the justification of the construction.

Q 1 | Page 219 | view solution

Construct a triangle of sides 4 cm, 5cm and 6cm and then a triangle similar to it whose sides are `2/3` of the corresponding sides of the first triangle. Give the justification of the construction.

 

Q 2 | Page 220 | view solution

Construct a triangle with sides 5 cm, 6 cm and 7 cm and then another triangle whose sides are `7/5` of the corresponding sides of the first triangle. Give the justification of the construction.

Q 3 | Page 220 | view solution

Construct an isosceles triangle whose base is 8 cm and altitude 4 cm and then another triangle whose side are `1 1/2` times the corresponding sides of the isosceles triangle.

Give the justification of the construction

Q 4 | Page 220 | view solution

Draw a triangle ABC with side BC = 7 cm, ∠B = 45°, ∠A = 105°. Then, construct a triangle whose sides are `4/3 `times the corresponding side of ΔABC. Give the justification of the construction.

Q 5 | Page 220 | view solution

Draw a right triangle in which the sides (other than hypotenuse) are of lengths 4 cm and 3 cm. the construct another triangle whose sides are `5/3` times the corresponding sides of the given triangle. Give the justification of the construction.

Q 7 | Page 220 | view solution

Pages 221 - 222

Draw a circle of radius 6 cm. From a point 10 cm away from its centre, construct the pair of tangents to the circle and measure their lengths. Give the justification of the construction.

Q 1 | Page 221 | view solution

Construct a tangent to a circle of radius 4 cm from a point on the concentric circle of radius 6 cm and measure its length. Also verify the measurement by actual calculation.

Q 2 | Page 221 | view solution

Draw a circle of radius 3 cm. Take two points P and Q on one of its extended diameter each at a distance of 7 cm from its centre. Draw tangents to the circle from these two points P and Q. Give the justification of the construction.

Q 3 | Page 221 | view solution

Draw a pair of tangents to a circle of radius 5 cm which are inclined to each other an angle of 60º.

Q 4 | Page 221 | view solution

Draw a line segment AB of length 8 cm. Taking A as centre, draw a circle of radius 4 cm and taking B as centre, draw another circle of radius 3 cm. Construct tangents to each circle from the centre of the other circle.

Q 5 | Page 221 | view solution

Draw a right triangle ABC in which AB = 6 cm, BC = 8 cm and ∠B = 90°. Draw BD perpendicular from B on AC and draw a circle passing through the points B, C and D. Construct tangents from A to this circle.

Q 6 | Page 222 | view solution

Draw a circle with the help of a bangle. Take a point outside the circle. Construct the pair of tangents from this point to the circles. Give the justification of the construction.

Q 7 | Page 222 | view solution

Extra questions

Draw a circle of radius 3 cm. Draw a pair of tangents to this circle, which are inclined to each other at an angle of 60º.

view solution

Draw a circle of radius 3 cm. Take a point at a distance of 5.5 cm from the centre of the circle. From point P, draw two tangents to the circle.

view solution

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