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# NCERT solutions for Class 12 Economics - Indian Economic Development chapter 7 - Employment: Growth, Informalisation and Other Issues [Latest edition]

## Chapter 7: Employment: Growth, Informalisation and Other Issues

Exercise

### NCERT solutions for Class 12 Economics - Indian Economic Development Chapter 7 Employment: Growth, Informalisation and Other Issues Exercise [Pages 134 - 136]

Exercise | Q 1 | Page 134

Who is a worker?

Exercise | Q 2 | Page 134

Define worker-population ratio.

Exercise | Q 3 | Page 134

Are the following workers — a beggar, a thief, a smuggler, a gambler? Why?

Exercise | Q 4 | Page 134

Find the odd man out
(i) owner of a saloon
(ii) a cobbler
(iii) a cashier in Mother Dairy
(iv) a tuition master
(v) transport operator
(vi) construction worker.

Exercise | Q 5 | Page 135

The newly emerging jobs are found mostly in the ____________ sector.

• service

• manufacturing

Exercise | Q 6 | Page 135

An establishment with four hired workers is known as __________ sector establishment.

• formal

• informal

Exercise | Q 7 | Page 135

Raj is going to school. When he is not in school, you will find him working in his farm. Can you consider him as a worker? Why?

Exercise | Q 8 | Page 135

Compared to urban women, more rural women are found working. Why?

Exercise | Q 9 | Page 135

Meena is a housewife. Besides taking care of household chores, she works in the cloth shop which is owned and operated by her husband. Can she be considered as a worker? Why?

Exercise | Q 10 | Page 135

Find the odd man out
(i) rickshaw puller who works under a rick- shaw owner
(ii) mason
(iii) mechanic shop worker
(iv) shoeshine boy.

Exercise | Q 11 | Page 135

The following table shows distribution of workforce in India for the year 1972-73. Analyse it and give reasons for the nature of workforce distribution. You will notice that the data is pertaining to the situation in India 30 years ago!

 Place of Residence Workforce (in millions) Male Female Total Rural Urban 125 32 69 7 195 39
Exercise | Q 12 | Page 135

The following table shows the population and worker population ratio for India in 1999-2000. Can you estimate the workforce (urban and total) for India?

 Region Estimates of population (in crores) Worker Population Ratio Estimated No. of Workers (in crores) Rural 71.88 41.9 71.88/100 xx 41.9 = 30.12 Urban 28.52 33.7 ? Total 100.40 39.5 ?
Exercise | Q 13 | Page 136

Why are regular salaried employees more in urban areas than in rural areas?

Exercise | Q 14 | Page 136

Why are less women found in regular salaried employment?

Exercise | Q 15 | Page 136

Analyse the recent trends in sectoral distribution of workforce in India.

Exercise | Q 16 | Page 136

Compared to the 1970s, there has hardly been any change in the distribution of workforce across various industries. Comment.

Exercise | Q 17 | Page 136

Do you think that in the last 50 years, employment generated in the country is commensurate with the growth of GDP in India? How?

Exercise | Q 18 | Page 136

Is it necessary to generate employment in the formal sector rather than in the informal sector? Why?

Exercise | Q 19 | Page 136

Victor is able to get work only for two hours in a day. Rest of the day, he is looking for work. Is he unemployed? Why? What kind of jobs could persons like Victor is doing?

Exercise | Q 20 | Page 136

You are residing in a village. If you are asked to advice the village panchayat, what kinds of activities would you suggest for the improvement of your village which would also generate employment.

Exercise | Q 21 | Page 136

Who is a casual wage labourer?

Exercise | Q 22 | Page 136

How will you know whether a worker is working in the informal sector?

Exercise

## NCERT solutions for Class 12 Economics - Indian Economic Development chapter 7 - Employment: Growth, Informalisation and Other Issues

NCERT solutions for Class 12 Economics - Indian Economic Development chapter 7 (Employment: Growth, Informalisation and Other Issues) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CBSE Class 12 Economics - Indian Economic Development solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

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Concepts covered in Class 12 Economics - Indian Economic Development chapter 7 Employment: Growth, Informalisation and Other Issues are Employment: Growth, Informalisation and Other Issues, Workers and Employment, Participation of People in Employment, Self-employed and Hired Workers, Employment in Firms, Factories and Offices, Growth and Changing Structure of Employment, Employment - Informalisation, Employment - Workforce, Unemployment, Government and Employment Generation.

Using NCERT Class 12 solutions Employment: Growth, Informalisation and Other Issues exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in NCERT Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CBSE Class 12 prefer NCERT Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

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