#### Chapters

Chapter 2: Kinetic Theory of Gases

Chapter 3: Calorimetry

Chapter 4: Laws of Thermodynamics

Chapter 5: Specific Heat Capacities of Gases

Chapter 6: Heat Transfer

Chapter 7: Electric Field and Potential

Chapter 8: Gauss’s Law

Chapter 9: Capacitors

Chapter 10: Electric Current in Conductors

Chapter 11: Thermal and Chemical Effects of Current

Chapter 12: Magnetic Field

Chapter 13: Magnetic Field due to a Current

Chapter 14: Permanent Magnets

Chapter 15: Magnetic Properties of Matter

Chapter 16: Electromagnetic Induction

Chapter 17: Alternating Current

Chapter 18: Electromagnetic Waves

Chapter 19: Electric Current through Gases

Chapter 20: Photoelectric Effect and Wave-Particle Duality

Chapter 21: Bohr’s Model and Physics of Atom

Chapter 22: X-rays

Chapter 23: Semiconductors and Semiconductor Devices

Chapter 24: The Nucleus

Chapter 25: The Special Theory of Relativity

#### HC Verma Concepts of Physics - Vol. 2

## Chapter 25: The Special Theory of Relativity

#### HC Verma solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 25 Exercise Short Answers [Pages 456 - 457]

The speed of light in glass is 2.0 × 10^{8} m s^{−1}. Does it violate the second postulate of special relativity?

A uniformly moving train passes by a long platform. Consider the events 'engine crossing the beginning of the platform' and 'engine crossing the end of the platform'. Which frame (train frame or the platform frame) is the proper frame for the pair of events?

An object may be regarded to be at rest or in motion depending on the frame of reference chosen to view the object. Because of length contraction it would mean that the same rod may have two different lengths depending on the state of the observer. Is this true?

Mass of a particle depends on its speed. Does the attraction of the earth on the particle also depend on the particle's speed?

A person travelling in a fast spaceship measures the distance between the earth and the moon. Is it the same, smaller or larger than the value quoted in this book?

#### HC Verma solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 25 Exercise MCQ [Page 457]

The magnitude of linear momentum of a particle moving at a relativistic speed *v* is proportional to ______________ .

v

1 − v

^{2}/c^{2}\[\sqrt{1 - \nu^2 / c^2}\]

none of these

As the speed of a particle increases, its rest mass _______________ .

increases

decreases

remains the same

changes

An experimenter measures the length of a rod. Initially the experimenter and the rod are at rest with respect to the lab. Consider the following statements.

(A) If the rod starts moving parallel to its length but the observer stays at rest, the measured length will be reduced.

(B) If the rod stays at rest but the observer starts moving parallel to the measured length of the rod, the length will be reduced.

A is true but B is false

B is true but A is false

Both A and B are true

Both A and B are false

An experimenter measures the length of a rod. In the cases listed, all motions are with respect to the lab and parallel to the length of the rod. In which of the cases the measured length will be minimum?

The rod and the experimenter move with the same speed

*v*in the same direction.The rod and the experimenter move with the same speed

*v*in opposite directions.The rod moves at speed

*v*but the experimenter stays at rest.The rod stays at rest but the experimenter moves with the speed

*v*.

If the speed of a particle moving at a relativistic speed is doubled, its linear momentum will _____________ .

become double

become more than double

remain equal

become less than double

If a constant force acts on a particle, its acceleration will ______________ .

remain constant

gradually decrease

gradually increase

be undefined

A charged particle is projected at a very high speed perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field. The particle will _____________ .

move along a circle

move along a curve with increasing radius of curvature

move along a curve with decreasing radius of curvature

move along a straight line

#### HC Verma solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 25 Exercise MCQ [Page 457]

Mark the correct statements:-

(a) Equations of special relativity are not applicable for small speeds.

(b) Equations of special relativity are applicable for all speeds.

(c) Nonrelativistic equations give exact result for small speeds.

(d) Nonrelativistic equations never give exact result.

If the speed of a rod moving at a relativistic speed parallel to its length is doubled,

(a) the length will become half of the original value

(b) the mass will become double of the original value

(c) the length will decrease

(d) the mass will increase

Two events take place simultaneously at points A and B as seen in the lab frame. They also occur simultaneously in a frame moving with respect to the lab in a direction _________________ .

parallel to AB

perpendicular to AB

making an angle of 45° with AB

making an angle of 135° with AB

Which of the following quantities related to an electron has a finite upper limit?

Mass

Momentum

Speed

Kinetic energy

A rod of rest length L moves at a relativistic speed. Let L' = L/γ. Its length

(a) must be equal to L'

(b) may be equal to L

(c) may be more than L' but less than L

(d) may be more than L

When a rod moves at a relativistic speed v, its mass ________________ .

must increase by a factor of γ

may remain unchanged

may increase by a factor other than γ

may decrease

#### HC Verma solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 25 [Page 458]

The guru of a yogi lives in a Himalyan cave, 1000 km away from the house of the yogi. The yogi claims that whenever he thinks about his guru, the guru immediately knows about it. Calculate the minimum possible time interval between the yogi thinking about the guru and the guru knowing about it.

A suitcase kept on a shop's rack is measured 50 cm × 25 cm × 10 cm by the shop's owner. A traveller takes this suitcase in train moving with velocity 0.6c. If the suitcase is placed with its length along the train's velocity, find the dimensions measured by (a) the traveller and (b) a ground observer.

The length of a rod is exactly 1 m when measured at rest. What will be its length when it moves at a speed of (a) 3 × 10^{5} m s^{−1}, (b) 3 × 10^{6} m s^{−1} and (c) 3 × 10^{7} m s^{−1}?

A person standing on a platform finds that a train moving with velocity 0.6c takes one second to pass by him. Find (a) the length of the train as seen by the person and (b) the rest length of the train.

An aeroplane travels over a rectangular field 100 m × 50 m, parallel to its length. What should be the speed of the plane so that the field becomes square in the plane frame?

The rest distance between Patna and Delhi is 1000 km. A nonstop train travels at 360 km h^{−1}. (a) What is the distance between Patna and Delhi in the train frame?

(b) How much time elapses in the train frame between Patna and Delhi?

A person travels by a car at a speed of 180 km h^{−1}. It takes exactly 10 hours by his wristwatch to go from the station A to the station B. (a) What is the rest distance between the two stations? (b) How much time is taken in the road frame by the car to go from the station A to the station B?

A person travels on a spaceship moving at a speed of 5c/13. (a) Find the time interval calculated by him between the consecutive birthday celebrations of his friend on the earth. (b) Find the time interval calculated by the friend on the earth between the consecutive birthday celebrations of the traveller.

According to the station clocks, two babies are born at the same instant, one in Howrah and other in Delhi. (a) Who is elder in the frame of 2301 Up Rajdhani Express going from Howrah to Delhi? (b) Who is elder in the frame of 2302 Dn Rajdhani Express going from Delhi to Howrah.

Two babies are born in a moving train, one in the compartment adjacent to the engine and other in the compartment adjacent to the guard. According to the train frame, the babies are born at the same instant of time. Who is elder according to the ground frame?

Suppose Swarglok (heaven) is in constant motion at a speed of 0.9999c with respect to the earth. According to the earth's frame, how much time passes on the earth before one day passes on Swarglok?

If a person lives on the average 100 years in his rest frame, how long does he live in the earth frame if he spends all his life on a spaceship going at 60% of the speed of light.

An electric bulb, connected to a make and break power supply, switches off and on every second in its rest frame. What is the frequency of its switching off and on as seen from a spaceship travelling at a speed 0.8c?

A person travelling by a car moving at 100 km h^{−1} finds that his wristwatch agrees with the clock on a tower A. By what amount will his wristwatch lag or lead the clock on another tower B, 1000 km (in the earth's frame) from the tower A when the car reaches there?

At what speed the volume of an object shrinks to half its rest value?

A particular particle created in a nuclear reactor leaves a 1 cm track before decaying. Assuming that the particle moved at 0.995c, calculate the life of the particle (a) in the lab frame and (b) in the frame of the particle.

By what fraction does the mass of a spring change when it is compressed by 1 cm? The mass of the spring is 200 g at its natural length and the spring constant is 500 N m^{−1}.

Find the increase in mass when 1 kg of water is heated from 0°C to 100°C. Specific heat capacity of water = 4200 J kg^{−1} K^{−1}.

Find the loss in the mass of 1 mole of an ideal monatomic gas kept in a rigid container as it cools down by 100°C. The gas constant R = 8.3 J K^{−1} mol^{−1}.

By what fraction does the mass of a boy increase when he starts running at a speed of 12 km h^{−1}?

A 100 W bulb together with its power supply is suspended from a sensitive balance. Find the change in the mass recorded after the bulb remains on for 1 year.

The energy from the sun reaches just outside the earth's atmosphere at a rate of 1400 W m^{−2}. The distance between the sun and the earth is 1.5 × 10^{11} m.

(a) Calculate the rate which the sun is losing its mass.

(b) How long will the sun last assuming a constant decay at this rate? The present mass of the sun is 2 × 10^{30} kg.

An electron and a positron moving at small speeds collide and annihilate each other. Find the energy of the resulting gamma photon.

Find the mass, the kinetic energy and the momentum of an electron moving at 0.8c.

Through what potential difference should an electron be accelerated to give it a speed of (a) 0.6c, (b) 0.9c and (c) 0.99c?

Find the speed of an electron with kinetic energy (a) 1 eV, (b) 10 keV and (c) 10 MeV.

What is the kinetic energy of an electron in electron volts with mass equal to double its rest mass?

Find the speed at which the kinetic energy of a particle will differ by 1% from its nonrelativistic value \[\frac{1}{2} m_o v^2 .\]

## Chapter 25: The Special Theory of Relativity

#### HC Verma Concepts of Physics - Vol. 2

## HC Verma solutions for Class 11 Physics chapter 25 - The Special Theory of Relativity

HC Verma solutions for Class 11 Physics chapter 25 (The Special Theory of Relativity) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CBSE Concepts of Physics - Vol. 2 solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

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Concepts covered in Class 11 Physics chapter 25 The Special Theory of Relativity are The Special Theory of Relativity, The Principle of Relativity, Maxwell'S Laws, Kinematical Consequences, Dynamics at Large Velocity, Energy and Momentum, The Ultimate Speed, Twin Paradox.

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