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Chapter 3: The Climate of India

Short QuestionsLong QuestionsGive ReasonsDifferentiateData based QuestionsName the Following

Chapter 3: The Climate of India Exercise Short Questions solutions [Page 0]

What are ‘Western Disturbances’?

What is the most important feature of the tropical monsoon type of climate?

Define ‘monsoon’?

State the main factors that affect the climate of Indian sub-continent.

Mention the cause of winter showers in Western Uttar Pradesh?

Which parallel of latitude divides India into the northern and southern halves.

Name the state in India through which the standard meridian of India and the Tropic of Cancer pass covering the longest distance.

Chapter 3: The Climate of India Exercise Short Questions solutions [Page 0]

Give two important characteristics of the South West Monsoon rainfall.

What is the direction of the summer monsoon?

Which type of climate is experienced in the Northern Plains of India? State one main characteristic of this type of climate.

Why are there great variations in the climate of the Indian sub-continent.

Describe the process of retreat in case of summer monsoon.

State two important characteristic features of the monsoon rainfall in India.

How are the sources of rainfall in the North-west part of India different from the rainfall experienced on the coastal areas of Eastern India in winter?

Name an area which receives rain in winter. What causes rainfall in this region and how does it benefit agriculture?

What is ‘October Heat’?

Chapter 3: The Climate of India Exercise Long Questions solutions [Page 0]

Describe the climatic conditions which prevail over India during different Seasons.

Give two important characteristics of the summer monsoon rainfall in India.

Give an account of distribution of annual rainfall in India.

Explain how it is related to the relief, with examples.

State three dominant characteristics of the monsoon.

‘Rainfall decreases as one travels up the Ganges Valley.’ Why?

What is the direction of the summer monsoon on the Indo-Gangetic Plain?

The Coromandel coast has more rainy months but less rainfall than the Konkan Coast. Why?

What is meant by a ‘Rain Shadow’ area?

Give one example of ‘Rain Shadow’ areas in India.

Why are there great variations in the climate of the Indian sub-continent?

Name any three local winds which blow in India and write briefly about each.

Why are Himalayas called perfect climate divide? Explain their two-fold functions in this regard.

State the climatic significance of the Himalayas to the people of South Asia.
Or
Describe the two ways in which the Himalayas influence the climate of India.

Chapter 3: The Climate of India Exercise Give Reasons solutions [Page 0]

The latitudinal extent of India is responsible for the variation in the climatic conditions which prevail in the country.

The Northern Plains of India have a Continental type of climate.

The northern plains of India do not freeze in winter.

It is cooler on the mountain slopes than in the plains during summer.

Mention why does sub-continent have Tropical Monsoon climate.

At a place like Bhopal one can see the midday sun exactly over head twice a year, while at vidisha, only a few kilometre north of it, one is not able to do so even once. Give the reason briefly.

Even in summer Shimla is cooler than Delhi.

Kochi has a lesser annual range of temperature than Agra.

Explain why Nainital is cooler than Agra.

Patna receives heavier rain than Delhi.

Mangalore is not cold even in the month of December.

India is known as the land of the endless growing Season. Explain.

Explain the term ‘Burst of Monsoon’.

Explain the term Retreating Monsoon.

The mango showers are beneficial local winds.

Mumbai is warmer than Kanpur in December.

Chennai has a lower annual range of temperature than Lucknow.

Jaipur has a higher annual range of temperature than Mumbai.

Why does Kanyakumari experience an equable climate?

The North East Monsoons bring almost no rain to most of India.

Punjab gets rain in winters. Why?

Kanyakumari is the first to receive the south-west monsoon stream and the last to see its retreat.

Why does the Tamil Nadu coast get rainfall in October?

Mangalore and Chennai lie approximately on the same latitude, yet Mangalore receives its rainfall from June to September, while Chennai receives rainfall in November and December. What is the reason of this difference?

When the Malabar coast is receiving heavy rainfall in July, the Tamil Nadu coast is comparatively dry.

Western coastal plains receive more rainfall than the Eastern coastal plains.

Central Maharashtra receives little rainfall.

Mention why does Mumbai receive more rainfall than Pune.

Mumbai receives rainfall in the summer season while Chennai receives rainfall from October to December. Why?

Though Mangalore and Mysore are on the same latitude, Mangalore experiences more rainfall than Mysore. Give reasons.

Western Rajasthan receives no rain from the Arabian Sea branch of the South West Monsoon winds.

Thar Desert gets very little rain.

‘Thar desert region remains dry in the whole Season’.

Rajasthan receives very little rainfall.

Chapter 3: The Climate of India Exercise Differentiate solutions [Page 0]

Mention two differences in the climatic conditions which prevail over Kerala and Uttar Pradesh in the month of June.

Equable and Extreme climates.

Chapter 3: The Climate of India Exercise Data based Questions solutions [Page 0]

Study the climatic data provided below and answer the questions that follow:

Month J F M A M J J A S O N D
Station A
Temp °C 21.0 22.6 26.3 29.2 29.7 27.5 25.1 24.5 24.8 25.5 22.5 20.5
Rain cm 0.1 0.1 0.5 1.5 2.7 11.4 16.7 9.0 13.4 9.0 2.7 0.3
Station B
Temp °C 24.4 24.4 26.7 28.3 30.0 28.9 27.2 27.2 27.2 28.3 27.2 25.0
Rain cm 0.2 0.3 0.3 1.7 1.9 50.2 61.0  37.0 27.0 4.8 1.4 0.3

(i) Calculate the annual range of temperature of Station B.
(ii) Calculate annual rainfall of Station A.
(iii) Presuming that both the stations are located in West India, state giving a reason as to which of the two lies on the windward side of the Western Ghats.

Given below is the climatic data of a station. Study the table and answer the questions that follow:

Month Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
Temperature °C 24.5 25.7 27.7 20-4 30.0 32.5 31.0 30.2 29.8 28.0 25.9 24.7
Rainfall cm 4.6 1.3 1.3 1.8 3.8 4.5 8.7 11.3 11.9 30.6 35.0 13.9

(i) Calculate the annual rainfall experienced by the station.
(ii) What is the annual range of temperature?
(iii) Name the wettest month.

Study the climatic data provided below and answer the questions that follow:

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May June Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Station A (sea level)
Temperature (°C) 24.4 28.4 20.7 29.3 30.0 29.9 29.8 27.8 26.9 26.3 25.1 24.8
Rainfall (cm) 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.6 3.8 26.6 29.6 30.5 26.5 11.9 1.1 0.2
Station B (800 m above sea level)
Temperature (°C) 8.1 8.9 15.6 20.1. 25.2 24.3 24.1 22.7 20.6 18.4 14.1 9.6
Rainfall (cm) 0.4 0.3 0.3 1.1 1.3 3.2 7.7 1.3 5.8 0.7 0.4 0.3

(i) Calculate the annual range of temperature of Station A Suggest a reason why the range is small one.
(ii) Which of the two Stations has the lower temperature? Why?
(iii) Calculate the annual rainfall of Station B.

Given below is the climatic data of a station. Study the table and answer the questions that follow:

Month J F M A M J J A S O N D
Temperature in Degree C. 13.7 16.6 21.6 25.5 33.2 33.5 30.8 29.8 29.2 25.5 19.6 15.2
Rainfall in cms. 2.5 2.0 1.5 0.9 1.5 7.5 17.8 18.5 12.5 1.0 0.2 1.5

(i) Calculate the annual range of temperature.
(ii) What is the total rainfall experienced by the station?
(iii) Which is the driest month?

Study the climatic data given below and answer the questions that follow:

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature °C 23.1 24.8 26.5 29.3 32 32.8 33.1 32.1 30.5 29.3 28.7 26.1
Rainfall cm 15.3 10.1 0.3 0.1 1.3 4.5 6.1 10.2 10.5 20.1 16.8 19.0

(i) Calculate the annual rainfall experienced by the station.
(ii) Suggest a name of this station, giving a reason for your answer.
(iii) Name the season during which the rainfall is heaviest.

Study the climatic data given below and answer the questions that follow:

Month Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
°C 25.0 25.5 26.3 27.1 30.0 36.2 36.0 35.9 30.3 28.4 27.0 24.6
cm 24.5 23.1 15.0 2.4 0.1 11.0 9.3 7.2 4.0 9.4 14.5 20.4

(i) Calculate the annual temperature range.
(ii) What is the total annual rainfall?
(iii) Presuming that the station is located in India, give a reason for its location being on the east coast or the west coast of India.

Study the table given below and answer the questions that follows:

Station Months J F M A M J J A S O N D
A Temperature in °C 12.7 15.1 22.1 31.8 37.2 39.1 37.3 33.4 28 26.7 16.1 13.6
Rainfall in cms 2.1 2.3 1.0 0.9 1.5 5.6 18.3 18.9 15.1 0.6 0.3 1.8
B Temperature in °C 23.1 24.8 26.5 29.3 32 32.8 33.1 32.1 30.5 29.3 28.7 26.1
Rainfall in cms 15.3 10.1 0.3 0.1 1.3 4.5 6.1 10.2 10.5 20.1 16.8 19.0

(a) Calculate the annual rainfall in station A.
(b) What is the annual range of temperature in station B?
(c) Name the winds that bring most of the rainfall to station B. State one reason for your answer.

Give reason why Shillong gets hardly 200 cm., rainfall during the year, whereas Cherrapunji gets more than 1250 cm, of rainfall although they are situated very close to each other.

A cricket match at Chennai (Madras) from October 24 to 28 had to be abandoned because of bad weather. As a student of geography provide an explanation and the technical name of this Season in India, the atmospheric pressure conditions over the Bay of Bengal during this part of the year and the typical rainfall experienced in Chennai (Madras) city.

Study the table given below and answer the questions that follow:

Station Month J F M A M J J A S O N D
A Temperature in Degree C. 14.4 16.7 23.3 30.0 33.3 33.3 30.0 29.4 28.9 25.6 19.4 15.6
Rainfall in cm 2.5 1.5 1.3 10 1.8 7.4 19.3 17.8 11.9 1.3 0.2 1.0
B Temperature in Degree C. 24.4 24.4 26.7 28.3 300 28.9 27.2 27.2 27.2 27.8 27.2 25.0
Rainfall in cm 0.2 0.2 0.3 10 1.8 50.6 61.0 24.8 24.8 24.8 1.0 0.7

(i) Calculate the annual rainfall in station A.
(ii) What is the annual range of temperature in station B?
(iii) Which of the two stations has an equable climate?

Study the climatic data given below and answer the questions that follow:

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jim Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Temperature °C 23.8 25.0 27.7 28.3 30.2 30.3 30.4 33.3 30.0 30.3 25.5 24.2
Rainfall cm 0 0 1.1 1.5 2.1 45.3 46.5 45.4 43.3 20.1 3.0 0.1

(i) Calculate the mean annual temperature.
(ii) What is the total rainfall during the monsoon season?
(iii) Does the station have a maritime or a continental climate?
Give a reason for your answer.

Chapter 3: The Climate of India Exercise Name the Following solutions [Page 0]

Name two types of cyclonic systems that affect India and two areas that receive rainfall from these systems.

Name two important features of the Indian monsoon.

Name the source from where Western Himalayas gets its rainfall.

Name the areas receiving very heavy rainfall on account of favourable situation of a mountain

Name the state in India where there is highest rainfall.

Name the winds which are responsible for heavy rainfall in India.

Name the winds which provide relief rainfall to the Tamil Nadu coast?

The source of the winter rain to Tamil Nadu.

Name the state of Indian Union where the rainy season is very short?

Name the regions of moderate rainfall in India.

Chapter 3: The Climate of India

Short QuestionsLong QuestionsGive ReasonsDifferentiateData based QuestionsName the Following

ICSE ICSE Class 10 Geography

ICSE Class 10 Geography - Shaalaa.com

ICSE solutions for Class 10 Geography chapter 3 - The Climate of India

ICSE solutions for Class 10 Geography chapter 3 (The Climate of India) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CISCE ICSE Class 10 Geography solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

Further, we at Shaalaa.com provide such solutions so that students can prepare for written exams. ICSE textbook solutions can be a core help for self-study and acts as a perfect self-help guidance for students.

Concepts covered in Class 10 Geography chapter 3 The Climate of India are Rainfall and Distribution of Temperature, Winds in Summer and Winter, Factors Influencing/Affecting the Climate, Seasons –March to May – Summer, Seasons - June to September - Monsoon, Seasons - October to November - Retreating Monsoon, Season - December to February - Winter.

Using ICSE Class 10 solutions The Climate of India exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in ICSE Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CISCE Class 10 prefer ICSE Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

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