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NCERT solutions for Class 12 Political Science chapter 3 - Politics of Planned Development

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Chapters

NCERT Class 12 Political Science - Politics in India since Independence

Class 12 Political Science - Politics in India since Independence - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 3: Politics of Planned Development

Exercise

NCERT solutions for Class 12 Political Science Chapter 3 Exercise [Pages 62 - 63]

Exercise | Q 1 | Page 62

Which of these statements about the Bombay Plan is incorrect ?

  • It was a blueprint for India’s economic future.

  • It supported state-ownership of industry.

  • It was made by some leading industrialists.

  • It supported strongly the idea of planning.

Exercise | Q 2 | Page 62

Which of the following ideas did not form part of the early phase of India’s development policy ?

  • Planning

  • Liberalisation

  • Cooperative farming

  • Self sufficiency

Exercise | Q 3 | Page 62

The idea of planning in India was drawn from

(a) The Bombay plan

(b) Experiences of the Soviet bloc countries

(c) Gandhian vision of society

(d) Demand by peasant organisations

  • (b) and (d) only

  • (d) and (c) only

  • (a) and (b) only

  • All of the above

Exercise | Q 4 | Page 63

Match the following :

(a) Charan Singh (i) Industrialization
(b) PC Mahalanobis (ii) Zoning
(c) Bihar Famine (iii) farmers
(d) Verghese Kurien (iv) Milk Cooperatives
Exercise | Q 5 | Page 63

What were the major differences in the approach towards development at the time of Independence? Has the debate been resolved?

Exercise | Q 6 | Page 63

What was the major thrust of the First Five Year Plan? In which ways did the Second Plan differ from the first one ?

Exercise | Q 7 | Page 63

What was the Green Revolution? Mention two positive and two negative consequences of the Green Revolution.

Exercise | Q 8 | Page 63

State the main arguments in the debate that ensued between industrialisation and agricultural development at the time of the Second Five Year Plan.

Exercise | Q 9 | Page 63

“Indian policy makers made a mistake by emphasising the role of state in the economy. India could have developed much better if private sector was allowed a free play right from the beginning”. Give arguments for or against this proposition.

Exercise | Q 10 | Page 63

Read the following passage and answer the questions below :

“In the early years of Independence, two contradictory tendencies were already well advanced inside the Congress Party. On the one hand, the national party executive endorsed socialist principles of state ownership, regulation and control over key sectors of the economy in order to improve productivity and at the same time curb economic concentration. On the other hand, the national Congress government pursued liberal economic policies and incentives to private investment that was justified in terms of the sole criterion of achieving maximum increase in production”. - Francine Frankel

(a) What is the contradiction that the author is talking about? What would be the political implications of a contradiction like this?

(b) If the author is correct, why is it that the Congress was pursuing this policy? Was it related to the nature of the opposition parties?

(c) Was there also a contradiction between the central leadership of the Congress party and its state level leaders?

Chapter 3: Politics of Planned Development

Exercise

NCERT Class 12 Political Science - Politics in India since Independence

Class 12 Political Science - Politics in India since Independence - Shaalaa.com

NCERT solutions for Class 12 Political Science chapter 3 - Politics of Planned Development

NCERT solutions for Class 12 Political Science chapter 3 (Politics of Planned Development) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CBSE Class 12 Political Science - Politics in India since Independence solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

Further, we at Shaalaa.com provide such solutions so that students can prepare for written exams. NCERT textbook solutions can be a core help for self-study and acts as a perfect self-help guidance for students.

Concepts covered in Class 12 Political Science chapter 3 Politics of Planned Development are Five Year Plans, Expansion of State Sector and the Rise of New Economic Interests, Famine and Suspension of Five Year Plans, Green Revolution and Its Political Fallouts, Introduction of Politics of Planned Development, The Early Initiatives, Key Controversies, Major Outcome.

Using NCERT Class 12 solutions Politics of Planned Development exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in NCERT Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CBSE Class 12 prefer NCERT Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

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