Chapters10 - Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
11 - Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
12 - Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
13 - Amines
14 - Biomolecules
15 - Polymers
16 - Chemistry in Everyday Life
Chapter 14 - Biomolecules
Pages 412 - 422
Glucose or sucrose are soluble in water but cyclohexane or benzene (simple six membered ring compounds) are insoluble in water. Explain.
What are the expected products of hydrolysis of lactose?
How do you explain the absence of aldehyde group in the pentaacetate of D-glucose?
The melting points and solubility in water of amino acids are generally higher than that of the corresponding halo acids. Explain.
Where does the water present in the egg go after boiling the egg?
Why Vitamin C cannot be stored in our body ?
What products would be formed when a nucleotide from DNA containing thymine is hydrolysed?
When RNA is hydrolysed, there is no relationship among the quantities of different bases obtained. What does this fact suggest about the structure of RNA?
What are monosaccharides?
What are reducing sugars?
Write two main functions of carbohydrates in plants.
Classify the following into monosaccharides and disaccharides.
Ribose, 2-deoxyribose, maltose, galactose, fructose and lactose
Define the following terms:
What is glycogen? How is it different from starch?
What are the hydrolysis products of sucrose
What are the hydrolysis products of lactose?
What is the basic structural difference between starch and cellulose?
What happens when D-glucose is treated with the following reagents?
(i) HI (ii) Bromine water (iii) HNO3
Enumerate the reactions of D-glucose which cannot be explained by its open chain structure.
What are essential and non-essential amino acids? Give two examples of each type.
Define the following as related to proteins
Define the following terms as related to proteins :
Define the following terms as related to proteins:
What are the common types of secondary structure of proteins?
What type of bonding helps in stabilising the ∝-helix structure of proteins?
Differentiate between globular and fibrous proteins.
How do you explain the amphoteric behaviour of amino acids?
What are enzymes
What is the effect of denaturation on the structure of proteins?
How are vitamins classified? Name the vitamin responsible for the coagulation of blood.
Why are vitamin A and vitamin C essential to us? Give their important sources.
What are nucleic acids? Mention their two important functions.
What is the difference between a nucleoside and nucleotide ?
The two strands in DNA are not identical but are complementary. Explain.
Write the important structural and functional differences between DNA and RNA.
What are the different types of RNA found in the cell?