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NCERT solutions Mathematics Class 10 chapter 10 Circles

Chapters

NCERT Mathematics Class 10

Mathematics Textbook for Class 10

Chapter 10 - Circles

Page 209

How many tangents can a circle have?

Q 1 | Page 209

Fill in the blanks:

A tangent to a circle intersects it in _______ point (s).

Q 2.1 | Page 209

Fill in the blanks:

A line intersecting a circle in two points is called a __________.

Q 2.2 | Page 209

Fill in the blanks:

A circle can have __________ parallel tangents at the most.

Q 2.3 | Page 209

Fill in the blanks:

The common point of a tangent to a circle and the circle is called ____

Q 2.4 | Page 209

A tangent PQ at a point P of a circle of radius 5 cm meets a line through the centre O at a point Q so that OQ = 12 cm. Length PQ is :

(A) 12 cm.

(B) 13 cm

(C) 8.5 cm

(D) `sqrt119` cm test

Q 3 | Page 209

Draw a circle and two lines parallel to a given line such that one is a tangent and the other, a secant to the circle.

Q 4 | Page 209

Pages 213 - 214

From a point Q, the length of the tangent to a circle is 24 cm and the distance of Q from the centre is 25 cm. The radius of the circle is
(A) 7 cm

(B) 12 cm

(C) 15 cm

(D) 24.5 cm

Q 1 | Page 213

In the given figure, if TP and TQ are the two tangents to a circle with centre O so that ∠POQ = 110°, then ∠PTQ is equal to

(A) 60°

(B) 70°

(C) 80°

(D) 90°

Q 2 | Page 213

If tangents PA and PB from a point P to a circle with centre O are inclined to each other an angle of 80°, then ∠POA is equal to

(A) 50° 

(B) 60°

(C) 70° 

(D) 80°

Q 3 | Page 213

Prove that the tangents drawn at the ends of a diameter of a circle are parallel.

Q 4 | Page 214

Prove that the perpendicular at the point of contact to the tangent to a circle passes through the centre

Q 5 | Page 214

The length of a tangent from a point A at distance 5 cm from the centre of the circle is 4 cm. Find the radius of the circle.

Q 6 | Page 214

Two concentric circles are of radii 5 cm and 3 cm. Find the length of the chord of the larger circle which touches the smaller circle

Q 7 | Page 214

In Fig.2, a quadrilateral ABCD is drawn to circumscribe a circle, with centre O, in such a way that the sides AB, BC, CD and DA touch the circle at the points P, Q, R and S respectively. Prove that AB + CD = BC + DA.

Q 8 | Page 214

In the given figure, XY and X’Y’ are two parallel tangents to a circle with centre O and another tangent AB with point of contact C intersecting XY at A and X’Y’ at B. Prove that ∠AOB=90°

Q 9 | Page 214

Prove that the angle between the two tangents drawn from an external point to a circle is supplementary to the angle subtended by the line segments joining the pointsof contact to the centre.

Q 10 | Page 214

Prove that a parallelogram circumscribing a circle is a rhombus.

Q 11 | Page 214

Prove that the paralleogram circumscribing a circle, is a rhombus

Q 11 | Page 214

A triangle ABC is drawn to circumscribe a circle of radius 4 cm such that the segments BD and DC into which BC is divided by the point of contact D are of lengths 8 cm and 6 cm respectively (see given figure). Find the sides AB and AC.

Q 12 | Page 214

Prove that opposite sides of a quadrilateral circumscribing a circle subtend supplementary angles at the centre of the circle.

Q 13 | Page 214

Extra questions

Prove that there is one and only one tangent at any point on the circumference of a circle.

In the given figure, the incircle of ∆ABC touches the sides BC, CA and AB at D, E, F respectively. Prove that AF + BD + CE = AE + CD + BF = `\frac { 1 }{ 2 } ("perimeter of ∆ABC")`

From a point P, 10 cm away from the centre of a circle, a tangent PT of length 8 cm is drawn. Find the radius of the circle.

A quadrilateral ABCD is drawn to circumscribe a circle, as shown in the figure. Prove that AB + CD = AD + BC

In fig. XP and XQ are tangents from X to the circle with centre O. R is a point on the circle. Prove that, XA + AR = XB + BR.

In Fig., if AB = AC, prove that BE = EC

In the given figure, PQ is a chord of length 8cm of a circle of radius 5cm. The tangents at P and Q intersect at a point T. Find the length TP

PA and PB are tangents from P to the circle with centre O. At point M, a tangent is drawn cutting PA at K and PB at N. Prove that KN = AK + BN.

In fig., O is the centre of the circle, PA and PB are tangent segments. Show that the quadrilateral AOBP is cyclic.

ABCD is a quadrilateral such that ∠D = 90°. A circle (O, r) touches the sides AB, BC, CD and DA at P,Q,R and If BC = 38 cm, CD = 25 cm and BP = 27 cm, find r.

Prove that the tangents at the extremities of any chord make equal angles with the chord.

Find the length of the tangent drawn from a point whose distance from the centre of a circle is 25 cm. Given that the radius of the circle is 7 cm.

Prove that in two concentric circles, the chord of the larger circle which touches the smaller circle, is bisected at the point of contact.

A point P is 13 cm from the centre of the circle. The length of the tangent drawn from P to the circle is 12cm. Find the radius of the circle.

In the given figure, PQ and RS are two parallel tangents to a circle with centre O and another tangent AB with point of contact C intersects PQ at A and RS at B. Prove that ∠AOB = 90º

ABC is a right triangle, right angled at B. A circle is inscribed in it. The lengths of the two sides containing the right angle are 6 cm and 8 cm. Find the radius of the incircle.

Prove that the line segment joining the point of contact of two parallel tangents to a circle is a diameter of the circle.

Two tangents TP and TQ are drawn to a circle with centre O from an external point T. Prove that ∠PTQ = 2∠OPQ.

In fig., circles C(O, r) and C(O’, r/2) touch internally at a point A and AB is a chord of the circle C (O, r) intersecting C(O’, r/2) at C, Prove that AC = CB.

A circle touches the side BC of a ∆ABC at P, and touches AB and AC produced at Q and R respectively, as shown in the figure. Show that AQ = `\frac { 1 }{ 2 } `

In two concentric circles, prove that all chords of the outer circle which touch the inner circle are of equal length.

NCERT Mathematics Class 10

Mathematics Textbook for Class 10
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