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ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 Geography chapter 3 - The Climate of India [Latest edition]

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ICSE Class 10 Geography - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 3: The Climate of India

Short QuestionsLong QuestionsGive ReasonsDifferentiateData based QuestionsName the Following
Short Questions [Page undefined]

ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 3 The Climate of India Short Questions [Page undefined]

Short Questions | Q 1

What are ‘Western Disturbances’?

Short Questions | Q 2

What is the most important feature of the tropical monsoon type of climate?

Short Questions | Q 3

Define ‘monsoon’?

Short Questions | Q 4

State the main factors that affect the climate of Indian sub-continent.

Short Questions | Q 5

Mention the cause of winter showers in Western Uttar Pradesh?

Short Questions | Q 6

Which parallel of latitude divides India into the northern and southern halves.

Short Questions | Q 7

Name the state in India through which the standard meridian of India and the Tropic of Cancer pass covering the longest distance.

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ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 3 The Climate of India Short Questions [Page undefined]

Short Questions | Q 1

Give two important characteristics of the South West Monsoon rainfall.

Short Questions | Q 2

What is the direction of the summer monsoon?

Short Questions | Q 3

Which type of climate is experienced in the Northern Plains of India? State one main characteristic of this type of climate.

Short Questions | Q 4

Why are there great variations in the climate of the Indian sub-continent.

Short Questions | Q 5

Describe the process of retreat in case of summer monsoon.

Short Questions | Q 6

State two important characteristic features of the monsoon rainfall in India.

Short Questions | Q 7

How are the sources of rainfall in the North-west part of India different from the rainfall experienced on the coastal areas of Eastern India in winter?

Short Questions | Q 8

Name an area which receives rain in winter. What causes rainfall in this region and how does it benefit agriculture?

Short Questions | Q 9

What is ‘October Heat’?

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Long Questions [Page undefined]

ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 3 The Climate of India Long Questions [Page undefined]

Long Questions | Q 1

Describe the climatic conditions which prevail over India during different Seasons.

Long Questions | Q 2

Give two important characteristics of the summer monsoon rainfall in India.

Long Questions | Q 3.1

Give an account of distribution of annual rainfall in India.

Long Questions | Q 3.2

Explain how it is related to the relief, with examples.

Long Questions | Q 4

State three dominant characteristics of the monsoon.

Long Questions | Q 5.1

‘Rainfall decreases as one travels up the Ganges Valley.’ Why?

Long Questions | Q 5.2

What is the direction of the summer monsoon on the Indo-Gangetic Plain?

Long Questions | Q 6

The Coromandel coast has more rainy months but less rainfall than the Konkan Coast. Why?

Long Questions | Q 7.1

What is meant by a ‘Rain Shadow’ area?

Long Questions | Q 7.2

Give one example of ‘Rain Shadow’ areas in India.

Long Questions | Q 8.1

Why are there great variations in the climate of the Indian sub-continent?

Long Questions | Q 8.2

Name any three local winds which blow in India and write briefly about each.

Long Questions | Q 9

Why are Himalayas called perfect climate divide? Explain their two-fold functions in this regard.

Long Questions | Q 10

State the climatic significance of the Himalayas to the people of South Asia.
Or
Describe the two ways in which the Himalayas influence the climate of India.

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ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 3 The Climate of India Give Reasons [Page undefined]

Give Reasons | Q 1

The latitudinal extent of India is responsible for the variation in the climatic conditions which prevail in the country.

Give Reasons | Q 2

The Northern Plains of India have a Continental type of climate.

Give Reasons | Q 3

The northern plains of India do not freeze in winter.

Give Reasons | Q 4

It is cooler on the mountain slopes than in the plains during summer.

Give Reasons | Q 5

Mention why does sub-continent have Tropical Monsoon climate.

Give Reasons | Q 6

At a place like Bhopal one can see the midday sun exactly over head twice a year, while at vidisha, only a few kilometre north of it, one is not able to do so even once. Give the reason briefly.

Give Reasons | Q 7

Even in summer Shimla is cooler than Delhi.

Give Reasons | Q 8

Kochi has a lesser annual range of temperature than Agra.

Give Reasons | Q 9

Explain why Nainital is cooler than Agra.

Give Reasons | Q 10

Patna receives heavier rain than Delhi.

Give Reasons | Q 11

Mangalore is not cold even in the month of December.

Give Reasons | Q 12

India is known as the land of the endless growing Season. Explain.

Give Reasons | Q 13

Explain the term ‘Burst of Monsoon’.

Give Reasons | Q 14

Explain the term Retreating Monsoon.

Give Reasons | Q 15

The mango showers are beneficial local winds.

Give Reasons | Q 16

Mumbai is warmer than Kanpur in December.

Give Reasons | Q 17

Chennai has a lower annual range of temperature than Lucknow.

Give Reasons | Q 18

Jaipur has a higher annual range of temperature than Mumbai.

Give Reasons | Q 19

Why does Kanyakumari experience an equable climate?

Give Reasons | Q 20

The North East Monsoons bring almost no rain to most of India.

Give Reasons | Q 21

Punjab gets rain in winters. Why?

Give Reasons | Q 22

Kanyakumari is the first to receive the south-west monsoon stream and the last to see its retreat.

Give Reasons | Q 23

Why does the Tamil Nadu coast get rainfall in October?

Give Reasons | Q 24

Mangalore and Chennai lie approximately on the same latitude, yet Mangalore receives its rainfall from June to September, while Chennai receives rainfall in November and December. What is the reason of this difference?

Give Reasons | Q 25

When the Malabar coast is receiving heavy rainfall in July, the Tamil Nadu coast is comparatively dry.

Give Reasons | Q 26

Western coastal plains receive more rainfall than the Eastern coastal plains.

Give Reasons | Q 27

Central Maharashtra receives little rainfall.

Give Reasons | Q 28

Mention why does Mumbai receive more rainfall than Pune.

Give Reasons | Q 29

Mumbai receives rainfall in the summer season while Chennai receives rainfall from October to December. Why?

Give Reasons | Q 30

Though Mangalore and Mysore are on the same latitude, Mangalore experiences more rainfall than Mysore. Give reasons.

Give Reasons | Q 31

Western Rajasthan receives no rain from the Arabian Sea branch of the South West Monsoon winds.

Give Reasons | Q 32

Thar Desert gets very little rain.

Give Reasons | Q 33

‘Thar desert region remains dry in the whole Season’.

Give Reasons | Q 34

Rajasthan receives very little rainfall.

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Differentiate [Page undefined]

ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 3 The Climate of India Differentiate [Page undefined]

Differentiate | Q 1

Mention two differences in the climatic conditions which prevail over Kerala and Uttar Pradesh in the month of June.

Differentiate | Q 2

Equable and Extreme climates.

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Data based Questions [Page undefined]

ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 3 The Climate of India Data based Questions [Page undefined]

Data based Questions | Q 1

Study the climatic data provided below and answer the questions that follow:

Month J F M A M J J A S O N D
Station A
Temp °C 21.0 22.6 26.3 29.2 29.7 27.5 25.1 24.5 24.8 25.5 22.5 20.5
Rain cm 0.1 0.1 0.5 1.5 2.7 11.4 16.7 9.0 13.4 9.0 2.7 0.3
Station B
Temp °C 24.4 24.4 26.7 28.3 30.0 28.9 27.2 27.2 27.2 28.3 27.2 25.0
Rain cm 0.2 0.3 0.3 1.7 1.9 50.2 61.0  37.0 27.0 4.8 1.4 0.3

(i) Calculate the annual range of temperature of Station B.
(ii) Calculate annual rainfall of Station A.
(iii) Presuming that both the stations are located in West India, state giving a reason as to which of the two lies on the windward side of the Western Ghats.

Data based Questions | Q 2

Given below is the climatic data of a station. Study the table and answer the questions that follow:

Month Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
Temperature °C 24.5 25.7 27.7 20-4 30.0 32.5 31.0 30.2 29.8 28.0 25.9 24.7
Rainfall cm 4.6 1.3 1.3 1.8 3.8 4.5 8.7 11.3 11.9 30.6 35.0 13.9

(i) Calculate the annual rainfall experienced by the station.
(ii) What is the annual range of temperature?
(iii) Name the wettest month.

Data based Questions | Q 3

Study the climatic data provided below and answer the questions that follow:

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May June Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Station A (sea level)
Temperature (°C) 24.4 28.4 20.7 29.3 30.0 29.9 29.8 27.8 26.9 26.3 25.1 24.8
Rainfall (cm) 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.6 3.8 26.6 29.6 30.5 26.5 11.9 1.1 0.2
Station B (800 m above sea level)
Temperature (°C) 8.1 8.9 15.6 20.1. 25.2 24.3 24.1 22.7 20.6 18.4 14.1 9.6
Rainfall (cm) 0.4 0.3 0.3 1.1 1.3 3.2 7.7 1.3 5.8 0.7 0.4 0.3

(i) Calculate the annual range of temperature of Station A Suggest a reason why the range is small one.
(ii) Which of the two Stations has the lower temperature? Why?
(iii) Calculate the annual rainfall of Station B.

Data based Questions | Q 4

Given below is the climatic data of a station. Study the table and answer the questions that follow:

Month J F M A M J J A S O N D
Temperature in Degree C. 13.7 16.6 21.6 25.5 33.2 33.5 30.8 29.8 29.2 25.5 19.6 15.2
Rainfall in cms. 2.5 2.0 1.5 0.9 1.5 7.5 17.8 18.5 12.5 1.0 0.2 1.5

(i) Calculate the annual range of temperature.
(ii) What is the total rainfall experienced by the station?
(iii) Which is the driest month?

Data based Questions | Q 5

Study the climatic data given below and answer the questions that follow:

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature °C 23.1 24.8 26.5 29.3 32 32.8 33.1 32.1 30.5 29.3 28.7 26.1
Rainfall cm 15.3 10.1 0.3 0.1 1.3 4.5 6.1 10.2 10.5 20.1 16.8 19.0

(i) Calculate the annual rainfall experienced by the station.
(ii) Suggest a name of this station, giving a reason for your answer.
(iii) Name the season during which the rainfall is heaviest.

Data based Questions | Q 6

Study the climatic data given below and answer the questions that follow:

Month Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
°C 25.0 25.5 26.3 27.1 30.0 36.2 36.0 35.9 30.3 28.4 27.0 24.6
cm 24.5 23.1 15.0 2.4 0.1 11.0 9.3 7.2 4.0 9.4 14.5 20.4

(i) Calculate the annual temperature range.
(ii) What is the total annual rainfall?
(iii) Presuming that the station is located in India, give a reason for its location being on the east coast or the west coast of India.

Data based Questions | Q 7.1

Study the table given below and answer the questions that follows:

Station Months J F M A M J J A S O N D
A Temperature in °C 12.7 15.1 22.1 31.8 37.2 39.1 37.3 33.4 28 26.7 16.1 13.6
Rainfall in cms 2.1 2.3 1.0 0.9 1.5 5.6 18.3 18.9 15.1 0.6 0.3 1.8
B Temperature in °C 23.1 24.8 26.5 29.3 32 32.8 33.1 32.1 30.5 29.3 28.7 26.1
Rainfall in cms 15.3 10.1 0.3 0.1 1.3 4.5 6.1 10.2 10.5 20.1 16.8 19.0

(a) Calculate the annual rainfall in station A.
(b) What is the annual range of temperature in station B?
(c) Name the winds that bring most of the rainfall to station B. State one reason for your answer.

Data based Questions | Q 7.2

Give reason why Shillong gets hardly 200 cm., rainfall during the year, whereas Cherrapunji gets more than 1250 cm, of rainfall although they are situated very close to each other.

Data based Questions | Q 8

A cricket match at Chennai (Madras) from October 24 to 28 had to be abandoned because of bad weather. As a student of geography provide an explanation and the technical name of this Season in India, the atmospheric pressure conditions over the Bay of Bengal during this part of the year and the typical rainfall experienced in Chennai (Madras) city.

Data based Questions | Q 9

Study the table given below and answer the questions that follow:

Station Month J F M A M J J A S O N D
A Temperature in Degree C. 14.4 16.7 23.3 30.0 33.3 33.3 30.0 29.4 28.9 25.6 19.4 15.6
Rainfall in cm 2.5 1.5 1.3 10 1.8 7.4 19.3 17.8 11.9 1.3 0.2 1.0
B Temperature in Degree C. 24.4 24.4 26.7 28.3 300 28.9 27.2 27.2 27.2 27.8 27.2 25.0
Rainfall in cm 0.2 0.2 0.3 10 1.8 50.6 61.0 24.8 24.8 24.8 1.0 0.7

(i) Calculate the annual rainfall in station A.
(ii) What is the annual range of temperature in station B?
(iii) Which of the two stations has an equable climate?

Data based Questions | Q 10

Study the climatic data given below and answer the questions that follow:

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jim Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature °C 23.8 25.0 27.7 28.3 30.2 30.3 30.4 33.3 30.0 30.3 25.5 24.2
Rainfall cm 0 0 1.1 1.5 2.1 45.3 46.5 45.4 43.3 20.1 3.0 0.1

(i) Calculate the mean annual temperature.
(ii) What is the total rainfall during the monsoon season?
(iii) Does the station have a maritime or a continental climate?
Give a reason for your answer.

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ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 3 The Climate of India Name the Following [Page undefined]

Name the Following | Q 1

Name two types of cyclonic systems that affect India and two areas that receive rainfall from these systems.

Name the Following | Q 2

Name two important features of the Indian monsoon.

Name the Following | Q 3

Name the source from where Western Himalayas gets its rainfall.

Name the Following | Q 4

Name the areas receiving very heavy rainfall on account of favourable situation of a mountain

Name the Following | Q 5

Name the state in India where there is highest rainfall.

Name the Following | Q 6

Name the winds which are responsible for heavy rainfall in India.

Name the Following | Q 7

Name the winds which provide relief rainfall to the Tamil Nadu coast?

Name the Following | Q 8

The source of the winter rain to Tamil Nadu.

Name the Following | Q 9

Name the state of Indian Union where the rainy season is very short?

Name the Following | Q 10

Name the regions of moderate rainfall in India.

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Chapter 3: The Climate of India

Short QuestionsLong QuestionsGive ReasonsDifferentiateData based QuestionsName the Following
ICSE Class 10 Geography - Shaalaa.com

ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 Geography chapter 3 - The Climate of India

ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 Geography chapter 3 (The Climate of India) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CISCE ICSE Class 10 Geography solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

Further, we at Shaalaa.com provide such solutions so that students can prepare for written exams. ICSE textbook solutions can be a core help for self-study and acts as a perfect self-help guidance for students.

Concepts covered in ICSE Class 10 Geography chapter 3 The Climate of India are Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature, Winds in Summer and Winter, Factors Influencing/Affecting the Climate, Seasons –March to May – Summer, Seasons - June to September - Monsoon, Seasons - October to November - Retreating Monsoon, Season - December to February - Winter.

Using ICSE Class 10 solutions The Climate of India exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in ICSE Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CISCE Class 10 prefer ICSE Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

Get the free view of chapter 3 The Climate of India Class 10 extra questions for ICSE Class 10 Geography and can use Shaalaa.com to keep it handy for your exam preparation

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