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Chapters

NCERT Class 12 Political Science - Politics in India since Independence

Class 12 Political Science - Politics in India since Independence - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 5: challenges to and restoration of the congress system

Exercise

NCERT solutions for Class 12 Political Science Chapter 5 Exercise [Pages 100 - 101]

Exercise | Q 1 | Page 100

 Which of these statements about the 1967 elections is/are correct?

  1. Congress won the Lok Sabha elections but lost the Assembly elections in many states.
  2. Congress lost both Lok Sabha and Assembly elections.
  3. Congress lost majority in the Lok Sabha but formed a coalition government with the support of some other parties.
  4. Congress retained power at the Centre with an increased majority.
Exercise | Q 2 | Page 100

 Match the following:

(a) Syndicate (i) An elected representative leaving the party on whose ticket she/he has been elected.
(b) Defection (ii) A catchy phrase that attracts public attention.
(c) Slogan (iii) Parties with different ideological position coming together to oppose Congress and its policies.
(d) Anti-Congressism (iv) A group of powerful and influential leaders within the Congress
Exercise | Q 3.1 | Page 100

Whom would you identify with the following slogan/phrase?
Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan

Exercise | Q 3.2 | Page 100

Whom would you identify with the following slogan/phrase?

Indira Hatao!

Exercise | Q 3.3 | Page 100

Whom would you identify with the following slogan/phrase?

Garibi Hatao!

Exercise | Q 4 | Page 100

Which of the following statements about the Grand Alliance of 1971 is correct? The Grand Alliance …

  • was formed by non-Communist, non-Congress parties.

  • had a clear political and ideological programme.

  • was formed by all non-Congress parties.

Exercise | Q 5 | Page 100

 How should a political party resolve its internal differences? Here are some suggestions. Think of each and list out their advantages and shortcomings?

  1. Follow the footsteps of the party president
  2. Listen to the majority group
  3. Secret ballot voting on every issue
  4. Consult the senior and experienced leaders of the party
Exercise | Q 6 | Page 100

State which of these were reasons for the defeat of the Congress in 1967. Give reasons for your answer?
(a) The absence of a charismatic leader in the Congress party.
(b) Split within the Congress party.
(c) Increased mobilisation of regional, ethnic and communal groups.
(d) Increasing unity among non-Congress parties.
(e) Internal differences within the Congress party.

Exercise | Q 7 | Page 101

What were the factors which led to the popularity of Indira Gandhi’s Government in the early 1970s?

Exercise | Q 8 | Page 101

What does the term ‘syndicate’ mean in the context of the Congress party of the sixties? What role did the Syndicate play in the Congress party?

Exercise | Q 9 | Page 101

Discuss the major issue which led to the formal split of the Congress Party in 1969.

Exercise | Q 10 | Page 101

Read the passage and answer the questions below :-

“… Indira Gandhi changed the Congress into highly centralised and undemocratic party organisation, from the earlier federal, democratic and ideological formation that Nehru had led. … But this … could not have happened had not Indira Gandhi changed the entire nature of politics. This new, populist politics turned political ideology … into a mere electoral discourse, use of various slogans not meant to be translated into government policies…. During its great electoral victories in early 1970s, amidst the celebration, the Congress party as a political organisation died........... —Sudipta Kaviraj

(a) What according to the author is the difference between the strategies of Nehru and Indira Gandhi?

(b) Why does the author say that the Congress party ‘died’ in the seventies?

(c) In what way, did the change in the Congress party affect other political parties also?

Chapter 5: challenges to and restoration of the congress system

Exercise

NCERT Class 12 Political Science - Politics in India since Independence

Class 12 Political Science - Politics in India since Independence - Shaalaa.com

NCERT solutions for Class 12 Political Science chapter 5 - challenges to and restoration of the congress system

NCERT solutions for Class 12 Political Science chapter 5 (challenges to and restoration of the congress system) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CBSE Class 12 Political Science - Politics in India since Independence solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

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Concepts covered in Class 12 Political Science chapter 5 challenges to and restoration of the congress system are Political Succession After Nehru, Non-congressism and Electoral Upset of 1967, Congress Split and Reconstitution, Congress Victory in 1971 Elections, Politics of Garibi Hatao, Fourth General Elections, 1967, Split in the Congress, The 1971 Election and Restoration of Congress.

Using NCERT Class 12 solutions challenges to and restoration of the congress system exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in NCERT Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CBSE Class 12 prefer NCERT Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

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