Chapter 2: The Executive (President and Vice-President)
Chapter 3: The Prime Minister and The Council of Ministers
Chapter 4: The Union Judiciary (The Supreme Court)
Chapter 5: The State Judiciary (The High Court)
Chapter 6: The State Judiciary (The Subordinate Courts)
Chapter 7: First War of Independence: 1857
Chapter 8: The Rise of Nationalism and Foundation of the Indian National Congress
Chapter 9: The Programme and Achievements of the Early Nationalist
Chapter 10: Rise of Assertive Nationalism
Chapter 11: The Partition of Bengal
Chapter 12: Formation of the Muslim League
Chapter 13: The National Movement During the First World War (1915-1919)
Chapter 14: Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934)
Chapter 15: Events Leading to the Quit India Movement (1935-1943)
Chapter 16: Subhash Chandra Bose and the I.N.A
Chapter 17: Towards Partition of India (1944-1947)
Chapter 18: World War-I and Treaty of Versailles
Chapter 19: Rise of Dictatorship and The Second World War
Chapter 20: The United Nations (Origin and Purpose)
Chapter 21: The United Nations Principal Organs – Composition and Functions
Chapter 22: The United Nations (Major Agencies – Their Functions)
Chapter 23: Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Chapter 24: Non-Aligned Movement
Chapter 14: Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934)
Very Short Questions, Short Questions – I
ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 History and Civics Chapter 14 Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934) Very Short Questions, Short Questions – I
When and where was Gandhiji born? What was his full name?
Name the movement and its purpose, which he started in South Africa.
Why did Gandhiji appeal to the people to help the British Empire with men and money during the First World War?
When and where did Gandhiji set-up his Ashram?
What was the code of conduct set by Gandhiji for the inmates of the Ashram?
Mention the reason, why Gandhiji in his struggle for freedom evolve the method of non-violence?
Name the title that was awarded to Gandhiji for his services to the British Empire during World War I.
Name two important methods adopted by Gandhiji in the freedom struggle.
What is meant by Satyagraha?
When and why did Gandhiji organise the Champaran Satyagraha in Bihar?
What is meant by Swadeshi?
What does the word ‘Swadeshi’ as used by Gandhiji imply?
Why did Gandhiji put emphasis on manual labour and Charkha?
Name the two greatest Movements organised by Gandhiji during the freedom struggle.
When did the Congress decide to start the Non-Cooperation Movement? Who was the leader of this movement?
Why was the Rowlatt Act (1919) passed?
Name the Act by the British Government in the year 1919, which gave them the authority to arrest and detain suspected Indians.
What did the Swaraj Party advocate?
Who was the British General, responsible for ‘The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre’?
Which was the tragic incident that prompted Gandhiji to launch the Non-Cooperation Movement?
What do you understand by the term Non-Cooperation?
When and where was the resolution to start the Non-Cooperation Movement launched?
Mention one item each of the positive and negative programme of the Non-Cooperation Movement.
Why was the ‘Civil Disobedience Movement’ of March 1930, withdrawn?
What assurance did Gandhiji withdraw the Civil Disobedience Movement.
How did the Khilafat Movement come to an end?
Why is the Khilafat Movement significant in the history of the National Movement?
Why was ‘Swaraj Party’ organised and by whom?
Name the two leaders of the Swaraj Party. Why were they said to be Pro Changers?
Give two offshoots of the political excitement created by protests against the Simon Commission.
Name the national leader who succumbed to the lathi charge during the protest Movement against the Simon commission.
Why is the Congress session, held at Lahore, in 1929, significant in the history of India’s freedom Movement?
When and where was resolution of complete independence (Poorna Swaraj) passed?
What is the historical importance of 26th January 1930?
What did the programme of Civil Disobedience consist of?
When and by whom w as the Civil Disobedience Movement launched?
Why was the Dandi March undertaken by Mahatma Gandhi?
Why was the Dandi March important in the history of the National Movement?
How did the British Government react to the Dandi March?
Who is popularly known as the Frontier Gandhi?
What was Irwin’s declaration on Dominion Status for India?
Why was the British Government eager to have the Gandhi-Irwin Pact?
When was the Second Round Table Conference held?
Why was Gandhiji disgusted at the Second Round Table Conference?
What was declared by the British by the Communal Award of 1932?
What change in the Communal Award was brought about by the Poona Pact? Who was responsible for bringing about this change?
When did the Third Round Table Conference take place?
Short Questions – I
ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 History and Civics Chapter 14 Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934) Short Questions – I
Mention any two effects of the Satyagraha and Non-Cooperation Movement started by Gandhiji.
Briefly state, how Gandhiji introduced moral values into politics?
What would a satayagrahi do against injustice?
How does the philosophy of Satyagraha affect the evil doer?
Give two examples to show that Gandhiji showed concern for the poor and the oppressed.
In what way did Gandhiji involve Indian masses in the National Movement? In this respect, how did he differ from the Moderates?
What was the Khilafat Movement? Name the leaders of the Khilafat Movement that was launched in India to Champion the cause of the Caliph of Turkey.
Who were the leaders of the Khilafat Movement?
What did the Khilafat Movement consist of?
Name any three leading figures who participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement:
Why did Gandhiji suspended the Non-Cooperation Movement?
How did the Non-Cooperation Movement instil confidence among the Indians?
In what way did the Non-Cooperation Movement provide a national base to the Congress?
What were the main provisions of the Rowlatt Act?
Mention any two provisions of the Rowlatt Act, by which people were shocked and enraged. Answer:
What was the reaction of the Indians to the Rowlatt Act?
Name three Congressmen who were opposed to the principles of the Swaraj Party.
Mention any two achievements of the Swaraj Party.
Why was the Simon Commission set-up? Why was the Commission so called?
What was the reaction of the Indians to the Simon Commission?
Why was the Simon commission boycotted by the Indians?
What was the reaction of the Muslim League to the Nehru Report?
Mention any two events which led to the Civil Disobedience Movement of 1930.
Trace the programme and progress of Civil Disobedience Movement under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhiji with reference to the Dandi March, 1930.
Briefly state the outcome of the Civil Disobedience Movement.
Why did the Congress decide to boycott the First Round Table Conference?
What was agreed upon by both sides in the Gandhi-Irwin Pact?
Mention any one provision each of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact signed in 1931.
With the coming of Gandhiji the National Movement started witnessing major and minor eventful happenings that made history. On the basis of this statement, describe about Champaran Satyagrahas in brief.
Short Questions – II
ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 History and Civics Chapter 14 Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934) Short Questions – II
Give one incident in Gandhiji’s life in South Africa which taught him the technique of Satyagraha.
Gandhiji introduced new ideas in politics and adopted new methods to give a new direction of The political movement. In this context, discuss Gandhiji doctrine of Satyagraha.
Explain briefly the tragedy at the Jallianwala Bagh.
What did the Non-Cooperation Movement consist of?
Explain the new method of Non-Cooperation advocated by the party member after the suspension of the Non-Cooperation movement by Gandhiji.
Give one example each to show that the following participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement, (i) Gandhiji (ii) Educated Indians and (iii) Indian masses.
Why was the Simon Commission appointed by the British Government? Why did the Congress boycott the Commission.
How did the people of India react of the appointment of Simon Commission.
State any three recommendations of the Simon Commission.
Mention any two recommendations of the Simon Commission.
State four recommendations of the Nehru Report.
How successful was the second round table conference? What was Gandhi’s response?
ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 History and Civics Chapter 14 Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934) Long Questions
The advent of Mahatma Gandhi into the Indian National Congress is 1919 brought a dramatic change in the National Movement. In this context explain four ideological tenets of the Mahatma Gandhi.
How did Gandhiji display his concern for the downtrodden and the weak people.
Which mass struggle was launched by Gandhiji on non-violence lines in 1920? Explain in brief the programmes of such a campaign.
In 1919 Gandhiji plunged into India’s struggle for freedom. He guided the affairs of the Indian National Congress with new techniques. Through various national movements he got the public support to win freedom for India. In this context explain, the reasons leading to the Non-Cooperation Movement.
Discuss the impact of Non-Cooperation Movement in Indian struggle for freedom.
Why was the Non-Cooperation Movement withdrawn? How did this decision lead to the formation of the Swaraj Party?
Mahatma Gandhi’s decision to withdraw Non-Cooperation Movement was criticized from all quarters. In this context, briefly explain the formation and achievement of the Swaraj Party.
Explain the term Swadeshi and Boycott in the context of the National Movement in India.
Explain the reason behind the launching of the Khilafat Movement in India. Why were the Khilafat and Non-cooperation Movements merged in 1920?
The British Government announced the formation of the Simon Commission in 1927. In this context briefly explain the purpose of its formation and its main recommendations.
Discuss why Congress demand for complete independence in 1929 led to the launch of the Civil Disobedence Movement.
With the help of the Motilal Nehru Report 1928, briefly describe the events that led to the launching of the Civil Disobedience Movement.
Mahatma Gandhi suspended the Civil Disobedience Campaign and agreed to attend the Second Round Table Conference in London, from where he returned empty handed to India. In the context describe renewal of civil disobedence movement, 1932.
The Civil Disobedience Movement was significant in the history of the National Movement. With-reference to this movement, write short notes on the circumstances leading to Civil Disobedience Movement.
Picture Based Questions
ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 History and Civics Chapter 14 Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934) Picture Based Questions
Answer the following:
(i) Identify the male personality in the given picture.
(ii) Mention four ideological tenets of this Indian leader.
Identify the picture as shown and answer the following:
(i) With which movement it is associated?
(ii) When and where the movement took place?
Chapter 14: Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934)
ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 History and Civics chapter 14 - Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934)
ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 History and Civics chapter 14 (Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934)) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CISCE ICSE Class 10 History and Civics solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.
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Concepts covered in ICSE Class 10 History and Civics chapter 14 Mahatma Gandhi & The National Movement (1919-1934) are Causes of (Khilafat Movement, Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh Tragedy), Programme and Suspension – Chauri Chaura, Civil Disobedience Movement Causes, Impact of the Movement, Gandhi-irwin Pact and the Second Round Table Conference, Quit India Resolution and the Significance of the Movement.
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