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Chapter 2: era of one-party dominance
Chapter 3: Politics of Planned Development
Chapter 4: IndIa’s external relatIons
Chapter 5: challenges to and restoration of the congress system
Chapter 6: The Crisis of Democratic Order
Chapter 7: Rise of Popular Movements
Chapter 8: Regional Aspirations
Chapter 9: Recent Developments in Indian Politics
Chapter 1: challenges of nation Building
NCERT solutions for Class 12 Political Science - Politics in India since Independence Chapter 1 challenges of nation Building Exercise [Pages 24 - 25]
Which among the following statements about the partition is incorrect?
(a) Partition of India was the outcome of the “two-nation theory”.
(b) Punjab and Bengal were the two provinces divided on the basis of religion.
(c) East Pakistan and West Pakistan were not contiguous.
(d) The scheme of Partition included a plan for transfer of population across the border.
Match the principles with the instances :
|(a) Mapping of boundaries on religious ground||(i) Pakistan and Bangladesh|
|(b) Mapping of boundaries on grounds of different languages||(ii) India and Pakistan|
|(c) Demarcating boundaries within a country by geographical zones||(iii) Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh|
|(d) Demarcating boundaries within a country on administrative and political grounds||(iv) Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand|
Take a current political map of India (showing outlines of states) and mark the location of the following Princely States.
Here are two opinions :-
Bismay: “The merger with the Indian State was an extension of democracy to the people of the Princely States."
Inderpreet: “I am not so sure, there was force being used. Democracy comes by creating consensus.”
What is your opinion in the light of accession of Princely States and the responses of the people in these parts?
Read the following very different statements made in August 1947 :
“Today you have worn on your heads a crown of thorns. The seat of power is a nasty thing. You have to remain ever wakeful on that seat… you have to be more humble and forbearing… now there will be no end to your being tested. ”-M.K, Gandhi
“....India will awake to a life of freedom…. we step out from, the old to the new…. we end, today a period of ill fortune and India discovers herself again. The achievement we celebrate today is but a step, an opening of opportunity …” -Jawaharlal Nehru
Spell out the agenda of nation building that flows from these two statements. Which one appeals more to you and why?
What are the reasons being used by Nehru for keeping India secular? Do you think these reasons were only ethical and sentimental? Or were there some prudential reasons as well?
Bring out two major differences between the challenge of nation building for eastern and western regions of the country at the time of Independence.
What was the task of the States Reorganisation Commission? What was its most salient recommendation?
It is said that the nation is to large extent an “imagined community” held together by common beliefs, history, political aspirations and imaginations. Identify the features that make India a nation.
Read the following passage and answer the questions below :-
“In the history of nation-building only the Soviet experiment bears comparison with the Indian. There too, a sense of unity had to be forged between many diverse ethnic groups, religious, linguistic communities and social classes. The scale - geographic as well as demographic - was comparably massive. The raw material the state had to work with was equally unpropitious: a people divided by faith and driven by debt and disease.” —Ramachandra Guha
(a) List the commonalities that the author mentions between India and Soviet Union and give one example for each of these from India.
(b) The author does not talk about dissimilarities between the two experiments. Can you mention two dissimilarities?
(c) In retrospect which of these two experiments worked better and why?
Chapter 1: challenges of nation Building
NCERT solutions for Class 12 Political Science - Politics in India since Independence chapter 1 - challenges of nation Building
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Concepts covered in Class 12 Political Science - Politics in India since Independence chapter 1 challenges of nation Building are Legacy of Partition - Challenge of 'Refugee' Resettlement, the Kashmir Problem, Organisation and Reorganization of States, Political Conflicts Overlanguage, Nehru's Approach to Nation-building, Challenges for the New Nation, Partition: Displacement and Rehabilitation, Integration of Princely States.
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