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ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 History and Civics chapter 14 - Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934) [Latest edition]

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ICSE Class 10 History and Civics - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 14: Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934)

Very Short QuestionsShort Questions – IShort Questions – IILong QuestionsPicture Based Questions

Very Short Questions, Short Questions – I

ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 History and Civics Chapter 14 Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934) Very Short Questions, Short Questions – I

Very Short Questions | Q 1

When and where was Gandhiji born? What was his full name?

Very Short Questions | Q 2

Name the movement and its purpose, which he started in South Africa.

Very Short Questions | Q 3

Why did Gandhiji appeal to the people to help the British Empire with men and money during the First World War?

Very Short Questions | Q 4

When and where did Gandhiji set-up his Ashram?

Very Short Questions | Q 5

What was the code of conduct set by Gandhiji for the inmates of the Ashram?

Very Short Questions | Q 6

Mention the reason, why Gandhiji in his struggle for freedom evolve the method of non-violence?

Very Short Questions | Q 7

Name the title that was awarded to Gandhiji for his services to the British Empire during World War I.

Very Short Questions | Q 8

Name two important methods adopted by Gandhiji in the freedom struggle.

Very Short Questions | Q 9

What is meant by Satyagraha?

Very Short Questions | Q 10

When and why did Gandhiji organise the Champaran Satyagraha in Bihar?

Very Short Questions | Q 11

What is meant by Swadeshi?
Or
What does the word ‘Swadeshi’ as used by Gandhiji imply?

Very Short Questions | Q 12

Why did Gandhiji put emphasis on manual labour and Charkha?

Very Short Questions | Q 13

Name the two greatest Movements organised by Gandhiji during the freedom struggle.

Very Short Questions | Q 14

When did the Congress decide to start the Non-Cooperation Movement? Who was the leader of this movement?

Very Short Questions | Q 15

Why was the Rowlatt Act (1919) passed?

Very Short Questions | Q 16

Name the Act by the British Government in the year 1919, which gave them the authority to arrest and detain suspected Indians.

Short Questions – I | Q 16

What did the Swaraj Party advocate?

Very Short Questions | Q 17

Who was the British General, responsible for ‘The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre’?

Very Short Questions | Q 18

Which was the tragic incident that prompted Gandhiji to launch the Non-Cooperation Movement?

Very Short Questions | Q 19

What do you understand by the term Non-Cooperation?

Very Short Questions | Q 20

When and where was the resolution to start the Non-Cooperation Movement launched?

Very Short Questions | Q 21

Mention one item each of the positive and negative programme of the Non-Cooperation Movement.

Short Questions – I | Q 21

 Why was the ‘Civil Disobedience Movement’ of March 1930, withdrawn?
Or
What assurance did Gandhiji withdraw the Civil Disobedience Movement.

Very Short Questions | Q 22

How did the Khilafat Movement come to an end?

Very Short Questions | Q 23

Why is the Khilafat Movement significant in the history of the National Movement?

Very Short Questions | Q 24

Why was ‘Swaraj Party’ organised and by whom?
Or
Name the two leaders of the Swaraj Party. Why were they said to be Pro Changers?

Very Short Questions | Q 25

Give two offshoots of the political excitement created by protests against the Simon Commission.

Very Short Questions | Q 26

Name the national leader who succumbed to the lathi charge during the protest Movement against the Simon commission.

Very Short Questions | Q 27

Why is the Congress session, held at Lahore, in 1929, significant in the history of India’s freedom Movement?

Very Short Questions | Q 28

When and where was resolution of complete independence (Poorna Swaraj) passed?

Very Short Questions | Q 29

What is the historical importance of 26th January 1930?

Very Short Questions | Q 30

What did the programme of Civil Disobedience consist of?

Very Short Questions | Q 31

When and by whom w as the Civil Disobedience Movement launched?

Very Short Questions | Q 32

Why was the Dandi March undertaken by Mahatma Gandhi?

Very Short Questions | Q 33

Why was the Dandi March important in the history of the National Movement?

Very Short Questions | Q 34

How did the British Government react to the Dandi March?

Very Short Questions | Q 35

Who is popularly known as the Frontier Gandhi?

Very Short Questions | Q 36

What was Irwin’s declaration on Dominion Status for India?

Very Short Questions | Q 37

Why was the British Government eager to have the Gandhi-Irwin Pact?

Very Short Questions | Q 38

When was the Second Round Table Conference held?

Very Short Questions | Q 39

Why was Gandhiji disgusted at the Second Round Table Conference?

Very Short Questions | Q 40

What was declared by the British by the Communal Award of 1932?

Very Short Questions | Q 41

What change in the Communal Award was brought about by the Poona Pact? Who was responsible for bringing about this change?

Very Short Questions | Q 42

When did the Third Round Table Conference take place?

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Short Questions – I

ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 History and Civics Chapter 14 Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934) Short Questions – I

Short Questions – I | Q 1

Mention any two effects of the Satyagraha and Non-Cooperation Movement started by Gandhiji.

Short Questions – I | Q 2

Briefly state, how Gandhiji introduced moral values into politics?

Short Questions – I | Q 3

What would a satayagrahi do against injustice?
Or
How does the philosophy of Satyagraha affect the evil doer?

Short Questions – I | Q 4

Give two examples to show that Gandhiji showed concern for the poor and the oppressed.

Short Questions – I | Q 5

In what way did Gandhiji involve Indian masses in the National Movement? In this respect, how did he differ from the Moderates?

Short Questions – I | Q 6

What was the Khilafat Movement? Name the leaders of the Khilafat Movement that was launched in India to Champion the cause of the Caliph of Turkey.
Or
Who were the leaders of the Khilafat Movement?

Short Questions – I | Q 7

What did the Khilafat Movement consist of?

Short Questions – I | Q 8

Name any three leading figures who participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement:

Short Questions – I | Q 9

Why did Gandhiji suspended the Non-Cooperation Movement?

Short Questions – I | Q 10

How did the Non-Cooperation Movement instil confidence among the Indians?

Short Questions – I | Q 11

In what way did the Non-Cooperation Movement provide a national base to the Congress?

Short Questions – I | Q 12

What were the main provisions of the Rowlatt Act?
Or
Mention any two provisions of the Rowlatt Act, by which people were shocked and enraged. Answer:

Short Questions – I | Q 13

What was the reaction of the Indians to the Rowlatt Act?

Short Questions – I | Q 14

Name three Congressmen who were opposed to the principles of the Swaraj Party.

Short Questions – I | Q 15

Mention any two achievements of the Swaraj Party.

Short Questions – I | Q 17

Why was the Simon Commission set-up? Why was the Commission so called?

Short Questions – I | Q 18

What was the reaction of the Indians to the Simon Commission?
Or
Why was the Simon commission boycotted by the Indians?

Short Questions – I | Q 19

What was the reaction of the Muslim League to the Nehru Report?

Short Questions – I | Q 20

Mention any two events which led to the Civil Disobedience Movement of 1930.

Short Questions – I | Q 22

Trace the programme and progress of Civil Disobedience Movement under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhiji with reference to the Dandi March, 1930.

Short Questions – I | Q 23

Briefly state the outcome of the Civil Disobedience Movement.

Short Questions – I | Q 24

Why did the Congress decide to boycott the First Round Table Conference?

Short Questions – I | Q 25

What was agreed upon by both sides in the Gandhi-Irwin Pact?
Or
Mention any one provision each of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact signed in 1931.

Short Questions – I | Q 26

With the coming of Gandhiji the National Movement started witnessing major and minor eventful happenings that made history. On the basis of this statement, describe about Champaran Satyagrahas in brief.

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Short Questions – II

ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 History and Civics Chapter 14 Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934) Short Questions – II

Short Questions – II | Q 1

 Give one incident in Gandhiji’s life in South Africa which taught him the technique of Satyagraha.

Short Questions – II | Q 2

Gandhiji introduced new ideas in politics and adopted new methods to give a new direction of The political movement. In this context, discuss Gandhiji doctrine of Satyagraha.

Short Questions – II | Q 3

Explain briefly the tragedy at the Jallianwala Bagh.

Short Questions – II | Q 4

What did the Non-Cooperation Movement consist of?

Short Questions – II | Q 5

Explain the new method of Non-Cooperation advocated by the party member after the suspension of the Non-Cooperation movement by Gandhiji.

Short Questions – II | Q 6

Give one example each to show that the following participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement, (i) Gandhiji (ii) Educated Indians and (iii) Indian masses.

Short Questions – II | Q 7

Why was the Simon Commission appointed by the British Government? Why did the Congress boycott the Commission.

Short Questions – II | Q 8

How did the people of India react of the appointment of Simon Commission.

Short Questions – II | Q 9

State any three recommendations of the Simon Commission.
Or
Mention any two recommendations of the Simon Commission.

Short Questions – II | Q 10

State four recommendations of the Nehru Report.

Short Questions – II | Q 11

How successful was the second round table conference? What was Gandhi’s response?

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Long Questions

ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 History and Civics Chapter 14 Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934) Long Questions

Long Questions | Q 1

The advent of Mahatma Gandhi into the Indian National Congress is 1919 brought a dramatic change in the National Movement. In this context explain four ideological tenets of the Mahatma Gandhi.

Long Questions | Q 2

How did Gandhiji display his concern for the downtrodden and the weak people.

Long Questions | Q 3

Which mass struggle was launched by Gandhiji on non-violence lines in 1920? Explain in brief the programmes of such a campaign.

Long Questions | Q 4

In 1919 Gandhiji plunged into India’s struggle for freedom. He guided the affairs of the Indian National Congress with new techniques. Through various national movements he got the public support to win freedom for India. In this context explain, the reasons leading to the Non-Cooperation Movement.

Long Questions | Q 5

Discuss the impact of Non-Cooperation Movement in Indian struggle for freedom.

Long Questions | Q 6

Why was the Non-Cooperation Movement withdrawn? How did this decision lead to the formation of the Swaraj Party?

Long Questions | Q 7

Mahatma Gandhi’s decision to withdraw Non-Cooperation Movement was criticized from all quarters. In this context, briefly explain the formation and achievement of the Swaraj Party.

Long Questions | Q 8

Explain the term Swadeshi and Boycott in the context of the National Movement in India.

Long Questions | Q 9

Explain the reason behind the launching of the Khilafat Movement in India. Why were the Khilafat and Non-cooperation Movements merged in 1920?

Long Questions | Q 10

The British Government announced the formation of the Simon Commission in 1927. In this context briefly explain the purpose of its formation and its main recommendations.

Long Questions | Q 11

Discuss why Congress demand for complete independence in 1929 led to the launch of the Civil Disobedence Movement.

Long Questions | Q 12

With the help of the Motilal Nehru Report 1928, briefly describe the events that led to the launching of the Civil Disobedience Movement.

Long Questions | Q 13

Mahatma Gandhi suspended the Civil Disobedience Campaign and agreed to attend the Second Round Table Conference in London, from where he returned empty handed to India. In the context describe renewal of civil disobedence movement, 1932.

Long Questions | Q 14

The Civil Disobedience Movement was significant in the history of the National Movement. With-reference to this movement, write short notes on the circumstances leading to Civil Disobedience Movement.

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Picture Based Questions

ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 History and Civics Chapter 14 Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934) Picture Based Questions

Picture Based Questions | Q 1

Answer the following:
(i) Identify the male personality in the given picture.
(ii) Mention four ideological tenets of this Indian leader.

Picture Based Questions | Q 2

Identify the picture as shown and answer the following:

(i) With which movement it is associated?
(ii) When and where the movement took place?

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Chapter 14: Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934)

Very Short QuestionsShort Questions – IShort Questions – IILong QuestionsPicture Based Questions
ICSE Class 10 History and Civics - Shaalaa.com

ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 History and Civics chapter 14 - Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934)

ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 History and Civics chapter 14 (Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934)) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CISCE ICSE Class 10 History and Civics solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

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Concepts covered in ICSE Class 10 History and Civics chapter 14 Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934) are Causes of (Khilafat Movement, Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh Tragedy), Programme and Suspension – Chauri Chaura, Civil Disobedience Movement Causes, Impact of the Movement, Gandhi-irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference, Quit India Resolution and the Significance of the Movement.

Using ICSE Class 10 solutions Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934) exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in ICSE Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CISCE Class 10 prefer ICSE Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

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